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GENERAL INFORMATION 



Oakwood College 

Is accredited by: 

The Commission on Colleges of the South- 
ern Association of Colleges and School 
(1866 Southern Lane, Decatur, Georgia 
30033-4097; Telephone number 404-679- 
4501 ) to award associate and baccalaure- 
ate degrees; 

and 
the Seventh-day Adventist Board of 
Regents 

Offers programs accredited by: 
Association of Collegiate Business 

Schools and Programs 
Council on Social Work Education 
National Council for Accreditation of 

Teacher Education 



on changes will be maintained in the Records 
Office and in the Office of Academic Affairs. 
Each student is responsible for keeping in- 
formed of current graduation requirements in 
the appropriate degree program. 

Equal Opportunity Commitment 

Oakwood College is committed to providing 
equal opportunity for all qualified persons. It 
does not discriminate on the basis of race, 
color, national or ethnic origin, gender, mari- 
tal status, or handicap in the administration of 
its educational and admissions policies, fi- 
nancial affairs, employment policies and pro- 
grams, student life and services, or any other 
College-administered program. 

Address: 



Offers programs approved by the: Oakwood Colllege 

Alabama Board of Nursing 70oo Adventist Boulevard 

Alabama State Department of Education Huntsville AL 35896 

American Dietetics Association 

General Conference of Seventh-day Telephone: 

Adventist Department of Education (256) 726-7000 

FAX: 
Accreditation documents may be viewed in (256) 726-7404 
the office of the Vice President for Aca- 
demic Affairs. Directory: 

Policy Revisions Admissions 800-358-3978 

In Alabama 256-726-7030 

Oakwood College reserves the right to make p^x 256-726-7154 

changes relating to the Bulletin. A summary credit & Collections 256-726-7379 

of any changes including fees and other p^x 256-726-7461 

charges, course changes, and academic re- pjnancial Aid 800-824-5321 

quirements for graduation, shall be published \^ Alabama 256-726-7210 

cumulatively in the yearly class schedule. p^x 256-726-7474 

Said publication of changes shall be consid- Recruitment 800-824-5312 

ered adequate and effective notice for all |n Alabama 256-726-7356 

students. Detailed information P/\X 256-726-7154 

Direct Correspondence Accordingly: 

President General Administration 

VP for Academic Affairs Academic Policies 

VP for Student Services Residence Information 

Dir. of Enrollment Mgmt Admissions/ Application 

Dir of Records Transcripts, Grade Reports 

Dir. of Financial Aid Federal Financial Aid 

Dir. of Credit and Collections Student Accounts 

Dir. of Alumni Affairs Alumni Concerns 



Table of Contents 

A Message From the President: 3 

Academic Calendar 4 

Mission Statement 8 

Admission Standards 12 

Financial Policies 17 

Student Life and Services 29 

Academic Policies 36 

Degrees Requirements 56 

DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 

Biological Sciences 61 

Business and Information Systems 68 

Chemistry 87 

Education 98 

English and Communications 115 

Family and Consumer Sciences 135 

History 145 

Mathematics and Computer Science 153 

Music 163 

Nursing 175 

Physical Education 183 

Psychology 191 

Religion and Theology 199 

Social Work 209 

Adult and Continuing Education 214 

Board of Trustees 218 

Administration and Staff 219 

Faculty 222 

Index 233 



A Message From the President: 

Greetings to you as you open this new Oakwood College Bulletin, prepared to 
serve as an academic guide for our students as we move from one century, and 
one millennium, into the next. Oakwood, with a highly respected, 1 04-year history 
as an academic institution, has produced numerous illustrious alumni, of whom 
you may soon be one. 

As an Oakwood student, handle this bulletin as you would a "road map." Con- 
sult it at every turn in your academic journey. Use it, along with the guidance 
available through the many resources at Oakwood and the people who stand ready 
to help you, to make the most of your pilgrimage here and to prepare for the trip to 
eternity. 

As you read through your bulletin, you will discover a sense of forward move- 
ment that makes life at Oakwood exciting and enlightening. You will also find a 
complexity at Oakwood that challenges the student to choose from a range of 
options, to balance independence and organization as well as curricular and extra- 
curricular life. This bulletin outlines many of the options available to you, as well as 
a variety of courses and fields of study. Potential majors and minors provide op- 
portunities to combine a solid liberal arts base with chosen professional or pre- 
professional training. This is possible whether it be in the arts, education, busi- 
ness, or religion. The extracurricular life, which is vital to the development of a 
well-rounded, well-educated individual, provides opportunity for community ser- 
vice, student clubs and government, and participation in religious activities. 

Oakwood College, committed to preparing its students for service to human- 
kind and preparation for life hereafter, has consistently maintained its belief that by 
incorporating academics with spiritual training, the Oakwood graduate is well pre- 
pared to meet the challenges of today's world and the continued pursuit of knowl- 
edge. 

As you travel the road toward academic excellence, you will need to take the 
initiative in seeking every source of support available to you. Your contact with 
your peers, faculty, staff members, and in every area become crucial to your suc- 
cess. Make them meaningful. 

Whether this is your first college experience or not, remember that the most 
important components of your Oakwood experience depend largely upon your in- 
volvement, and you can make this one of the most important journeys of your life. 
I therefore challenge you to make use of this "road map" as you move toward 
"Education, Excellence, and Eternity. " 

Dr. DelbertW. Baker 
President 



ACADEMIC CALENDAR 1999-2000 

Events Fall Semester 

Faculty/Staff Colloquium Aug 11-14 

Financial Clearance of Summer Registrants Aug 20, 21 

Testing New Students Aug 20 

Registration [Freshmen Only] Aug 22 

Freshmen and New Students' Ceremony Aug 22 

Regular Registration for Former Students/Late Registration 

for Students Enrolled Spring Semester Aug 23 

Registration [Freshmen Only] Aug 24 

Regular Registration for Former Students/Late Registration 

for Students Enrolled Spring Semester Aug24 

Classes Dropped If Not Financially Cleared Aug24 

Instruction Begins/Drop-Add/Late Registration Fees Begin Aug 25 

Late Registration for All Students Aug 25 

Freshmen Consecration Aug 27 

Last Day for Final Acceptance Aug 27 

Classes Organized [Seniors, Juniors, Sophomores] Aug 29 

Last Dayfor 100 percent Tuition Refund, less$100 charge Sept3 

Last Day to Enter Classes Septi 

Labor Day Observed Sept 6 

Last Dayto Add a Class to Existing Schedule Sept7 

Convocation Sept 7 

Last Day to Financially Clear Sept 8 

Last Dayfor 90 percent Tuition Refund SeptIO 

English Proficiency Exam (AllJuniors) Sept12 

Last Dayfor 75 percent Tuition Refund Sept24 

NewSeniors/Advisors Submit AFG/FYS to Chairs Sept24 

New Seniors' AFG/FYS due in Records Office from Chairs Oct 1 

Last dayfor 50 percent Tuition Refund Oct 8 

Last Day to Drop a Class with a "W" Oct 22 

Advisee Rosters Due in Records From Chairs Oct 26 

Advising/Regular Registration for Spring Semester Nov 15-19 

Thanksgiving Break Nov 22-26 

Classes Resume Nov 29 

Last Day to Process Incomplete/Terminal Leave Nov 29 

Instruction Ends Dec 3 

Freshmen Composition Exit Exam Dec 5 

Final Exams Dec 5-9 

All Grades Due Dec 10 

Christmas/New Year's Recess Dec 13- Jan 10 



ACADEMIC CALENDAR 1999-2000 

Events Spring Semester 

Orientation/Testing New Students Jan 10 

Financial Clearance [All] Jan 10 

Registration for New and Former Students/Late Registration 

for Students Enrolled Fall Semester Jan 10, 11 

Instruction/Late Registration/Drop/Add fee Begins Jan 12 

M. L. King Birthday Observed Jan 17 

Last dayfor 100 percent Tuition Refund, less$100 charge Jan 21 

Senior Presentation Jan 19 

New2000 Seniors/Advisors SubmitAFG/FYS to Chairs Jan 19 

Last Day to Enter Classes Jan 19 

Last Day to Add to Existing Schedule Jan 25 

Last Day to Financially Clear Jan 26 

Last Dayfor 90 percent Tuition Refund Jan 28 

English Proficiency Exam Jan 30 

Last Day to Accept Year 2000 Seniors' AFG/FYS in Records Office Feb 1 

Last Day for 75 percent Tuition Refund Feb 11 

Last Dayfor 50 percent Tuition Refund Feb 25 

Senior Deadline for Transfer Credit/lncompletes, Deferred Grades Marl 

Perspective Year 2001 Seniors'AFG/FYS to Chairs Mar3 

Spring Break begins Mar 9-1 9 

Classes Resume Mar 20 

Tentative Graduation List to Chairs Mar 20 

Advising/Regular Registration for Fall Semester Mar 20 -24 

Last Day to Drop a Class With a "W" Mar 22 

Prospective Year 2001 Seniors'AFG/FYS Due in Records Office Mar 31 

Final Graduation List Apr 7 

Advisee Rosters due in Records Office Apr 10 

Last Day to Process Incomplete/Terminal Leave Apr 10 

Honors Convocation Apr 18 

Alumni Weekend Apr 19-23 

Instruction Ends Apr 28 

Freshman English Composition Exit Exam Apr 30 

Final Exams Apr 30- May 4 

Registration and Payment of Fees for English Proficiency May 1 

All Grades Due May 5 

Consecration May 12 

Baccalaureate/Commencement May 13 

Summer Class Session I May 15 

English Proficiency Exam May 16 

MAT Summer Program June 5- July 14 

Summer Class Session II June 5 

Summer Class Session III June 26 

All Summer Grades Due July 17 

*These dates are subject to change without notice. 



ACADEMIC CALENDAR 2000-2001 

Events Fall Semester 

Faculty/Staff Colloquium Aug 9-12 

Financial Clearance of Summer Registrants Aug 18 

Testing New Students Aug 18 

Financial Clearance of Summer Registrants Aug 19 

Registration [Freshmen Only] Aug 20 

Freshmen and New Students' Ceremony Aug20 

Regular Registration for Former Students/Late Registration 

for Students Enrolled Spring Semester Aug21 

Registration [Freshmen Only] Aug 22 

Regular Registration Former Students/Late Registration 

for Students Enrolled Spring Semester Aug 22 

Classes Dropped If Not Financially Cleared Aug 22 

Instruction Begins/Drop-Add/Late Registration Fees Begin Aug 23 

Late Registration for All Students Aug 23 

Freshmen Consecration Aug 25 

Last Dayfor Final Acceptance Aug 25 

Classes Organized [Seniors, Juniors, Sophomores] Aug 27 

Last Day to Enter Classes Aug 30 

Last Day for 100 percent Tuition Refund, less $100 charge Septi 

Labor Day Sept 4 

Last day to Add a Class to Existing Schedule Sept5 

Convocation Sept 6 

Last Day to Financially Clear Sept 6 

Last dayfor 90 percent Tuition Refund SeptS 

English Proficiency Exam (AllJuniors) SeptIO 

Last Dayfor 75 percent Tuition Refund Sept 22 

New Seniors/Advisors Submit AFG/FYS to Chairs Sept 22 

New Seniors' AFG/FYS due in Records Office from Chairs Oct 2 

Last day for 50 percent Tuition Refund Oct6 

Last Day to Drop a Class With a"W" Oct 20 

Advisee Rosters Due in Records From Chairs Oct24 

Advising/Regular Registration for Spring Semester Nov 13-17 

Thanksgiving Break Nov 20-24 

Classes Resume Nov 27 

Last Day to Process Incomplete/Terminal Leave Nov 27 

Instruction Ends Dec 1 

Freshmen Comp Exit Exam Dec 3 

Final Exams Dec 3-7 

All Grades Due Dec 8 

Christmas/New Year's Recess Dec 11- Jan 8 



ACADEMIC CALENDAR 2000-2001 

Events Spring Semester 

Orientation/Testing New Students Jan 8 

Financial Clearance [All] Jan 8 

Registration for New and Former Students/Late Registration 

for Students Enrolled Fall Semester Jan 8.9 

Classes Dropped If Not Financially Cleared Jan 9 

Instruction/Late Registration/Drop/Add Fee Begins Jan 1 

M. L. King Birthday Observed Jan 15 

Senior Presentation Jan 17 

New 2001 Seniors/Advisors Submit AFG/FYS to Chairs Jan 17 

Last Day to Enter Classes Jan 17 

Last Day to Add to Existing Schedule Jan 17 

Last Day to Financially Clear Jan 17 

Lastdayfor 100 percent Tuition Refund, less$100 charge Jan 19 

English Proficiency Exam Jan 21 

Last Day fo r 90 percent Tu itio n R efu n d Jan 26 

Last Day to Accept Year 2001 Seniors' AFG/FYS in Records Office Jan 31 

LastDayfor75 percent Tuition Refund Feb9 

Last Day for 50 percent Tuition Refu nd Feb 23 

Senior Deadline for Transfer Credit/lncompletes, Deferred Grades Marl 

ProspectiveYear 2002 Seniors' AFG/FYS to Chairs Mar 3 

Spring Break Mar 5-9 

Classes Resume Mar 12 

Tentative Graduation List to C hairs Mar 1 5 

Last Day to Drop a Class With a "W" Mar 16 

Advising/Regular Registration for Fall Semester Mar19-23 

ProspectiveYear2002 Seniors' AFG/FYS Due in Records Office Mar26 

Final Graduation List Apr 9 

Honors Convocation Apr 10 

Advisee Rosters Due in Records Office Apr 10 

Last Day to Process I ncom plete/Terminal Leave Apr 23 

Alumni Weekend Apr 12-15 

Instruction Ends Apr 27 

Freshman English Composition Exit Exam Apr 29 

Final Exams Apr 29- May 3 

Registration and Payment of Fees for English Proficiency May 1 

All Grades Due May 4 

Consecration May 11 

Baccalaureate/Commencement May 12 

Summer Class Session I May 14 

English Proficiency Exam May 15 

MAT Summer Program May 28- July 6 

Summer Class Session II May 28 

Summer Class Session III June 18 

All Summer Grades Due July 9 

*These dates are subject to change without notice. 



Mission Statement 

Oakwood College, a historically Black, primarily liberal arts four-year coedu- 
cational Seventh-day Adventist institution, founded in 1896, has as its fundamental 
purpose, quality Christian education. Its mission embodies access to educational 
opportunity, academic excellence, and spiritual development for its students who 
come from diverse geographical, cultural, educational, and socioeconomic back- 
grounds. In addition to its emphasis on the liberal arts, the College provides bibli- 
cal, professional, pre-professional, vocational, and continuing education studies. 
Some of these studies emanate from a limited number of institutional cooperative 
programs. Its programs and activities are unequivocally Christian in character, 
designed to integrate faith and learning, encourage a vibrant spiritual experience, 
prepare individuals for service to God and humanity, and provide an atmosphere 
for appreciation for oneself and affirmation of cultural diversity. 

The Oakwood College mission is stated in seven general goals. 

Spiritual Vitality 

To promote a Christ-centered, Seventh-day Adventist worldview among stu- 
dents, faculty, staff, and administrators. 

Educational Excellence 

To demonstrate academic excellence in quality of teaching and learning among 
both students and faculty. 

Nurturing Environment 

To cultivate an inclusive environment that is sensitive to the needs of stu- 
dents, faculty, staff, and the extended college community that includes alumni, 
constituents, friends, and other supporters. 

Operational Efficiency 

To provide high quality, efficient service that is customer and employee sensi- 
tive. 

Resource Development 

To provide sufficient financial resources to support and maintain all aspects of 
institutional advancement and development (i.e., viable academic programs, strong 
faculty development programs, up-to-date instruction, adequate physical facilities, 
technologically sophisticated campus, adequate student housing, sufficient stu- 
dent scholarships, and other physical space needs). 



Institutional Relations 

To enhance the reputation and image of the institution by strengthening 
communication with internal and external publics (i.e., an informed student 
body, and knowledgeable faculty and staff). 

Technology Leadership 

To continue developing a technologically cutting-edge campus that enables 
students, faculty, and staff to be more effective and efficient in teaching-learning 
processes, support functions, and administrative operations. 

Oakwood Facts 

Location 

Oakwood College is located five miles northwest of the heart of the city of 
Huntsville. Huntsville is a cosmopolitan city located in the north central portion of 
the state of Alabama and nestles in the beautiful Tennessee Valley, in the foothills 
of the Appalachian Mountains. It has a population of approximately 175,000. The 
College property consists of 1 , 1 85 acres at an elevation of 1 , 1 00 feet above sea 
level. Currently, 500 acres are under cultivation, and 1 05 acres comprise the main 
campus. 

Student Body 

Cultural diversity abounds on the campus of Oakwood College where the 
average enrollment of 1 ,800 students come from as many as forty states and 
thirty countries. The residential facilities, two male and two female dormitories, 
house more than 60 percent of the student body. Family housing is also available 
for approximately thirty-three families. 

Faculty 

A dedicated and committed faculty of approximately ninety-five relate to stu- 
dents in a caring and family-like atmosphere that emphasizes academic excel- 
lence. Approximately 55 percent of the faculty hold doctorate degrees. Motivation 
and academic stimulation characterize the "one-on-one" interaction of faculty with 
students, as they share and model Christian ideals. 

Religious Institution Exemption 

The College reserves constitutional and statutory rights as a religious institu- 
tion and employer to give preference to Seventh-day Adventists in admissions and 
employment. The College believes that Title IX regulations are subject to constitu- 
tional guarantees against unreasonable entanglement with or infringements on the 
religious teachings and practices of the Seventh-day Adventist Church. The Col- 
lege expects students and employees to uphold biblical principles of morality and 



deportment as interpreted by the Seventh-day Adventist Church. The College 
claims exemptions from the provisions of Title IX set forth in CFR Sections 86.21 , 
86.31 , 86.40, and 86.57(b) insofar as they conflict with church teachings and prac- 
tices of morality, deportment, and appearance. 

Sexual Harassment 

Sexual harassment is prohibited by the College. All students have the right to 
report and are encouraged to report acts of sexual harassment. Contact the Of- 
fice of Student Services for reporting procedures. 

Disability Accommodations 

In compliance with Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1 973, the College 
makes reasonable accommodations and assists students who are disabled. For 
assistance students should contact the Center for Academic Advancement. 

Campus Buildings 

The J. L. Moran Hall, completed in 1944, houses faculty offices and class- 
rooms for the Department of Business and Information Systems and the Depart- 
ment of English and Communications. It also has an auditorium with a seating 
capacity of 500. 

The E. I. Cunningham Hall, completed in 1947, houses the Center for Aca- 
demic Advancement, Freshman Studies, and the Conference Center. 

The Teachers' Cottages, completed in 1947, currently house the Art Program, 
the Chaplain's Office, the Counseling Center, the Health Center, the Literature 
Evangelist Training Center, and the Office of Work Education. 

TheW. H. Green Hall, completed in 1952, houses faculty offices and class- 
rooms for the Departments of Psychology Social Work, and History 

The H. E. Ford Hall, completed in 1 954, houses the Student Center, student 
leadership offices, and the Vice President for Student Services office. 

TheF. L. Peterson Hall, completed in 1955, isthe residence hall for freshman 
men. 

TheN. E.Ashby Auditorium, constructed in 1956, is the gymnasium. 

The College Market-Post Office Building was completed in 1 957. 

The Physical Plant Department was completed in 1 959. 

The Anna Knight Hall, completed in 1 960 and renovated in 1 992, houses the 
Department of Education. 

The G. E. Peters Hall, completed in 1964, houses faculty offices and class- 
rooms for the Department of Music, and the fine arts auditorium. 

The Bessie Carter Hall, completed in 1966, isthe residence hall for freshman 
women. 

TheW. J. Blake Memorial Center, completed in 1968, contains the adminis- 
trative offices of the College, and the cafeteria. 

TheO. B. Edwards Hall, completed in 1969, isthe residence hail for upperclass 
men. 



10 



The Eva B. Dykes Library, completed in 1 973, is a modern learning, resource, 
and research center. It houses a media area with audiovisual equipment and 
resources, the College archives and museum, the Technology Center, the Ellen G. 
White Estate Oakwood Branch Office, group study rooms, and classrooms. 

The J. T Stafford Building, completed in 1 974, is an educational center con- 
sisting of classrooms, laboratories, and offices for Oakwood Academy 

The W. R. Beach Natatorium, completed in 1974, houses an Olympic-size 
swimming pool, classrooms, and offices for the Department of Physical Educa- 
tion. 

The Oakwood College Church, completed in 1 977, has a seating capacity of 
2,700. 

The Moseley Complex, completed in 1 977, houses faculty offices and class- 
rooms for the Department of Religion and Theology and the C. T Richards Chapel. 

WOCG, the Oakwood College radio station, is located on Oakwood Road 
less than one mile west of the central campus. 

The E. A. Cooper Science Complex, completed in 1 981 , houses laboratories, 
classrooms, offices, and storage spaces for the Departments of Biological Sci- 
ences, Chemistry, Family and Consumer Sciences, Mathematics and Computer 
Science, and Nursing. 

The Natelka E. Burrell Hall, renovated in 1 982, houses offices and classrooms 
for the Department of English and Communications. 

The Oakwood College Skating Rink was completed in 1986, and features 
adjoining racquetball courts. 

The Trula E. Wade Residence Hall, completed in 1 991 , is the residence hall 
for upperclass women. 



11 



Admission Standards 

General Information 

Oakwood College welcomes applicants regardless of race, color, nationality, 
ethnicity, sex, or physical challenges. Students who meet the academic require- 
ments and character expectations of the College and who are willing to adjust to 
and to be comfortable within its religious, social, and cultural atmosphere, may be 
admitted subjectto available space. 

Oakwood College is sponsored and financed primarily by the Seventh-day 
Adventist Church, of which the majority of its students are members. Although 
religious affiliation is not a requirement for admission, all students are expected to 
abide by the policies and standards of the College as outlined in the Bulletin and in 
the Student Handbook. Applicants are required to read the College's Code of 
Conduct and to sign a pledge affirming their agreement to adhere to the College's 
regulations. The registration process cannot be finalized until the official conduct 
pledge form is signed and received by the College. 

The College reserves the right to refuse admission to any applicant that pur- 
posely supplies wrongful information or deliberately omits pertinent information. 
Such deception, if discovered later, may cause a student to be subject to dis- 
missal. 

Admission to the College does not guarantee admission to a specific depart- 
ment or program. Applications for general admission will be kept on file for two 
years. 

Application and Acceptance 

Where to Write: Inquiries about admission and acceptance should be addressed 

to: 

Oakwood College Toll Free: (800)824-5312 

Admissions Office Telephone: (256)726-7030 

7000 Adventist Boulevard Fax: (256)726-71 54 

Huntsville, AL 35896 E-mail: admission@oakwood.edu 

Admission of New Freshmen (U.S. citizens and Permanent Residents): 

To be considered for admission as a freshman, an applicant must submit the 

following documents: 

1 . Application form completed, signed, and dated along with a nonrefund- 
able $20 fee. 

2. Official high school transcript verifying graduation with a cumulative grade 
point average (GPA) of at least 2.00 on a 4.00 grading scale. 

OR 
General Education Diploma (GED) (See section for Home school.) 

Recommended core curriculum requirements for entrance to the undergraduate 
program*: 



12 



a. 


English 


b. 


Mathematics 


c. 


Social Studies 


d. 


Science 


e. 


Keyboarding 


f. 


Foreign Language 


g- 


Religion 



4 Units 

2 Units (Including algebra) 

2 Units (Including American and world history) 

2 Units (Including one laboratory course) 

1 Unit (Including typing or computer literacy) 

2 Units (Any single modern language) 
2 Units 

3. American College Test (ACT) or the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) re- 
sults. 

4. Two character references, preferably sentfrom the principal, counselor, 
teacher, or a pastor familiar with the student. Respondents should not 
be relatives. 

5. Essay of 1 00 words or more explaining your choice of major, career goals, 
past accomplishments, and any academic difficulties you may have in- 
curred throughout your academic career. 

*For deficiencies see the general education requirements 

Categories of Acceptance 

1. Early Acceptance. Students still in high school who wish to receive 
early acceptance who have completed at least six semesters and have a 
cumulative GPA of at least 2.00. 

2. Regular Acceptance. Students with a GPA between 2.00 and 4.00 who 
may take 16-17 hours per semester. 

3. Provisional Regular. Students with a minimum GPA of 2.00 who did 
not take the ACT or SAT test. (The student must take the ACT before 
permission to register is granted. The test is given on campus during 
freshman orientation; however, it is advisable for the student to take the 
test before arriving.) 

4. Academic Probation. Students with a GPA between 1.70 and 1.99 who 
will be limited to 1 3 credit hours per semester. 

5. Provisional Probation. Students with a GPA between 1.70 and 1.99 
with no ACT or SAT scores. (The student must take the ACT before 
permission to register is granted. The test is given on campus during 
freshman orientation; however, it is advisable for the student to take the 
test before arriving.) 

Any prospective student whose GPA is below 1 .69 must receive special ap- 
proval by the Vice President for Academic Affairs before admission can be granted. 

Home School Applicants 

Transcripts from home school graduates that have completed their academic 
courses through Griggs University or another regionally accredited program are 
accepted for regular admission. 



13 



After Acceptance 

After acceptance students should immediately send in the room reservation/ 
damage deposit, the housing application form, and the medical and dental forms. 
All new students are required to submit evidence of a recent physical examination 
along v\^ith current immunization history (must meet Alabama state requirements). 

Admission of International Applicants 

Acceptance deadline is 30 days prior to the semester beginning. 

Oakwood College is approved by the U.S. Office of Immigration and Natural- 
ization Service for the Admission of nonimmigrant students. Applicants should not 
leave their country with the intention of enrolling at Oakwood College without a 
letter of acceptance and an 1-20 A-B Form from the Office of Admissions. To 
obtain a letter of acceptance, applicants should complete and submit the applica- 
tion along with a $30 (U.S. currency) nonrefundable fee. In addition to following a// 
regular requirements for consideration for admission (see section Admission of 
NewFreslimen), applicants must provide: 

1 . Official/certified academic records of a//secondary, preparatory govern- 
ment exams, and university courses as applicable. High school creden- 
tials will be evaluated according to the guidelines of the American Asso- 
ciation of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers. College tran- 
scripts may be required to be sent to the World Education Services for 
evaluation. All documents must be submitted in original language to- 
gether with an English translation if the original is not English. 

2. TOEFL paper-based scores/minimum of 500 and TSWE of 4.0 from 
non-English speaking counthes. Minimum for computer-based exams 
is 173. 

To obtain the Form 1-20 A-B, the international student mustsubmit an Affida- 
vit of Support (U.S. sponsor must submit Form 1-1 34), medical and dental forms, 
and an advance security deposit of $1,000 in U.S. currency The security deposit 
is refundable upon graduation or withdrawal from Oakwood College. It can only be 
used for an emergency, such as travel for death or sickness of an immediate 
family member, and must be replaced before readmission the following semester. 

After acceptance students should immediately send in the room/reservation/ 
damage deposit and the housing application form. 

Please note the following immigration regulations: 

Nonimmigrant students applying for admission to the United States for the 
firsttime after being issued an F-1 student's visa will not be admitted unless they 
intend to attend the school specified in that visa. Therefore, if before they depart 
for the United States students decide to attend another school, they should com- 
municate with the issuing American consular office for the purpose of having the 
other school specified in the visa. Any other nonimmigrant students will not be 
admitted to the United States unless they intend to attend the school as specified 



14 



in the Form 1-20 or Form 1-94, which they present to the immigration officer at the 
port of entry. 

Nonimmigrant students who do not register at the school specified in their 
temporary entry permit (Form 1-94), or whose school attendance is terminated, or 
less than a full course of study, or accept unauthorized employment, and fail to 
maintain their F-1 status must depart from the United States immediately 

After Enrollment 

Services available to international (F-1 ) students include the following: 

1 . Advisement to F-1 students in the areas of immigration regulations and docu- 
mentation, financial concerns, health insurance, housing and residence life, 
employment, institutional policies, and matters of social and cultural adjust- 
ment. 

2. Orientation session for new international students on F-1 visas. 

3. Workshops, seminars, and campus programs to enhance student develop- 
ment, adjustment, and success. 

Admission of Veterans 

Oakwood College is approved as an institution qualified to offer education to 
veterans under the provisions of the Veterans ReadjustmentActof 1966. Veter- 
ans who have completed high school or passed the GED are admitted under regu- 
lar admissions standards for freshmen. Veterans transferring must meet the re- 
quirements for transfer students. 

Once enrolled, the veteran must present the Certificate of Eligibility for Edu- 
cational Benefits to the Coordinator of Veterans Affairs in the Records Office to 
ensure receipt of educational benefits. 

Physical education/activity credit and equivalent Oakwood College credit com- 
pleted while in the armed services of the United States of America will be consid- 
ered for those veterans who submit official documentation of military service and 
educational credit earned. Credit will be determined based on the recommenda- 
tions in the Guide to the Evaluation of Educational Experiences in the Armed Ser- 
vices. 

Advanced Placement Program 

Credit toward graduation may be granted to an entering freshmen who has 
passed one or more Advanced Placement (AP) examinations with a score of 3, 4, 
or 5. The student is responsible for having the official test sent to the Records 
Office. A score of 3 will exempt the student from the first applicable course. A 
score of 4 or 5 will exempt the student from additional courses upon the recom- 
mendation of the department. 



15 



Advanced Level Examination 

The following credit toward graduation may be granted to a student who has 
passed an Advanced Level Examination (British): eight semester hours for each 
A, B, or C pass and four semester hours credit for each D or E pass. 

Transfer Students/Credits 

Students wishing to transfer to Oakwood College from another college or 
university must follow the same application procedure as other students. The 
College from which the student is transferring should forward to the Records Of- 
fice an official transcript and a statement of honorable dismissal. Transfer credits 
may be applied toward the requirements for a degree when the student has satis- 
factorily completed a minimum of twelve semester hours in residence. A maxi- 
mum of 64 semester hours may be accepted from a junior college. A student 
transferring work from another college will be given credit only for work completed 
with grades of C- or above. 

TheACT or SAT requirement will be waived if applicant has completed one 
quarter or semester each of college-level English and mathematics with a grade 
of C (2.00) or above. Otherwise, the ACT must be taken before being allowed to 
register. 

Students transferring from unaccredited colleges, with a GPA of at least C 
may be accepted on a probationary basis, in which case their previous credit will 
be validated only after the successful completion of a semester's work of at least 
12 hours at Oakwood College. 

Academic Scholarship Program 

Academic scholarships are available to entering freshmen whose GPA is 3.00 
or higher. Other scholarships are available to valedictorians, salutatorians, na- 
tional merit scholars/achievers, commended students, student body presidents, 
senior class presidents, yearbook editors, and school paper editors. All renew- 
able scholarships are determined by the spring semester cumulative GPA and 
hours. Summer coursescannot be used for renewable purposes. 

Scholarships are also available to transfer students whose GPA is 3.25 and 
above. 

Returning students who have spring semester cumulative GPA of 3.50 or 
above and are not receiving other academic awards can qualify for the Incentive 
Scholarship. Students must be enrolled a minimum of two semesters. This schol- 
arship requires an application and is subject to the availability of funds. 

All academic awards are posted to the student's account after the last day to 
drop a course has occurred. For details regarding academic scholarships, see 
the Scholarship Handbook, provided by the Enrollment Management Office. 



Financial Policies 

Schedule of Charges 
for 1999-2000 Academic Year 

Tuition Package Per Semester: Package Available to Resident and 
Nonresident Students Taking 12 to 16 hours per Semester 

Resident students $4,200 

Nonresident students $4,200 

Room and Meal Plans for Resident Students 

ROOM 



Wade Hall 


1,320 


All other dorms with air-conditioning 


1,085 


All rooms without air-conditioning 


1,000 


Cunningham Hall private rooms 


1,500 


MEAL PLANS 




Nineteen meals per week 


1,435 


Fourteen meals per week 


1,301 


Ten meals per week 


1,132 


Additional Fees 




HEALTH FEE 




Resident students 


26 


Nonresident students 


26 



GENERAL FEE 

Resident students 88 

Nonresident students 88 

Total Charges per Semester 

Resident students 6,834 

Nonresident students / 4,314 

Tuition Rates per Semester 

12-16 Hours $4,200 

8-11 Hours $3,822 

1-7 Hours $362/perhour 

Over 16 Hours $261 /per additional hour 

Other Expenses 

Room Reservation/Damage Deposit - $200 (one-time refundable fee of $1 50; 
dorm fee -$50) 



17 



Books and Supplies - $325 per semester approximately 

Health Insurance - $1 89 per semester for U.S. citizens and $228 per semester 

for international students 

Testing -$25.00 

Laboratory Fees - $1 5 - $60 per lab 

Late Registration - $75 the first day and $15 additional charge each day up to a 

maximum of$135 

Drop/Add - $1 up until last day for a refund 

Laboratory Fees - $1 5 - $60 per lab 

Late Registration - $75 the first day and $15 additional charge each day up to a 

maximum of $135 

Drop/Add - $1 up until last day for a refund 

Remittance 

Personal checks are not accepted. Please make all payments in the form of bank 
drafts, cashier's checks, certified personal checks, traveler's checks, money or- 
ders. Visa, or MasterCard. Include the student's Social Security number on all 
payments to ensure proper credit. 

Resident Students are required to pay a minimum of 70 percent of tuition and 
boarding costs at the time of registration: 



Tuition and Fees 




$4,314 


(Based on 12-16 hours) 


Room and Board 




$2,520 




Totals 




$6,834X70% = $4,784 


Balance due in the following installments 




Fall Semester 


% 




Amount 


September 30, 1999 


10 




$683 


October 31, 1999 


10 




$683 


November 30, 1999 


10 




$684 


Sprinq Semester 








January 31, 2000 


10 




$683 


February 28, 2000 


10 




$683 


March 31, 2000 


10 




$684 



Nonresident Students are required to pay a minimum of 70 percent of tuition and 
boarding costs at the time of registration: 

Tuition and Fees $4,314 X70%= $3,020 

Balance due in the following installments: 

Fall Semester % Amount 

September 30, 1999 10 $431 

October 3 1,1999 10 $431 

November 30, 1999 10 $432 



18 



Sprina Semester 






January 31, 2000 


10 


$431 


February 28, 2000 


10 


$431 


March 31, 2000 


10 


$432 



Refund and Repayment Policy 

The refund and repayment requirements apply when a student makes changes 
in courseload, withdraws, drops out, tal<es an unapproved leave of absence, fails 
to return from an approved leave of absence, is expelled, or otherwise fails to 
complete the period of enrollmentfor which he orshe was charged. 

The effective date for refunds of tuition or repayments are made according to 
the date the student notifies Oakwood College and completes the withdrawal form. 
If the student fails to officially withdraw or appropriately notify Oakwood College, 
the last recorded date of class attended by the student, documented by Oakwood 
College, will be the effective date. 

Refund 

Institutional charges (tuition and fees, room and board on campus) are re- 
funded appropriately as follows for DropAA/ithdrawal: 

weekl* 100% less $100 down payment 

week 2 90% 

weeks 3 -4 75% 

weeks 5 -6 50% - ■-/' ^ 

week 6+ 0% 

*First week being the first 4-day week of classes. 

Tuition and fees refunded for summer term are as follows for DropAA/ithdrawal: 

DropAA/ithdrawal: 

first 2 class days 100% less $50 down payment 

next 4 class days 10% less each day 

after 6 class days 0% 

Repayment 

The repayment policy includes the following noninstitutional reasonable costs 
for a semester (1 5 weeks): 



Housing** 
Food** 

Personal Items*^ 
Child Care** 



Dependent 


Independent 


$1,575.00 


$1,912.50 


1,358.50 


1,358.50 


535.50 


535.50 




1,078.00 



Books 500.00 500.00 

Transportation 621.50 621.50 

**Repayment will be prorated on the percentage of the semester completed. 

The expense for books and supplies per semester is considered expended at 
the first day of classes. 

The transportation allowance per semester is expended the first day the stu- 
dent arrives on campus during the semester period. 

A repayment of any unused portion of the above noninstitutional costs paid to 
the school via Title IV funds (excluding Stafford or Plus Loans, Federal Work Study) 
must be repaid to the college upon termination of enrollment. Examples of the 
appropriation of the refund policy are available upon request. 

Financial Assistance 

Scholarships are charged back at the same rate tuition is refunded. If the 
funds were paid by the Title IV Federal Financial Aid Institution, the refunds are 
based on the U.S. Department of Education's refund formula. 

Students receiving Title IV financial aid and attending Oakwood College for the 
first time are given a pro rata refund if they do not complete more than 60 percent 
of the enrollment period for which they have been charged and have attended at 
least one class. For continuing students the refund is calculated based on the 
federal refund calculation (CFR Part 668 [d][1]) or the institution's refund policy, 
whichever provides the largest refund. The refund must be distributed back to the 
Title IV programs according to statutory requirements in a specific order. If money 
remains, the funds are allocated to other federal, state, private, or institutional as- 
sistance and then to the student. (Contact the Financial Aid Office for more infor- 
mation.) 

Students receiving financial aid should consult with the Financial Aid Office 
concerning the possible effect of awards received caused by withdrawal or change 
in courseload. Any remaining balance on account must be paid at the time of 
withdrawal or dismissal. 

Department Course Fees 

Biological Sciences 

Bl 111-112 Human Anatomy and Physiology each $15.00 

BI131-132 General Biology each 15.00 

BI221 Microbiology 30.00 

BI225 Embryology 15.00 

BI230 Plant Biology 15.00 

BI241 General Microbiology 30.00 

BI316 Biology Instrumentation 15.00 

BI321 Genetics 15.00 

BI331 Histology 15.00 

BI380 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy 15.00 



20 



Bl 422-423 General Physiology each 15.00 

BI425 General Ecology 15.00 

BI440 Parasitology 15.00 

BI451-452 Special Topics each 15.00 

BI455 Immunology 15.00 

BI460 Cellular and Molecular Biology 15.00 

BI471 Molecular Genetics 15.00 

BI480 Mammalian Anatomy 30.00 

BI484 Mycology 15.00 

Business and Information Systems* 

AS 120 Keyboarding $30.00 

IS 100 Computer Application 30.00 

IS211 Fund, of Systems Dev 15.00 

IS231 Information Systems 15.00 

IS270 Files and Large Systems 15.00 

IS 335 Database Design and Implementation 1 5.00 

*AII majors in the department will be charged $45.00 each semester of their 
junior and senior years and not the course fee. 

Chemistry 

CH101 Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry $15.00 

CH102 Introduction to Organic Chemistry 15.00 

CH 141-142 General Chemistry each 15.00 

CH201 Qualitative Analysis 15.00 

CH211 Analytical Chemistry 15.00 

CH311L-312L Lab for Organic Chemistry each 15.00 

CH341L-342L Lab for Physical Chemistry each 15.00 

CH401L-402L Lab for Biochemistry each 15.00 

CH410 Applied Chemistry 15.00 

CH411 Instrumental Methods 15.00 

CH 490-491 Research and Independent Study each 1 5.00 

English and Communications 

AR101-102 Basic Design each $15.00 

AR111 Fundamentals of Drawing 15.00 

AR121 Fundamentals of Painting 15.00 

AR141 Fundamentals of Photography 15.00 

AR261 Sculpture 15.00 

AR 311-312 Advanced Drawing each 15.00 

AR321-322 Advanced Painting each 15.00 

AR 341-342 Advanced Photography each 1 5.00 

AR374 Studio Photography 15.00 

CO 342 Radio and TV Announcing 15.00 



21 



CO 343 Fundamentals of Audio Production 15.00 

C0346-347 Fundamentals of TV Production each 15.00 

CO 401-402 Practicum in Communications each 15.00 

Family and Consumer Sciences 

FS111 Food Preparation $15.00 

FS151 Fashion Sewing Selection 15.00 

FS152 Fashion Sewing Textiles 15.00 

FS201 Art in Life 15.00 

FS231 Developing Creativity 15.00 

FS301 Experimental Foods 15.00 

FS321 Advanced Nutrition 15.00 

FS351 Tailoring 15.00 

FS 360 Vegetarian Cuisine 15.00 

FS401 Dress Design 15.00 

FS441 Home Management 15.00 

Mathematics and Computer Science 

CM210 Computer Science with C++ 15.00 

CM220 Computer Sci. Data Structures with C++.. 15.00 

CM340 Computer Logic Design 15.00 

CM 350 Introductory Computer Architect 15.00 

CM 352-353 Operating Systems each 15.00 

CM367 Programming Languages 15.00 

CM381 Computer Networks 15.00 

CM480 Selected Topics Computers 15.00 

CM490-491 Research and Independent Study each 15.00 

Music 

MU101 Class Piano $15.00 

MU102 Class Voice 15.00 

MU103 Class Instrument 15.00 

MU 161-164 Piano Proficiency Class each 15.00 

All the following individual instruction courses are $200 per hour for nonmusic 
majors and $1 30 for music majors ($65 per hour after two hours): MU 1 00, MU 
165-166, MU 265-266, MU 300, MU 365-366, MU 465-466, and MU 499. 



Nursing 



NU101 Fundamentals Nursing Concepts $15.00 

NU 102 AdultHealth 1 15.00 

NU201 The Chiidbearing Family 15.00 

NU202 The Childrearing Family 15.00 

NU203 Mental Health Nursing 15.00 



22 



NU204 


Adult Health II 




15 00 


NU330 


Pathophysiology for Nurses 




15 00 


NU341 


Health Assessment 




15 00 


NU411 


Community Health Nursing 




15.00 


NU415 


Advanced Clinical Nursing 




15 00 


Physical Education 

PE205 


First Aid and CPR 




$15 00 


PE 222, 247 
PE 245, 249 
PE260 


Racquetball 

Tennis 

Golf 


each 

each 


15.00 
15.00 
15.00 



Financial Aid 

students applying for the Federal Student Financial Assistance programs 
(known as Title IV) must comply with the following procedures in a timely manner. 
A student's noncompliance may result in the loss of potential benefits and will 
result in a protracted and negative institutional registration experience if the stu- 
dent needs the federal resources to assist in his or her educational expenses. 

The following procedures are strongly advised: 

1. Complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). After the 
FAFSA has been processed, a Student Aid Report (SAR) will be mailed to 
you. Once you receive your SAR, check it for accuracy of information. The 
Financial Aid Office (FAO) will electronically retrieve it; however, Oakwood 
College must be listed as one ofthe schools of attendance in order for us to 
retrieve it. 

2. If the SAR states that it has been selected for review in a process called 
verification, you mustsubmittheCollege's Verification Worksheet (available 
from the FAO or the Internet) and the following documents: 

a. A signed copy of the base year Federal Income Tax Return to the 
FAO. Base year is the year that precedes the academic year for 
which aid is being applied. For example, applicants for the 1999- 
2000 academic year would submit their 1 998 Federal Income Tax 
Return. If the student did not and will notfile a tax return, then he/she 
must submit the appropriate copies of his or her \A/-2's. 

b. Legal or biological parents of dependent students must submit a 
signed copy of their complete base year Federal Income Tax 
Return(s)totheFAO. Iftheparent(s) did not and will notfile a base 
year tax return, then they must submit copies of their W-2's. 

c. The student, spouse, or parent must submit official documents that 
substantiate the annual amounts of untaxed income for the base 
year. Untaxed income may include Social Security benefits, pen- 
sion benefits, workmen's compensation, or parsonage allowance. 
If the documentation is not an official/regulatory form with appropri- 
ate signatures, it will not be accepted by the FAO. 



23 



3. Students applying for the Federal Stafford Loan or the Parent Loan for Under- 
graduate Students (PLUS) must submit a signed loan application to the FAO. 

4. Students applying for scholarships through Oakwood College must submit all 
required documentation by the specified deadline dates. 

5. An entrance interview session must be attended by all first-time loan borrow- 
ers before loan proceeds can be applied to the student's account. 

Financial Aid Policies 

Satisfactory Academic Progress for Semesters, Terms (LEAP and Certifi- 
cate Programs), and Sessions (Summer). 

Federal regulations require the College to establish reasonable standards for 
measuring academic progress. The College must monitor participants in student 
financial assistance programs to ensure that those academic standards are met, 
and that students make real progress toward competing their degrees. The policy 
must contain a qualitative component, a quantitative component, and an overall 
time-frame component. A student must maintain satisfactory academic progress 
regardless of whether the student was a previous recipient of financial aid or not. 

Qualitative Component. The College's current academic standards are the quali- 
tative standards for this policy. This policy articulation also recognizes the cumu- 
lative grade point average as the sole numeric measure. This change effectively 
terminates use of the unadjusted grade point average in academic decisions. 
Federal regulations specifically require students who have earned sixty-one or 
more hours (Juniors and Seniors) must maintain the minimum cumulative grade 
point average required by the College for graduation . This component will be evalu- 
ated each term. Those minimum standards are outline in the Oakwood College 
Bulletin as follows: 



Hours Completed 


Required GPA 


0-29 


1.70 


30-60 


2.00 


61-92 


2.00 


93-128 


2.00 



Quantitative Component. Once at least twenty-four semester hours have been 
attempted, a student's cumulative hours passed must be at least 75 percent of the 
cumulative hours attempted. For example, a student enrolling in twelve hours per 
term for two semesters would be required to pass eighteen of those hours to 
retain financial aid benefits. A student enrolling in six hours per term for four 
semesters would also be required to pass at least eighteen hours. The success- 
ful pass rate increases to 80 percent once the student attempts sixty-one or more 
hours. This component will be evaluated at the time of each application. 



24 



Overall Time Frame: Students are no longer eligible to receive Title IV federal 
financial assistance after attempting the lesser of 150 percent of the published 
academic program hours, or fifteen full-time equivalent semesters. A full-time 
equivalent semester is deemed to contain a minimum of twelve hours. For in- 
stance, if the published length of an academic program is 120 hours, the maxi- 
mum time frame established by the College must not exceed 1 80 attempted credit 
hours (that is, 120x1.5). 

Transfer, Summer, Consortium, and Transient Hours: Students transferring 
to the College are assumed to be maintaining reasonable academic progress. All 
hours transferred from prior or concurrent attendance at other schools will be 
considered in establishing the class standing for grade requirements, and are inte- 
gral in determining the overall time frame allowed for financial aid eligibility. GPA 
from other colleges will notfactor into your cumulative GPAatOakwood College. 

Grades: Courses with nonassigned grades, including withdrawals, are consid- 
ered in determination of the percentage of hours completed toward the degree. 
Refer to the College Bulletin for the regulations concerning the effect on cumula- 
tive hours attempted. Acceptable grades are A, B, C, D, and P. Unacceptable 
grades are: F, I, W, NC, FA, AU, DG, U. All of these grades are considered in 
evaluating the qualitative, quantitative, and overall time-frame components. 

Second Bachelor's Degree/Dual Degree: Students seeking a second under- 
graduate or dual degree will be permitted to enroll in up to six full-time equivalent 
semesters beyond the first bachelor's or dual major. This requirement is based 
on completion of program requirements, and not necessarily actual graduation. 

Loss of Aid Eligibility: According to federal regulations, a student is not allowed 
to receive further aid from Title IV student financial assistance if he or she does not 
meet the College's standards of satisfactory progress. Additionally certain state 
and institutional scholarships may be rescinded as a result of failure to make rea- 
sonable progress. Certain scholarships awarded by the Office of Enrollment Man- 
agement will be forfeited immediately when the grade point average falls below a 
prescribed minimum, which may be stricter than the minimums cited for federal 
purposes. Students who become ineligible to receive further federal aid will be 
notified at the address listed on the most recent Student Aid Report (SAR) ob- 
tained by the Office of Financial Aid, or a more recent one, if provided by the stu- 
dent prior to the last day of the semester. Students receive first notice of grades, 
and are held responsible to regularly monitor the cumulative grade point average. 
All other notices are a courtesy of the College. 

Appeals: The following procedure has been established for those who lose fed- 
eral Title IV financial assistance eligibility due to failure to maintain satisfactory 
academic progress. The procedure must be followed precisely and without ex- 
ception. Failure to adhere to the procedure may result in the right to a hearing, or 
an automatic denial on the merits. NO PERSONAL APPEARANCES WILL BE 
GRANTED before the Financial Aid Appeals Committee. (Note: No appeal author- 
ity has been established for certain scholarships from the Office of Enrollment 



25 



Management, or from the State of Alabama for the Alabama State Grant.) 
Procedures: 

1 . You must submit an application for appeal and an accompanying letter, 
indicating the reason(s) why you failed to compete the necessary hours, 
or attain the required GPA during the prior academic period. You must 
submit any legitimate documentation that supports your claim or ratio- 
nale. Furthermore, you MUST outline the steps taken to correct your 
lack of academic performance. The general deadline for submitting the 
appeal is June 30, unless modified by the Vice President for Academic 
Affairs. 

2. Appeal hearings will be announced on the annual calendar distributed by 
the Office of Financial Aid. No other hearings will be scheduled, except 
as determined by the discretion of the Vice President for Academic Af- 
fairs. 

3. The appeal application will be reviewed and a decision made within sev- 
enty-two hours of the scheduled hearing. Decisions and related provi- 
sions will be announced in writing by the Assistant Vice President for 
Academic Affairs. Decisions of the Financial Aid Committee are final. 
The decisions may be: 

a. Acceptance of your appeal without any penalty; 

b. Acceptance of your appeal provisionally with a probation period 
during which you will be required to pass a specified number of 
hours or attain the required GPA; or 

c. Denial of your appeal. 

Reinstatement: Students who lose eligibility for Title IV financial assistance be- 
cause of failure to maintain reasonable progress toward a degree may reapply No 
reapplication will be considered until the student clears the deficiency or attains 
the minimum grade point average. 

Students who lose financial aid eligibility because of failure to maintain satis- 
factory progress toward a degree may reapply for financial aid after clearing the 
deficiency; no aid will be granted retroactively. 

Verification of Enrollment 

Students who require enrollment verification for student loan deferment pur- 
poses must bring the form or a written request to the Records Office. When a 
student is enrolled full-time, freshmen and senior verification will be for one year, 
juniors for two years, and sophomores for three years. 

Transfer Students Eligibility for Aid 

Transfer students are eligible for federal aid during their first semester of at- 
tendance at the College, regardless of their GPA from transfer hours. Following 
the hours and courses completed at the institution. 



26 



Remedial Coursework 

If a student is enrolled solely in a remedial progrann, the student is not eligible 
for federal aid. 

A student may receive federal aid for a limited amount of noncredit or reduced 
credit remedial coursework that is included as part of a regular program. 

Once the student has enrolled for remedial courses, his/her aid may be ad- 
justed accordingly. 

Available Funds 

Federal Pell Grant: A nonrepayable, federally funded grant program for un- 
dergraduate students only Pell Grant awards vary in amount each year and are 
based on financial need and hours of enrollment. 

Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (FSEOG): A 
nonrepayable, federally funded and university based grant program. Awards are 
made to early applicants who demonstrate the most financial need. 

Alabama Student Assistance Program (ASAP): State funded grants in vary- 
ing amounts available to Alabama residents who demonstrate financial need. 

Federal Subsidized Stafford Loans: Subsidized loans, which means the 
federal government will pay the interest on the loan while the student is in school 
and dunng specified deferments. The student must demonstrate financial need to 
receive this loan. 

Federal Unsubsidized Stafford Loan: Loans that students may borrow re- 
gardless of need but will have to pay all interest charges. 

Federal PLUS Loans: Parents of a dependent student may obtain a PLUS 
loan to payforthe student's education.* 

Entrance/Exit Interview 

First-time borrowers at Oakwood College must attend an entrance interview 
before receiving any loan proceeds. This federally mandated requirement is to 
ensure that the students have received loan counseling and understand their re- 
sponsibilities as borrowers. An exit interview is required of all students who have 
received loan proceeds during their matriculation at Oakwood and is conducted 
prior to graduation or terminating enrollment. 

Loan Limits 



Dependent 


Subsidized 


Independent 


Subsidized 


Unsubsidized 


1st year 


$2625 


1st year 


$2625 


$4000 


2nd year 


$3500 


2nd year 


$3500 


$4000 


3rd year 


$5500 


3rd year 


$5500 


$5000 


4th year 


$5500 


4th year 


$5500 


$5000 



*For dependent students whose parents cannot borrow under the PLUS pro- 
gram, the amount a student can borrow under the unsubsidized program is the 
same as for independent students. 



27 



Who May Apply for Financial Aid 

To receive aid from the student aid programs you must: 

1. Have financial need. 

2. Have a iiigh sciiooi diploma or a General Education Development (GED) cer- 
tificate, pass a test approved by the U.S. Department of Education, or meet 
other standards your state establishes that are approved by the U.S. Depart- 
ment of Education. 

3. Be enrolled or accepted for enrollment as a regular student working toward a 
degree or certificate in an eligible program. (You may not receive aid for cor- 
respondence or telecommunications courses unless they are part of an as- 
sociate or bachelor's degree program.) 

4. Be a U.S. citizen or eligible noncitizen. 

5. Have a valid Social Security Number. 

6. Make satisfactory academic progress. 

7. Sign a statement of educational purpose and a certificate statement of over- 
payment and default (both found on the Free Application for Federal Student 
Aid[FAFSA]). 

8. Register with Selective Service, if required. 



28 



student Life and Services 

Spiritual 

At Oakwood College, religion is the main foundation. The College church ser- 
vice, the Sabbath School, the Adventist Youth Society (AYS), the Ministehal Fo- 
rum, the student literature evangelism program, the residence hall worships, and 
the many USM religious programs afford the students excellent opportunities for 
the development of character, self-expression, leadership, and initiative. For more 
information, contact the Office of Spiritual Life. 

Convocations, the Arts and Lecture Series 

During the school year distinguished guest speakers address the student 
body at the weekly assemblies/chapels. In the fall and spring semesters, they 
also conduct weeks of religious emphasis. The Arts and Lectures Series brings to 
the campus each year several outstanding lecturers and artists. In addition to 
these, many other programs of significance are sponsored by the College. It is 
expected that all students will attend the weekly assemblies, the Arts and Lectures 
programs, and special convocations. 

Social Activities 

A wholesome program of social activities is planned by the Director of Stu- 
dent Activities in consultation with the United Student Movement. Social pro- 
grams are sponsored during the year by various clubs, classes, and organiza- 
tions. 

Extracurricular Activities Participation 

The recreational activities of the College are designed to serve the wide vari- 
ety of leisure-time interests of the students. In order to ensure satisfactory schol- 
arship, the extent to which students may participate in extracurricular activities is 
subject to regulation. Students holding office in any organization must have a cu- 
mulative GPAof 2.5 or better. Members on academic probation may be limited in 
the degree to which they may participate in the activities of their organizations. 

Intramural Sports 

The College sponsors a program of intramural sports in connection with the 
physical education activities. 

Health Services 

The College Health Services is designed to meet the medical needs of stu- 
dents. The physicians may be seen during posted hours. Nurses provide cover- 
age 24 hours/ 7 days per week. In case of an emergency after office hours, a 
nurse may be reached by calling security. A$26.00 health fee is charged to each 



29 



student, which covers services received in Health Services. Laboratory fees and 
transportation costs to off-campus medical facilitates are the responsibility of the 
student. 

The health of each student is important. To assist Health Services in providing 
the care needed, a medical history which includes laboratory testing, a physical 
examination within the last 1 2 months, and a TB test within the last 1 2 months are 
required. A record of immunizations is required by Oakwood College and the 
State of Alabama. This record includes documentation of polio, tetanus, diptheria, 
measles, mumps, rubella and hepatitis B. All students born after January 1957 
must show proof of two doses of live vaccine measles. Be sure this informa- 
tion arrives before registration. 

All students entering Oakwood College must have medical insurance cover- 
age. Insurance for students without medical coverage may be acquired through 
the school. The cost for the year is divided into two premiums, August and Janu- 
ary Students are enrolled in the insurance plan at registration. The fee is part of 
the student's bill each semester. If a student wishes to use his/her own per- 
sonal medical coverage, this must be indicated on the insurance waiver 
card each semester during registration. A card or copy of membership is to be 
carried by each student in case of an emergency All international students 
must present evidence of medical coverage in the U.S. 

Student Association 

The United Student Movement (USM) of Oakwood College is the major stu- 
dent organization of the College. This organization seeks to promote a more per- 
fect relationship among all sectors of the College community; to enhance the reli- 
gious, academic, cultural, and social programs of the College; and to emphatically 
support the aims and objectives of Oakwood College. Each martriculated regular 
student of Oakwood College is a member of the United Student Movement. The 
United Student Movement finances its own programs through payment of indi- 
vidual membership dues. With the help and approval of faculty sponsors, the 
United Student Movement carries out such programs along with the Department 
of Student Activities: 

Class Organization 

Freshman Class Junior Class 

Sophomore Class Senior Class 

Residence Clubs 

Carter Hall Residence Club (Delta Sigma Phi) 
Edwards Hall Residence Club 
Married Students' Club 
Peterson Hall Residence Club 
Wade Hall Residence Club 



30 



Membership in the departmental clubs is based on academic performance 
and is considered a distinct honor. Students must have a GPA of 2.00 to partici- 
pate in club activities and a GPA of 2. 50 to hold office. No Greek social clubs are 
allowed to organize or function on campus. 

Governing Standards 

Oakwood College, a Seventh-day Adventist institution of higher education, is 
committed to providing quality education in the context of the Adventist faith. Mod- 
eled after the school of the prophets in the Bible, it integrates faith and learning in a 
modern-day setting. It offers its students the opportunity to acquire knowledge, 
behaviors, skills, and wholesome attitudes. Such development will equip them to 
provide the highest service in this life and in the life to come. The driving principles 
of Oakwood College are "Education, Excellence, Eternity". 

Oakwood College is committed to achieving a high level of spiritual develop- 
ment and academic excellence. Its teaching and practicing morals, values, and 
standards will result in a distinctive outcome-the Oakwood man and the Oakwood 
woman. Therefore, the students of Oakwood College are expected to exhibit high 
degrees of honor, integrity, and morality. 

It is also expected that the Oakwood student will deal with others with com- 
passion and sensitivity. In light of this, the College provides the context for the 
Oakwood man and the Oakwood Woman to develop in their use of judgment, in 
personal maturation, and in their spiritual journey. Any student desiring counsel 
and/or additional information concerning the Code of Student Conduct may con- 
tact the Chaplain, Residence Hall Deans, or the Office of the Vice President for 
Student Services. 

Student Handbook 

In every community there are laws. It is the responsibility of every student to 
secure from the Office of Student Services and read the rules and regulations 
governing student life at Oakwood College, preferably before registration. Famil- 
iarity with and acceptance of the requirements set forth in this book will make life at 
Oakwood College more interesting and certainly more enjoyable. 

A students standing in a Christian school is based not alone on his scholar- 
ship attainment but also upon his general conduct and his attitude toward the com- 
munity in which he lives. Asa citizen of the Collegecommunity the student must 
realize that he or she has been admitted to a privileged group and that he or she 
has no nghtto work against that group. Any student who violates the rules of the 
College may be asked to withdraw. 

Student Citizenship 

Each individual coming to Oakwood College for the purpose of entering any 
department of the College is subject to supervision and jurisdiction from the time 
of arrival in Huntsville until his or her connection is terminated by graduation or by 
any officially approved withdrawal. The record of each student is reviewed periodi- 
cally, and his or her continuation atthe College is based upon his or her attitudes 



31 



and general conduct, as well as scholastic attainment. 

Listed among the governing policies of the College are infractions which are 
considered cause for suspension and may be cause for dismissal or serious dis- 
ciplinary action for the first offense. 

Since no student who makes a habit of indulging in any of these practices 
would knowingly be accepted at Oakwood College the first infraction may result in 
dismissal from school. 

A student whose progress or conduct is unsatisfactory or whose influence is 
detrimental may be asked to withdraw at any time. 

Any student dismissed from school withdraws immediately from the campus 
and may be subjected to charges of trespassing should he or she return without 
permission from the administration. 

Leave of Absence 

Permission for an overnight or weekend leave of absence from the campus 
may be obtained from the appropriate residence dean. Approval must also be 
obtained from the work supervisor and, when classes are missed, from the Vice 
President for Academic Affairs. For traveling, written permission from the parent 
or guardian must be on file for every student who is not of legal age (19 years of 
age in Alabama). 

Attendance at Religious Services 

Oakwood College is emphatically a Christian college. Attendance at wor- 
ships, Friday evening vespers, and Sabbath services is expected of all students 
residing on campus. 

Assembly Absences 

All registered students are required to attend weekly assemblies. Two unex- 
cused absences each semester are allowed without penalty. Excuses for ab- 
sences from assembly must be submitted in writing to the Vice President for Stu- 
dent Services before the very next assembly Failure to do this will automatically 
result in an unexcused absence. The third and fourth unexcused absences within 
a semester will result in a $25 fine per absence. Five or more absences within a 
semester will result in a $50 fine per absence. 

Use of Vehicles 

Since the ownership and the use of an automobile frequently militate against 
success in college, students are not encouraged to bring automobiles with them 
unless absolutely necessary. Freshmen are not permitted to bring automobiles to 
the College or the vicinity, or to operate automobiles owned by other individuals. 

All students, whether living in the residence halls or in the community, who 
own or operate any type of motor vehicle (e.g., car, motorcycle, scooter) must 
register it with the Office of Security at the time of registration for the fall semester, 
or within twenty-four hours of his/her arrival should arrival be after registration has 



32 



been concluded, or within twenty-four iiours of its procurement within any semes- 
ter of the school year. 

Owners must have a valid operator's license and must show proof of liability 
insurance (including medical coverage) at the time of registration and whenever 
requested by traffic enforcement personnel. 

Residence Halls 

Oakwood College is a boarding institution. As such, all students are required 
to live on campus in one of the dormitories and participate in one of the three meal 
programs. Students who wish to live off campus must meet the following criteria: 

* Live with their parent(s) 

* Be married or living with a member of the immediate family or close 
relative (aunt, uncle, or grandparent) 

* Be at least 22 years of age or have had two years of active duty in the 
Armed Forces 

* Have achieved junior or senior classification 

* Must not be on citizenship probation 

Apartments 

The College owns thirty units of one- and-two bedroom apartments which are 
available to married students. These apartments rent for reasonable amounts. 
There are also approved apartments in the community, furnished and unfurnished, 
in which married students may live. For information write the Assistant Vice Presi- 
dent for Finance. 



The Counseling Center 

A comprehensive program of guidance and counseling services is made avail- 
able to students. 

Services 

Services include testing (diagnostic assessment, national placement exami- 
nations, CLEP), counseling (personal, career, premarital, marriage and family), 
and developmental guidance (career evaluation, human relations, leadership train- 
ing, and family life education). 

Goals and Philosophy 

The center's emphasis is on personal development. Its primary goal is to 
help students become more effective in handling and resolving problem situations 
before they become more critical by teaching them what to expect and how to 
behave adaptively under most circumstances. It is a preventive philosophy which 
is believed to be most suitable to the needs, beliefs, and practices of Seventh-day 



33 



Adventists and other fundamentally conservative Christians. 

The goal for its consulting activities is to facilitate the continuing development 
and maintenance of an optimal collegiate environment for learning and individual 
growth. 

Confidentiality 

Personal information regarding specific individuals is held in strictest confi- 
dence and may not be released without written consent of the persons involved. 

Cost 

Professional services to students are given without charge. There are, how- 
ever, charges associated with the computer scoring and analysis of diagnostic 
tests and the administration of the national placement examinations and CLEP 



Work Education/Career Services 

The Office of Work Education/Career Services offers a comprehensive pro- 
gram that assists students in developing work skills and ethics as well as provid- 
ing financial assistance for educational costs. In addition, it assists students and 
alumni from all academic areas in attaining their career objectives. Job opportuni- 
ties are available in most areas on campus. You should contact the Office of Work 
Education for additional information. 

Permission to begin working is given only to students who are registered and 
have produced the documents to prove employment eligibility. 

Federal regulations require that all employees hired present original docu- 
ments that establish both their identity and eligibility to work. All students wishing to 
work will be required to present proper documents before they will be authorized to 
begin work. 

Perspective employees must present either one item from list A or one item 
from each of lists B and C. 

List A United States Passport 

Certificate of United States Citizenship 

Certificate of Naturalization 

Unexpired foreign passport with attached employment authorization 

or student visa 

List B A state-issued driver's license or ID card with a photograph or infor- 
mation including name, sex, date of birth, height, weight, and color 
of eyes 
U.S. military card 



34 



List C Original Social Security card (other than a card stating it is not valid 
for employment) 

A birth certificate issued by state, country, or municipal authority bear- 
ing a seal or other certification 
Unexpired INS Employment Authorization 

Career Services seeks to provide career opportunities for students and alumni 
through programs which will enhance their professional competencies and increase 
their marketability Several services and programs are available to students during 
the school year, including assistance with resume writing, career placement, and 
the Youth Motivational Task Force program. 

Information on these and other assistance programs is available through the 
Office of Work Education/Career Services. 



35 



Academic Policies 



Curriculum 



The curriculum at Oakwood College reflects very distinctly the educa- 
tional philosophy, purposes, and needs of the Seventh-day Adventist Church. From 
its earliest history Seventh-day Adventist education has been multipurpose — a 
combination of theory and practice. Strong emphasis has been given to providing 
students with a college program that would grant them job entry and provide op- 
portunities for the development of a personal code of moral and social values for 
Christian living in contemporary society. It is for this reason that the curricular 
offerings at Oakwood College have a very pragmatic character. This is true in the 
humanities, social sciences, applied sciences, and natural sciences. Because of 
the needs ofthe Seventh-day Adventist Church, as well as society at large, Oak- 
wood College has developed some disciplines that are almost exclusively profes- 
sional. However, regardless ofthe amount of vocational emphasis, all baccalau- 
reate and associate degree programs have been so organized that there is a com- 
mon core of general education studies required of all students. 

The mission ofthe College strongly emphasizes health, the importance 
of service to the world, the integration of spiritual instruction and understanding as 
a part of intellectual growth, and the facilitation of cultural and personal affirmation. 
The general education core curriculum includes courses in the philosophy of Chris- 
tian education, basic computer literacy health and recreation, the humanities, for- 
eign languages, mathematics, natural sciences, religion and theology and social 
sciences. Baccalaureate and associate degree programs also are designed to 
harmonize with the key elements ofthe College's mission. 

The College has fourteen academic departments offering the following 
degrees: Associate of Arts, Associate of Science, Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of 
Business Administration, Bachelor of Science, Bachelorof Social Work, and Bach- 
elor of Vocal Performance, and about forty-five majors and thirty minors. 



Department 



Degree Major 



Minor 



Biological Sciences 



Business and 

Information 

Systems 



Chemistry 



B.S. 


Biology 


Biology 


B.S. 


Biology Education 




B.S. 


Natural Sciences 




A.S., B.S. 


Accounting 


Accounting 


B.B.A. 


Business Administration 


Management 


B.S. 


Business Education 




A.S., B.S. 


Computer Info. Systems 


Computer Info. Sys 


B.S. 


Finance 


Finance 


B.S. 


Organizational Mgmt. 




B.S. 


Biochemistry 




B.A., B.S. 


Chemistry 


Chemistry 


B.S. 


Chemistry Education 




B.S. 


Cytotechnology 





36 



Department 


Degree 


Major 


Minor 




B.S. 
A.S. 
A.S. 
A.S. 
A.S. 


Medical Technology 
Pre-Occupational Ther. 
Pre-Physical Therapy 
Pre-Physican Assistant 
Pre-Speech Pathology 




Education 


B.S. 


Elementary Education 




English and 
Communications 


A.S. 
B.A. 
B.A. 
B.S. 
B.A. 
B.A. 


Art 

Communications 

English 

English Language Arts Ed. 

French 

Spanish 


Art 

Communications 

English 

French 
Spanish 


Family and 
Consumer 
Sciences 


B.S. 
B.S. 
B.S. 
B.S. 


Dietetics 

Family/Consumer So. 
Family/Consum. Sc. Ed. 
Human Dev./Family Stud. 


Food and Nutrition 
Family/Consum. Sc. 
Child Development 
Apparel and Design 


History 


B.A. 
B.A. 
B.S. 


History 

International Studies 
Social Science Ed. 


History 

African Amer. Stud. 

Political Science 


Mathematics and 
Computer Science 


B.S. 
B.S. 
B.A. 
B.A. 
B.S. 


Applied Mathematics 
Computer Science 
Math/Computer Science 
Mathematics 
Mathematics Education 


Mathematics 
Computer Science 
Physics 


Music 


B.A. 
B.S. 
B.S. 
B.M. 
B.M. 


Music Music 

Music Business 

Music Education 

Theory and Composition 

Vocal Performance and Pedagogy 


Nursing 


A.S., B.S. 


Nursing 




Physical Education 


B.S. 

B.A., B.S. 
B.S. 


Fitness and Wellness 
Physical Education 
Physical Ed. Teaching 


Physical Education 


Psychology 


B.A., B.S. 


Psychology 


Psychology 
Correctional Sci. 
Sociology 


Religion and 
Theology 


A.A. 
B.A. 
B.A. 
B.S. 


Bible Worker 
Ministerial Theology 
Religion 
Religious Education 


Biblical Interpret. 
Biblical Languages 
Ministerial Theology 
Religon 


Social Work 


B.S.W. 


Social Work 





37 



The Academic Year 

The academic or college year usually starts in late August and ends in July It 
consists of two semesters, each of which covers a period of approximately fifteen 
weeks and a summer session of at least six weeks. Provision may be made for 
mini sessions during the summer and winter breaks. 

Schedule of Classes 

Each year the College publishes a schedule of classes which lists the courses 
offered, the time of meetings, the rooms, and the instructors. The College re- 
serves the right to cancel any course offered for which there are less than six 
students and to set limits on class size when necessary. 

Course Numbers and Symbols 

Courses of instruction are classified as remedial, lower division, and upper 
division. Remedial courses numbered 090 through 099 are courses which may 
be required of certain students. Lower division courses are numbered 1 00 through 
299; upper division courses are numbered 300 through 499. Students should take 
each level in turn to avoid scheduling problems. Code to course symbols are: 



AC Accounting 

AH Allied Health 

AR Art 

AS Admin. Systems Mgmt. 

BA Management 

BL Biblical Languages 

OH Chemistry 

CM Computer Science 

CO Communications 

EC Economics 

ED Education 

EG Engineering 

EN English 

FN Finance 

FR French 

FS Family and Consumer Sciences 



GE Geography 

HC Health Care Administration 

HI History 

IS Computer Information Systems 

MA Mathematics 

MU Music 

NU Nursing 

CM Organizational Management 

PH Physics 

PE Physical Education 

PS Political Science 

PY Psychology 

RE Religion and Theology 

SO Sociology 

SP Spanish 

SW Social Work 



Credit 

The unit of credit is the semester hour. A semester hour is the amount of 
credit earned for the satisfactory completion of one hour a week lecture or recita- 
tion or a least two hours a week laboratory practice throughout one semester. 

Hyphenated courses (e.g., 101-102) indicate that the sequence of courses 
should betaken in order. Commas separating courses (e.g., 101, 102) indicate 
thatthe courses may betaken out of sequence. Thesymbol 3-3 indicates that the 
course carries three semester hours of credit each semester for two semesters, 
which, being hyphenated, should be taken in sequence. The symbol 3,3 indicates 
that the course may be taken out of sequence. 



38 



study Load 

Class load is governed by classification and previous academic performance 
as follows: 



Classification 


Minimum Cum. GPA 


Maximum Load 


Academic Probation 


below 2.00 


13 hours 


All regular students 


2.00 


17 hours 


Sophomores and Juniors 


3.00 


18 hours 


Seniors 


3.00 


20 hours 



The maximum class load for any situation includes incompletes and courses 
by cooperative arrangement (neighboring colleges). 

Twelve credit hours is considered full-time and will satisfy the following au- 
thorities: 

1 . Immigration and Naturalization Service 

2. Selective Service 

3. Veterans Administration 

4. Health, Education, and Welfare 

5. U.S. Department of Labor 

Classification of Students 

New students are classified upon acceptance by the Office of Enrollment 
Management. Returning students' classification for the year is determined by the 
amountof credit they have earned at the beginning of the college year. Astudent 
who may meet the hour requirement, but whose cumulative grade point average 
is below 2.00, will be listed in the next lower class until the cumulative grade point 
average is raised to 2.00 or better. Student classes are organized early in the fall 
semester according to the following levels of academic achievement (remedial 
courses are not included). 



Classification 


Minimum Cum. GPA 


Number of Semester Hours 


Freshman 


1.70 


0-29 


Sophomore 


2.00 


30-60 


Junior 


2.00 


61-92 


Senior 


2.00 


93-128 



Special Students 

Special students accepted to the College fall under the following categories: 

1 . Postbaccalaureate refers to a student with a bachelor's degree who is 
enrolled for part-time or full-time work. 

2. Unclassified applies to any student who meets admission standards but 
who has no present plans to pursue a degree or to a student whose 
classification cannot be determined at the time of admission. 



39 



3. Nondegree refers to a nontraditional student who desires to take a course 
or courses for personal development. Credit hours are limited to three 
per semester. 

4. Transient admission applies to a student submitting evidence that he or 
she is in good and regular standing in an accredited college or university 
but who desires temporary admission to Oakwood College for one se- 
mester, the grades and credits of which will be transferred to his or her 
original institution. 

5. Visiting student (refer to the Cooperative Programs section in this bulletin 
for details). 

Class Standing 

Freshmen are limited to lower division courses except by permission of the 
head of the department in which the course is being taught. The lower division 
courses are open to freshmen and sophomores and should be competed before 
the student progresses to the junior and senior years. 

A student entering the third year of college work who lacks any of the pre- 
scribed courses of the lower division, which are preliminary to upper division work 
for a degree, must first register for such prescribed courses of the lower division 
and then complete the program from the upper division. 

Beginning freshmen on academic probation will not be allowed to advance to 
regular academic standing until all academic deficiencies have been removed and 
at least 1 2 hours of other college credit have been earned with a minimum GPAof 
2.00. 

Freshmen will not be allowed to advance to sophomore status until they have 
passed the Freshman Composition Sequence and have a GPA of at least 1 .70. 
Sophomores will not be permitted to advance to junior status or take any upper 
division courses until they have a GPA of at least 2.00. Juniors will not be ad- 
vanced to senior status or permitted to submit an approved final year schedule for 
graduation until they have passed the English Proficiency Test or EN 250 and have 
a GPA of at least 2.00. 

Permanent Student Records 

The student's permanent academic record is the transcript. The transcript 
contains biographical, geographical, and academic information regarding courses 
taken and grades earned. This information is taken from application for accep- 
tance forms, registration forms, teachers' grade sheets, drop/add forms, and 
teachers' change of grade forms. 

Retention and Disposal of Student Records 

The retention and disposal of student records is in accordance with the rec- 
ommendations of the American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admis- 
sions Officers as published in the guide entitled Retention of Records: A Guide for 
Retention and Disposal of Student Records. 



40 



Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act 

Oakwood College complies with the Family Education Rights and Privacy Act 
of 1974 (FERPA). A student's record is regarded as confidential, and release of 
this information is regulated by the FERPAAct. Students have the right to inspect 
their records at any time. Parents of students termed "dependent" for income tax 
purposes are entitled to receive information relating to the students' educational 
records upon request. A copy of the act is on file in the Records Office. 

Registration 

Registration includes advising, selection of courses, and payment of fees. 
Students are required to register on the designated registration dates as announced 
in the bulletin. Information on registration is available at the registration site. 

Students are not officially registered for courses until their "registration forms" 
have been processed by the Records Office and all fees have been paid. 

Late Registration 

Students failing to register during the scheduled registration periods are as- 
sessed a late registration fee of $75 and $15 for each additional day to a maximum 
of $1 35. Class periods missed because of late registration are counted as ab- 
sences from the class. Students registering late may be required by the advisor 
and the Vice President for Academic Affairs to reduce their class load. Late regis- 
trants are required to make up course work already missed. 

Withdrawal From College Courses 

If students want to add or drop a class or change a section after having com- 
pleted registration of credit or audit, they should follow these procedures: 

1 . Drop. Before the deadline (one week after midsemester): (a) obtain form 
from the Record's Office, (b) secure proper signatures, (c) pay the ap- 
propriate fee, and (d) return the form to the Records Office. Expect a W 
for the class if dropped between the last day for a 50 percent refund and 
the deadline. Forgetting or failure to drop officially through processing a 
form will result in final grade of FA. 

2. Add. By the last day of late registration, follow the same steps (a-d) as 
listed above under "Drop." A charge of $1 is made for each change of 
schedule until the last day for any tuition refund, exceptwhen the change 
is made necessary by the cancellation of a scheduled class or the change 
of class time which renders it impossible for students to maintain their 
original schedule. 

3. To discontinue a course of study, students must complete a terminal 
leave form one week before final examinations begin, which may be se- 
cured from the Office of Student Services. 



41 



Final Examinations 

Should the final examination schedule require a student to complete four ex- 
aminations in one day, arrangements may be made with the department chair to 
complete one of the examinations at another time. Otherwise, all students must 
take the final examination in each course at the time listed in the official time schedule. 
Exceptions may be made only by the Vice President for Academic Affairs. 

English Proficiency Examination 

Each student is required to take a proficiency examination in English during 
the junior year. Upper division transfer students who have completed Freshman 
Composition are required to take the English Proficiency Examination during the 
first semester in which the examination is offered. This examination is adminis- 
tered as scheduled in the calendar, once each during the fall and spring semes- 
ters. Students who fail to pass the examination twice are required to enroll in and 
pass EN 250 English Fundamentals in order to qualify for graduation. Students 
who take EN 304 at Oakwood College and receive at least a B are exempt from 
this examination. A fee of $20 is charged for this examination. See the Depart- 
ment of English and Communications for details. 

Exit Examination 

All seniors are required to pass a departmental exit examination in their major 
area of study prior to graduation. Exit examinations may be internal or external, 
written by the department or obtained from an external sources such as the Gradu- 
ate Record Examination. 

Life Experience Policy 

Life experience credit is granted upon the evaluation of accomplishments and 
competencies not ordinarily considered part of the traditional classroom experi- 
ence. The policy is geared toward the mature adult who has had a minimum often 
years' experience in a given area. Credit, however, is not applicable until the stu- 
dent has completed a minimum of 16 semester hours with a minimum GPA of 
2.00 at Oakwood College. 

Any credit granted will be for the learning gained, and not just for expenence 
itself. Therefore, it is the students' responsibility to prove to the satisfaction of the 
Academic Policies Committee that from their experience they have developed com- 
petencies that are equivalent to classroom learning. In order to qualify to sit for the 
challenge examinations, students should follow these procedures: 

1 . Describe learning experiences believed to translate into academic credit. 

2. Suggest what courses are applicable. 

3. Review document with academic advisor. 

4. Submit documentary evidence that may be used to verify the experiences 
identified (this would include testimonials from former employers and/or 
supervisors). 

5. Pass challenge examinations in areas for which credit is expected. 

42 



The following evaluation formula will be used: 

1. Three hours will be given for each year of full-time work approved for 
credit by examination. 

2. Not more than 25 percent of the 128 hours required for graduation shall 
be earned through life experience. 

3. Not more than 25 percent of the requirements for the major may be met 
through life experience credit. 

The charge for life experience credit by examination is $35 per credit hour. 

College Level Examination Program (CLEP) 

A student who presents satisfactory evidence of having competence or expo- 
sure in a certain area covered by a required course may meet an academic re- 
quirement by passing a CLEP test. The following policies apply to the program: 

1. The recommended maximum number of CLEP credits a student may 
apply toward graduation is 32 semester hours. 

2. In each major the maximum number of CLEP subject examination cred- 
its a student may earn is determined by the major department. 

3. In the case of the general education requirements, the Academic Poli- 
cies Committee will determine which courses can be taken by CLEP 
and how much credit a student may earn from the basic general educa- 
tion requirements without overlapping in the subject area. 

4. The minimum scores listed below must be acquired before credit can be 
granted. 

5. Acceptable CLEP scores shall earn corresponding course credit, but no 
letter grade shall be assigned or quality points considered. 

6. Once CLEP credit is placed on the transcript, a student may not repeat 
the course for which credit was given by examination for a grade. 

7. Incoming students wishing to take the CLEP test before entering Oak- 
wood College must have the approval of the Records Office before the 
test is taken. 

8. All CLEP scores previously obtained at another school are subject to 
review by the Records Office. 

9. A fee covering the cost of the examination and its administration will be 
charged each student desiring to take the CLEP examination at Oak- 
wood College. 

The following table lists the CLEP subjects and corresponding courses and 
minimum scores acceptable by Oakwood College: 

CLEP subject Score Course Equivalent 

American Government 47 PS 211 (3 hours) 

American Literature 46 EN 301, 302 (6 hours) 

Calculus with Elementary Education 47 MA171-172 (6 hours) 

43 



College Algebra 

College French 

College Spanish 

English Literature 

Freshman College Composition 

General Biology 

General Chemistry 

History of the United States I and II 

Human Growth and Development 

Information Systems and Computer 

Applications 
Introduction to Educational Psychology* 
Introductory Accounting 
Introductory Business Law 
Introductory Psychology 
Introductory Sociology 
Principles of Macroeconomics 
Principles of Microeconomics 
Principles of Management 
Principles of Marketing 
Trigonometry 
Western Civilization I and II 



46 


MA 121 


(3 hours) 


41 


FR 101-102 


(6 hours) 


41 


SP 101-102 


(6 hours) 


46 


EN211,212 


(6 hours) 


44 


EN 111 


(3 hours) 


46 


Bl 131-132 


(6 hours) 


48 


CH 141-142 


(6 hours) 


45 


HI211,212 


(6 hours) 


45 


FS355 


(3 hours) 


52 


IS 100 


(3 hours) 


47 


ED 200 


(3 hours) 


47 


AC 220-221 


(6 hours) 


51 


BA475 


(3 hours) 


47 


PY101 


(3 hours) 


46 


SO 101 


(3 hours) 


44 


EC 281 


(3 hours) 


41 


EC 282 


(3 hours) 


46 


BA310 


(3 hours) 


48 


MK301 


(3 hours) 


49 


MA 122 


(3 hours) 


46,47 


H1 103, 104 


(6 hours) 



*Not acceptable for Education majors. 
Grading System 



The College grading system utilizes the four-point scale. The grade point 
values are outlined as follows: 



Grade 



A 

A- 

B+ 

B 

B- 

C+ 

C 

C- 

D+ 

D 

D- 

F 

FA 

AU 

DG 

I 



Grade Point 
Per Hour 

(superior) 4.0 

3.7 

3.3 

(above average) 3.0 

2.7 

2.3 

(average) 2.0 

1.7 

1.3 

(below average) 1.0 

0.7 

(failure) 0.0 

(failure due to absences) 0.0 

(audit) 

(deferred grade) 

(incomplete) 0.0 



44 



NO 


(noncredit) 


P/U 


(pass/unsatisfactory) 


W 


(withdrew) 



Grade Point Average 

The grade point average (GPA)forthe semester is computed by totaling honor 
points earned in all courses attempted and dividing by the total hours attempted 
(GPA=HP/HA). Credits for which grades of F, FA, and I are received are included in 
calculating the grade point average. The symbols AU, NC, DG, W, and P/U are 
disregarded in computing the grade point average. 

The academic progress record allows for repeated courses without GPA pen- 
alty However, the GPA used to determine the eligibility for financial aid includes all 
work attempted. 

Pass/Unsatisfactory Procedures 

To qualify for taking courses on a pass/unsatisfactory basis a student must 
be a sophomore, junior, or senior, and must not be on academic probation. Not 
more than 1 6 hours may be taken on this basis. The pass/unsatisfactory system 
applies to elective courses only Apass is equivalent to a C, although some gradu- 
ate and professional schools treat the Pass as a D. 

Approval for the P/U option should be obtained at the Records Office before 
the close of late registration. Registration changes in the process are final as of 
the last day to drop without academic penalty. 

Deferred Grades 

A deferred grade is assigned when a student is unable to complete the work 
because of equipment failure, insufficient time, or research material having arrived 
late. 

Incomplete Work 

When at the end of a semester students are behind in their classwork, the 
teacher does not automatically grant a grade of I for more time to do the require- 
ments. However, because of interruptive illness or other unavoidable circum- 
stances, students may request the privilege of receiving a grade of I to allow more 
time to fulfill class requirements. They must apply in time so that a final decision is 
made before the beginning of final examination week. The procedures to be fol- 
lowed are: 

1 . Obtain and fill out a Request and Authorization for Incomplete from the 
Office of Academic Affairs. 

2. Attach a physican's statement if the reason is medical. 

3. Obtain the appropriate signatures. 

4. Return the form to the Office of the Vice President for Academic Affairs 
at least five working days before the beginning of final examinations. 



45 



An I may be changed to a regular grade when the class work is completed 
within the approved deadline. Such a deadline might range from a few days to 
several weeks, but no longer than the sixth week of the next semester, even when 
the student is not registered the next semester. The I automatically coverts to an 
F if not removed within the prescribed time. Should more time, because of further 
illness or unavoidable circumstances be needed to remove the incomplete, the 
student may, before the deadline expires, request in writing an extension of time 
from the Academic Policies Committee. 

Repeated Courses 

There is no limit to the number of times a course may be repeated. The better 
grade for the repeated course will be accepted for credit. 

Auditing Courses 

Persons who are interested in auditing courses should register during regular 
registration. No credit is given for a course audited and the tuition charged is one- 
half the regular charge for credit. A course started on the auditing basis cannot be 
changed to a credit basis after the first week of the course. 

Correspondence Courses 

Oakwood College recognizes and accepts credit for courses taken with Home 
Study International, which is the extension division of the Associated Colleges of 
Seventh-day Adventists. 

A maximum of 1 2 semester hours of correspondence work may apply toward 
a baccalaureate degree program and 8 semester hours toward an associate de- 
gree. All requests for correspondence work must be approved by the Records 
Office and /or the Academic Policies Committee. 

Ordinarily, a student will not be permitted to carry correspondence course 
work while in residence if the required course is obtainable at the College. 

It is not recommended that seniors do any correspondence or extension work. 
Where this is an absolute necessity, the official transcript for the work competed 
must be in the Records Office by the first business day in March for spring gradu- 
ation. 

A correspondence course with a D grade or below is unacceptable. No cor- 
respondence credit will be entered on the student's record until a minimum of 16 
hours in residence with a cumulative average of at least C has been earned. Home 
Study Institute courses do not meet the Alabama State Certification requirements 
for education majors. 

Grade Reports 

Grade reports are issued to the student and, if requested by the student, to 
the parents or guardians at the end of each semester. 



46 



Errors and Corrections 

Upon the receipt of a grade report, the student should carefully check it for 
correctness as to the courses, credits, and grades recorded. Requests for cor- 
rections must be initiated within one month. 

Dean's List 

Students with a minimum grade point average of 3.50 who carry a minimum 
of 1 5 semester hours with no grade below a B and no incompletes are eligible for 
membership on the Dean's List. 

Honor Roll 

Students who carry a minimum of 12 hours and maintain a grade point aver- 
age of 3.00 or above during a given semester with no grade below a C shall be 
considered honor students for the semester. 

Honors Convocation 

To give formal and public recognition for outstanding scholastic achievement, 
loyalty to college standards, and exemplary citizenship, the College conducts an 
annual Honors Convocation. To be eligible for participation the student must have 
a cumulative GPA of not less than 3.50 for a minimum of 24 hours earned at 
Oakwood College or a cumulative GPA of 3.25 and a minimum of 33 hours earned 
at Oakwood College. 

Graduation With Distinction 

Students are graduated with honors under the following conditions: 
Honorable Mention Minimum cumulative GPA of 3.00 

Cum Laude Minimum cumulative GPAof 3.25 

Magna Cum Laude Minimum cumulative GPA of 3.50 

Summa Cum Laude Minimum cumulative GPAof 3.75 

Academic Probation, Suspension, and Dismissal 

All students whose cumulative GPA is less than 2.00 are placed on academic 
probation. This status requires all academic probationary students to take part in 
the academic improvement program conducted by the Center for Academic Ad- 
vancement (CAA). Failure of all academic probation student to take part in this 
program may result in dismissal from the College. Students who fail to make 
acceptable academic progress in view of the established policies and procedures 
of the institution will be suspended. A first suspension because of poor academic 
performance will result in the student being ineligible for readmission or reaccep- 
tance consideration for a period of one semester from the date of suspension. 
When suspended a second time, students become eligible for readmission or 



47 



reacceptance after one calendar year from the suspension date, providing that 
during that time they have attended another accredited college for at least one 
semester, carrying a minimum of 12 semester hours with no grade lov\/er than C. 
In both cases, to be so considered, the student must apply for readmission through 
the Records Office 

Any student who after four academic semesters or 64 semester hours has 
not attained a cumulative GPA of 2.00 will be dismissed for a minimum of two 
semesters. During this time the student must attend another accredited college 
for each semester of dismissal carrying a minimum of 12 hours with no grade 
lower than C. Course requirements must include classes previously taken at 
Oakwood that received grades of D or F. Application for readmission must be filed 
with the Records Office. 

Astudent whose cumulative GPA is below2.00 is denied the opportunity and 
permission to represent the College in any official capacity or to hold office in any 
student organization, or to be employed in any academic administrative area in- 
volving records and confidentiality. Some social restrictions involving leave re- 
quests may also apply. 

The following is a list of requirements for students on academic probation: 

1. Limit registration to class load of 13 hours per semester. 

2. Must be advised by the CAA academic advisors for class schedule ap- 
proval during registration. 

3. Include in class load courses in which the student received a D or F. 

4. Must register for remedial courses when the following conditions exist: 
ACT English score is less than 1 6 or SAT English score is less than 410; 
student must register for EN 095 and EN 099. ACT mathematics score 
is less than 16 or SAT mathematics score is less than 410; students 
must register for MA 095. ACT composite is less than 17 or SAT com- 
posite is less than 840; students must take PY 095. 

5. Must successfully pass remedial courses with at least a C before regis- 
tering for classes in English or mathematics. 

6. Must receive weekly tutorial assistance at the CAA. 

7. Must attend weekly advising sessions with the CAA academic advisor. 

Students on academic probation should expect to take more than two years 
to complete the requirements for an associate degree and more than four years to 
graduate with a bachelor's degree. 

Center for Academic Advancement 

The mission of the Center for Academic Advancement (CAA) is to assist 
students to gain the skills necessary to do college-level work. The program, in 
collaboration with the Departments of Psychology, Mathematics and Computer 
Science, and English and Communications, offers Scholarship Skills, Introduction 
to College Math, Composition Skill Review, and Developmental Reading to select 
groups of student who need to develop basic skills. In addition to attending regular 
lecture classes, students must attend a laboratory as prescribed by the instructor. 
However, all labs are available to self-motivated students as it assists students 



48 



across the curricula in tutorials, exercises, applications, and reviews. 

The laboratory component provides opportunityfor individualized instruction 
consistent with student needs and desires. This also gives students the opportu- 
nity to assess their deficiencies, work to correct them, and receive instant feed- 
back. Upgradedtutorialservicessupplementthe developmental laboratories through 
the cooperative efforts of specialists and the tutor supervisor. Limited accommo- 
dations are provided for students with disabilities. 

Freshman Studies 

The Freshman Studies Program is a composite of diagnostic, instructional, 
and supportive services to first-year students. Its purpose is to increase their 
potential for academic success and personal adjustment to the demands of col- 
lege life. Beginning in the 1 999-2000 school year, all entering first year students 
and lower division transfer students will be required to take a semester-long orien- 
tation in addition to the week-long orientation. 
OC101 Freshman Orientation Seminar 

The Freshman Orientation Seminar is designed to provide pertinent informa- 
tion to help new students to make the most of college, this life, and the life to 
come. This will be accomplished by focusing on challenges that integrate the 
academic, social, and spiritual facets of life, therefore, placing an emphasis 
on opening the doors to "Education, Excellence, and Eternity. " 

This course is required of all freshmen and new students entering with less than 
30 semester hours of transfer credit. Students are not allowed to withdraw from 
this course except through the terminal leave process. 

Orientation 

The week preceding registration for the fall semester of each year is known 
as Freshmen Orientation Week. New students admitted to freshman status are 
expected to report as notified and, upon arrival, to participate in all of the scheduled 
activities of the week. These include orientation to the academic and residential 
requirements of the College and the resources that are available to assist all stu- 
dents in meeting them successfully and developmental guidance and instruction 
regarding tasks, skills, and attitudes that are essential for academic and personal 
success. 

Monitoring Students' Academic Progress (MSAP) 

The Committee on Monitoring Students' Academic Progress (MSAP), which 
consists of a consortium of college administrators, departmental chairs, faculty, 
and staff, ensures students' conformance and compliance to the academic poli- 
cies of the institution. Qualitative and quantitative data of students, such as GPAs, 
class reports, class failures, remediation, withdrawals, incompletes, and maxi- 
mum time frames for academic work completion, are all used to determine a 
student's chances of successfully completing the major course of study 

At least twice a year, this committee meets to review the academic progress 



49 



of students whose academic standing is in jeopardy. Recommendations are made 
to suspend, dismiss, retain, or warn based on tine data presented. 

The committee considers a student's academic progress to be in a serious 
status when the first semester's current GPA is less than 1 .00, or after two se- 
mester the cumulative GPA is less than 1 .50, or after four semesters or a total of 
64 hours the cumulative GPA is less than 2.00. 

Remedial Courses 

Beginning freshmen entering Oakwood College on academic probation must 
pursue a prescribed course of remedial studies during their first year which may 
include any of the following; EN 095, EN 099, MA 095, and PY 095. In addition, 
students who have scored less than 500 on the TOEFL must take EN 090 and EN 
091 during the first year. 

These remedial courses, which are in addition to the 128 hours needed for 
graduation, must each be passed with a minimum grade of C. Any course failed 
must be repeated the next semester until passed. Grades and hours received 
from remedial courses will not be computed for graduation purposes in the cumu- 
lative GPA. 

Diagnostic Testing 

During Freshman Orientation Week, the American College Test (ACT) will be 
administered to new freshmen who have not already taken it or the Scholastic 
Aptitude Test (SAT). 

Results are used for placing students in appropriate courses of study fulfilling 
Alabama state requirements for entrance into special programs and assisting ad- 
visors and counselors in their work of helping students to plan their academic 
programs, evaluate their academic progress, and set realistic personal and ca- 
reer goals. Accumulated data will help the College to determine what areas of its 
programs and services need strengthening and/or modification in order to effec- 
tively fulfill its commitment to the success of its students. Test scores are to be 
used for institutional purposes and cannot be released to another college. 

Academic Advisement and Program Planning 

Although their declared interests in specific disciplines will be acknowledged, 
first-year student will be encouraged to concentrate on general education require- 
ments for the purpose of academic exploration and continuing self-discovery. Fresh- 
man advisors, by means of extended interviews and performance reviews through- 
out the year, will assist in the process of confirming or modifying the personal 
interests and aspirations of each student. 

Special Services 

Students with special academic and developmental needs will receive appro- 
priate assistance from CAA, the school's learning resource center. Assistance 



50 



will be in the form of individualized course loads, specialized instruction, tutoring, 
and counselling performed by a dedicated staff of professional counselors and 
selected honor students. Referrals for more specialized services will be made as 
warranted. 

The Eva B. Dykes Library 

The Eva B. Dykes Library is a resource and information technology support 
center for the academic program atOakwood College. Information services are 
provided for faculty, students, staff, and administrative patrons for learning, teach- 
ing, and research purposes. The collection holdings include books, periodicals 
and journals, reference resources, multimedia, archival, microform, CD-ROM, 
electronic Internet databases, documents, and other materials. 

The Library Archives, located on the lower floor, houses a special historical 
collection of documents, reports, papers, photographs and other materials about 
Oakwood College history and African-American Seventh-day Adventism. A histori- 
cal Museum Room located on the main floor lobby area displays and exhibits a 
pictorial and artifact collection concerning the growth and development of the Col- 
lege and the North American Black SDA work. 

Reference services include interlibrary loans, bibliographic instruction, research 
assistance, and online computerized search assistance. Automated online public 
access catalog service and computerized software and hardware are provided for 
rapid information retrieval. 

The circulation desk at the main entrance is automated. ID cards with library 
bar codes are used to borrow book materials. Reserve materials are located in the 
circulation area. Photocopy service is available, and computer printing is provided. 
The library is open 81 hours weekly 

The Information Technology Center 

Oakwood College is moving rapidly toward the goal of creating an electronic 
campus. The centerpiece of this goal is the recently constructed Technology Cen- 
ter, located in the lower level of the Eva B. Dykes Library Here you will find a fully 
functioning, 42-station pentium computer lab; a smaller, 13-station research and 
training laboratory; a 4-station special projects lab for graphic design and web 
page development; a distance learning lab employing high speed, two-way com- 
pressed video and administrative offices. Each lab provides the following: Internet 
access via fiberoptic, T-1 connections; E-mail availability; Microsoft Office Suite; 
Corel WordPerfect Office Suite; remote access, dial-up connectivity; specialized 
software for independent learning and research assignments; OC Web-page ac- 
cess and other network resources. 

Students, faculty, staff, and alumni are invited to use these computerized multi- 
media resources for optimum learning experiences and administrative improve- 
ment 



51 



The Ellen G. White Estate Oakwood Branch Office 

The Ellen G. White Estate Oakwood Branch Office is a research center lo- 
cated on the lower floor of the library. It houses several complete sets of Ellen 
White's published writings, duplicates of her original letters and manuscripts (1 844- 
1915), books about Ellen White and other Seventh-day Adventist pioneers, de- 
nominational histories, and other related documents. Microfiche, microfilm, and 
Ellen White research software are available. 

Department Curriculum Laboratories 

Individual departments of the College may have centers or laboratories for the 
practical use of their students. For instance, the Mathematics Department has a 
mathematics/computer science laboratory, located in the Science Complex, Building 
B, designed as a center for the reinforcement of biology, chemistry and physics. 
The Department of Music has a music laboratory, located in the Center for Aca- 
demic Advancement, designed to help the prospective music student overcome 
deficiencies. The Departments of Psychology and Social Work share a computer 
laboratory located in Green Hall. Other departments have seminar rooms and 
places where students may use computers or get special assistance. 

Cooperative Programs 

Cooperative programs are made available at Oakwood College for visiting 
students. 

Avisiting student arrangement exists with Alabama A&M University, Athens 
State College, John C. Calhoun State Community College, the University of Ala- 
bama in Huntsville, and Oakwood College. Under this arrangement, a student at 
any of the participating institutions may request permission to attend a class at 
one of the other schools. Conditions governing the granting of permission include 
the following: 

1 . The student must be a full-time student. 

2. The student must have an overall C average. 

3. The course desired must be unavailable at the student's home institu- 
tion. 

4. The student's request must be approved by the advisor and other appro- 

priate personnel. 

5. Permission of the institution teaching the course is dependent upon avail- 
ability of space for the visitor after its own students are accommodated. 

Any student interested in participating in the Visiting Student Program should 
contact the Vice President for Academic Affairs for information and procedures. 

Adventist Colleges Abroad 

Adventist Colleges Abroad (ACA) is consortium of Seventh-day Adventist Col- 
leges and Universities in North America under the auspices of the Board of Higher 



52 



Education, General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists, Maryland. 

The ACA consortium provides opportunities to qualified undergraduate stu- 
dents for study in other countries, such as Argentina, Austria, France, Kenya, and 
Spain, v\/hile completing the requirements of their programs at their home col- 
leges. This allows students to be immersed in the culture and life of another 
country while becoming conversant in its language. Through such experiences 
students also may gain an appreciation of, and perhaps an inspiration for, mission 
or other multicultural service (see Records Office for details). 

Student Missionary Program 

Each year several Oakwood students go to foreign lands to serve as mission- 
aries. The range of their responsibilities include religious leadership, teaching, 
and industrial/vocational work. For details, contact the Department of Campus 
Ministries, Oakwood College. 

Following are the academic requirements for student missionaries. 

1. Applicants must have attained at least sophomore standing (minimum 
30 semester hours) with a cumulative grade point average of C or above, 
and no grade below C in all English composition and grammar courses. 

2. Applicants must have a B average or above in the subject area that they 
are expected to teach as student missionaries. 

3. Upon completion of a year of satisfactory service as a student mission- 
ary the student shall receive three hours of elective credit on a pass/fail 
basis in the area of Student Foreign Service. Quality of service is deter- 
mined by a written evaluation from the immediate supervisor or appropri- 
ate official over the student missionary Students may opt for an addi- 
tional three hours should they secure prior approval from the instruc- 
tional department and the Academic Policies Committee establishing that 
more specialized mission services will be experienced, such as, but not 
limited to, teaching certain academic disciplines. 

Student missionaries in active service are considered full-time students. 



Other Academic Information 

Summer School 

The College offers a limited number of brief intensive courses and workshops. 
Undergraduate courses in the teacher certification program are also offered. Stu- 
dents may also pursue the M.A.T degree in the Graduate Extension Program of- 
fered by Andrews University. 

Transient Letters 

Students desiring to register at another college or university with the intent of 
returning must obtain a transient letter from the Records Office, which recom- 



53 



mends the student for temporary admission to the other school without the student's 
having to go through normal admission requirements. Transient letters, however, 
are not granted for attendance at colleges or universities within a fifty-mile radius 
of Huntsville during the fall or spring semesters. 

Transient credit with grades below C- is unacceptable. Acceptable credit is 
recorded as transfer credit. Students from other schools desiring transient ad- 
mission to Oakwood must provide an official letter of support from the home insti- 
tution. 

Transcripts 

The Records Office releases official transcripts of a student's work at the 
College upon the student's written request. Telephone requests cannot be hon- 
ored. 

A student may secure an unofficial transcript to use, but official transcripts 
must be sent directly to other colleges, organizations, and approved sources. 

The College reserves the rightto withhold all information concerning the record 
ofanystudentwho has unpaid accounts or other charges, orwho is in delinquent 
or default status in payment of student loans. 

Two weeks should be allowed for the processing and mailing of the transcript 
after the request has been received. Official transcripts from other institutions 
which have been presented to Oakwood for admission and evaluation of credit 
become the property of Oakwood and are not reissued or copied for release. Each 
student is entitled to one official transcript without charge. A fee of $2.00 is charged 
for each additional official transcript and $1 .00 for an unofficial transcriptfor unenrolled 
students. Other fees assessed as applicable. 

Class Absences 

Attendance with punctuality is required at ail classes and laboratory appoint- 
ments. Absences are counted from the first official day of classes. If for any 
reason the total hours of absences are double the number of credit hours of the 
course per semester, credit may at the discretion of the instructor, be forfeited and 
a grade of FA be recorded. 

Authorized leaves of absence from campus do not excuse the student from 
required class work. The student, however, must make arrangements with the 
teacher for every anticipated school trip and other authorized leaves at least 72 
hours beforethe beginning ofsuch anticipated schedules. All makeup work involv- 
ing examinations and other class requirements must be made up within seven 
days after the absence occurs. 

It is the responsibility of students to keep a record of their absences, to keep 
themselves informed of the requirements of the instructor, to take all examinations 
at the time prescribed by the instructor, and to turn in all assignments when they 
are due. 

Academic Grievance 

Any student who desires to express concern regarding instructional matters 



54 



such as perceived unfairness, grading methodology, cheating, or some other mis- 
understanding within or without the classroom is encouraged to confer first with 
the teacher of the class and, if deemed necessary, with the teacher's department 
chair. If the matter is not resolved satisfactorily at the first two levels, the student 
should contact the Vice President for Academic Affairs. 

The Vice President for Academic Affairs will review the matter to (a) make a 
final determination of the matter, or(b) refer the matter to the Academic Appeals 
Committee for further review and recommendation. In either case, the final deci- 
sion is the responsibility of the Vice President for Academic Affairs. 

The Academic Appeals Committee receives referrals directly from the Vice 
Presidentfor Academic Affairs. Cases are referred to this committee if the Vice 
President for Academic Affairs determines more information is needed to make an 
equitable decision. The process is as follows: (a) the Vice President for Academic 
Affairs notifies the chair ofthe Academic Appeals Committee of the student's con- 
cern, (b) the aggrieved student submits a written report of the complaint to the 
chair of the Academic Appeals Committee, and (c) a recommendation is made to 
the Vice President for Academic Affairs. 

Students or faculty members have the option to appear in person before the 
Academic Appeals Committee, bringing documentation to support their views; how- 
ever, it is not required thatthey appear in person. It should be understood that the 
purpose of the appeals process is to peaceably resolve issues which have not 
been resolved through other means. Therefore, the approach to problem resolu- 
tion in the appeals process is through consensus, so far as is possible. 

The membership of the Academic Appeals Committee consists of six indi- 
viduals: the USM Academic Vice President (chair), two elected student represen- 
tatives, two full-time teaching faculty and one full-time staff member. The Vice 
President for Academic Affairs or designee may choose to sit with the Academic 
Appeals Committee for purposes of hearing the discussion or for clarification of 
issues, but not for voting purposes. 

Bulletin Selection 

Students may meet degree requirements under the bulletin of initial registra- 
tion or any bulletin in effect during the time of continuous residence at Oakwood. 
Selecting the senior year bulletin must be done prior to the final semester of the 
graduating year. Students who discontinue enrollment must meet the following 
bulletin requirements: 

1. If not enrolled for one calendar year or less, students may return under 
any bulletin in effect during their previous continuous residence. Trans- 
fer credit will be accepted provided that a transient letter request has 
received prior approval from the Records Office. 

2. Students not enrolled for more than one calendar year must meet the 
requirements ofthe current bulletin. 

3. Seniors with 9 hours or less remaining at the time of spring graduation 
have a maximum of two calendar years to complete their requirements 
and remain under the bulletin they selected during their senior year. 

4. All transfer students must fulfill the requirements ofthe current bulletin. 



55 



Double Major 

Students may enroll for a double major provided they meet all of the require- 
ments for both majors. Pursuing a double major will require more than 128 hours 
and take longer than four years to complete. 

Medicine 

Biology and chemistry are the most frequently chosen majors at Oakwood for 
students preparing for a career in medicine. However, students from every aca- 
demic major are accepted into medical school. Diversity is actually encouraged 
by many medical schools which have come to realize that students who pursue 
majors in art, literature, mathematics, engineering, and other areas of liberal study 
tend to become well-rounded, highly competent physicians. Most medical schools 
have the following science requirements: one year of General Biology two years of 
Chemistry- General and Organic- one year of General Physics, and Mathematics. 

Medical School Early Selection Program 

Students wishing to participate in the Oakwood College - Loma Linda Univer- 
sity early selection programs (ESP) must apply by January 1 5 of their sophomore 
year. Students completing two summers as an ESP student in either dentistry or 
medicine will receive the appropriate hours on a pass/fail basis as follows: NS 320 
Orientation to Dentistry and NS 321 Orientation to Medicine. Students actively 
involved in the ESP are considered full time students. 



Requirements for Baccalaureate Degrees 

General 

1 . A candidate for a degree must have a satisfactory academic record and 
be of good moral character. In addition, the candidate must possess 
personal attributes which will reflect well upon Oakwood College. The 
College reserves the sole and final right to determine whether the candi- 
date possesses such personal attributes. 

2. The responsibility for meeting requirements for graduation rests prima- 
rily upon the students. They must acquaint themselves with the require- 
ments as outlined in the College Bulletin, and, with the aid of their advi- 
sor, plan their work so as to fulfill each of the requirements at the regular 
level of academic progress. 

Quantitative 

1 . The satisfactory completion of required remedial courses and removal of 
admission deficiencies. This may add to the total hours required to com- 
plete the degree. 



56 



2. The satisfactory completion of the general education requirements. 

3. The satisfactory completion of a major of at least 36 hours, including a 
minimum of 16 hours of upper division courses, except in Interdiscipli- 
nary Studies. 

4. The satisfactory completion of a minor, if required (see individual depart- 
ments). A minor must be between 18-21 hours, of which 8 hours must 
be upper division. 

5. The satisfactory completion of the oral and written proficiency require- 
ments (English Proficiency Examination and CO 201 Fundamentals of 
Public Speaking). 

6. The satisfactory completion of two upper division writing emphasis 
courses of at least 2 hours each, one of which must be in the major A 
[W] after a course title designates a writing course. 

7. The satisfactory completion of a minimum of 128 semester hours (does 
not include credit for remedial classes), including 40 hours at the upper 
division level and not more than 64 hours total in the major and minor. 

8. The satisfactory completion of the major departmental exit examination. 

Qualitative 

1. The attainment of a minimum cumulative GPA of 2. 00 

2. The attainment of a minimum overall GPA of 2.25 in the major and 2.00 in 
the minor fields. No grade below C (2.00) may apply toward the major or 
minor. No grade below D (1.00), or C- (1.70) for EN 111 and EN 112, may 
apply toward the general education requirements. 

Residence 

1 . The satisfactory completion of a minimum of 32 semester hours, of which 
24 semester hours must be during the senior year. 

2. The satisfactory completion of a minimum of 20 semester hours at the 
upper division level. 

3. The satisfactory completion of 8 upper division hours in the major field. 

4. The satisfactory completion of 3 upper division hours in the minor field if 
a minor is selected. 

The Bachelor of Arts in Interdisciplinary Studies 

The general education requirements are the same as for other B.A. degrees. 
Instead of a major, three disciplines of 24 hours each are required. Each discipline 
must include 11 upper division hours and fulfill the requirements for a minor, if 
offered, and be approved by separate advisors. No more than two disciplines can 
be from the same department. 

Second Bachelor's Degree 

Two different bachelor's degrees may be conferred at the same time if the 
candidate has met the requirements of both degrees and has completed a total of 



57 



160 semester hours of credit. The College does not grant two degrees of the 
same kind to any one person at the same time, such as two B.A.'s or two B.S.'s. 
Students may, however, earn a second degree after one degree has been con- 
ferred by completing an additional 32 semester credits, meeting the basic degree 
requirements of both degrees and the requirements of a second major. 

General Education Requirements for all Bachelor's Degrees 

All bachelor's degrees require a minimum of 128 semester hours composed 
of: general education requirements (53-64 hours); major requirements; and elec- 
tives, as necessary, outside the major. Variations in the total hours required for 
degree completion or in the general education requirements are noted in the bulle- 
tin sections of the appropriate departments. In those instances where the credits 
for general education, the major, and electives within the major are less than 1 28 
hours, additional electives are required. Please consult the appropriate academic 
advisor for details. 

Orientation 1 hour 

Required: OC 101 

Education and Business 5 hours 

Required: ED 250 and IS 100 or AS 203. Students not having passed one 
year of high school typing must take AS 1 20. 

Health and Physical Education 5 hours 

Required: PE211 and three hours of activity courses 

Humanities 15 hours 

Required: EN 111-112 (minimum C-), EN 201 or211 or212or301 or 302; AR 
217orMU200;andCO201. 

Modern Foreign Languages 0-6 hours 

Required of all candidates for the B.A. degree. All other degree candidates 
may be exempt if they have passed two years of the same foreign language in 
high school. 

Natural Sciences and Mathematics 12 hours 

Required: three hours each in Biology, Mathematics, and Physics or Chemis- 
try; Recommended for nonscience majors: Bl 1 01 , MA 1 01 , and PH 1 01 or 
CH 1 00. The remaining three hours elected from Biology, Chemistry Math- 
ematics, Physics, or Nutrition. 

Religion and Theology 6-11 hours 

Required: RE 201 or 202 and RE 331. (HI 314 may substitute for RE 331, but 
will only receive history credit and requires three other hours of religion). Of 
the remaining five hours, only three hours may be in applied theology Stu- 
dents not having passed two years of high school Bible must include RE 1 01 , 
except transfer students who have completed six hours of college Bible. Re- 



58 



quirements for transfer students: freshmen must take 11 hours, sophomores, 
8 hours. Juniors and seniors, 6 hours. All transfer students must take RE 21 
or202andRE331. 

Social Sciences 9 hours 

Required: HI 103 or 104 or HI 211 or 212; three hours elected from History, 
Geography, or Political Science; and PY 1 01 , SO 1 01 , or SW 201 . 

Total 53-64 hours 

Requirements for Associate Degrees 

1 . The satisfactory completion of required remedial courses and removal of ad- 
mission deficiencies. This may add to the total hours required to complete the 
degree. 

2. The satisfactory completion of the general education requirements. 

3. The satisfactory completion of a minimum of 64 semester hours with a mini- 
mum cumulative GPAof 2.00. 

4. The attainment of a minimum overall GPA of 2.25 in the major. No grade 
below C may apply towards the major. 

5. Minimum of 24 semester hours in residence at Oakwood College. 

6. The satisfactory completion of the major departmental exit examination. 

7. A maximum of 32 semester hours in the major. 

General Education Requirements for Associate Degrees 

All associate degrees require a minimum of 64 semester hours, composed 
of: general education requirements (35); major requirements; electives, as required, 
in the major; and electives, as necessary outside the major. Variations in the total 
hours required for degree completion or in the general education requirements are 
noted in the bulletin sections of the appropriate departments. In those instances 
where the credits for general education, the major, and electives within the major 
are less than 64 hours, additional electives are required. Please consult with the 
appropriate academic advisor for details. 

Orientation 1 hour 

Required: 001 01 

Business 3 hours 

Required: IS 1 00 or AS 203. Students not having passed one year of high 
school typing must take AS 120. 

Health and Physical Education 4 hours 

Required: PE211 and two hours of activity courses. 

Humanities 9 hours 

Required: EN 111-112 (minimum C-) and CO 201. 



59 



Natural Science and Mathematics 6iiours 

Required: MA 1 01 and one course from BM 01 , CH 1 01 , FS 1 31 , or PH 1 01 . 
Advanced courses in tiiese areas may be substituted with departmental ap- 
proval. 

Religion and Theology 6 hours 

Required: RE 111 (RE 101 if student has not taken two years of high school 
Bible) and RE 201 or 202. 

Social Sciences 6 hours 

Required: H1 103 or 104 or 211 or 21 2, and three hours from History, PY101, 
SO 101, or SW 201. 

Total 35 hours 

Degree Candidacy 

Students are considered degree candidates when the following have been 
satisfactorily met: 

1 . Approval of Application for Graduation and Final Year Schedule through 
the major advisor to the department chair (September 1 5), and the Se- 
nior Program Coordinator (October 1 ), for students enrolled during the 
fall semester. 

2. Payment of the required graduation fee of $75 and $35 extra for each 
additional degree by January 1 5 ($1 late fee). 

3. CLEP, Home Study, incompletes, and transfer credit results must be in 
the Records Office by the first business day in March for spring gradua- 
tion. 

No application for spring graduation will be accepted after February 1 . 

Graduation Diplomas 

Diplomas for degree candidates are orderedfor those qualified to participate 
in the senior presentation program. Diplomas are only issued at Commencement 
to graduates who have fulfilled all academic and financial obligations with the Col- 
lege. 

Graduation in Absentia 

All degree candidates are expected to participate in the Commencement ex- 
ercises. Requests to graduate in absentia must be sent to the Records Office 
accompanied by a $40 fee (this is in addition to the $75 graduation fee). 



60 



DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 
Department of Biological Sciences 



Professors: Gibbons, Lubega, Paul (Chair) 

Associate Professors: Randriamahefa, Schmidt, Sovyanhadi, Uppala 

Assistant Professor: Maulsby 

Majors: Biology (B.S.) 

Biology Education (B.S.) 
Natural Science (B.S.) 

Minor: Biology 

Purpose 

It is the purpose of the Department of Biological Sciences to develop in its 
students a thorough understanding of and an appreciation of the principles under- 
lying the basic functions of living organisms. The curriculum is designed for those 
students wishing to enter graduate, medical, dental, or allied health schools, as 
well as for those planning to teach in elementary or secondary schools. Opportu- 
nity is also available for laboratory research for those planning to enter research 
careers. 

High School Preparation 

Courses in biology chemistry, general science, and mathematics are all highly 
desirable, and it is strongly recommended that all high school students wishing to 
pursue a career in the sciences take these classes. 

Application for Admission 

To be admitted as a major in the Department of Biological Sciences, students 
must have completed at least 32 hours of course work, including EN 112 Fresh- 
man Composition and Bl 132 General Biology and have an overall GPAof 2.25. 
Application forms must be obtained from, and returned to, the department. 

Exit Examination 

All senior biology majors are required to take one of the following exit exami- 
nations: the ETS Biology Test, which must be passed within two standard devia- 
tions of the national norm or the GRE Advanced Biology Test which must be passed 
with a score of at least 850. 



61 



I 



Career Opportunities 

Biology, the study of living things, is a science that encompasses many spe- 
cialties and provides opportunities for rewarding careers. Modern biology pursues 
the quest for a full understanding, at the molecular level, of the basic mechanisms 
underlying life processes', v\/hile also concerning itself with current social issues 
related to human health, behavior, overpopulation, and the impact made on the 
earth's natural, life-sustaining environment. Many trained biologists and health 
professionals will be needed in the search for effective answers to such dilemmas 
as AIDS, cancer, autoimmune disorders, and inborn errors of metabolism. 

Graduates from this department may also pursue careers in agriculture, al- 
lied health professions, environmental sciences, dentistry medicine, and teach- 
ing. 

Bachelor of Science in Biology 

Major Requirements: 

Bl 131-132 General Biology 8 hours 

Bl 204 Introduction to Research 1 hour 

Bl 230 Plant Biology 3 hours 

BI321 Genetics 3 hours 

Bl 323 Undergraduate Research 1 hour 

Bl 401-402 Biology Seminar 2 hours 

BI430 Philosophy of Science 2 hours 

Bl 460 Cell and Molecular Biology 3 hours 

Bl Electives* 17 or 18 hours 

MA 171 Calculus (MA 121-122 may be required first) or 
MA211 Survey of Calculus 

( MA 121-122 may be required first) 3 or4 hours 

PH 103-1 04 General Physics 8 hours 

CH 141-142 General Chemistry 8 hours 

CH 31 1-31 2 Organic Chemistry 6 hours 

CH 31 1L-312L Organic Chemistry Laboratory 2 hours 

Total 68 hours 

*Premedical students should include Bl 225 Embryology, Bl 331 Histology, 
and Bl 480 Mammalian Anatomy as part of their biology electives; premedical stu- 
dents may also wish to take CH 401-402 Biochemistry, and discuss requirements 
for medical school with their advisors by the first semester of their junior year. 

Bachelor of Science Biology Education 

This program qualifies a person to teach secondary school biology After 
graduation, students may apply fortheAlabama Class B Certificate: Biology grades 
7-1 2 and the SDA Basic Teaching Certificate: Biology, grades 7-1 2. 

Refer to the Department of Education section in this bulletin for the program 
outline. Program advisor: S. Lubega. 



62 



Bachelor of Science in Natural Science 

Students who have been accepted to accredited medical, dental, or optom- 
etry schools before completing the requirements for an undergraduate degree at 
Oakwood College may be awarded a Bachelor of Science in Natural Sciences 
upon successful completion ofthe first 12 months of medical, dental, or optometry 
studies provided the following conditions are met: 

1 . Three years are completed in an accredited undergraduate program of 
which at least the last year taken in residence at Oakwood College. 

2. The general education requirements for a bachelor degree are at Oak- 
wood College. 

3. Proof is provided from a professional school of medicine, dentistry, or 
optometry of successful completion of the required 12 months at the 
respective professional school. 

The B.S. in Natural Sciences is the only degree awarded to such students 
regardless of their specific major pursued while in undergraduate school. Stu- 
dents who wish to apply for this degree must do so in writing to the chair of the 
Department of Biological Sciences by January 1 . 

Major Requirements: 

Bl 131-132 General Biology 8 hours 

BI321 Genetics 3 hours 

Bl Electives 8 or 9 hours 

MA 171 Calculus (MA 121 -122 may be required first) or 
MA211 Survey of Calculus 

(MA 121-122 may be required first) 3 or 4 hours 

PH 103-104 General Physics 8 hours 

CH 141-142 General Chemistry 8 hours 

CH 311-312 Organic Chemistry (with laboratory) 8 hours 

Total 47 hours 

General education requirements variation: 
Omit one religion elective course. 

Minor in Biology 

Bl 131-132 General Biology 8 hours 

Bl 230 Plant Biology 3 hours 

Bl Electives (upper division) 8 hours 

Total ...19 hours 

The MBRS Program 

The National Institutes of Health has approved a Minority Biomedical Re- 
search Support Program grant for Oakwood College, and the department is await- 
ing funding to start up this program. Depending on the receipt of funds, about six to 
eight students will be granted annual tuition and fees scholarships. 



63 



Description of Courses 

Bl 1 01 , 1 02 The Life Sciences 3,3 hours 

This course is designed for nonscience majors. It is a basic study of biologi- 
cal principles involving various plants and animals. A major objective is the 
presentation of the concept of man in his biological background, as well as his 
environments and his responsibility to it. 

Bl 111-112 Human Anatomy and Physiology 3-3 hours 

This course is designed for those not majoring in the biological sciences such 
as nursing and allied health majors. It is a basic study of the structure and 
function of the human organism, including the cells, tissues, organs, and or- 
gan systems. Three hours of laboratory are required each week. Does not 
apply toward a major or minor in biology. 

Bl 131-1 32 General Biology 4-4 hours 

A study of the fundamentals of living organisms with emphasis on zoology 
and botany and their biochemistry, physiology genetics, systematics, behav- 
ior, and ecology. Three hours of laboratory are required each week. 

Bl 201 , 202 Principles of Environmental Science 3,3 hours 

A course designed to study the applications of ecological principles to human 
activities from a global perspective. Current class discussions deal with con- 
temporary environmental issues, maintaining a sustainable environment, and 
developing positive environmental ethics. The laboratory period also includes 
field trips, guest speakers, films, debates, and more in-depth discussions of 
specific current issues. May be applied to general education science require- 
ment for nonscience majors and to meet certain state education requirements. 

Bl 204 Introduction to Research 1 hour 

This course is designed to provide the student with the opportunity to study 
various methods and techniques related to and/or necessary for the develop- 
ment of a research protocol. The student will prepare a research proposal, 
which will form the basis for his/her undergraduate research. Directed study. 
Prerequisites: Bl 132, CH 142, and MA211 or MA 171. 

Bl 221 Microbiology 4 hours 

The nature of bacteria and disease-producing organisms with their habits and 
methods of reproduction and the relationship of these organisms to disease 
in the human body are studied. Three hours of laboratory are required each 
week. Does not apply toward a major or minor in Biology. Prerequisite: Bl 112 

Bl 225 Embryology 3 hours 

This is a study of the embryonic development of animals, with emphasis on 
the developmental morphology of vertebrates. Three hours of laboratory are 
required each week. Prerequisite: Bl 132. 



64 



Bl 230 Plant Biology 3 hours 

Astudy of the phytogeny, structure, reproduction, and photosynthesis, begin- 
ning with sinnple unicellular and proceeding through various levels of com- 
plexity to the flowering plant. Three hours of laboratory are required each 
week. Prerequisite: BI1 32. 

Bl 241 General Microbiology 4 hours 

A study of microorganisms as they affect our environment, their relationship 
to disease in man, plants, and animals, microbial metabolism and genetics, 
symbiotic associations, and the control of microorganisms, where needed. 
Three hours of laboratory are required each week. Prerequisites: Bl 1 32 and 
CH142. 

Bl 316 Biological Instrumentation 2 hours 

This course is intended to introduce students to a variety of laboratory instru- 
ment and experimental techniques used in some classical experiments that 
played key roles in the development of modern understanding of the field of 
biological science. One hour lecture and one hour laboratory demonstration 
per week. Prerequisites: Bl 1 32, CH 1 42, and MA21 1 or MA 1 71 . 

Bl 321 Genetics 3 hours 

A study of principles of inheritance in all living organisms will be undertaken. 
Classical, molecular, and non-Mendelian genetics will be studied. Three hours 
of laboratory are required each week. Prerequisites: Bl 1 32 and CH 31 2 or Bl 
241andCH311. 

Bl 323 Undergraduate Research 1 hour 

Directed independent research in an approved area. Topics must be cho- 
sen, discussed, and approved by the instructor at least one semester prior to 
the initiation of the study. Prerequisite: Bl 204 

Bl 331 Histology 3 hours 

The student will undertake the study of the microscopic anatomy of verte- 
brate tissues and organs, including references to their functions. Three hours 
of laboratory are required each week. Prerequisite: Bl 1 32. 

Bl 380 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy 3 hours 

A study of the comparative anatomy of the chordates, with emphasis on the 
vertebrates. Detailed dissections of the shark, necturus, and cat are made in 
the laboratory. Three hours of laboratory are required each week. Prerequi- 
site: Bl 132. 

Bl 401-402 Biology Seminar 1-1 hours 

Oral and written reports on both historical and current biological work as found 
in the biological literature. The student is expected to become familiar with 
some significant contributors (both past and present) in a selected field cho- 
sen by the student. During the second semester, the instructor will assign 
topical readings to the student, and students will be required to present an 



65 



I 



oral and a written report of the assigned readings. Prerequisites: Bl 1 32 and 
senior standing or permission of the instructor. 

Bl 41 5 Biostatistics 2 hours 

This is an introductory course on probability theory and statistics. Special 
emphasis is given to biological applications for sampling, tests of central ten- 
dency and dispersion, and experimental design. Prerequisites: MA211 or MA 
171. 

Bl 422-423 General Physiology 3-3 hours 

This course is a study of the function, interaction, and regulation of the major 
organ systems of the human body with emphasis on biochemical and bio- 
physical processes. Three hours of laboratory are required each week. Pre- 
requisites: Bl 132, CH 312, and PH 104. 

Bl 425 General Ecology 3 hours 

A study of the interrelationships between organisms and their environment 
will be undertaken. Laboratories and field trips are designed to introduce the 
studentto techniques used in basic ecological research. Three hours of labo- 
ratory are required each week. Prerequisites: Bl 132. 

Bl 430 Philosophy of Science 2 hours 

A careful, critical study and discussion of both biblical and scientific evidence 
on origins. Particular emphasis will be given to rational, philosophical, and 
theological insights as a basis for arriving at a comprehensive understanding 
ofthe origins of all things. Prerequisites: Bl 132 and senior standing or per- 
mission of the instructor. 

Bl 440 Parasitology 3 hours 

A study ofthe parasitic forms of protozoan, helminthes, and arthropods, their 
life cycles, controls, and economical, social, and health significance. Three 
hours of laboratory are required each week. Prerequisite: Bl 241 . 

Bl 451 Special Topics in Biology 2 hours 

The instructor, on approval ofthe department chair, at the time of registration 
will specify the special topics and prerequisites. Topics include, but are not 
limited to, contemporary issues in basic biology and biomedical fields such 
as preventive oncology, neurobiology plant pathology environmental pollu- 
tion, gene therapy and global ecology Prerequisites: Bl 1 32 and senior stand- 
ing. 

Bl 455 Immunology 3 hours 

This course is a study ofthe function ofthe immune system and its response 
to antigens, allergens, and self-molecules. Both the humoral and cell-associ- 
ated systems will be studied. Three hours of laboratory are required each 
week. Prerequisites: BI241, Bl 321, andCH 312. 



Bl 460 Cellular and Molecular Biology (W) 3 hours 

This course entails a study of cell ultrastructure and physiology as related to 
the metabolic and functional capabilities of cells. The structure and proper- 
ties of macromolecules will be studied. Three hours of laboratory are re- 
quired each week. Prerequisites: Bl 321 and CH 31 2. 

BI471 Molecular Genetics 3 hours 

A study of genetics at the molecular level, with emphasis on the interaction of 
genes, the mechanisms of gene expression and their control, gene muta- 
tions and the modes of genetic material repair. Genome mapping and meth- 
ods , of studying genomes will be scrutinized. Three hoursof laboratory are 
required each week. Prerequisites: Bl 321 and CH 312. 

Bl 480 Mammalian Anatomy 4 hours 

This course is primarily for premedical and predental students, with special 
emphasis on dissection of the human cadaver. Three hours of laboratory are 
required each week. Admission to this class requires senior status, a GPA of 
3.00 or better in the sciences, or permission of the instructor on a space 
available basis. Prerequisites: Bl 225 and either Bl 331 or Bl 380. 

Bl 484 Mycology 3 hours 

The study of fungi — their morphology, physiology, social, and economic im- 
portance — is undertaken in this course. Three hours of laboratory are re- 
quired each week. Prerequisite: Bl 241. Offered alternate years. 

Bl 490-491 Research and Independent Study 1-1 hour 

The laboratory or field project must be chosen following consultation with a 
faculty member who will help the student in preparing the research protocol 
to be approved by the department's research committee. A minimum of six 
hours per week in laboratory or fieldwork is required. Approval of the re- 
search topic by both the instructor and the research committee must be com- 
pleted prior to registration for this course. Laboratory or field performance, a 
written report, and an oral presentation of the findings to the entire faculty will 
determine course grade. Prerequisites: Bl 1 32, cumulative GPA of at least 
3.00 in science and nonscience subjects, consent of the instructor, and ap- 
proval of the research topic by the department's research committee at least 
one semester before research is initiated. 



67 



Department of Business and Information 
Systems 

Professors: Anderson, Price 

Associate Professors: Amponsah, Berry, Tucker (Chair) 
Assistant Professors: Billingy, Brathwaite, Duncanson, Gunn, 
Onwukaeme, Roper, Selassie, Williams 

Majors: Accounting (A.S., B.S.) 

Business Administration (B.B.A.) 

Business Education (B.S.) 

Computer Information Systems (A.S. and B.S.] 

Finance (B.S.) 

Organizational Management (B.S.) 

Minors: Accounting 

Computer Information Systems 

Finance 

Management 



Purpose 

The purpose ofthe Department of Business and Information Systems is to 
provide each student with a broad base of conceptual, technical, and human 
skills as they relate to the principles, practices, and ethics of business. The goals 
of the department are: to provide the student with relevant basic skills in the 
functional areas of business; to assist in the development of a Christian 
philosophy; to encourage preparation for entry into positions of responsibility of 
government, industry, the community, and the church; to avail all students with 
technical skills in the area of computer literacy; and to provide a foundation for 
students choosing to pursue graduate degrees. 

Accreditation: 

Oakwood College, through its Business and Information Systems Depart- 
ment, is nationally accredited by the Association of Collegiate Business Schools 
and Programs to offer the following business degrees: The Bachelor of Science 
(B.S.), with majors in Accounting, Computer Information Systems, Finance, 
Health Care Administration, Office Systems Management, Management, and 
Marketing. 

Application for Admission 

To be admitted as a major in the Department of Business and Information 
Systems, students must have completed at least 30 hours of course work, 
including EN 112 Freshman Composition, and have an overall minimum GPA of 
2.00. Application forms must be obtained from, and returned to, the department. 

Any Business and Information courses taken without prior satisfactory 
completion of all catalog prerequisite courses will not be counted toward 
fulfillment of graduation requirements. 

68 



Transfer Credit 

Students may transfer a maximum of 1 5 semester credit hours in business 
courses corresponding to required courses in tine business curriculum. Any 
upper division courses transferred must be approved by the department chair. 

Exit Examinations 

All majors in the Business and Information Systems Department are 
required to take a written exit examination, administered during the spring 
semester of the student's senior year, and pass with a minimum score of 70 
percent. 



Bachelor's Degrees 

The following core courses are required of all business students as part of 
their major. 

Business Core Curriculum: 

AC 220-221 Principles of Accounting 6 hours 

BA105 Introduction to Business 3 hours 

BA 302 Organizational Communications 3 hours 

BA 310 Principles of Management 3 hours 

BA 371 Production Management 3 hours 

BA 460 Business Ethics 3 hours 

BA475 Business Law 3 hours 

BA 495 Business Policy 3 hours 

EC 281 Principles of Macroeconomics 3 hours 

EC 282 Principles of Microeconomics 3 hours 

FN 311 Principles of Finance 3 hours 

IS 231 Information Systems in the Organization* 3 hours 

MA 171 Calculus (MA121-122 may be required first) 4 hours 

MA 321 Statistics 3 hours 

MK 301 Principles of Marketing 3 hours 

Total 49 hours 

*Not needed by accounting majors. 

Bachelor of Science in Accounting 

This degree is designed to offer an institutional program with an emphasis 
on the principles and concepts of accounting relating to measuring, recording, 
classifying, summarizing, and interpreting financial transactions. It prepares 
students for accounting careers in business, government, not-for-profit organi- 
zations, and graduate school. 



69 



Major Requirements: 

Business Core Curriculum 46 hours 

AC 325-326 Intermediate Accounting 6 hours 

AC 341 Cost Accounting 3 hours 

AC 350 Individual Taxation or AC 440 Contemp. Issues in Ace* 3 hours 

AC 351 Corporate Taxation 3 hours 

AC 420 Governmental and Non-Profit Accounting 3 hours 

AC 421 Advanced Accounting 3 hours 

AC 430 Accounting Information Systems 3 hours 

AC 431 Auditing 3 hours 

Total 73 hours 

*Students on the CPA tract must also take AC 451 CPA Review. 

Bachelor of Business Administration 

This is a professional degree, with concentrations in Administrative 
Systems Management, Health Care Administration, Management, and Market- 
ing. 

Major Requirements: 

Business Core Curriculum 49 hours 

Concentration in Administrative Systems Management, Health Care 

Administration, Management, or Marketing* 18-21 hours 

Total 67-70 hours 

*Administrative Systems Management concentration: 

This concentration is designed to prepare competent office personnel for 
careers as executive office managers in business, industry, and government. 
Graduates will be prepared to assume major administrative and supervisory 
duties in the electronic office and function as part of an elective office team. 

AS 203 Software Tools for Personal Productivity 3 hours 

AS 305 Information Technology for Competitive Advantage 3 hours 

AS 320 Information Resource Management 3 hours 

IS 330 Systems Analysis Methods 3 hours 

IS 335 Modern Database Design and Implementation 3 hours 

IS 420 Web-Based Programming 3 hours 

AS 450 Telecommunications and Distributed Processing 3 hours 

Total 21 hours 

*Health Care Administration concentration: 

This concentration provides a broad understanding of health care manage- 
ment and hands-on experience in applying learned principles. It is designed for 



70 



those persons interested in a career in health care administration. Graduates will 
be prepared for careers in health care organizations, including hospitals, public 
agencies, health care networks, group practices, long-term care, and managed- 
care settings. 

HC 325 Introduction of Health Services Administration 3 hours 

HC 330 Legal Aspects and Ethics of Health Care 3 hours 

HC 454 Long Term Care Administration 3 hours 

HC 495 Health Services Management Problems and Research 3 hours 

HC 497 Practicum in Health Care Management 3 hours 

FN 411 Insurance and Risk Management 3 hours 

Total 18 hours 

*Management concentration: 

This concentration focuses on people and productivity. Management is the 
process of planning, organizing, leading, and controlling the efforts of organiza- 
tion members, of making decisions, and of using all other organizational 
resources, to achieve stated organizational goals. Students learn how to be 
productive managers in their study of such fundamental professional skills as 
leadership, team building, project coordination, performance evaluation, re- 
source allocation, and strategy formulation. 

BA 315 Organizational Behavior Theory 3 hours 

BA 383 Human Resource Management 3 hours 

BA 385 International Business 3 hours 

BA 487 Negotiations 3 hours 

BA 488 Leadership and Organizational Climate 3 hours 

AC 330 Managerial Accounting 3 hours 

FN 401 Financial Decision-Making 3 hours 

Total 21 hours 

*Marketing concentration: 

This concentration emphasizes the facilitation of exchanges between one 
business and another, as well as between businesses and consumers. Key 
marketing activities include designing and modifying products, pricing, selling, 
and sales management, and gathering market information. Career opportunities 
include sales, retail management and buying, advertising account executives, 
and marketing research associates. 

MK 342 Marketing Research 3 hours 

MK 343 Consumer Behavior 3 hours 

MK 345 Advertising Management 3 hours 

MK 350 Sales Management 3 hours 

MK 448 International Marketing 3 hours 

MK 478 Contemporary Marketing Issues 3 hours 

Total 18 hours 



71 



Bachelor of Science in Business Education 

This program qualifies a person to teach business-related subjects at the 
secondary level. After graduation, students may apply for the Alabama Class B 
Certificate: Business Education, grades 7-12; and the SDA Basic Teaching 
Certificate: Business Education, grades 7-12. 

Refer to the Department of Education section in this bulletin for the program 
outline. Program advisor: E. Tucker. 

Bachelor of Science in Computer Information Systems 

The Computer Information Systems (IS) major is designed to prepare a 
student for a career in information systems. At the bachelor's level, the most 
common entry points for graduates of the program are likely to be for positions 
of programmer-analyst, system support, consulting, and software services. 
There is a high demand for individuals with a combined knowledge of applied 
computing, computer applications, and business. The IS major is designed to 
meet this demand by providing students with the necessary educational back- 
ground. 

Graduates of IS programs will have a combined preparation in business 
core courses and applied computing. They will not only have the necessary 
managerial talent to solve business problems in functional areas such as 
accounting, finance, marketing, and management but also technical talent to 
develop and support informations systems with a varying degree of scope. 

Major Requirements: 

Business Core Curriculum 49 hours 

IS 211 Fundamentals of Systems Development 3 hours 

IS 270 Files and Large Systems 3 hours 

IS 311 Advance Programming of Business Systems 3 hours 

IS 330 Systems Analysis Methods 3 hours 

IS 335 Modern Database Design and Implementation 3 hours 

IS 341 Management of Business Networks 3 hours 

IS 410 Object-oriented Programming for Information Systems 3 hours 

IS 420 Project Management for Information Systems 3 hours 

IS 450 Web-Based Programming 3 hours 

IS 462 Advanced COBOL Programming 3 hours 

Total 79 hours 

General Education variation: 

Omit IS 100 



72 



Bachelor of Science in Finance 

This degree focuses on the financial sectors of modern economics. Stu- 
dents are provided with the needed analytical foundations and with an introduc- 
tion to financial processes and institutions. Graduates majoring in finance find 
employment with manufacturing, retail, and service firms; financial institutions 
such as banks, insurance companies, and brokerage firms; and with govern- 
ment agencies. 

Major Requirements: 

Business Core Curriculum 49 hours 

FN 321 Money, Banking, and Capital 3 hours 

FN 381 Investments 3 hours 

FN 401 Financial Decision-Making and Theory 3 hours 

FN 411 Insurance and Risk Management 3 hours 

FN 426 Financial Markets and Institutions 3 hours 

FN 436 Management of Financial Institutions 3 hours 

FN 481 Portfolio Management and Security Analysis 3 hours 

FN 486 International Finance 3 hours 

Total 73 hours 



Bachelor of Science in Organizational Management 

This degree program is designed specifically for the adult learner. Refer 
to the Adult and Continuing Education section of the bulletin for the program 
outline and description of courses. 



Associate of Science in Accounting 

The purpose of this degree is to provide those students who for various 
reasons do not acquire a four-year degree an opportunity to develop enough 
competence in a specific area to obtain gainful employment. 

Major Requirements: 

AC 220-221 Principles of Accounting 6 hours 

AC 325-326 Intermediate Accounting 6 hours 

AC 341 Cost Accounting 3 hours 

AC 351 Corporate Taxation 3 hours 

BA 302 Organizational Communications 3 hours 

BA 310 Principles of Management 3 hours 

EC 281 Principles of Macroeconomics 3 hours 

Total 27 hours 



73 



Associate of Science in Computer Infomiation Systems 

The purpose of this degree is to provide those students who for various 
reasons do not acquire a four-year degree an opportunity to develop enough 
competence in a specific area to obtain gainful employment. 

Major Requirements: 

IS 203 Fundamentals of Systems Development 3 hours 

IS 231 Information Systems Management 3 hours 

IS 270 Files and Large Systems 3 hours 

IS 311 Advance Programming of Business Systems 3 hours 

IS 330 Systems Analysis Methods 3 hours 

IS 335 Modern Database Design and Implementation 3 hours 

IS 341 Management of Business Networks 3 hours 

AC 220 Principles of Accounting I 3 hours 

AC 221 Principles of Accounting II 3 hours 

Total 27 hours 



Minor in Accounting 

AC 220-221 Principles of Accounting 6 hours 

AC 325-326 Intermediate Accounting 6 hours 

AC Electives 9 hours 

Total 21 hours 

Minor in Computer Information Systems 

IS 21 1 Fundamentals of Systems Development 3 hours 

IS 231 Information Systems Management 3 hours 

IS 270 Files and Large Systems 3 hours 

IS 31 1 Advance Programming of Business Systems 3 hours 

IS 330 Systems Analysis Methods 3 hours 

IS 420 Project Management for Informations Systems 3 hours 

Total 18 hours 

Minor in Finance (for business majors only) 

FN 321 Money, Banking, and Capital 3 hours 

FN 381 Investments 3 hours 

FN 401 Financial Decision-Making and Theory 3 hours 

FN 411 Insurance and Risk Management 3 hours 

FN 426 Financial Markets and Institutions 3 hours 

FN 486 International Finance 3 hours 

FN Elective 3 hours 

Total 21 hours 



74 



Minor in Management 

BA 105 Introduction to Business 3 hours 

BA 310 Principles of Management 3 hours 

BA 383 Human Resource Management 3 hours 

BA Electives 6 hours 

AC 220-221 Principles of Accounting 6 hours 

Total 21 hours 



Description of Courses 
Accounting 



AC 220-221 Principles of Accounting l-ll 3-3 hours 

This course presents fundamental accounting concepts, theories, and 
procedures. Both accounting principles and practice are emphasized so 
that students can obtain an understanding of the sources of financial 
information and the uses of such information. Prerequisite: BA 105. 

AC 325-326 Intermediate Accounting l-ll 3-3 hours 

Further in-depth analysis and discussion of intermediate financial account- 
ing theories, concepts, and procedures. Emphasis is also placed on recent 
developments in accounting evaluation and reporting practices. The course 
material is preparatory for the CPA examination. Prerequisite; AC 221. 

AC 330 Managerial Accounting 3 hours 

This course is designed to show students how accounting can help to solve 
problems that confront those who are directly responsible for the manage- 
ment of an enterprise. Students learn to interpret and apply accounting data 
in planning and controlling business activity. Prerequisite: AC 221. 

AC 341 Cost Accounting 3 hours 

Emphasis is placed on the determination and control of costs. Students 
learn to assemble and interpret cost data for the use of management in 
controlling current operations and planning for the future. The course 
presents the theory and practice for job order, process, and standard cost 
systems. Prerequisite: AC 221. 

AC 350 Individual Taxation 3 hours 

This course is an analysis of the federal income tax law as it applies to 
individuals and a survey of the law applicable to new regulations, cases, and 
tax issues. Prerequisite: AC 326. 



75 



AC 351 Corporate Taxation 3 hours 

This course is an analysis of partnership and corporate tax laws and an 
introduction to tax research and planning as a means of gaining an 
understanding of the role of tax practitioner. Prerequisite: AC 326. 

AC 420 Governmental and Non-Profit Accounting 3 iiours 

A thorough study of the accounting principles and practices involved in 
budgeting, recording, and reporting for state and local governments, 
hospitals, colleges/universities, and voluntary and welfare organizations. 
Prerequisite: AC 326. 

AC 421 Advanced Accounting 3 hours 

Emphasizes financial accounting concepts utilized in business combina- 
tions, the preparation of consolidated financial statements, accounting for 
investments, branch accounting, segments and interim reporting, foreign 
transactions, corporate reorganizations and liquidations, and consignment 
transactions. Accounting for partnerships will also be covered. Prerequi- 
site: AC 326. 

AC 430 Accounting Information Systems 3 hours 

Students will learn about the accounting system as an information system. 
Computer-related issues and controls should be identified, discussed, and 
integrated in the overall discussion of accounting concepts, pnnciples, and 
controls. Prerequisite: IS 100. 

AC 431 Auditing 3 hours 

The purpose ofthis course is to help the student to understand the auditing 
part of the work of the public accountant, and to help him/her apply the 
methods and procedures followed in conducting an audit for a small or 
medium-sized concern. The procedures for the effective auditing of cash, 
receivables, inventories, other assets, liabilities, and proprietorship are 
studied with an above-average degree of care. The procedures to be 
followed in carrying out detailed audit systems are also considered in the 
course. Prerequisite: AC 421. 

AC 440 Contemporary Issues in Accounting 3 hours 

This is an integrative accounting course covehng real-world cases drawn 
from financial accounting, tax, cost, auditing, ethics, and information 
systems. It emphasizes the environment of the accounting profession, 
professionalism, and interaction between accounting principles and the 
management policy process. Current developments and emerging issues 
in accounting are discussed. Problems encountered in accounting practice 
will be integrated in the course. Case studies will be utilized throughout the 
course. Writing and oral communication skills are heavily utilized. Prereq- 
uisites: AC 341 , 351 , 421 , and 431 . 



76 



AC 451 CPA Review 3 hours 

Intensive practice in the application of accounting theory to problems of the 
caliber contained in CPA examinations. Prerequisite; permission of the 
instructor. 

Administrative Systems Management 



AS 120 Keyboard ing 1-2 hours 

Development of alphanumeric touch skills. The course is taught on terminal 
keyboards using a software program that is correlated to the textbook. 
Students may progress at their own rate. Skill in speed and accuracy is 
emphasized. This is a service course. 

AS 203 Software Tools for Personal Productivity 3 hours 

This course introduces students to the concepts of information processing 
technology and computers. An overview of computer hardware and 
software is presented. Microcomputers, disk operating system, and Win- 
dows operating environments are explored in some detail. Concepts of 
word processing, spreadsheets, and database processing are introduced 
using the Microsoft Office Suite of software. The World Wide Web is also 
introduced. Once the basic skills are mastered, students are taught 
computer-based business problem solving. As a part of the course, 
students are expected to use personal computers, demonstrate compe- 
tency in Windows, and solve business problems using Excel and Access. 
Prerequisite: IS100 

AS 305 Information Technology for Competitive Advantage 3 hours 

Students will be exposed to the changing role of information technology in 
organizations, whether organizations are national or multinational. The role 
of information technology in securing competitive advantage for an organi- 
zation will be introduced. Students will be introduced to a number of current 
information technologies such as groupware and Web authoring tools. 
Students will also be introduced to emerging terms and concepts such as 
electronic commerce, data warehousing, and data mining. It is expected 
that students will complete a number of individual and group projects 
employing different tools. Prerequisite: IS 203 

AS 320 Information Resource Management 3 hours 

A study of electronic, micrographic, and paper information resources for 
' organizations, including the systems used to classify, store, retrieve, 
protect, and preserve records. Planning systems that control the creation 
of information, store and retrieve information from active records, and 
dispose of inactive information. Prerequisite: junior standing. 

AS 450 Telecommunications and Distributed Processing 3 hours 

Examines the technology, organization, and operations of telecommunica- 
tion and distributed data processing systems. Topics to be discussed 



77 



include hardware/software facilities, transmission systems, system design 
considerations, and distributed system configurations. Business functions 
and case studies will be used to illustrate the application of telecommuni- 
cation and distributed processing technology. Prerequisite: IS 335 

AS 499 Office Internship 3 hours 

A work experience program offered in cooperation with business and 
denominational offices. At least 10 hours per week required during the 
semester. Prerequisite: senior standing. 



Management 



BA 100 Principles of Business Mathematics 3 hours 

This course is a basic math review that is designed to help students acquire 
computation skills required in the office. Through a variety of business- 
oriented exercises and realistic consumer and job applications, students 
explore the important role math plays on the job. Contents include: 
mathematics of accounting and records management, mathematics of 
financial and office management, mathematics of marketing and retailing, 
and the metric (SI) system. Offered alternate years. 

BA 101 Business English 3 hours 

Business English offers a thorough coverage of the principles of grammar, 
punctuation, capitalization, spelling, usage, and style. Required of all 
business students falling below 14 on the English ACT. 

BA 105 Introduction to Business 3 hours 

Introduction to Business offers an introduction to the principles and prac- 
tices of business and an overview of the functional areas. Required of all 
Business majors. 

BA 302 Business Communication 3 hours 

Theory, practices, and techniques essential to external and organization 
communications; development of skill in presenting oral and written com- 
munications. Prerequisite: BA 101 or a minimum of 14 on the English 
portion of the ACT. 

BA 310 Principles of Management 3 hours 

This is an introductory course designed to familiarize students with the 
knowledge, roles, responsibilities, and skills required of modern managers. 
Prerequisites: sophomore standing and BA 105. 

BA 371 Production/Operations Management 3 hours 

Creative management of the production and operation function of the 
organization can lead to competitive advantage. This course examines 
what production and operations managers do, as well as investigates the 



78 



latest tools and concepts they use to support key decisions. Prerequisites: 
BA 310 and junior standing. 

BA 383 Human Resource Management 3 hours 

A study of the issues, trends, and problems involved in the strategic 
management of personnel including recruitment, motivation, evaluation, 
compensation, and employee development. Prerequisites: BA 310 and 
junior standing. 

BA 385 International Business 3 hours 

A study of the international business environment, with emphasis on 
commercial policies and treaties, export/import operations, government 
regulations affecting international business, internal international business 
activities, and study of cultural issues. Prerequisites: EC 281 , EC 282, and 
BA310 

BA 415 Organizational Behavior 3 hours 

People are the common denominator of all organizational endeavors, 
regardless of organizational size or purpose. This course examines theory 
and research regarding the behavior of individuals and groups in organiza- 
tions. Topics include motivation, communication, group dynamics and 
decision making, leadership, and organizational change. Prerequisites: BA 
310 and junior standing. 



BA 460 Business Ethics 3 hours 

Emphasis is placed on the ethical concepts that are relevant to resolving 
moral and legal issues in business, the reasoning and analytical skills 
needed to apply ethical concepts to business decisions, and the social and 
natural environments v\/ithin which moral issues in business arise. Prereq- 
uisites: BA 310 and junior standing. 

BA 475 Business Law 3 hours 

This course is designed to familiarize the student with the fundamental 
principles of the laws of business so they act intelligently and understand 
their rights, duties, and inabilities in ordinary business transactions. Con- 
tracts, bailment, sales, creditors' rights and bankruptcy, and agency and 
employment relationships are covered. Emphasis is given to the Uniform 
Commercial Code. Prerequisites: BA 105 and junior standing. 

BA 480 Business Policy and Strategy 3 hours 

This course is designed to develop an understanding of policy formation and 
strategic planning as related to current business practices. Integration of 
business fundamentals (marketing, finance, accounting, production, eco- 
nomics) into a balanced analysis of the whole business system is empha- 
sized. Open to seniors only. 



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BA 488 Leadership and Organizational Change 3 hours 

This course examines tine l<nowledge and skills relevantto the development 
of appropriate leadership behavior in various organizational contexts as well 
as effective influence in interpersonal relations. Prerequisites: BA 310 and 
junior standing. 

BA 490 Research and Independent Study 1-3 hours 

This course is designed to allow students to participate in supervised 
directed research on practical organizational issues. Prerequisites: Con- 
sent of the department chair and senior standing. 



Computer Information Systems 



IS 100 Computer Application 3 hours 

This course is designed to give students basic computer concepts and 
practical experience in the use of the computer. Using software applica- 
tions packages such as word processing, electronic spreadsheet, graphics, 
and database management, students will learn to input and output data 
useful in professional and personal pursuits. Prerequisite: One year of high 
school typing or AS 120. 

IS 211 Fundamentals of Systems Development 3 hours 

Introduction to computer programming for Business and IS students. No 
previous experience and knowledge of programming are required. Visual 
Basic is used to teach solid programming concepts and practices. Topics 
include variables and their types, control structures, flow control, controls 
for graphical-user-interfaces, event-driven programming, file and database 
processing using MS Access, and the application development cycle. 
Prerequisite: IS 100. 

IS 231 Information Systems in the Organization 3 hours 

Students are introduced to the use of information systems and technology 
in organizations, including the manner in which these add value to organi- 
zational processes and products. Topics covered include concepts of 
decision-making, role of information systems, typology of systems, hard- 
ware and software, and management or organizational support systems. 
Students would be expected to analyze cases, use computerized tools such 
as decision support features of Excel, HTML for Web pages and electronic 
commerce. Prerequisite: IS 100. 

IS 270 Files and Large Systems 3 hours 

Files and their access methods. Sequential, indexed sequential, B+ trees, 
etc. How they are structured and how they are used. Characteristics of 
physical storage devices such as tape and disk. Comparison of mainframe 
and PC file systems. Use of mainframe systems, including MVS, CMS, and 
JCL. Introduction to COBOL programming language. Prerequisite: IS 21 1 . 



80 



IS 311 Advance Programming of Business Systems 3 hours 

This course is a continuation of IS 21 1 and is intended to prepare students 
as advanced end users and developers capable of designing, developing, 
and implementing superior solutions based on Microsoft Visual Basic. On 
completion of the course, students will be proficient in designing, coding, 
debugging, testing, and distributing applications. Coding of applications 
will include detailed descriptions of algorithms to perform common pro- 
gramming tasks such as sorting, searching, and hashing. Efficiency issues 
are also discussed. Students are exposed to database programming 
techniques using Data Object Model. Prerequisite: IS 211. 

IS 330 Systems Analysis Methods 3 hours 

This course introduces the student to the techniques of developing an 
information system. Students will study the system life cycle, system 
analysis methodologies, data analysis techniques, system design, joint 
application design, rapid application design, and an overview of object- 
oriented systems. Students are also expected to use a CASE tool to 
develop a system specification. Prerequisite: IS 231. 

IS 335 Modern Database Design and Implementation 3 hours 

This course provides an in-depth discussion of the new tools and technolo- 
gies that are shaping modern database management. Detailed coverage 
of client/server and distributed databases, including trends toward architec- 
tural downsizing, redefining the role of mainframes, the increased empha- 
sis on LANs, and end-user computing. Case studies are used to illustrate 
the role of database analysis and design concepts in the total systems 
development process. The student will become proficient in the utilization 
of Oracle and Microsoft-Access database management systems. Prereq- 
uisite: IS 311. 

IS 341 Management of Business Networks 3 hours 

This course introduces the managerial and technical aspects of business 
networks, including the hardware and software mechanisms that allow 
access from one computer to files and services provided on other comput- 
ers. An overview of local area nets (LAN) and Wide Area Nets (WAN) is 
provided, as also those of software protocols, routers, bridges, andfirewalls. 
On the practical side, the student will learn about the network services 
provided by the operating system (Windows/NT), network analyzers, and 
the management of security and reliability. The student will also learn to 
install, configure, and test network hardware/software, and use such 
facilities in practical applications, including e-mail, remote file access, 
client/server hook-ups, and dial-up networking. Prerequisite: IS 311 

IS 410 Object-oriented Programming for Information Systems 3 hours 

The concepts of object-oriented methodologies and programming are 
presented and reinforced through the Java and the C++ programming 
languages. Language syntax, error handling, object creation/destruction 



81 



and memory allocation strategies are explored. Java GUI components, 
event handling, and Web-based programming are introduced. Prerequi- 
site: IS 311 

IS 420 Project Management for Information Systems 3 hours 

This course focuses on models used in a software development project, 
including tools that improve project productivity. Topics include concepts 
of project management, task scheduling, cost estimation models, risk 
assessment, and softv\/are maturity framev\/ork. Students will be using tools 
and cases to gain depth in software project management principles and 
practice. Prerequisite: IS 311 

IS 450 Web-Based Programming 3 hours 

This course covers Web publishing and Web-based applications develop- 
ment, with emphasis in accessing remote database information. Web site 
design concepts and tools are introduced, including Active-HTML, CGI, 
SGML, VRML, and multimedia presentation. A survey of scripting lan- 
guages for the Web includes Perl, VBScript, Jscript, and JavaScript. The 
goal is to prepare students with skills for designing, creating, programming, 
publishing, and developing applications on the Web. Prerequisite: IS 335 

IS 462 Advanced COBOL Programming 3 hours 

A continuation of the study of COBOL language. Emphasis on structured 
programming and program design. Topics covered include: COBOL-85, 
multidimensional arrays, table handling, SORT, SEARCH, subprograms, 
random access files processing, character processing, and internal data 
representation. Prerequisite: IS 270 

Economics 

EC 281 Principles of Macroeconomics 3 hours 

An analysis of the basic concepts of the national income, including such 
various components as consumption, investment, government expendi- 
tures, and the export-import sector. An introduction to the general theories 
of inflation, growth and employment. 

EC 282 Principles of Microeconomics 3 hours 

An analysis of the basic concepts which describe how individuals choose 
what to consume and how entrepreneurs choose what to produce. The 
pricing mechanism and the determination of output level in the various 
market structures. 



82 



Finance 

FN 311 Principles of Finance 3 hours 

Nature and scope of business finance. Emphasis on financial planning, 
forecasting, and analysis, corporate valuation, capital budgeting and risk 
assessment, cost of capital structure, short-term and long-term financial 
management, and international finance. Prerequisites: AC 221 and MA 171 

FN 321 Money, Banking, and Capital Markets 3 hours 

An analysis of the interrelated financial system, central banks, private 
banks, and other sources and users of financial capital. Theoretical and 
empirical policy and institutional issues are analyzed using economics and 
finance methodologies. Topics include the theory of money demand and 
supply. 

FN 381 Investments 3 hours 

Introductory survey course focusing on the process and instruments of 
investment. Emphasis on security market structure, characteristics and 
valuation of securities, approaches to investment analysis, and interna- 
tional investments. Prerequisite: FN 311 

FN 401 Financial Decision-Making 3 hours 

Advanced financial management course geared toward the finance major 
and directed toward exploring the linkage between current finance theory 
and practice. Emphasis on capital budgeting theory and techniques, risk 
adjustment, capital structure and financial policy, and mathematical pro- 
gramming approaches to project selection. Prerequisites: FN 31 1 and MA 
171. 

FN 411 Insurance and Risk Management 3 hours 

This course is designed to provide and familiarize students with Insurance 
and Risk Management processes and methods of treating personal and 
business risk exposures within the corporate and institutional environment. 
Focus is given to assisting students in becoming more efficient consumers 
of insurance and providing a necessary foundation to those who will pursue 
further study in insurance and related areas. Prerequisite: FN 31 1 . 

FN 426 Financial Markets and Institutions 3 hours 

Develops an understanding of the structure and functioning of our mon- 
etary-financial system. Emphasis on the institutional process of financial 
intermediation in the financial marketplace and the role that specific 
institutions and instruments play. Prerequisite: FN 321. 

FN 436 Management of Financial Institutions 3 hours 

Development of fundamental concepts and principles of sound institutional 
management. Includes the financial environment, strategy, performance 
measures, and asset/liability managementtopics within an overall decision 
framework. Prerequisite: senior standing. 



83 



FN 481 Portfolio Management and Security Analysis 3 hours 

Rigorous course geared toward the senior finance major. Empinasis on 
integrating portfolio theory with practical approaches to investment analysis 
and management. Topics include efficient diversification and portfolio 
choice, capital asset pricing theory, arbitrage pricing theory, and bond 
portfolio management, options pricing, and financial futures. Prerequi- 
sites: FN 381 and MA 171. 

FN 486 International Finance 3 hours 

Focus on carrying on business in the framework of the growing field of 
international finance. Exploration of how American business can work with 
and use international finance in foreign manufacturing and marketing 
operations. Prerequisite: senior standing. 

Health Care Administration 

HC 325 Introduction to Health Services Administration 3 hours 

A broad orientation to the health delivery system. Onentation to the role of 
the health services manager and/or supervisor. Provides organizational 
theory and practical information about health administration. Students will 
investigate the organizational and environmental contexts within which a 
health manager works. Laboratory is required where students will visit 
various community health facilities. Prerequisite: junior standing. 

HC 330 Legal Aspects and Ethics of Health Care 3 hours 

Presentation of the historical perspectives, current status, and future 
projections in the field. Concepts of corporate liability, malpractice, and 
professional negligence. Informed consent, incident reporting, and the 
importance of accurate and complete records stressed. Emphasis on the 
prevention rather than the defense of legal actions. Examination of the role 
of ethics and moral decision-making in the everyday life of the health service 
manager, with special emphasis on the various professional codes of 
ethics. Prerequisite: HC 325. 

HC 454 Long Term Care Administration 3 hours 

This course is designed to familiarize the student with the long-term health 
care delivery system to give the students a working knowledge of the 
wholistic approach to the care of the elderly and long-term care individuals. 
It will give an overview of some of the emotional and physiological needs of 
individuals who require long-term care. Other areas of concentration will be 
financing, managing, standards, and compliance for quality. Prerequisite: 
HC 325. 

HC 495 Health Services Management Problems and Research 3 hours 

Seminar type course where selected health service management problems 
will be identified, studied, and evaluated, such as the current and emerging 
challenges in financing, organizational changes, and managerial functions. 
Prerequisite: HC 330. 



84 



HC 497 Practicum in Human Care Management 3 hours 

An on-the-job experience provided in selected institutions and agencies 
related to the student's career interest. Students obtain firsthand knowledge 
of the operational world of work by devoting full-time effort to observing and 
participating in the management functions. Depending on the student's 
background and interest, the internship may be in one specific department 
or rotate among many departments. Routine written reports are required. 
A major management project will be completed. Faculty direction provided 
by telephone and on-site visitations. Students return to campus periodically 
for group sharing of their experiences with each other. Students put in a 
minimum of 250 work hours. Prerequisite: HC 454. 

Marketing 

MK 301 Principles of Marketing 3 hours 

Principles and methods involved in the movement of goods and services 
from producers to consumers; strategies thefirm may use to take advantage 
of market opportunities; howthesocial, political, technological, and economic 
environments affect these market opportunities. 

MK 342 Marketing Research 3 hours 

Nature and the role of information in the decision-making process; 
Identification and discussion oftheelementsand relationships that constitute 
the research process; planning and conducting a research project; the role 
and nature of a marketing information system. Prerequisites: MK 301 and 
either IS 231 or MA 321. 

MK 343 Consumer Behavior 3 hours 

This course is intended to help students understand the motivation and 
behavior of buyers and consumers. Consumer behavior will be discussed 
within a marketing framework and will be related to the task of marketing 
management. Prerequisite: MK 301 

MK 345 Advertising Management 3 hours 

Focuses upon one area of the marketing mix-advertising. Experiential 
learning is emphasized, and students are required to develop an advertis- 
ing campaign for a client. Small groups form advertising agencies, with 
students assuming the roles of account executive, creative director, re- 
search director, media director, and promotion director. Each agency 
competes for the client's account. Prerequisite: MK 342. 

MK 350 Sales Management 3 hours 

A multidisciplinary approach to the study of sales force management. The 
topic areas of major concern focus on the total sales process: selection, 
training, motivation, and compensation of personnel, sales forecasting, 
sales territory management, and analysis. The basic objectives are to 
provide the student with a management perspective to plan, organize, and 
direct a sales force. Prerequisite: MK 301. 



85 



MK 448 Global Marketing 3 hours 

This course is designed around the analysis of international marketing 
competition in the foreign market context. The objectives of the course are 
to provide the student with the necessary background to evaluate foreign 
environments, to evaluate the influence of international marketing compe- 
tition on the domestic marketing mix; and to design multinational business 
strategies. Prerequisite: MK301. 

MK 478 Contemporary Marketing Issues 3 hours 

A comprehensive survey of current marketing topics of importance to firms 
and society. Individual investigation and reporting emphasized in seminar 
fashion. Prerequisites: MK 301, senior standing, and at least two other 
marketing courses. 



86 



Department of Chemistry 

Professors: Gwebu, LaiHing (Chair) 

Associate Professors: Lee-Guey, Volkov 
Assistant Professors: Benn-Marshall, Ranatunga 

Majors: Biochemistry (B.S.) 

Chemistry (B.A. and B.S.) 
Chemistry Education (B.S.) 
Cytotechnology (B.S.) 
Medical Technology (B.S.) 
Pre-Occupational Therapy ( A.S.] 
Pre-Physical Therapy (A.S.) 
Pre-Physician's Assistant (A.S.) 
Pre-Speech Pathology (A.S.) 

Minor: Chemistry 



Purpose 

It is the purpose ofthe Department of Chemistry to prepare its students for 
acceptance into graduate and professional schools, to provide training required 
for employment in the laboratories of government and industry, and to prepare 
them for careers in teaching chemistry at the secondary level. While pursuing 
these objectives, the department seeks to offer its students a quality program of 
chemical education that underscores the importance of the liberal arts and 
nurtures the integration of faith and reason. 

It is the purpose ofthe Allied Health program to give advice and guidance 
to students considering allied health careers, to aid in the placement of students 
in the professional schools of their choice, and to ensure that they are awarded 
the degree thatfollows successful completion of the clinical phase of their chosen 
programs. 



High School Preparation 

Students planning to study chemistry at Oakwood should include as many 
science and mathematics courses as possible in high school, and they should 
endeavor to make superior grades in these courses. The following courses are 
strongly recommended: algebra I, algebra II (precalculus), geometry, biology, 
chemistry, and physics. 



Application for Admission 

To be admitted as a major in the Department of Chemistry, students must 
have completed at least 32 hours of course work, including EN 112 Freshman 



87 



Composition, and have an overall minimum GPA of 2.25. Application forms 
must be obtained from and returned to the department. 

Exit Examinations 

Chemistry majors will be required to take an exit examination prepared by 
the American Chemical Society that will be administered in the junior year. The 
examination is designed to ascertain the students' general knowledge of the 
subject areas of general and organic chemistry. A minimum of 40 percent is 
required for passing, and if failed, the student may repeat the examination in the 
senior year. 

Allied health majors will be required to take a departmental examination that 
will be administered at the end of the sophomore year. A minimum grade of C 
is required for passing. 



Career Opportunities 

Ask an old chemist what he would like most, and his answer would be, "a 
young chemist." This statement describes the atmosphere of enthusiasm about 
chemistry and chemical research that permeates the department. Indeed, 
chemistry at Oakwood is an exciting confrontation of the student with the theories 
and the methods of modern chemistry and biochemistry. Many of the graduates 
of this department have earned doctoral degrees in science, medicine, and 
dentistry from some of the most prestigious universities in this country and in 
Europe. Others have achieved successful careers in the laboratories of govern- 
ment and industry as chemists, biochemists, and engineers. Oakwood has been 
listed as one of the 23 historically Black colleges that are most productive of Black 
scientific talent. 

Currently, the demand for allied health professionals greatly exceeds the 
supply of available personnel. As a result, salaries are highly competitive and 
the graduate usually has a variety of employment options available. 



Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry 

This program is designed to meet the needs of those students who are 
primarily interested in preparing for careers in such areas as biochemistry, 
pharmacology, neurochemistry, medicine, dentistry, or pharmacy. 

Major Requirements: 

CH 141-142 General Chemistry 8 hours 

CH 201 Qualitative Analysis 3 hours 

CH 211 Analytical Chemistry 3 hours 

CH 311-312 Organic Chemistry and Laboratory 8 hours 

CH 341 Physical Chemistry and Laboratory 4 hours 

CH 401-402 Biochemistry and Laboratory 8 hours 



88 



CH 410 Applied Chemistry 3 hours 

Bl 131-132 General Biology 8 hours 

Bl 225 Embryology 3 hours 

Bl 321 Genetics 3 hours 

Bl 480 Mammalian Anatomy or CH 41 1 Instrumental Meth 4, 3 hours 

MA171-172 Calculus (MA121-122 may be required first) 8 hours 

PH 103-104 General Physics _8 hours 

Total 70-71 hours 



Bachelor of Arts in Chemistry 

This program is designed to meet the needs of those chemistry majors who 
are interested in preparing for a career in medicine or dentistry, or who plan to 
pursue professional or graduate school studies. 

Major Requirements 

CH 141-142 General Chemistry 8 hours 

CH 201 Qualitative Analysis 3 hours 

CH 211 Analytical Chemistry 3 hours 

CH 311-312 Organic Chemistry and Laboratory 8 hours 

CH 341 Physical Chemistry and Laboratory 4 hours 

CH 410 Applied Chemistry 3 hours 

CH 401-402 Biochemistry and Laboratory 8 hours 

Bl 131-132 General Biology 8 hours 

MA 171-172 Calculus (MA 121-122 may be required first) 8 hours 

PH 103-104 General Physics 8 hours 

Total 61 hours 

Minor is not required 



Bachelorof Science in Chemistry 

This program is designed to meet the needs of those chemistry majors who 
are primarily interested in a professional career in chemistry or graduate studies. 
This program prepares the student either for work in the chemical industry or for 
advanced studies in graduate school. Admission to this curriculum requires 
approval of the department and a minimum GPA of 3.25 in chemistry and 
mathematics courses. 

Major Requirements: 

CH 141-142 General Chemistry 8 hours 

CH 201 Qualitative Analysis 3 hours 

CH 211 Analytical Chemistry 3 hours 



89 



CH 311-312 Organic Chemistry and Laboratory 8 hours 

CH 341-342 Physical Chemistry and Laboratory 8 hours 

CH 410 Applied Chemistry 3 hours 

CH 411 Instrumental Methods 3 hours 

CH Electives 6 hours 

MA 171-172-271 Calculus (MA 121-122 may be required first) . 12 hours 

MA 308 Linear Algebra 3 hours 

MA 311 Differential Equations 3 hours 

PH 103-104 General Physics 8 hours 

Total 68 hours 



Bachelor of Science in Chemistry Education 

This program qualifies a person to teach secondary school chemistry. After 
graduation, students may apply for the Alabama Class B Certificate: Chemistry, 
grades 7-12; and the SDA Basic Teaching Certificate: Chemistry, grades 7-12. 
Chemistry Education majors must work as lab assistants and tutors in the 
department. 

RefertotheDepartmentofEducation section in this bulletin forthe program 
outline. Program advisor: K. LaiHing. 



Bachelor of Science in Chemistry/Chemical Engineering 

This is a cooperative dual degree program in which the student spends 
approximately two years at Oakwood majoring in chemistry and approximately 
three years at the University of Wisconsin-Madison majoring in chemical engi- 
neering. Following the successful completion of all requirements, the student will 
be awarded the degree of B.S. in Chemical Engineering from the University of 
Wisconsin-Madison and the degree of B.S. in Chemistry from Oakwood College. 
Because of the demanding and rigorous nature of this program, only students of 
superior academic potential, with a GPA of 3.25 or better in both science and 
nonscience courses, will be admitted to this program. 

Major Requirements: 

CH 141-142 General Chemistry 8 hours 

CH 201 Qualitative Analysis 3 hours 

CH 211 Analytical Chemistry 3 hours 

CH 341-342 Physical Chemistry and Laboratory 8 hours 

MA 171-172-271 Calculus 12 hours 

MA 308 Linear Algebra 3 hours 

MA 311 Differential Equations 3 hours 

PH 103-104 General Physics 8 hours 

Total 48 hours 



90 



General education requirement variations: 

Students will complete all the general education requirements for an 
associate degree at Oakwood College except IS 1 00 Computer Applications 
and PE 21 1 Health Principles, making a total of at least 72 hours. 

Bachelor of Science in Cytotechnology 

Major Requirements: 

CH 141-142 General Chemistry 8 hours 

Bl 131-132 General Biology 8 hours 

MA 121 Precalculus 3 hours 

AH 250 Medical Terminology 2 hours 

AH100 Intro, to Allied Health Careers 1 hour 

CH 311-312 Organic Chemistry 8 hours 

AH 103 Introduction to Public Health 2 hours 

Bl 111-112 Anatomy and Physiology 6 hours 

Bl 221 Microbiology 4 hours 

Bl 331 Histology 3 hours 

Bl 460 Cellular and Molecular Biology 3 hours 

PY 307 Statistical Methods 3 hours 

SO 211 Cultural Anthropology 3 hours 

Total 54 hours 

Year Four: Professional component at the University of Alabama in Birmingham. 
General Education Requirement variation: Omit the two hour religion elective 
and the physics requirement. 

This is a cooperative program in which the student spends three years at 
Oakwood College and four quarters at an approved institution to complete the 
clinical requirements. Current affiliate agreement exists with the University of 
Alabama in Birmingham. 

Allied Health Program 

The Department of Chemistry houses the Allied Health Program. The 
following courses of pre-professional study are available within this program: 
medical technology, pre-occupational therapy, and pre-physical therapy, pre- 
physician's assistant, and pre-speech pathology; as well as advising in such 
areas as pre-dental, pre-medicine, pre-medical records, pre-pharmacy, pre- 
respiratory therapy, and pre-X-ray technology. Students must ensure that they 
will meet the minimum entrance requirements of their prospective professional 
schools. 



91 



Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology 

This is a cooperative degree program in which the student spends approxi- 
mately three years at Oakwood College and approximately one year at an 
approved institution to complete the clinical requirements. Current affiliations 
are Andrews University, Florida Hospital, Hinsdale Hospital, Howard University, 
Meharry/ Tennessee State University, and the University of Alabama in Birming- 
ham. 

Major Requirements: 

AH 100 Introduction to Allied Health Careers 1 hour 

AH 250 Medical Terminology 2 hours 

CH 141-142 General Chemistry 8 hours 

CH 201 Qualitative Analysis or CH 211 Analytical Chemistry 3 hours 

311-312 Organic Chemistry and Laboratory 8 hours 

CH 401 Biochemistry 4 hours 

Bl 131-132 General Biology 8 hours 

Bl 221 Microbiology 4 hours 

Bl 422 General Physiology 3 hours 

Bl 455 Immunology 3 hours 

MA 121-122 Precalculus 6 hours 

PH 103-104 General Physics 8 hours 

PY 307 Statistical Methods 3 hours 

Total 61 hours 

General Education Requirement variation: 

Omit the two hour religion elective. 

Associate of Science in Physical Therapist Assisting Program 

The Physical Therapist Program is a 2.25 year program conducted by Loma 
Linda University on the Oakwood College campus. It consists of one year of 
prerequisite general requirements taken at Oakwood plus fifteen (15) months of 
professional training. After completing the prerequisites, the student is prepared 
to enter the professional phase of the program, which is offered at Oakwood 
College through a partnership with Loma Linda University School of Allied Health 
Professions. To enter the professional phase, students must have completed the 
prerequisites, have a minimum GPA of 2.5, and apply to and be accepted at Loma 
Linda University. The professional curriculum is taught at the Oakwood campus 
in a distance learning format utilizing two-way live interactional video, with onsite 
laboratory instruction. Upon completion of the course of study, the student 
receives an Associate in Science degree from Loma Linda University and is 
eligible to take the national board examination. 



92 



Associate of Science in Pre-Occupational Therapy 

Major Requirements: 

AH 100 Introduction to Allied Health Careers 1 hour 

AH 200 Practicum in Occupational Therapy 1 hour 

AH 250 Medical Terminology 2 hours 

AR 101 Basic Design or 261 Sculpture 3 hours 

Bl 111-112 Anatomy and Physiology 6 hours 

CH 101-102 Introduction to Chemistry 8 hours 

MA 121 Precalculus 3 hours 

PY 101 Principles of Psychology 3 hours 

PY 221 Personal and Soc. Adjust, or PY 321 Abnormal Behav. 3 hours 

PY 307 Statistical Methods 3 hours 

PY 325 Developmental Psychology 3 hours 

SO 101 Principles of Sociology 3 hours 

Total 39 hours 



Associate of Science in Pre-Physical Therapy 

Major Requirements: 

AH 100 Introduction to Allied Health Careers 1 hour 

AH 210 Practicum in Physical Therapy 1 hour 

AH 250 Medical Terminology 2 hours 

Bl 111-112 Anatomy and Physiology 6 hours 

CH 141-142 General Chemistry 8 hours 

MA 121 Precalculus 3 hours 

PH 103-104 General Physics 8 hours 

PY 101 Principles of Psychology 3 hours 

PY 307 Statistical Methods 3 hours 

SO 101 Principles of Sociology 3 hours 

Total 38 hours 

Associate of Science in Allied Health Pre-Physician Assistant 

Major Requirements 

CH 141-142 General Chemistry 8 hours 

MA 121 Precalculus 3 hours 

Bl 111-112 Anatomy and Physiology 6 hours 

AH 250 Medical Terminology 2 hours 

AH 100 Introduction to Allied Health Careers 1 hour 

AH 103 Introduction to Public Health 2 hours 

CH 311 Organic Chemistry 4 hours 



93 



PY 307 Statistical Methods 3 hours 

Bl 131 General Biology 4 hours 

SO 101 Sociology 3 hours 

Total 36 hours 

Associate of Science in Allied Health Pre-Speech Pathology 

Major Requirements: 

CH 141-142 General Chemistry 4 hours 

MA 121 Precalculus 3 hours 

AH 250 Medical Terminology 2 hours 

AH 100 Introduction to Allied Health Careers 1 hour 

AH 103 Introduction to Public Health 2 hours 

PH 103 General Physics 4 hours 

PY 307 Statistical Methods 3 hours 

Bl 111-112 Anatomy and Physiology 6 hours 

CO 320 Voice and Diction 3 hours 

PS 355 Human Growth and Development 3 hours 

SO 101 Sociology 6 hours 

PE 205 First Aid and CPR 1 hour 

Total 38 hours 

Minor In Chemistry 

CH 141-142 General Chemistry 8 hours 

CH 211 Analytical Chemistry or CH 201 Qualitative Analysis 3 hours 

CH 311-312 Organic Chemistry and Lab 8 hours 

Total 19 hours 



Description of Courses 
Allied Health 

AH 100 Introduction To Allied Health Careers 1 hour 

Seminar course that introduces the scope of allied health careers. Students 
would be exposed to these professions by the instructor, during field trips, 
and by local practicing professionals. 

AH 103 Introduction to Public Health 2 hours 

This course is designed to enable students to develop an understanding and 
appreciation for factors affecting health status and the personal and profes- 
sional means by which they might contribute to community health. All 
lectures examine applications to minority health concerns, health objectives 
for the year 2000, and career opportunities with public health. 



94 



AH 200 Practicum in Occupational Therapy 1-2 hours 

Provides students with the opportunity to put necessary volunteer/observa- 
tion hours in at a facility that provides occupational therapy services. The 
number of credit hours awarded will be according to the number of hours 
spent at the participating facility (as provided by the supervising therapist) 
and a written report submitted by the student. One credit hour awarded for 
40 total hours spent. Two credit hours awarded for 80 total hours spent. 

AH 210 Practicum in Physical Therapy 1- 2 hours 

Description is the same as AH 200 except that the observation/volunteer 
time is in the field of physical therapy. 

AH 230 Introduction to Dentistry 2 hours 

This course is designed to give the student an understanding of dentistry 
and dental hygiene as professions and to develop some basic and clinical 
skills. The course will give the students basic knowledge in dental anatomy, 
morphology, and dentistry as a career. Laboratory experience will include 
visits to local dentists' offices and the School of Dentistry at Meharry Medical 
College or DAB. Prerequisites: BI131andCH141. 

AH 250 Medical Terminology 2 hours 

The study of origins and usage of hundreds of the medical terms that must 
be mastered by students in all health professions. The course covers and 
explains important prefixes, suffixes, and word roots. Each system of the 
human body and its relevant medical terms will be discussed. Sample case 
studies and hospital reports will be examined to refine the usage of these 
medical terms. 

Chemistry 

CH 100 Chemistry In Society 3 hours 

A nonmathematical study of chemical principles. Discusses the role of 
chemistry in society, how molecules are built, react, and affect our lives. 
Topics covered will include current problems such as acid rain, global 
warming, and ozone depletion. 

CH 101 Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry and Lab 3 hours 

Asurvey ofthe fundamental principles of inorganic chemistry. Three hours 
of lecture and two hours of laboratory each week. Does notapplyto a major 
or minor in chemistry. 

CH 102 Introduction to Organic and Biochemistry and Lab 3 hours 

A survey of fundamental principles of organic and biochemistry. Three 
hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory each week. Does not apply to 
a major or minor in chemistry. 



95 



CH 105 Pregeneral Chemistry 3 hours 

A survey of chemical calculations that are basic to an understanding of 
general chemistry. Required of students who are not prepared to enter 
general chemistry. 

CH 141-142 General Chemistry and Lab 4-4 hours 

A survey of the fundamental lav\/s and theories of chemistry, with special 
emphasis on the working of problems and the relationship between atomic 
structure and the chemistry of the elements. Three hours of lecture and two 
hours of laboratory each week. 

CH 201 Qualitative Analysis and Lab 3 hours 

A study of the principles and methods of chemical analysis used in 
separating and identifying the constituents of inorganic unknowns. Labo- 
ratory required. Prerequisite: CH 142. 

CH 211 Analytical Chemistry and Lab 3 hours 

The fundamental principles of quantitative analysis using gravimetric, 
volumetric, and spectrophotometric measurements. Prerequisite: CH142 

CH 311-312 Organic Chemistry (W) 3-3 hours 

A survey of organic chemistry, which includes a general treatment of the 
mechanisms of organic reactions, resonance theory, the molecular orbital 
theory, the physiochemical basis of synthetic reactions, and an introduction 
to spectroscopy. Prerequisite: CH 142. 

CH 311L-312L Laboratory for Organic Chemistry 1-1 hour 

31 2L emphasizes qualitative organic analysis. 

CH 331 Nutritional Biochemistry 3 hours 

A study of metabolism, macronutrition, vitamins, trace elements, food 
additives, and processing. Does not apply to a major in biochemistry. 
Prerequisite: CH 312. Offered when required. 

CH 341-342 Physical Chemistry 3-3 hours 

A study of the fundamentals of chemical thermodynamics, chemical 

kinetics, and quantum mechanics. Prerequisites: CH 142, PH 104, and 
MA 172 or equivalent. 

CH 341L-342L Laboratory for Physical Chemistry 1-1 hour 

CH 401-402 Biochemistry (W) 3-3 hours 

The chemistry of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, intermedi- 
ary metabolism. Biochemistry is the study of the biology and chemistry of 
the human body. It is the chemistry of life. It explains, for example, why 



96 



and how muscles grow during exercise and how the body uses carbohy- 
drates to produce energy. Biochemistry seeks to explain the rationale and 
reasons for chemotherapy, control of blood pressure, diabetes, and 
cancer. Prerequisite: CH 312. 

CH 401 L-402L Laboratory for Biochemistry 1-1 hour 

CH 410 Applied Chemistry and Lab 3 hours 

A study of analytical instrumental techniques, with application to solving 
practical chemical problems. Prerequisite: CH 312. 

CH 411 Instrumental Methods and Lab 3 hours 

Basic theory of instrument design and parameter optimization in the 
operation of scientific instrumentation, with application to thermal and 
electrical instrumentation methods. Prerequisite: CH 312. 

CH 421 Special Topics in Chemistry 3 hours 

Exact topics will be listed in the schedule. Topics may include quantum 
chemistry, instrumental analysis, qualitative organic analysis, and bio- 
chemistry. Offered when required. Prerequisite: senior chemistry majors. 

CH 480 Advanced Biochemistry 3 hours 

This course is designed to meet the needs of the following categories of 
students: those preparing to become biochemists, molecular biologists or 
molecular pharmacologists; those planning to take the GRE in biochemis- 
try, cell and molecular biology; and those planning to enroll in medical and 
related professional schools. Prerequisite: CH 402. Offered when required 
or every other year. 

CH 490-491 Research and Independent Study each 1-3 hours 

An original investigation in chemistry or biochemistry under the guidance of 
the faculty. Prerequisite: senior. 



97 



Department of Education 



Professors: 
Associate Professors: 



Bliss, McDonald, McKenzie (Chair), Simmons 
Mbyirukira, Melancon, Walker 



Majors Offered (B.S.): 

Biology Education 
Business Education 
Chemistry Education 
Elementary Education 
English Language Arts Ed. 
Family and Consumer Science Ed. 



Mathematics Education 
Music: Vocal/Choral Ed. P-12 
Music: Instrumental Ed. P-12 
Physical Education Teaching P-12 
Religious Education 
Social Science Education 



Purpose 

The purpose of the Department of Education is the "wholistic preparation of 
teachers for service in a global society." The programs are designed to prepare 
teachers for certification in Seventh-day Adventist church schools and in public 
school systems as well as for graduate study in education and related fields. 

Oakwood College is an institutional member of the Amencan Association 
of Colleges for Teacher Education. The teacher education programs are ap- 
proved by the Alabama State Department of Education, the General Conference 
of Seventh-day Adventist Department of Education, and the National Council 
for Accreditation of Teacher Education [NCATE]. 



Elementary Education 

The elementary education curriculum prepares students for elementary 
school teaching, for graduate study, and for employment in administration, 
teaching, supervision, and support services. The curriculum qualifies students to 
apply for Alabama Class B Certification: grades K-6; certification in other states; 
and SDA Basic Teaching Certification: grades K-8. 



Secondary Education 

The following teaching areas are offered in secondary education: biology, 
business education, chemistry, English language arts, family and consumer 
science, mathematics, religion, and social science. Students pursuing biology, 
chemistry, and mathematics may choose a single teaching field or the option of 
two teaching fields (see education advisor). Religious education students must 
choose a second teaching field (see education advisor). 



98 



These programs allow students, upon graduation, to apply for the Alabama 
Class B Certification: grades 6-12 (except religion), and the SDA Basic 
Teaching Certification: grades 7-12. 



P-12 Programs 

The following teaching areas are offered in early childhood through the 
secondary teaching level: music education instrumental (P-12), music education 
vocal-choral (P-12), and physical education (P-12). 

These curricula allow students, upon graduation, to apply for Alabama 
Class B Certification: P-12, and SDA Basic Teaching Certification: K-12. 

The North American Division of Education and the Alabama State Board of 
Education periodically revise the requirements governing certification. There- 
fore, requirements for degrees leading to certification are subject to change from 
those published in this catalog. The student is required to seek advisement from 
the Education Department at the beginning of his/her program of study to ensure 
that both degree requirements and certification requirements are met. 



Application for Admission 

Admission to Oakwood College does not mean admission to a teacher 
education program. Criteria for admission into teacher education include the 
following: 

1 . A formal written application for admission to teacher education submit- 
ted after completion of at least 60 semester hours, including 48 hours 
of general studies. 

2. A cumulative GPA of 2.50 for all college work used to meetthe approved 
program. The overall grade point average is calculated using the 
following components: 

a. General studies — all work used to meet the general studies 
requirements in the approved program. 

b. Professional studies — all work used in professional studies of the 
approved program and all transferred work in the professional studies 
used to meet program requirements. 

c. Teaching field(s) — all work used in the teaching field(s) used to meet 
program requirements. 

d. Additional course work may betaken to fulfill the GPA requirement. 

e. Nogradebelow'C'willbeacceptedinthefollowingcourses: EN 111, 
112; MA 100, 101, 108; PE 211; all religion courses; all professional 
education courses; and all courses in the teaching field. 

3. A passing score on the Alabama Basic Skills Test (CMEE). A fee is 
required. 

4. Satisfactory recommendations from advisor(s), an education instruc- 
tor, employment supervisor, and residence hall dean. 



99 



5. A satisfactory interview by the education faculty. 

6. Demonstrate emotional maturity and positive attitudes as appraised 
by the teacher education faculty. 

Additional Guidelines 

Teacher education students who wish to receive credit for study at institu- 
tions outside the United States must obtain an evaluation of the credits from 
World Education Services, Inc., New York, or from a state, federal, or private 
foreign credential evaluation service recognized by the Teacher Certification 
Office of the Alabama Department of Education. 

All correspondence work in general studies or work taken off campus must 
have prior approval. 

Students desiring a career in secondary education must consult the second- 
ary education program advisor no later than the first semester of the sophomore 
year in order to plan an appropriate course of study. 

The exact course requirements may differ from student to student depend- 
ing on the precise time a student enrolls in teacher education. This curriculum is 
based on denominational, state, and institutional policies and is thereby subject 
to change. 

The Teacher Education Council reserves the right to admit persons to 
teacher education who, in the judgment of the Council, are most likely to profit 
from the teacher education program of study offered at Oakwood College. 

If necessary, a student may repeat required entrance examinations in an 
effort to meet admission standards. A limited number of specified courses in 
education may be earned prior to admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

Application to Internship 

In the junior year, education students must apply to the Teacher Education 
Council for admission to internship for the ensuing senior year. In addition to 
letters of recommendation, students are required to maintain a minimum GPA of 
2.50. Internship is offered each semester, and all methods courses must be 
taken before internship. A student may take one three-hour course in conjunc- 
tion with internship if it does not interfere with the internship requirement. The 
English Proficiency Examination requirement must be satisfied to be admitted to 
internship. 

Graduation Requirements 

It is the student's responsibility to prepare and submit to the Education 
Department the following items: application for graduation (which includes the 
final year schedule), transfer credit form with the required signatures (if appli- 
cable), four-year checksheet (completely filled in), college transcript (including 
all work completed and used), applications for SDA and Alabama State certifica- 
tions (conviction of a felony will preclude certification by the State of Alabama), 
fingerprinting by a certified agency, information sheet for graduate registry, and 
confirmation of registration with the placement office. 



100 



Consult your education advisor about courses in general studies that may 
also be counted in the teaching field for P-12 and secondary education pro- 
grams. Detailed information on teacher preparation and certification is outlined 
in the Teacher Education Handbook. 

Exit Examination 

Each student must perform satisfactorily on a departmentally prepared exit 
examination with the following components: essay questions taken from the 
professional and specialty areas, multiple choice questions taken from the 
professional and specialty areas, and an exit interview. Please see the Teacher 
Education l-landbool< for a statement on an external examination for seniors. 

Graduate Deficiency 

The Education Department will provide remediation free of charge to any 
graduate who performs deficiently in his/her area of specialization, within two 
years of the program's completion. 

Career Opportunities 

An increasingly diverse student population will demand large numbers of 
minority teachers, especially males, and particularly in the areas of mathemat- 
ics and the sciences. 



Master of Arts in Teaching 

The Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT) is offered duhng the summer by 
Andrews University on the Oakwood College campus. Faculty from both 
institutions provide the teaching staff. The curriculum is jointly planned to meet 
the needs of Oakwood College graduates as well as other interested practitio- 
ners. 

The NCATE-approved degree is conferred by Andrews University and will 
satisfy the advanced study requirements for the SDA Standard and Professional 
Teaching Certificates. 

Students studying for the Master of Arts in Teaching degree in Elementary 
Education may receive all of their instruction on the Oakwood College campus. 
Secondary teachers may receive up to 12 hours of instruction at Oakwood and 
the remainder at Andrews University. Application procedures and policies are 
the same as those at the Berrien Springs campus. 



101 



Bachelor's Degrees 

The following core courses are required of all education students as part of 
their major: 

Professional Studies Core Curriculum: 

ED 130 Orientation to Teaching 2 hours 

ED 200 Educational Psychology 3 hours 

ED 240 Principles of Teaching: P-12 3 hours 

ED 250 Philosophy of Christian Education 2 hours 

ED 254 History, Philosophy, and Foundations of Education 3 hours 

ED 275 Instructional Technology 3 hours 

ED 300 Classroom Organization and Management: P-12 3 hours 

ED 350 Introduction to Special Education 3 hours 

ED 370 Tests and Measurements 3 hours 

FS 355 Human Development 3 hours 

Total 28 hours 

General education requirement variations: 

ED 275 substitutes for IS 100. 
HI 314 receives religion credit. 

Bachelor of Science in Biology Education 

Professional Studies: 

Professional Studies Core Curriculum 28 hours 

ED 335 Methods in Teaching Science 2 hours 

ED 340 Methods in Teaching Secondary Reading 3 hours 

ED 430 Internship 9 hours 

Total 42 hours 

Teaching Field: 

Bl 1 1 1 Human Anatomy or Bl 422 General Physiology 3 hours 

Bl 131-132 Biology 8 hours 

Bl 204 Introduction to Research 1 hour 

Bl 221 Microbiology 3 hours 

Bl 230 Plant Biology 3 hours 

Bl 316 Biological Instrumentation 2 hours 

Bl 321 Genetics 3 hours 

Bl 401-402 Biology Seminar 2 hours 

Bl 415 Biostatistics 3 hours 

Bl 425 General Ecology 3 hours 

Bl 430 Philosophy of Science 2 hours 

Bl 490 Research and Independent Study 1 hour 



102 



MA121 or 122 Precalculus 3 hours 

Teaching field electives from the following: 

Bl 112, 225, 331, 380, 460 6 hours 

Total 43 hours 

Total hours required for the degree are 154. 



Bachelor of Science in Business Education 

Professional Studies: 

Professional Studies Core Curriculum 28 hours 

ED 337 Foundations in Vocational Education 2 hours 

ED 338 Business Education Techniques 2 hours 

ED 340 Methods in Teaching Secondary Reading 3 hours 

ED 430 Internship 9 hours 

Total 44 hours 



Teaching Field: 

AC 220-221 Principles of Accounting 6 hours 

AS 120 Keyboarding 2 hours 

AS 203 Software Tools for Personal Productivity 3 hours 

AS 305 Information Technology for Competitive Advantage 3 hours 

AS 320 Information Resource Management 3 hours 

AS 450 Telecommunications and Distributed Processing 3 hours 

AS 499 Office Internship 3 hours 

BA 302 Business Communication 3 hours 

BA 310 Principles of Management 3 hours 

BA 383 Human Resource Management 3 hours 

BA 475 Business Law 3 hours 

CO 201 Fundamentals of Public Speaking 3 hours 

EC 281 Macroeconomics or EC 282 Microeconomics 3 hours 

IS 100 Computer Application 3 hours 

IS 231 Information Systems in the Organization 3 hours 

MK 301 Principles of Marketing 3 hours 

Total 50 hours 

Total hours required for the degree are 1 53. 



Bachelor of Science in Chemistry Education 

Professional Studies: 

Professional Studies Core Curriculum 28 hours 

ED 335 Methods in Teaching Science 2 hours 

ED 340 Methods in Teaching Secondary Reading 3 hours 



103 



ED 430 Internship 9 hours 

Total 42 hours 

Teaching Field: 

CH 141-142 General Chemistry 8 hours 

CH 201 Qualitative Analysis 3 hours 

CH 211 Analytical Chemistry I 3 hours 

CH 311-312 Organic Chemistry and Laboratory 8 hours 

CH 341-342 Physical Chemistry and Laboratory 8 hours 

CH 331 Nutritional Biochemistry 3 hours 

CH 401 Biochemistry 3 hours 

CH 410 Applied Chemistry 3 hours 

MA 121 or 122 Precalculus I or II 3 hours 

MA 172 Calculus 3 hours 

PH 102 Physical Science 3 hours 

PY 307 Statistical Methods 3 hours 

Total 51 hours 

Total hours required for the degree are 149. 



Bachelor of Science in Elementary Education 

Professional Studies: 

Professional Studies Core Curriculum 28 hours 

ED 342 Reading Diagnosis 3 hours 

ED 420 Internship 9 hours 

Total 40 hours 

Teaching Field: 

ED 311 Methods in Teaching Science and Health: K-8 3 hours 

ED 312 Methods in Teaching Music: K-8 3 hours 

ED 313 Meth. in Tchg Lang. Arts and Children's Literature: K-8 .. 3 hours 

ED 315 Methods in Teaching Mathematics: K-8 3 hours 

ED 316 Methods in Teaching Art: K-8 3 hours 

ED 318 Methods in Teaching Social Studies and Bible: K-8 3 hours 

ED 341 Foundations of Reading 3 hours 

PE 330 Methods in Teaching Physical Education: P-12 3 hours 

Electives in the Teaching Field 3 hours 

Total 27 hours 

General education requirement variations: 

PE 330 substitutes for one hour of PE activity. 
Total hours required for the degree are 133. 



104 



Bachelor of Science in English Language Arts Education 

Professional Studies: 

Professional Studies Core Curriculum 28 hours 

ED 332 Methods in Teaching Language Arts 2 hours 

ED 340 Methods in Teaching Secondary Reading 3 hours 

ED 430 Internship 9 hours 

Total 42 hours 

Teaching Field: 

CO 201 Fundamentals of Public Speaking 3 hours 

CO 231 Introduction to Journalism and Media 3 hours 

CO 241 Introductoin to Mass Communication 3 hours 

CO 353 Fundamentals of Play Directing 3 hours 

CO 355 Creative Drama 3 hours 

EN 111-112 Freshman Composition 6 hours 

EN 201 World Literature 3 hours 

EN 211- 212 Survey of English Literature 6 hours 

EN 302 Survey of American Literature II 3 hours 

EN 31 1 Theory and Practice in Literary Criticism 3 hours 

EN 320 Black Literature 3 hours 

EN 324 Contemporary American Literature 3 hours 

EN 413 Descriptive English Grammar 3 hours 

Electives from: CO 232, 242, 305, 320, 330, 331, 333, 421, 

EN 301, 321, 324, 341, 351, 421, 431, 451, 461 15 hours 

Total 60 hours 

Total hours required for the degree are 152. 

Bachelor of Science in Family and Consumer Science Education 

Professional Studies: 

Professional Studies Core Curriculum 28 hours 

ED 336 Methods in Teaching Family and Consumer Science 2 hours 

ED 340 Methods in Teaching Secondary Reading 3 hours 

ED 430 Internship 9 hours 

Total 42 hours 

Teaching Field: 

FS 101 Introduction to Family and Consumer Sciences 1 hour 

FS 111 Food Preparation 3 hours 

FS 131 Nutrition 3 hours 

FS 151 Fashion Sewing Selection 3 hours 

FS 152 Fashion Sewing and Textiles 3 hours 

FS 201 Art in Life 3 hours 



105 



FS 221 Home Management 3 hours 

FS 305 Parenting 3 hours 

FS 340 Family Economics and Management 3 hours 

FS 342 Family Living 3 hours 

FS 355 Human Growth and Development 3 hours 

FS 403 Child Development Practicum 3 hours 

FS 404 Admin, and Supervision of Preschools 3 hours 

FS 411 Housing and Interiors 3 hours 

FS 421 Quantity Food Management 3 hours 

FS 441 Home Management Practicum 3 hours 

FS 442 Occupational Family and Consumer Sciences 3 hours 

FS 453 Senior Seminar 1 hour 

FS 490 Research and Independent Study 1 hour 

Total 51 hours 

Total hours required for the degree are 149. 



Bachelor of Science in Mathematics Education 

Professional Studies: 

Professional Studies Core Curriculum 28 hours 

ED 334 Methods in Teaching Math 2 hours 

ED 340 Methods in Teaching Secondary Reading 3 hours 

ED 430 Internship: Secondary School 9 hours 

Total 42 hours 



Teaching Field: 

MA 121, 122 Precalculus I, II 6 hours 

MA 171-172-271 Calculus I, II, III 12 hours 

MA 251 Geometry 3 hours 

MA 308 Linear Algebra 3 hours 

MA 311 Differential Equations 3 hours 

MA 321 Probability and Statistics 3 hours 

MA 401 Advanced Calculus 3 hours 

MA 411 Introduction to Modern Algebra 3 hours 

MA 490 Research and Independent Study 3 hours 

CM 210 Computer Science I with C++ 3 hours 

Total 42 hours 

Total hours required for the degree are 140. 



106 



Bachelor of Science in Music-Instrumental Education 

Professional Studies: 

Professional Studies Core Curriculum 28 hours 

MU 230 Principles of Teaching Music Education P-12 2 hours 

MU 330 Methods of Teaching Music Mat I 2 hours 

MU 331 Methods of Teaching Music Mat II 3 hours 

ED 340 Methods in Teaching Secondary Reading 3 hours 

ED 440 Internship P-12 9 hours 

Total 47 hours 

Teaching Field: 

MU 165, 166 Individual Instruction 2 hours 

MU 201, 202 College Choir/Aeolians 1 hour 

MU 203 Chamber Singers 1 hour 

MU 204 Wind Ensemble 1 hour 

MU 205 Chamber Ensemble 1 hour 

MU 207 Orchestra 1 hour 

MU 211-212 Theory I and Laboratory 6 hours 

MU 220 Music Repertoire 2 hours 

MU 231 Survey of Woodwind Instruments 1 hour 

MU 232 Survey of Strings Instruments 1 hour 

MU 233 Survey of Percussion Instruments 1 hour 

MU 234 Survey of Brass Instruments 1 hour 

MU 265, 266 Individual Instruction 2 hours 

MU 311-312 Theory II and Laboratory 6 hours 

MU 315 Form and Analysis 3 hours 

MU 320-321 Music History 6 hours 

MU 332 Literature of School Music 3 hours 

MU 333 Diction for School Music 1 hour 

MU 365, 366 Individual Instruction 2 hours 

MU 360 Conducting 2 hours 

MU 465, 466 Individual Instruction 1 hour 

MU Elective (Secondary Instruction Voice) 2 hours 

Total 47 hours 

Total hours required for the degree are 156. 



Bachelor of Science in Music-Vocal/Choral Education 

Professional Studies: 

Professional Studies Core Curriculum 28 hours 

MU 230 Principles of Teaching Music Education P-12 2 hours 

MU 330 Methods and Materials of Teaching 1 2 hours 



107 



ML) 331 Methods of Teaching Music Mat II 3 hours 

ED 340 Methods in Teaching Secondary Reading 3 hours 

ED 440 Internship N-12 9 hours 

Total 47 hours 

Teaching Field: 

ML) 165, 166 Individual Instruction 2 hours 

ML) 201 College Choir 1 hour 

ML) 202 Aeolians 1 hour 

ML) 203 Chamber Singer 1 hour 

ML) 207 Orchestra 1 hour 

MU 211-212 Theory I and Laboratory 6 hours 

ML) 220 Music Repertoire 2 hours 

MU 265, 266 Individual Instruction 2 hours 

MU 311-312 Theory II and Laboratory 6 hours 

MU 315 Form and Analysis 3 hours 

MU 320-321 Music History 6 hours 

MU 332 Literature of School Music 3 hours 

MU 333 Diction for School Music 1 hour 

MU 365, 366 Individual Instruction 2 hours 

MU 360 Conducting 2 hours 

MU 465, 466 Individual Instruction 2 hours 

MU 499 Recital 1 hour 

MU Elective (Secondary Instruction Piano) 2 hours 

Total 44 hours 

Total hours required for the degree are 153. 



Bachelor of Science in Physical Education Teaching 

Professional Studies: 

Professional Studies Core Curriculum 28 hours 

ED 340 Methods in Teaching Secondary Reading 3 hours 

ED 440 Internship N-12 9 hours 

PE 330 Methods in Teaching Physical Education 3 hours 

Total 43 hours 

Teaching Field: 

PE 207 Intermediate Swimming 1 hour 

PE 211 Health Principles 2 hours 

PE 226 Team Sports 3 hours 

PE 275 or 276 Gymnastics Team 1 hour 

PE 285 Introduction to Physical Education 3 hours 

PE 301 Individual and Dual Sports 3 hours 

PE 305 Officiating Athletics Contests 2 hours 



108 



PE 310 Athletic Injuries 2 hours 

PE 315 Motor Learning 2 hours 

PE 335 Physical Education Tests and Measurements 3 hours 

PE 340 Administration of Physical Education 2 hours 

PE 401 Physiology of Exercise 3 hours 

PE 410 Adapted Physical Education 2 hours 

PE 415 Kinesiology 3 hours 

PE Electivesfrom: 101, 102, 120, 122, 126, 128, 150, 155 

210, and 422 2 hours 

Bl 101 Life Science 3 hours 

Bl 111 Human Anatomy and Physiology 3 hours 

Total 40 hours 

Total hours required for the degree are 140. 



Bachelor of Science in Religious Education 

Professional Studies: 

Professional Studies Core Curriculum 28 hours 

ED 317 Methods in Teaching Bible N-12 2 hours 

ED 340 Methods in Teaching Secondary Reading 3 hours 

ED 430 Internship 9 hours 

Total 42 hours 

Teaching Field: 

RE 111 Life and Teachings of Jesus 3 hours 

RE 200 Dynamics of Christian Living 2 hours 

RE 201-202 Fundamentals of Christian Faith 6 hours 

RE 301-302 Old Testament Prophets 6 hours 

RE 311 Prophetic Interpretation: Daniel 3 hours 

RE 312 Prophetic Interpretation: Revelation 3 hours 

RE 331 Gift of Prophecy 3 hours 

RE 345 World Religions 2 hours 

RE 412 Acts and the Epistles 3 hours 

RE 441 Bible Manuscripts 2 hours 

RE Electives from 249, 450, and 451 5 hours 

Total 38 hours 

Total hours required for the degree are 133. 



Bachelor of Science in Social Science Education 

Professional Studies: 

Professional Studies Core Curriculum 28 hours 

ED 333 Methods in Teaching Social Studies 2 hours 



109 



ED 340 Methods in Teaching Secondary Reading 3 hours 

ED 430 Internship 9 hours 

Total 42 hours 

Teaching Field: 

EC 281 Principles of Microeconomics 3 hours 

EC 282 Principles of Macroeconomics 3 hours 

GE 201 Physical Geography 3 hours 

GE 202 Cultural Geography 3 hours 

GE 302 Regional Geography 3 hours 

HI 103,104 World Civilization 6 hours 

HI 165 African American History 3 hours 

HI 21 1, 212 United States History ,. 6 hours 

HI 265 Minorities in America 3 hours 

HI 314 Denominational History 3 hours 

HI 322 Hist, of England II or HI 469 Modern Europe 3 hours 

HI 325 African Civilization or HI 364 West Africa 3 hours 

HI 459 Recent Amer. Hist, or HI 460 America in Indust. Age 3 hours 

HI 480 Research Seminar 3 hours 

HI 490 Independent Study 2 hours 

PS 200 Comparative Government 3 hours 

PS 211 American Government 3 hours 

PS 300 State and Local Government 3 hours 

PY 101 Principles of Psychology 3 hours 

SO 101 Principles of Sociology 3 hours 

SO 231 Social Problems 3 hours 

Total 68 hours 

Total hours required for the degree are 157. 



Description of Courses 

ED 130 Orientation to Teaching 2 hours 

An introductory course that includes an overview of the American school 
system and the preparation and qualities essential for successful teaching 
in public and private schools. Students will engage in classroom observa- 
tion and participation in public school classrooms. 

ED 200 Educational Psychology 3 hours 

A study of the nature of teaching and learning, which addresses the 
fundamentals involved in the expected developmental progression of the 
learning process. The course focuses on ways in which psychological 
knowledge is applied to teaching at each domain (physical, social, emo- 
tional, and cognitive) as individual characteristics that influence instructional 
decisions. Additionally, it includes an investigation of theories of learning 



110 



and motivation and their instructional applications in educational settings. 
Prerequisites: PY 101 or SO 101, and ED 130. 

ED 240 Principles of Teaching 3 hours 

A course designed to give the prospective teacher an understanding of the 
principles and procedures of teaching. Opportunity is provided for observ- 
ing, assisting, and instructing in laboratory classroom activities, including 
required experiences in a multigrade classroom. Prerequisite: EDI 30 

ED 250 Philosophy of Christian Education 2 hours 

A study of the fundamental principles, concepts, and aims of Christian 
education. 

ED 254 History, Philosophy, and Foundations of Education (W) 3 hours 

A study of historical, philosophical, and sociological foundations of educa- 
tion. Special emphasis will be placed on ways of addressing the challenges 
posed by the cultural diversity in American schools. Prerequisite: ED 1 30. 

ED 275 Instructional Technology 3 hours 

A course designed to provide the prospective teacher with a functional 
knowledge of the computer. It also encompasses a variety of current 
technologies and media applications for specific instructional designs in 
curriculum development and classroom presentations as well as the evalu- 
ation, selection, and use of technological materials and equipment. Addi- 
tionally, a working knowledge of programming and software applications, 
such as word processing, spreadsheets, database, and Logo, is included. 
Prerequisite: one unit of high school typing or AS 120. 

ED 300 Classroom Organization and Management 3 hours 

Analysis and implementation of effective classroom organization in self- 
contained, nongraded and multigraded settings. Strategies for effective 
discipline, flexible grouping patterns, and healthy classroom climate are 
investigated. Prerequisites: ED 130 and 240. 

ED 311-318 Methods and Materials of Teaching: K-8 3 hours 

A series of courses in methods and materials used in teaching subject matter 
to elementary students. Emphasis is placed on planning and implementing 
unit activities in simulated and field experiences. Prerequisites: ED 200 and 
240. 

ED 311 Methods in Teaching Science and Health: K-8 3 hours 

ED 312 Methods in Teaching Music: K-8 3 hours 

ED 313 Methods in Teaching Language Arts 

and Children's Literature: K-8 3 hours 

ED 315 Methods in Teaching Mathematics: K-8 3 hours 



111 



ED 316 Methods in Teaching Art: K-8 3 hours 

ED 317 IVIethods in Teaching Bible: K-8 2 hours 

ED 318 Methods in Teaching Social Studies: K-8 3 hours 

ED 332-338 Methods and Materials of Teaching 

in the Secondary Schools 2 hours 

Aseries of courses in methods and materials used in teaciiing subject matter 
to students in the high school and intermediate grades. Emphasis is placed 
on planning and implementing specific learning activities in simulated and 
clinical settings. Prerequisite: ED 240. 

ED 332 Methods in Teaching Language Arts 

in the Secondary School 3 hours 

ED 333 Methods in Teaching Social Studies 

in the Secondary School 2 hours 

ED 334 Methods in Teaching Mathematics 

in the Secondary School 2 hours 

ED 335 Methods in Teaching Science 

in the Secondary School 2 hours 

ED 336 Methods in Teaching Family and Consumer Sciences 

in the Secondary School 2 hours 

ED 337 Foundations in Vocational Education 2 hours 

ED 338 Business Education Techniques 2 hours 

ED 340 Methods in Teaching Secondary Reading 3 hours 

A content area reading course designed to acquaint the pre-service teacher 
with reading and study strategies needed to address content assignments 
with understanding. Prerequisite: ED 240. 

ED 341 Foundations of Reading 3 hours 

A course designed to examine the current trends and strategies used in 
teaching reading. Students are required to develop teacher -made materials 
and participate in teaching children to read as part of the field practicum 
activities. Prerequisite: ED 240. 

ED 342 Reading Diagnosis and Remediation 3 hours 

This course investigates current practices, trends, techniques, and materi- 
als for diagnosis and remediation of reading difficulties. Prerequisite: ED 
341. 



112 



ED 350 Introduction to Special Education (W) 3 hours 

This course acquaints prospective teachers and professional workers with 
the characteristics and problems of exceptional children and youth, includ- 
ing: the mentally retarded and advanced; the emotionally maladjusted; and 
those having visual, hearing, speech or other physical handicaps. Prereq- 
uisite: Junior standing and permission of the instructor. 



ED 364 Libraries and Materials 3 hours 

This course is designed to introduce the student to the use and functions of 
a library and its resources. It will survey library organization, services, 
processes, and materials. Fundamentals of classification, basic reference 
materials, and general print and nonprint materials will be studied. Prereq- 
uisite: IS 100 or ED 275. 

ED 370 Educational Tests and Measurements 3 hours 

A course designed to provide functional knowledge of the meaning, use, and 
operation of tests and measurements in education. Use of measurement 
procedures in collecting data and applying appropriate statistical proce- 
dures in interpreting the results is presented. The role of evaluation in 
classroom instruction, the development of standardized tests, teacher- 
made tests, and other types of tests, as well as the grading system, are 
studied. Prerequisites: ED 200 and ED 240. 

ED 376 Computer Assisted Instruction 2-4 hours 

A course designed to provide functional knowledge of the meaning, use, 
and role of computer assisted instruction (CAI) in education. The student will 
develop CAI packages and/or modules for classroom use. Prerequisite: IS 
100 or ED 275. 

ED 385 School Curriculum and Administration 3 hours 

A basic professional course designed to teach the essential elements in the 
organization of the curriculum and the role of management in promoting the 
educative process. Prerequisite: Admission to teacher education. 

ED 400 Contemporary Topics in Education 3 hours 

A study of contemporary issues within the field of education. Guest lecturers, 
research projects, field experiences, and seminars comprise the format of 
this course. Prerequisites: junior standing, admission to teacher education, 
and permission of the instructor. 

ED 420-440 Internship 9 hours 

This course is offered each semester in cooperation with selected area 
schools. The student teacher will be assigned to a cooperating teacher at 
the beginning of the semester and will be expected to spend a minimum of 
ten weeks full-time internship in the area school. A minimum of 300 clock 
hours is required. Student teachers are expected to provide their own 
transportation to their teaching centers and to follow the school calendars 



113 



where they are assigned. College transportation is provided for a fee. The 
course requires weekly attendance at the student teaching seminars. 
Application to student teaching should be made during the spring semester 
prior to the beginning of the academic year in which student teaching is 
planned. Prerequisite: senior standing. 

ED 420 Internship in Elementary School 

ED 430 Internship in Secondary School 

ED 440 Internship: K-12 

ED 490-491 Research and Independent Study each 1-3 hours 

A major research project which contributes to the knowledge base of thefield 
of education. The project is tailored to the student's area of professional 
interest. Prerequisite: Admission to teacher education and permission of the 
department chair. 



114 



Department of English and Communications 



Professors: 
Associate Professors: 
Assistant Professors: 

Instructor: 



B. Benn, U. Benn, Gooding (chair) 
Basaninyenzi, Daly, Davis, Elliott 
Bowe, Harrison, Hinson, Hyman, Mohan 
Patterson, Tucker 
Conwell, Williams 



iVIajors Offered: 


Art(A.S.) 




Communications (B.A.) 




English (B.A.) 




English Language Arts Education (B.S 




French (B.A.) 




Spanish (B.A.) 


Minors Offered: 


Art 




Communications 




English 




French 




Spanish 



Purpose 

It is the purpose of the Department of English and Communications to 
provide essential service to every student. The English program provides 
strategies whereby students can learn to read with speed and comprehension, 
to speak and write clearly, to listen and recall correctly, and to perceive that 
literature is important because it is a source of vital insights into the problems and 
achievements of men-ancient or modern. Beyond and above these objectives, 
the department deals with languages from a Christian perspective by emphasiz- 
ing such qualities of language as purity, kindness, and honesty. 

The major in communications is designed to enable students to study one 
of four concentration tracks: television and radio, print journalism, public rela- 
tions, and speech. Each concentration's curriculum is designed to reflect the 
requirements of the professional job market. 

The objectives of the art program are to provide an environment for 
aesthetic and technical growth, to cultivate an appreciation of the many forms of 
visual experience, to provide opportunities for the joy of self-expression in the 
visual arts, and to prepare artists for employment in a wide variety of professions. 

The program in foreign languages facilitates the B.A. degree and provides 
a profitable elective for students alert to society's growing multiculturalism and 
the cosmopolitan nature of our world. In conjunction with Adventist Colleges 
Abroad (ACA), the foreign language program offers a degree in French or 
Spanish. 



115 



High School Preparation 

Students wishing to major in English or communications should follow the 
college preparatory program in high school. Students should endeavor to read 
widely and learn to express themselves clearly and correctly in speech and in 
writing. 



Application for Admission 

To be admitted as a major in the Department of English and Communica- 
tions, students must have completed at least 32 hours of course work, including 
EN 1 12 Freshman Composition and CO 201 Fundamentals of Public Speaking. 
Prospective communications majors must also have completed CO 221 Intro- 
duction to Mass Communications. Applicants must have an overall minimum 
GPA of 2.00 and a minimum GPA of 2.25 in English and communications 
classes. Application forms must be obtained from, and completed and returned 
to, the department. 



Exit Examinations 

All majors in English, communications, and foreign languages are required 
to take an exit examination during their senior year with a minimum 70 percent 
passing grade. 

All art majors must present a portfolio to the art faculty and exhibit work in 
a senior art show. 



Career Opportunities 

English is an excellent degree for students desiring to enter general service 
areas of the business world where skills such as editing, grant proposal writing, 
and speech writing are always in high demand. Other opportunities include 
graduate school, journalism, law, library science, medicine, public relations, 
and teaching. Students in communications are prepared for professional 
careers in broadcasting, journalism, and public relations, or for media-related 
positions in education and industry. Artists find employment in a variety of 
professions in thousands of organizations around the world. Foreign language 
majors with their bilingual skills find unlimited opportunities for work and 
graduate school. 



116 



Bachelor of Arts in Communications 

This program is designed to enable students to study communications from 
individual, group, historical, societal, and cultural perspectives. 

Major Requirements: 

CO 201 Fundamentals of Public Speaking 3 hours 

CO 221 Introduction to Mass Communications 3 hours 

CO 231 Introduction to Journalism and Media Writing 3 hours 

CO 315 Mass Media Law 3 hours 

CO 330 Communication Theory 3 hours 

CO 401 or 403 Practicum or Internship in Communications 3 hours 

CO Concentration in Public Relations, 

Communication Arts, Electronic Media, or Print Journalism* 18 hours 

CO Electives 6 hours 

AR 204 Desktop Publishing for Graphic Design** 3 hours 

Total 45 hours 

**Students in electronic media concentration will replace AR 204 with CO 232 
Writing Non-fiction for Electronic Media. 

*Public Relations concentration: 

CO 311 Principles of Advertising 3 hours 

CO 331 Principles and Practices of Public Relations 3 hours 

CO 332 Writing for Public Relations 3 hours 

CO 371 Public Relations Management 3 hours 

Electives by advisement 6 hours 

*Communication Arts concentration: 

CO 320 Voice and Diction 3 hours 

CO 325 Interpersonal Communication 3 hours 

CO 421 Persuasion 3 hours 

Electives by advisement 9 hours 

*Electronic Media concentration: 

CO 305 Production Management 3 hours 

CO 343 Fundamentals of Audio Production or 

CO 347 Advanced Video Production 3 hours 

CO 346 Fundamentals of Video Production 3 hours 

CO 410 Broadcast Advertising 3 hours 

Electives by advisement 6 hours 

*Print Journalism concentration: 

CO 333 Feature Writing 3 hours 



117 



CO 431 Writing for Public Relations and Public Information 3 hours 

CO 435 Editing 3 hours 

Electives by advisement 9 hours 

Minor is required 18-21 hours 



Bachelor of Arts in English 

This degree is intended to meet the needs of students desiring a 
strong liberal arts background or of students planning to enter graduate or 
professional school. 

Major Requirements: 

EN 201 World Literature 3 hours 

EN 211, 212 Survey of English Literature 6 hours 

EN 301, 302 Survey of American Literature 6 hours 

EN 304 Advanced Composition 3 hours 

EN 311 Literary Criticism 3 hours 

EN 320 or EN 321 Black Literature 3 hours 

EN 341 Technical Writing, EN 351 Creative Writing, or 

CO 231 Introduction to Journalism 3 hours 

EN 413 Descriptive English Grammar 3 hours 

EN 431 Elizabethan Literature 3 hours 

EN 470 Seminar in English 1 hour 

EN Electives 9 hours 

Total 43 hours 

Minor is required 18-21 hours 

Bachelor of Science in English Language Arts Education 

This program qualifies persons to teach secondary school English or 
language arts. After graduation, students may apply for Alabama Class B 
Certificate: English Language Arts, grades 7-12; and SDA Basic Teaching 
Certificate: English Language Arts, grades 7-12. 

Refer to the Department of Education section in this bulletin for the 
program outline. Program Advisor: L. Gooding. 

Bachelor of Arts in French 

Students intending to use ACA classes to major or minor in French must be 
advised by the program director before registering for classes. Program 
Director: U. Benn 



118 



Major Requirements: 

FR 201-202 Intermediate French 6 hours 

FR Electives (offered at ACA campus) 27 hours 

FR 490-491 Research and upper division electives 9 hours 

Total 42 hours 

Minor is required 18-21 hours 

Bachelor of Arts in Spanish 

Students intending to use ACA classes to major or minor in Spanish must 
be advised by the program director before registering for classes. Program 
Director: U. Benn 

Major Requirements: 

SP 201-202 Intermediate Spanish 6 hours 

SP Electives (Offered at ACA Campus) 27 hours 

SP 490-491 Research and upper division electives 9 hours 

Total 42 hours 

Minor is required 18-21 hours 



Associate of Science in Art 
Concentration: Commercial Art 

This two-year program is designed to prepare students to make rapid 
application of their skills in the commercial art world of visual communications. 
The students concentrate on creating posters, banners, murals, and other 
publicity-type productions. Designs and layouts for books, magazines, adver- 
tisements, and other printed materials are studied in a practical manner to 
produce camera-ready art for printing. 

Major Requirements: 

AR 101-102 Basic Design 6 hours 

AR111 Fund, of Drawing or AR 121 Fund, of Painting 3 hours 

AR 141 Fundamentals of Photography 3 hours 

AR 204 Desktop Publishing for Graphic Design 3 hours 

AR 214 Desktop Publishing for Graphic Production 3 hours 

AR 217 Art Appreciation 3 hours 

AR 31 1 Advanced Drawing or AR 321 Advanced Painting 3 hours 

AR 377 Portfolio 2 hours 

AR Electives 3 hours 

Total 29 hours 



119 



Associate of Science in Art 
Concentration: Photography 

Photography has very broad and practical uses such as photojournalism, 
documentation, illustration, and fine art. This two-year program provides training 
and experience with equipment and techniques in black-and-white, and color 
photography. 



Major Requirements: 

AR 101-102 Basic Design 6 hours 

AR 1 1 1 Fundamentals of Drawing or AR 121 Painting 3 hours 

AR 141 Fundamentals of Photography 3 hours 

AR 204 Desktop Publishing for Graphic Design 3 hours 

AR 217 Art Appreciation 3 hours 

AR 341 Advanced Photography 3 hours 

AR 374 Studio Photography 3 hours 

AR 377 Portfolio 2 hours 

Art electives 3 hours 

Total 29 hours 



Minor in Art 

AR 101 Basic Design 3 hours 

AR 111 Fund, of Drawing or AR 121 Fund, of Painting 3 hours 

AR 141 Fundamentals of Photography 3 hours 

AR 217 Art Appreciation 3 hours 

AR 311 Advanced Drawing, AR 321 Advanced Painting, or 

AR 341 Advanced Photography 3 hours 

Art electives (must be upper division) 6 hours 

Total 21 hours 



Minor in Communications 

CO 201 Fundamentals of Public Speaking 3 hours 

CO 231 Introduction to Journalism and Media Writing 3 hours 

CO 221 Introduction to Mass Communications 3 hours 

Electives (in one concentration; at least 9 upper division) 12 hours 

Total 21 hours 



120 



Minor in English 

EN 201 World Literature 3 hours 

EN 211, 212 Survey of English Literature 6 hours 

EN 301, 302 Survey of American Literature 6 hours 

EN 304 Advanced Composition 3 hours 

Elective 3 hours 

Total 21 hours 



Minor in English (Writing Emphasis) 

EN 201 World Literature 3 hours 

EN 304 Advanced Composition 3 hours 

EN 413 Descriptive English Grammar 3 hours 

EN Literature Elective 3 hours 

CO 231 Introduction to Journalism and Media Writing 3 hours 

Select two courses from: EN 341 Technical Writing, 

CO 333 Feature Writing, CO 431 Writing for Public Relations, and 

CO 435 Editing 6 hours 

Total 21 hours 



Minor in French 

FR 201-202 Intermediate French 6 hours 

FR electives (offered at ACA campus) 12 hours 

FR upper division elective 3 hours 

Total 21 hours 



Minor in Spanish 

SP 201-202 Intermediate Spanish 6 hours 

SP Electives (Offered at ACA campus) 12 hours 

SP upper division elective 3 hours 

Total 21 hours 



Description of Courses 
Art 

AR 101-102 Basic Design 3-3 hours 

A study of the basic principles and elements of representational and 
nonrepresentational design. Two-and three-dimensional design is ex- 



121 



plored. Emphasizes understanding of line, color, shape, texture, and 
balance in spatial relationships. 

AR 111 Fundamentals of Drawing 3 hours 

The fundamentals of rendering based on the principles and elements of 
design and spatial organization. Natural forms will be approached to 
develop the powers of observation, self-expression, and technical skills. 
Various black-and-white media will be used. 

AR 121 Fundamentals of Painting 3 hours 

The fundamentals of painting in oils and or acrylics designed to develop the 
proper use of equipment, media, and color in landscape, still-life, and figure 
subjects. 

AR 141 Fundamentals of Photography 3 hours 

The fundamentals of using the camera as an instrument of creative 
expression. The course is a hands-on experience in camera handling black- 
and-white negative and print developing, contact printing, and enlarge- 
ments. Special emphasis is placed on materials, lighting, exposure, and 
photography as a means of creative aesthetic self-expression. Students 
must have a 35mm camera. Rentals are available at the College Bookstore. 

AR 204 Desktop Publishing for Graphic Design 3 hours 

The study and use of lettering, type styles, graphics, page layout design 
and desktop publishing. The course is designed to study the advancement 
and refinement of graphic art techniques with emphasis on the proper use 
of mechanical tools and computer-aided (Macintosh) desktop publishing 
systems, as they relate to the commercial art industry. 

AR214 Desktop Publishing for Graphic Production 3 hours 

The study of preparing mechanical and computer-generated graphics and 
page layoutdesignsfor press production. Designswill be carried to camera- 
ready stage where students will use a process camera to produce PMTs, 
line negatives, and halftones. Prerequisite: AR 204. 

AR 217 Art Appreciation 3 hours 

A general survey of art from prehistory to contemporary time. By means of 
lectures, slides and video presentations, the course is designed to engen- 
der an appreciation of visual expression and show how art of cultures 
throughoutthe ages has shaped modern Western culture. Prerequisite: EN 
112. 

AR 261 Sculpture 3 hours 

The basics of three-dimensional designs in wood, stone, clay, plaster, and 
other materials, putting into practice the fundamentals of modeling, carving, 
casting, and construction. Emphasis is placed on design, tools, and 
techniques leading to the control and understanding of materials and their 
relationship to sculpture. No previous experience needed. 



122 



AR 311-312 Advanced Drawing 3-3 hours 

Advanced development of competent graphic expression by drawing from 
the model, with emphasis on line, mass, gesture, and structure. Students 
. manipulate various media and materials, developing an individual method 
and style. Prerequisite: AR 111. 

AR 321-322 Advanced Painting 3-3 hours 

A continued study in the advancement of personal style and skill through the 
study of form and color in portrait and figure painting, using oils and acrylics. 
Prerequisite: AR 121. 

AR341-342 Advanced Photography 3-3 hours 

Advanced applications in black-and-white and color photography produc- 
ing prints, enlargements, and transparencies, with emphasis on personal 
expressions and creative use of photography for illustration and fine art. 
Individual experimentation is highly recommended. Prerequisite: AR141. 

AR 367- 368 Independent Study each 1-3 hours 

Art practicum of advanced, directed study or studio work in a selected area 
of deficiency or interest. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. 

AR 374 Studio Photography 3 hours 

A survey of lighting techniques used in the studio, ranging from portraiture 
to still life. To be able to understand the reasons for using various types of 
lighting equipment and some ofthetechniques employed in usingthem, the 
class hours will be devoted to lighting demonstrations in the studio, lectures, 
and critiquing of assignments. Laboratory will consist of planning out 
assignments, gathering props, shooting assignments, printing, and mount- 
ing for class critiques. Prerequisite: AR 141 or permission of instructor. 

AR 377 Portfolio 1-3 hours 

The development of a professional portfolio of work done as a sample for 
prospective employers. Preparation for job interviews will be emphasized 
and a well-written resume will be produced, ready for stepping into the job 
market. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. 

AR 397- 398 Senior Project each 1-3 hours 

An individual project for all majors of creative work on an advanced level. 
Students will plan a public exhibit of their work. They will develop a 
permanent visual and written record of artistic efforts which, with selected 
original works, will become part of the department's collection. Prerequisite: 
permission of instructor. 



123 



Communications 

CO 201 Fundamentals of Public Speaking 3 hours 

A study of the fundamental principles of oral communication and their 
effective application through classroom speeches and constructive criti- 
cism. Prerequisite: EN 111. 

CO 221 Introduction to Mass Communications 3 hours 

Explores the history, structures, functions, responsibilities, and impact of 
mass media in society. Includes an overview of the print and electronic 
industries and how they relate to each other, their roles in technological 
advances, and how they influence society's formation of knowledge, atti- 
tudes, and behavior. Prerequisite: EN 111. 

CO 231 Introduction to Journalism and Media Writing 3 hours 

The principles of news gathering, interpreting, and reporting are studied. 
Experience is gained in writing newspaper articles. Prerequisites: CO 221 , 
EN 1 12, and AS 120 or type 45 wpm. 

CO 232 Writing Non-fiction for Electronic Media 3 hours 

Principles and techniques for script writing for non-fiction radio and TV 
productions are explored. Besides simulated exercises, students will also 
write a final script targeted for use by students enrolled in CO 347 as part 
of their productions. Prerequisites: CO 221 and EN 112. 

CO 242 Mass Communication and Society 3 hours 

An analysis of the relationships between mass communication and society, 
including institutional functions and socioeconomic, structural-cultural, and 
other factors affecting mass communications processes. Prerequisite: CO 
221. 

CO 305 Production Management 3 hours 

The course will teach the methodology of planning and management during 
preproduction, production, and postproduction of nondramatic films and 
videos. Students will write a proposal, take a script, and break it down for 
production outline, scheduling, budgeting, and producing. Prerequisites: 
CO 221, CO 346 and concurrent enrollment in CO 347 Advanced Video 
Production. 

CO 311 Principles of Advertising 3 hours 

An institutional and functional study of persuasion, consumer motivation 
and behavior, and application of the principles of advertising to electronic 
media. Prerequisite: CO 221. 

CO 315 Mass Media Law 3 hours 

An overview of legal aspects of the media and First Amendment issues, with 
emphasis on libel, privacy and intrusion, copyright, FCC laws, advertising, 
and marketing. Prerequisite: CO 221. 



124 



CO 320 Voice and Diction 3 hours 

Trains for improvement in the use of the speaking voice. Attention is 
focused on range, flexibility, clarity of articulation, and standards of pronun- 
ciation, with individual help in the correction of faulty speech habits. 
Prerequisite: CO 201. 

CO 325 Interpersonal Communications 3 hours 

A study of interpersonal communication skills such as listening, conflict 
management, and nonverbal communication. Practical applications of 
skills are emphasized. Prerequisite: CO 201. 

CO 330 Communication Theory 3 hours 

The scope and purpose of communication, the factors involved in the 
process, and the role of language in human behavior. Prerequisite: CO 
201. 

CO 331 Principles and Practices of Public Relations 3 hours 

An in-depth analysis of the practice of public relations. Students will study 
the field's history and current techniques used by practitioners to build two- 
way relationships with their publics and influence public opinion. Prerequi- 
site: CO 221. 

CO 332 Writing for Public Relations 3 hours 

Examines the various styles and formats used in public relations writing and 
how it impacts target audiences, message strategies, and channel selec- 
tion. Prerequisite: CO 231. 

CO 333 Feature Writing 3 hours 

Theory and practice of writing feature stories for newspaper and magazine 
use, supplemented by practical assignments in interviewing, writing, revi- 
sion, and marketing of articles. Prerequisite: CO 231. 

CO 342 Radio and TV Announcing 3 hours 

A course designed to help the student acquire the skills that will lead to 
competent performance as a media announcer. Study is given to the 
speech techniques that are required in preparation, announcing, and 
narration of various types of material. Prerequisites: CO 201 and CO 221 

CO 343 Fundamentals of Audio Production 3 hours 

Practical aspects of radio production techniques are studied, with emphasis 
on the basic operation of radio and audio equipment. Group and individual 
activities. Laboratory is involved. Prerequisite: CO 221. 

CO 345 Religious Broadcasting 3 hours 

A study of the principles and techniques of using the mass media to 
communicate the gospel. Prerequisite: CO 201. 



125 



CO 346 Fundamentals of Video Production 3 hours 

The student is expected to become conversant with the basic operation of 
audio and video equipment. Keyboard skills and a laboratory are involved. 
Students are required to participate in assigned campus productions for a 
minimum of six hours each week. Each student will also be required to 
demonstrate ability to translate stories and ideas into moving images by 
producing a video of approximately three to five minutes in length. Prereq- 
uisite: CO 221. 

CO 347 Advanced Video Production 3 hours 

Students will have the option of selecting one or more of the three following 
areas of interest: editing, photography or producing/directing. A laboratory 
is involved. They will be required to produce an individual video based on 
a script written or acquired from students in CO 242 and planned in CO 305. 
Prerequisites: CO 346 and concurrent enrollment in CO 305. 

CO 353 Fundamentals of Play Directing 3 hours 

Theories of direction and production. Producing and directing a one-act 
play or one act from a longer playfor public performance. Prerequisite: CO 
201. 

CO 355 Creative Drama 3 hours 

Philosophy and techniques involved in improvised drama, including drama 
for children. Prerequisite: CO 201. 

CO 360 Fiction and Dramatic Screen Writing 3 hours 

Students will learn how to develop stories and characters, the formats for 
various genres, and the art of marketing a script. Students will be required 
to write a screenplay from a minimum of 25 min. length to a full-length script. 
Offered alternate years. Prerequisite: CO 347. 

CO 365 Fiction/Dramatic Film and TV Production 3 hours 

Students will go through the entire process of producing a dramatic video 
orfilm using an electroniccamera(orthey may upgrade to a 16mm camera 
at their own expense) based on a script written or acquired from CO 360. 
Offered alternate years. Prerequisite: CO 347; recommended: CO 353. 

CO 371 Public Relations Management 3 hours 

Students will be exposed to all elements involved in managing a public 
relations office. Specific focus will be given to strategic planning, time 
management, creating budgets, staffing, working with clients and service 
providers, and personnel training. Prerequisites: CO 330 and CO 331. 

CO 373 Working With the Media in Public Relations 3 hours 

Studies will focus on how to build media relationships that promote credibil- 
ity and news coverage, techniques that generate positive publicity, crisis 
management, and integrating new media technologies into public relations 
practice. Prerequisites: CO 331, CO 332, and AR 204. 



126 



CO 401-402 Practicum in Communications 3-3 hours 

Students will gain practical experience in journalism, communication arts, 
public relations, or audio/video production. Students will work under the 
cooperative direction of professionals and the communications faculty. 
Students will become familiar with the ongoing tasks and routines required 
in their areas of concentration. Practicum of six hours each week is required. 
Prerequisites: adequate background and consent of the instructors. 

CO 403 Internship in Communications 2- 3 hours 

Student must work full-time at a journalistic, public relations, or broadcast 
facility and perform ongoing tasks and practices of professionals in the 
student's area of concentration. Student must apply to the employing 
organization and be acceptedtoworkfourtoeightweeksunderthe direction 
of a professional. Prerequisites: adequate background, junior standing, 
and consent of the instructor. 

CO 410 Broadcast Advertising 3 hours 

Besides acquiring an overview of how the advertising, broadcasting and 
media-buying industhes work in a synergical environment, students will 
learn to write and produce effective commercials for radio, TV, and the 
Internet, and understand the sales and marketing aspects of the broadcast 
advertising industry. Each student will simulate an advertising campaign 
which will include at least three commercials/PSAs. Prerequisite: CO 343 or 
CO 347. 

CO 411 Broadcast Management 3 hours 

A study of the various aspects involved in managing a media facility as a 
medium for both profit and social change. Offered alternate years. Prereq- 
uisites: CO 201 and CO 221. 

CO 421 Persuasion 3 hours 

An advanced speech course in which the student will study theories and 
models of persuasive speaking and practice the delivery of persuasive 
speeches. Offered alternate years. Prerequisite: CO 201. 

CO 435 Editing 3 hours 

Theory and practice of newspaper copy editing and headline writing. 
Emphasis is placed on the need to develop a broad grasp of contemporary 
social, political, and religious issues with discretion and finesse. Laboratory 
experience required. Prerequisites: CO 231 and CO 333. 



English 

EN 090-091 English as a Second Language 3-3 hours 

A course designed for students whose native language is not English. Study 
and practice of English in its written form. Laboratory is required. 



127 



EN 095 Composition Skills Review 3 hours 

This course is required of all beginning freshmen during their first semester 
if the ACT enhanced English score is below 1 6 or the SAT English score is 
below 410. Laboratory is required. An exit examination is given before the 
completion of EN 095. 

EN 099 Developmental Reading 2 hours 

This course is required of all beginning freshmen during their first semester 
if the ACT enhanced English score is below 1 6 or the SAT English score is 
below 410. Laboratory is required. 

EN 111-112 Freshman Composition 3-3 hours 

A study of rhetoric designed to teach students effective writing, reading, 
speaking, and listening. In EN 1 1 1 , emphasis is placed on the short theme 
and close study is given to expository and argumentative writing. In EN 112, 
students are introduced to literature, to methods of research using the 
library, the Internet, and CD-ROM, and to writing a research paper. An exit 
examination is given before the completion of EN 1 1 1 , and the requirements 
for EN 1 12 may not be met by CLEP. 

EN 201 World Literature (W) 3 hours 

A survey of selected world masterpieces of literature-some in translation. 
Emphasis is placed on the ancient, medieval, and Renaissance periods, 
and on major African-American authors. Prerequisite: EN 112. 

EN 204 Effective Reading Strategies for College Students 2 hours 

A course designed for college students to increase their rate of comprehen- 
sion. Speed drill, vocabulary, and comprehension exercises are covered. 

EN 211, 212 Survey of English Literature I, II 3,3 hours 

A study of English literature from Anglo-Saxon to modern times. Historical 
and biographical backgrounds are important but major emphasis is placed 
on a critical and evaluative analysis of the literature. Prerequisite: EN 112. 

EN 250 English Fundamentals 2 hours 

A course designed for students who did not pass the English Proficiency 
Examination required in their junior year. In it, the basic mechanics of 
sentence and paragraph structure will be reviewed until the student can 
demonstrate the ability to write acceptable standard English. Only students 
who have taken the English Proficiency Examination may register for EN 
250. The requirements of this course may not be met by special examina- 
tion. This course may not count toward a major or minor in English. 

EN 301, 302 Survey of American Literature 3,3 hours 

A study of major American poets and prose writers and main currents of 
thought to which they contributed. Prerequisite: EN 112. 



128 



EN 304 Advanced Composition (W) 3 hours 

An intensive study designed to develop the writing skills of students through 
advanced rhetorical strategies. When EN 304 is taken at Oakwood College, 
a grade of B or better exempts a student from the English Proficiency 
Examination. Prerequisites: EN 112 and junior standing, and completion 
of the literature requirement (EN 201 , EN 21 1 , EN 212, EN 301 or EN 302). 

EN 305 Biblical Literature (W) 3 hours 

A study of selected books from the Old and New Testaments with emphasis 
on their literary value and with consideration of the place of the Bible in world 
literature. Prerequisite: EN 112. Offered alternate years. 

EN 311 Theory and Practice in Literary Criticism (W) 3 hours 

An introduction to literary theory from Plato to Foucault. Emphasis is placed 
on the relationship between literature and other disciplines in the humani- 
ties and the social sciences, and how these disciplines influence the 
production, canonization, interpretation, and analysis of texts. The reading 
includes adolescent literature to illustrate Plato's views on the literary 
education of young minds. Prerequisites: EN 201 and any two of EN 21 1 , 
EN 212, EN 301, or En 302. 

EN 320, 321 Black Literature I, II (W) 3, 3 hours 

A survey designed to introduce the student to literature written by Black 
writers. EN 320 to 1900; EN 321 to present. Although other nationalities will 
be represented, the major emphasis will be upon literature produced in the 
United States. Prerequisite: EN 201, 211, 212, 301, or 302. 

EN 323 Twentieth Century American Literature (W) 3 hours 

An introduction to major American writers of the twentieth century, with 
emphasis on modernism and post-modernism, and their implication for 
Christian morality. Prerequisites: EN 211, EN 212, EN 301, or EN 302 and 
junior standing, 

EN 324 Twentieth Century British Literature (W) 3 hours 

An introduction to major British writers of the twentieth century, with 
emphasis on the impact of the politics of social change on the literature of 
the period. Prerequisites: EN 211, EN 212, EN 301, or EN 302, and junior 
standing. 

EN 341 Technical Writing (W) 3 hours 

A course designed to meet the demands of writing in industry. Writing of 
reports, proposals, and memoranda, with emphasis on organization and 
clarity, is required. Prerequisites: EN 1 12 and junior standing. 

EN 351 Creative Writing 3 hours 

Designed to meet the needs of those interested in developing skills in 
creative writing, fiction, nonfiction, and poetry. Prerequisite: EN 112 and 
junior standing. 



129 



EN 411 History of the English Language (W) 3 hours 

A study of the development of the language, with emphasis on the sound 
system and grammar; application of historical insights into problems of 
teaching English. Offered alternate years. Prerequisites: EN211and212. 

EN 413 Descriptive English Grammar (W) 3 hours 

An intensive study of English grammar from both the traditional and the 
linguistic points of view. Prerequisite: EN 304. 

EN 421 Milton (W) 3 hours 

A study of Paradise Lost and Paradise Regained \N'\th some attention given 
to Milton's minor poems. Offered alternate years. Prerequisites: EN 21 1 
and 212. 

EN 431 Elizabethan Literature (W) 3 hours 

A study of major authors and works of the period. Offered alternate years. 
Prerequisites: EN 211 and 212. 

EN 451 Romanticism (W) 3 hours 

A specialized course in the study of English poetry and prose between 1 798 
and 1 832. Emphasis is placed on the classical background of Romanticism 
and the major Romantic poets. Offered alternate years. Prerequisites: EN 
211 and 212. 

EN 461 Victorianism (W) 3 hours 

A specialized course emphasizing major English writers from 1832-1890. 
Attention is given to the milieu of the period. Offered alternate years. 
Prerequisites: EN 21 land 212. 

EN 470 Seminar in English 1 hour 

Aseminar and capstone course in which senior English majors make a brief, 
comprehensive review of the body of knowledge that comprises the English 
program at Oakwood College, and study current problems and develop- 
ments in the broad field of English language and literature. Prerequisites: 
senior status and 27 upper division English hours. 

EN 490-491 Research and Independent Study each 1-3 hours 

Individual research under the guidance of an instructor. Limited to senior 
majors. Prerequisite: prior approval of the department chair. 

French 

FR 101-102 Beginning French 3-3 hours 

Study of the fundamentals of grammar with elementary conversation and 
reading of simple material on French culture. Accurate pronunciation is 



130 



stressed. Laboratory is required. Students who iiave successfully com- 
pleted 2 or more years of high school French, two years or less before 
resuming study of the language at Oakwood College, must enroll in 
Intermediate French. 

PR 201-202 Intermediate French 3-3 hours 

A general review and continuation of grammar and vocabulary building, with 
special emphasis on the spoken language. Selected readings on French 
Amehcan life and culture. Laboratory is required. Prerequisite: FR 102. 

FR 490-491 Research and Independent Study 3-3 hours 

Individual research under the guidance of an instructor. Prerequisites: 
senior majors who have completed one year on an ACA campus. 

Courses offered at institut Adventiste du Saleve (In quarter hours) 

FR 221 Intermediate Composition 2-3 hours 

Fundamental principles of French composition and stylistics. 

FR 251 Intermediate Oral Expression 1-3 hours 

For students having a basic knowledge of French. They will learn how to 
function in a socially acceptable way in French culture by using the 
vocabulary, syntax, and sentence structure studied in FR 201 class in 
dialogues, role plays, and varied activities. 

FR 301 Advanced French 6 hours 

For students scoring sufficiently high on the placement test or those having 
completed FR 201. 

FR 321 Advanced Composition I 2-3 hours 

Techniques of composition, planning, and organization, narrative proce- 
dures, descriptions, and development of ideas. 

FR 351 Advanced Oral Expression I 1-3 hours 

Students will develop their ability to express their ideas on different topics 
concerning French culture and civilization through presentations. 

FR 421-422-423 Advanced Composition II each 2-3 hours 

Techniques of expository writing. Study of the process of writing, analysis 
of the subject, narrative procedures, description, and development of ideas. 

FR 425-426-427 French Rhetoric each 2-5 hours 

Techniques ofexpositorywriting (as for examinations). Study of the process 
of writing; analysis of the subject; documentation and research of ideas; 
complete outlining; writing of drafts and rewriting; linking of ideas in various 
parts of a text. 



131 



FR 431-432-433 Advanced Orthography each 2-3 hours 

Intensive practical application of French orthography. 

FR 441-442-443 Advanced Grammar each 2-4 hours 

Systematic review of the rules of French grammar. 

FR 451 Advanced Oral Expression II 2-3 hours 

Individual exercises and group discussion on a wide variety of current topics 
in order to allow the student to acquire and put into practice a more varied, 
precise, and flexible style of spoken French. 

FR 461-462 Literary Discussion 2-2 hours 

Systematic reading and analysis of vocabulary style ideas of specific French 
literary works. Every quarter new authors and books of different styles are 
studied in depth. 

FR 465-466-467 Literary Analysis each 2-3 hours 

Reading, analysis, and commentary of French literary texts. 

FR 471-472-473 French Civilization each 2-3 hours 

Astudy ofthemain artistic trends in French history and the importance and 
influence of French culture from the Middle Ages to contemporary times. 
French life today: intellectual, artistic, political, and religious. 

FR 481 Survey of French Literature 2 hours 

A study of the history of French literature and its different styles utilizing 
works from the Middle Ages to the twentieth century. 

FR 491-492-493 Survey of French Literature each 2-3 hours 

A study of the history of French literature and its different styles utilizing 
works from the eighteenth century to the twentieth century. 

Spanish 

SP 101-102 Beginning Spanish 3-3 hours 

A study of the fundamentals of grammar, with elementary conversation and 
reading of simple material on Spanish and Hispanic American culture. 
Accurate pronunciation is stressed. Laboratory is required. Students who 
have successfully completed 2 or more years of high school Spanish, two 
years or less before resuming study of the language at Oakwood College, 
must enroll in Intermediate Spanish. 

SP 201-202 Intermediate Spanish 3-3 hours 

A general review and continuation of grammar and vocabulary building, with 
special emphasis on the spoken language. Selected readings on Spanish 
and Hispanic American life and culture. Laboratory is required. Prerequi- 
site: SP 102. 



132 



SP 490-491 Research and Independent Study 3-3 hours 

Individual research under the guidance of an instructor. Prerequisite: 
senior major who has completed one year on an ACA campus. 



Courses offered at Colegio Adventista de Sag unto (In quarter hours) 

AP 201-202-203 Spanish Folklore 2-2-2 hours 

Insight on the customs, traditions, holidays, costumes, music, songs, and 
dances of the Spanish people, with an in-depth study on individual regions. 

SP 251-252-253 Intermediate Spanish Grammar 4-4-4 hours 

Review of grammar combined with oral and written practice at the interme- 
diate level. 

SP 261-262-263 Intermediate Spanish Composition 3-3-3 hours 

Written Spanish, with special emphasis on grammar, orthography, and 
syntax at the intermediate level. At least one composition due each week 
based on everyday topics. 

SP 271-272-273 Intermediate Spanish Conversation 2-2-2 hours 

Oral practice in class, with emphasis on grammar, phonetics, and syntax at 
the intermediate level. Laboratory required. 

SP 312-313 Spain and its Culture 2-2 hours 

Lectures and readings on Spanish culture-its history, politics, arts, and 
literature-with special emphasis on the Spanish way of thinking. 

SP 331-332-333 History of Spanish Literature 3-3-3 hours 

A general study of Spanish literature from the Middle Ages to contemporary 
times. Recommended for students with advanced Spanish language skills. 

SP 351-352-353 Advanced Spanish Grammar 4-4-4 hours 

An in-depth study of Spanish grammar and syntax combined with both oral 
and written practice. 

SP 361-362-363 Advanced Spanish Composition I 3-3-3 hours 

Written Spanish, with special emphasis on reading comprehension and 
compositions which incorporate the usage and understanding of studied 
grammatical structures. Compositions will be related to themes studied in 
class. 

SP 371-372-373 Advanced Spanish Conversation I 2-2-2 hours 

Attainment of a strong basic Spanish vocabulary with special emphasis on 
grammatical structures and idioms, and an understanding of the different 
speaking levels that exist within the language. Emphasis will also be placed 
on being able to understand and participate fluently and with self- 
confidence in a colloquial Spanish conversation. Laboratory is required. 



133 



SP 399 Readings in Spanish Literature 1-3 hours 

SP 422-423 Translation and Interpretation 2-2 hours 

Translation methodology and its application to translations of Spanish texts 
into English and vice versa. Attention is given to the idiomatic expressions 
in both languages. 

SP 451-452-453 Advanced Spanish Grammar II 4-4-4 hours 

Review of grammar, with emphasis on difficult points of grammar, orthogra- 
phy, syntax, and style combined with the study of expressions, idioms, and 
an increase in vocabulary. 

SP 461-462-463 Advanced Spanish Composition II 3-3-3 hours 

Written Spanish, with special emphasis on difficult points of grammar, 
orthography, syntax, and style combined with the study of expressions, 
idioms, and an expanded vocabulary. 

SP 471-472-473 Advanced Spanish Conversation II 2-2-2 hours 

Discussion at all levels of the language: colloquial, technical, and philo- 
sophical. Some of the discussions will be taken from newspapers and/or 
magazines. Special emphasis on syntax, style, phonetic accuracy, and 
vocabularly. Two hours of laboratory required each week. 



134 



Department of Family and Consumer Sciences 



Professor: Davis (Chair) 

Associate Professor: Warren 

Assistant Professors: Alcock, IVIohan, Smith 

Majors: Dietetics (B.S.) 

Family and Consumer Sciences (B.S.) 

Family and Consumer Sciences Education (B.S.] 

Human Developmentand Family Studies (B.S.) 

Minors: Apparel and Design 

Child Development 
Food and Nutrition 
Family and Consumer Sciences 



Purpose 

It is the purpose of the Department of Family and Consumer Sciences to 
provide professional programsin nutrition, human developmentandfamily studies, 
family and consumer sciences education, and general family and consumer 
sciences. The faculty requires that every student enrolled in each professional 
program acquire an understanding of the body of knowledge specified for that 
program. The department will provide a Christian perspective to all aspects of 
family and consumer sciences and utilize knowledge and skills to strengthen 
family life in the home and society. 

The Department of Family and Consumer Sciences has been approved for 
the Didactic Program in Dietetics bythe American Dietetics Association. Students 
planning to qualify for the Didactic Program in Dietetics must see the Program 
Director foralistofcurrentclasses required by theAmerican Dietetic Association. 
The Teacher Education Program in Family and Consumer Sciences is approved 
by the Alabama State Department of Education and the National Council for 
Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE). 

All majors are required to become members of the student section of the 
AmericanAssociation of Family and Consumer Sciences orthe American Dietetic 
Association. 



Application for Admission 

To be admitted as a major in the Department of Family and Consumer 
Sciences, students must have completed at least 32 semester hours, including 
EN 112 Freshman Composition, and have an overall minimum GPA of 2.00. 
Application forms must be obtained from, and returned to, the department. 



135 



Exit Examination 

All students are required to take an exit examination the first semester of their 
senioryear. Evaluation ofconceptual skills, techniques ofprojects, and laboratory 
performances will be included in the examination. All students must pass the 
examination with 70 percent proficiency before graduation. 

Career Opportunities 

Career choices for graduates from this departmentinclude: dietitians, fashion 
coordinators, fashion designers, family life specialists, hospital administrators, 
interior decorators, nutritionists, preschool directors, and teachers. 



Bachelor of Science in Dietetics 

This program is designed for students who possess a strong interest in the 
sociological, psychological, physiological, and economical aspects of food and 
nutrition with emphasis on health promotion/disease prevention. It is required that 
students have a GPA of at least a 2.5 or better in order to apply to the Didactic 
Program in Dietetics. 

Admission Requirements for the Didactic Program in Dietetics: 

1. GPA 2.5 or above on 4.0 scale. 

2. Students whose native language is not English must achieve a satisfac- 
tory score on the TOEFL examination. 

3. Have a grade of Cor better in EN 111-112 Freshman Composition. 

4. Students who have less than 2.5 can only be admitted on a provisional 
basis by meeting the following criteria: 

* Successful score on Watson Glaser Test 

* Must score a competent level (1 2th grade) on the reading test 

Major Requirements: 

FS 101 Introduction to Family and Consumer Sciences 1 hour 

FS111 Food Preparation 3 hours 

FS131 Nutrition 3 hours 

FS301 Experimental Foods 3 hours 

FS 321 Advanced Nutrition 3 hours 

FS 360 Vegetarian Cuisine 3 hours 

FS421 Quantity Food Management 3 hours 

FS431 Food Systems Management 3 hours 

FS 433 Community Nutrition 3 hours 

FS 440 Clinical Nutrition 3 hours 

FS 453 Senior Seminar 1 hour 

FS 490 Research and Independent Study 3 hours 



136 



BA310 Principles of Management 3 hours 

BI1 11-112 Human Anatomy and Physiology 6 hours 

BI221 Microbiology 4 hours 

CHI 41 -142 General Chemistry 8 hours 

CH 31 1-312 Organic Chemistry 8 hours 

CH331 Nutritional Biochemistry 3 hours 

ED 336 Methods in Teaching Home Ec. in Secondary Schools .... 2 hours 

EN 341 Technical Writing 3 hours 

PY101 Principles of Psychology 3 hours 

PY 307 Statistical Methods 3 hours 

SO 101 Principles of Sociology 3 hours 

Total 78 hours 



Approved Pre-professional Practice Program (AP4) 

Upon completion of the undergraduate dietetics degree, graduates are eligible 
to enter a supervised practice program (an AP4 or internship). Successful gradu- 
ation from this program will qualify them to take the Registration Exam to become 
a Registered Dietitian, which is a professional status conferred by the American 
DieteticAssociation (ADA). Oakwood College's AP4 program providesa minimum 
of 900 hours of supervised practice and follows the ADA minimum academic 
requirements. The Council on Education Division of Education Accreditation/ 
Approval also approves the program. 

Bachelor of Science in Family and Consumer Sciences 

This program provides the students with holistic concepts of family and 
consumer sciences. Courses in apparel and design, child development, family 
economics, home management, nutrition, and parent education are included in the 
curriculum. Students are prepared for graduate study, cooperative extension work, 
and business careers. 

Major Requirements: 

FS 101 Introduction to Family and Consumer Sciences 1 hour 

FS111 Food Preparation 3 hours 

FS 131 Nutrition 3 hours 

FS151 Fashion Sewing Selection 3 hours 

FS 152 Fashion Sewing and Textiles 3 hours 

FS201 ArtinLife 3 hours 

FS211 Social and Professional Ethics 1 hour 

FS221 Home Management 3 hours 

FS 305 Parenting 3 hours 

FS 340 Family Economics and Management 3 hours 

FS 342 Family Living 3 hours 

FS 355 Human Development 3 hours 



137 



FS401 Dress Design 3 hours 

FS411 Housing and Interiors 3 hours 

FS421 Quantity FoodManagement 3 hours 

FS441 Home Management Practicum 3 hours 

FS 453 Senior Seminar 1 hour 

FSEIectives 12 hours 

CH 101 Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry 4 hours 

Total 61 hours 



Bachelor of Science in Family and Consumer Science Education 

This program qualifies a person to teach secondary school family and 
consumer sciences. Aftergraduation, students may apply for the Alabama Class 
B Certificate: Family and Consumer Sciences, grades 7-12; and the SDA Basic 
Teaching Certificate: Family and Consumer Sciences, grades 7-12. 

Refer to the Department of Education section in this bulletin for the program 
outline. Advisor: R. Davis. 



Bachelor of Science in Human Development and Family Studies 

This program focuses on thefamily and relationshipsthroughoutthe life cycle 
in a setting of multicultural forces. This curriculum prepares students for careers 
in child development, family life, government, social services agencies, and 
businesses which specialize in goods and services for the family. 

Majors who desire to teach in the primary grades but have not completed a 
traditional teacher education program may obtain teacher certification in early 
childhood education orearly childhood education forthe handicapped by entering 
the Alabama nontraditional fifth year program at the University of Alabama in 
HuntsvilleorAlabamaA&M University. 

Major Requirements: 

FS 101 Introduction to Family and Consumer Sciences 1 hour 

FS111 Food Preparation 3 hours 

FS131 Nutrition 3 hours 

FS 210 Principles of Early Childhood Education 3 hours 

FS221 Home Management 3 hours 

FS231 Developing Creativity in Young Children 3 hours 

FS 302 Preschool Environments 3 hours 

FS 305 Parenting 3 hours 

FS 340 Family Economics and Management 3 hours 

FS 342 Family Living 3 hours 

FS 355 Human Development 3 hours 

FS 358 Infant and Toddler Developmental Studies 3 hours 

FS403Child Development Practicum 3 hours 

FS 404 Administration and Supervision of Preschools 3 hours 



138 



FS441 Home Management Practicum 3 hours 

FS 452 Advanced Family Studies 3 hours 

FS 453 Senior Seminar 1 hour 

FS 454 Internship in Human Development and Family Studies 3 hours 

FS Electives 6 hours 

SW 31 2 Minority Aging 3 hours 

ED 341 Foundations of Reading 3 hours 

Total 62 hours 



Minor in Apparel and Design 

FS151 Fashion Sewing Selection 3 hours 

FS 152 Fashion Sewing and Textiles 3 hours 

FS201 Art in Life 3 hours 

FS351 Tailoring 3 hours 

FS401 Apparel Design 3 hours 

FS411 Housing and Interiors 3 hours 

Total 18 hours 



Minor in Child Development 

FS231 Developing Creativityin Young Children 3 hours 

FS 210 Principles of Early Childhood Education 3 hours 

FS 302 Preschool Environments 3 hours 

FS 305 Parenting 3 hours 

FS 355 Human Development 3 hours 

FS 358 Infant and Toddler Development Studies 3 hours 

FS 403 Child Development Practicum 3 hours 

Total 21 hours 



Minor in Food and Nutrition 

FS111 Food Preparation 3 hours 

FS131 Nutrition 3 hours 

FS 355 Human Development 3 hours 

FS 360 Vegetarian Cuisine 3 hours 

FS Electives (upper division) 6 hours 

Total 18 hours 

Minor in Family and Consumer Sciences 

FS111 Food Preparation 3 hours 

FS151 Fashion Sewing Selection 3 hours 

FS221 Home Management 3 hours 



139 



FS 305 Parenting 3 hours 

FS 342 Family Living 3 hours 

FS 355 Human Development 3 hours 

FSEIectives (upper division) 3 hours 

Total 21 hours 



Description of Courses 

FS 101 Introduction to Family and Consumer Sciences 1 hour 

A survey of family and consumer sciences as a field of study, its organiza- 
tional framework, growth and expansion, and present status; exploration of 
career opportunities in family and consumer sciences and in related disci- 
plines that utilize home economics and skills. 

FS 1 1 1 Food Preparation 3 hours 

The selection, care, composition, and preparation of foods. One laboratory 
each week. 

FS 131 Nutrition 3 hours 

Basic principles of human nutrition, including nutrients and allowances for 
various ages and normal stress conditions. Carries credittoward the general 
education requirement in science. 

FS 1 51 Fashion Sewing Selection 3 hours 

Artistic and economicfactorsarestudied and appliedtoclothingforthefamily. 
Emphasis is placed on planning, buying, alteration, cost, and care of clothing. 
This course offers students opportunities in construction of garments for the 
family, using patterns to develop speed and confidence. 

FS 1 52 Fashion Sewing and Textiles 3 hours 

The impact oftechnology on textilefibers and fabric structure, recognition of 
fiber properties, and finishing processes as they apply to construction and 
selection of clothing. 

FS 201 Art in Life 3 hours 

Designed to develop an understanding of basic guidelines for an aesthetic 
appreciation of art in today's world. To increase enjoyment in art and to 
produce freedom of expression. 

FS 210 Principles of Early Childhood Education 3 hours 

A course designed to give the prospective teacher an understanding of the 
principles and procedures employed in the organization, management, and 
supervision ofanearlychildhood education program. 



140 



FS 21 1 Social and Professional Ethics 1 hour 

A course designed to develop an understanding of the currentsocialcodefor 
both men and women and to provide experience in its application to college 
life, home, and community living. Acceptable modes of interacting in social 
and professional situations are presented. 

FS 221 Home Management 3 hours 

A study of management of time, energy, finance, food, clothing, health and 
recreation in homemaking and family life. 

FS 231 Developing Creativity in Young Children 3 hours 

Development of creativity and self-expression in children through stories, 
music, rhymes, playactivities, and creative media. Onethree-hour laboratory 
is required each week. 

FS 301 Experimental Foods 3 hours 

Research methods applied to individual and class problems in food prepara- 
tion. Laboratory included. Prerequisites: FS 111 andCH 141. 

FS 302 Preschool Environments 3 hours 

Examination of preschool programs in alternative environments, including 
criteria for physical facilities, child health and safety, personnel and licensing, 
management of finances, and current legislation. Prerequisite: junior 
standing. 

FS 305 Parenting 3 hours 

Currenttheories related to the effects of various parenting methods. Empha- 
sis on designing a learning environment within the home for the holistic 
development of the child. Prerequisite: junior standing. 

FS 321 Advanced Nutrition (W) 3 hours 

A study of the physiological and chemical factors involved in the absorption 
and metabolism of food nutrients and how these factors apply to normal 
nutrition. Prerequisites: FS 433, Bl 112 and OH 312. 

FS 340 Family Economics and Management 3 hours 

Astudyofsupplyanddemand.consumerwelfare, credit, protection and legal 
regulations, and currentissues which affecttheindividual'stotal responsibility 
as a consumer in today's changing economic environment. 
Prerequisite: juniorstanding. 

FS 342 Family Living (W) 3 hours 

Evaluation ofmembershipin asocial structurecreatedto benefit each person 
as a contributor to the family and to society in their physical, mental, and 
religious aspects. Prerequisite: FS 355. 



141 



FS 351 Tailoring 3 hours 

Principles involved in making suits and coats for men and women. Open only 
tothosewhoshowskillintheconstruction of garments. Prerequisite: FS 151 
or by approval. 

FS 355 Human Development 3 hours 

A study of the physical, mental, emotional, and social development of the 
individualfrom conception through senescence, with particular emphasis on 
normal adaptation to change and learning processes. Observation and 
laboratory are required. Prerequisite: juniorstanding. 

FS 358 Infant and Toddler Development 3 hours 

An in-depth study of infants and toddlers, with special emphasis on developing 
and setting up creative programs for infants and toddlers. Observation and 
participation in infant and toddler programs required. Prerequisite: junior 
standing. 

FS 360 Vegetarian Cuisine 3 hours 

A study of foods, cookery, nutrition, and demonstration techniques as they 
applyto planning nutritionally balanced meals based upon a vegetarian diet. 
Laboratory included. Prerequisites: FS 1 1 1 and FS 1 31 . 

FS 401 Apparel Design 3 hours 

A course involving principles of draping and flat pattern design and their 
practical applications in sewing for men and women. Current construction 
techniques and individualized fitting are stressed. Prerequisite: FS 1 51 . 

FS 403 Child Development Practicum 3 hours 

Effective methods ofworkingwith children, impactofteacher behavior on the 
behavior of the children, teacher-parent and teacher-teacher relationships. 
Two lectures and six hours of observation and participation in a child 
development laboratory program are required each week. Prerequisites: FS 
210,231, 302, 355,and 358. 

FS 404 Administration and Supervision of Preschools 3 hours 

Development center: essential planning procedures, including curriculum, 
guidance, health protection, housing, equipment, food service, budgeting, 
parent-staffrelations, social services, and community relations. Six hours 
of laboratory are required each week. Prerequisite: FS403. 

FS 41 1 Housing and Interiors 3 hours 

Astudyofthe principles of planning housing and living environments in relation 
to needs, resources, and lifestyles of individuals andfamilies at all stages of the 
life cycle. Prerequisite: FS201. 



142 



FS 421 Quantity Food Management 3 hours 

Introduction to the responsibilities of first-level food service supervisors in 
quantity food service; includes planning, preparation, service, and safety of 
acceptable nutritionallyadequatenneals at designated budgetary levels. Labo- 
ratory experienceinquantityfood production. Prerequisites: FS111 andjunior 
standing. 

FS 431 Food Systems Management 3 hours 

Introduction to food services, principles of organization and management, fi- 
nancial control, equipment selection, layout in institutional food service, and 
technical operations. Prerequisites: FS421 andjuniorstanding. 

FS 433 Community Nutrition 3 hours 

Astudy of the nutrition care service delivery system within the community, with 
emphasis upon nutritional assessment, planning, intervention, evaluation, 
education, andthe legislative process. Community service learning laboratory 
included. Prerequisites: FS 131, Bl 112, andjuniorstanding. 

FS 440 Clinical Nutrition (W) 3 hours 

The principles of nutrition applied to physiological conditions altered by disease 
and abnormalities. Nutritional assessmenttechniques, nutrition care strate- 
gies, and diettherapy will be emphasized. Laboratory included. Prerequisite: 
FS321. 

FS441 Home Management Practicum 3 hours 

Cooperative living in homemaking groups in the home management house. 
Experience is given in management, accounting, food preparation and ser- 
vices, aesthetic arrangements, and entertaining. Charges are based on 
prevailing food costs. Registration required in the department office one 
semester in advance. Prerequisites: FS 1 1 1 , 340, and departmental senior, 
or permission of instructor. 

FS 442 Occupational Family and Consumer Science 3 hours 

A course designed to provide supervised occupational work experience in 
family and consumer sciences. Prerequisite: FS421. 

FS 452 Advanced Family Studies (W) 3 hours 

A comparative study of families internationally utilizing the United States as 
a framework. Special attention will be given to developing countries, eastern 
Europe, and the Far East. Prerequisites: FS 342 and departmental senior, or 
permission of instructor. 

FS 453 Senior Seminar 1 hour 

Astudy of professional organizations, meetings, and publications in all areas 
offamily and consumer sciences. Includes resume writing andjobsearch. 
Prerequisite: Departmental senior or permission of instructor. 



143 



FS 454 Internship in Human Development and Family Studies 3 hours 

Organized opportunities for work experience in cooperative extension ser- 
vices and family agencies. Prerequisite: departmental senior or permission 
of instructor. 

FS 490-491 Research and Independent Study each 1 -3 hours 

Individual research. Limited to majors. Prerequisites: departmental senior 
and prior approval by department chair. 



144 



Department of History 



Professors: Barham, Hasse 

Assistant Professor: Smith-Winbush 

Majors: History (B. A.) 

International Studies (B. A.) 
Social Science Education (B.S.) 

Minors: African American Studies 

History 
Political Science 



Introduction 

The Department of History comprises areas of study in variousfields of history, 
political science, and geography. Courses are designed to meetthe questions of 
the past and the problems of the contemporary world in areas of American, Latin 
American, European, African, and Christian church history. Political Science 
courses are built around the various structures and concepts of politics, govern- 
ment, diplomacy, and international relations. Threesurveycourses are offered in 
cultural, physical, and regional geography. 



Purpose 

It is the purpose of the Department of History to prepare students to use the 
discipline of history and international studies as analytical tools to understand the 
dynamics of today's ever-changing and complex society. Courses in American 
history, Latin America, Europe, Africa, political science, and church history, along 
with student-teacher interaction, will provide ethical values and a knowledge base 
that will meetthe department's purpose. The course offerings provide graduates 
with the skills needed to be competitive in graduate school, law school, and 
research. The knowledge gleaned from the courses taught in the department will 
promote a sound academic background and both spiritual and moral values. In 
addition, the studentwill learn to appreciatethe diversity ofa growing multicultural 
world society. 



Application for Admission 

To be admitted as a major in the Department of History, students must have 
completed at least 40 hours of course work, including EN 112 Freshman 
Composition, H1 103 or 104 World Civilization, and HI 211 or 21 2 United States 
History. Applicants must also have an overall minimum GPA of 2.00 and a 
minimumGPAof 2.25 in the history courses. Application forms must be obtained 
from and returned to the department 



145 



Exit Examinations 

Candidates for the B.A. degree must pass a departmental exit examination in 
their senior year with a minimum grade of C+. This examination consists of both 
written and oral sections. Students will also be required to take one of the national 
standardized tests (e.g., the GRE), but the score will not affect the student's 
graduation. 



Career Opportunities 

Many graduates in history attend law school; others choose graduate school for 
careers in teaching and research. They may also find rewarding careers in 
governmental agencies such as the Department of State, the Diplomatic Corps, 
private industry, foundations, archives, and criminal justice organizations. 



Bachelor of Arts in History 

Major Requirements: 

H1 103 World Civilization 3 hours 

H1 104 World Civilization 3 hours 

HI 211 U.S. History 3 hours 

HI 212 U.S. History 3 hours 

HI 325 African Civilization or HI 364 West African Civilization 3 hours 

HI 459 RecentAmerica or HI 460 America in the Industrial Age 3 hours 

HI 468 Age of Revolution or HI 469 Modern Europe 3 hours 

HI 480 Research Seminar 3 hours 

HI 490 Independent Study 3 hours 

HI Electives (9 hours must be upper division) 15 hours 

PS Elective 3 hours 

Total 45 hours 

Minor Required 18-21 hours 



Bachelor of Arts in International Studies 

Major Requirements: 

GE 202 Cultural Geography or GE 302 Regional Geography 3 hours 

H1 104 World Civilization 3 hours 

HI 212 U.S. History 3 hours 

HI 319 Latin America or HI 320 Recent Latin America 3 hours 

HI 323 British Commonwealth or HI 469 Modern Europe 3 hours 



146 



HI 325African Civilization or HI 364 West African Civilization 3 hours 

HI 459 RecentAmerica or HI 460 America in the Industrial Age 3 hours 

HI 480 Research Seminar or PS 480 Research Seminar 3 hours 

HI 490 Independent Study or PS 490 Independent Study 3 hours 

PS 120 Introductionto Political Science 3 hours 

PS 200 Comparative Governments 3 hours 

PS 351 or PS 352 Public Policy 3 hours 

PS 440 International Relations 3 hours 

PS 450 American Diplomacy 3 hours 

BA385 International Business 3 hours 

EN 201 World Literature 3 hours 

PR 201-202 Intermed. French or SP 201-202 Intermed. Spanish .... 6 hours 
FS 452 Advanced Family Studies or 

SW 307 International Social Work 3 hours 

RE 345 World Religions 2 hours 

SO 101 Principles of Sociology 3 hours 

Total 62 hours 

Minor Required 18-21 hours 



Bachelor of Science in Social Science Education 

This degree provides a comprehensive secondary school social science 
program, including economics, history, geography, political science, psychology, 
and sociology. After graduation, students may apply for the Alabama Class B 
Certificate: Social Science, grades 7-12; and the SDA Basic Teaching Certificate: 
Social Science grades 7-1 2. 

Referto the Department of Education section of this bulletin for the program 
outline. Program advisor: L. Hasse. 



Minor in African American Studies 

H1 165 African American History or HI 261 Black Diaspora 3 hours 

HI 325 African Civilization or HI 364 West African History 3 hours 

EN 320 or 321 Black Literature 2-3hours 

Select from: H1 165 or HI 261 , HI 325 or HI 364 (see above), 
HI 265 Minorities in America, ED 351 Teaching the Disadvantaged Child, 
EN 320 or 321 (see above), PY431 Black Psychological Perspectives, 
RE 211 Black Liturgy, and SW 335 Poverty and Deprivation 11 -12 hours 
Total 19-21 hours 



147 



Minor in History 

HI 103orH1 104 World Civilization 3 hours 

HI 211 or HI 212 U.S. History 3 hours 

HI 325 African Civilization or HI 364 West Africa 3 hours 

HI 459 RecentAmerica or HI 460 America in the Industrial Age 3 hours 

HI 468 Age of Revolution or HI 469 Modern Europe 3 hours 

HI Electives (3 hours must be upper division, not 480 or 490) 6 hours 

Total 21 hours 



Minor in Political Science 

PS 120 Introduction to Political Science 3 hours 

PS 200 Comparative Gov't, or PS 440 International Relations 3 hours 

PS 21 1 American Gov't, or PS 300 State and Local Gov't 3 hours 

PS 351 or PS 352 Public Policy I or II 3 hours 

PS 471 or PS 472 U.S. Constitutional Law I or II 3 hours 

PS Electives (12 hours upper div. are required, not 480 or 490) 6 hours 

Total 21 hours 



Description of Courses 
Geography 

GE201 Physical Geography 3 hours 

Asurvey course designed to help the student understand the vital relationship 
between man and the physical environment. 

GE 202 Cultural Geography 3 hours 

An anthropological and environmental study of the interaction between humans 
andtheir environment, dealing with the origin and diffusion of man, race, and 
culture. The evolution of man's institutions from the earliest times to the 
present. Problems of urban growth, population explosion, pollution, food 
shortages, and environmental concerns. 

GE 302 Regional Geography 3 hours 

A study of the world's major geopolitical regions and the interaction of their 
cultureswith the climate, resources, industrial development, and environment. 
Prerequisite: GE201. 



148 



History 

HI 103World Civilization I 3 hours 

Asurvey course that investigatesthe great movements of history from ancient 
. timestoA.D. 1650. 

H1 104 World Civilization II 3 hours 

A survey course that investigates the great movements of history from the era 
ofA.D. 1650tothepresenttime. 

HI1 65 African American History 3 hours 

A survey of the Black diaspora, with an emphasis on their experience in the 
United States from the ancient kingdoms of West Africa. 

HI 21 1 United States History I 3 hours 

A survey of modernizing, pluralist American society and America in the 
international community, 1607 to 1877. 

HI 212 United States History II 3 hours 

A survey of modernizing, pluralist American society and America in the 
international community, 1 877 to the present . 

HI 261 Black Diaspora 3 hours 

Acomparativestudyonthescattering, plantation experience, post-Emancipa- 
tion period, and the continuing struggle for the equality of Blacks in Latin 
America, the Caribbean, and the United States. 

HI 265 Minorities in America 3 Hours 

An examination of the struggles and contnbutions of such minorities as 
African-Americans, Native Americans, Hispanics, Asians, and women inthe 
United States. 

HI314 Denominational History (W) 3 hours 

Asurvey course ofthe rise and progress ofthe Seventh-day Adventist Church. 
Prerequisite: H1 104 or 211. 

HI 319 Latin America (W) 3 hours 

A survey of Spanish and Portuguese America from the arrival of Columbus to 
1920. The Caribbean region will also be studied. Prerequisite: H1 104. 

HI 320 Recent Latin America/Caribbean 3 hours 

An analysisoflatinAmerica'sauthoritarianism, economics, andthe U.S. and 
Soviet influence in the region from 1920 to the present. The decline and end of 
European/British ruleintheCaribbeanoverthesameperiod. Prerequisite: HI 
104. 



149 



HI 321 History of England I (W) 3 hours 

A study of the development of England from the Roman conquestto 1660, with 
emphasis on the Tudors and Early Stuarts period. Prerequisite: H1 103. 

HI 322 History of England II (W) 3 hours 

Astudy of the development of England andthe British Empire from the Civil War 
to the present. Prerequisite : H1 1 04. 

HI 323 British Commonwealth 3 hours 

A study of the growth and decline of the British Empire and Commonwealth, 
with emphasis on the areas of Africa, Australia, Canada, the Caribbean, India, 
and Ireland. Prerequisite : H1 1 04. 

HI 325 African Civilization (W) 3 hours 

A survey of African civilization from the middle ages through the post colonial 
period (1960). Prerequisite: H1 103 or 104. 

HI 364 West African Civilization (W) 3 hours 

AstudyofWest Africafrom approximately A.D. 1000 to the present. The period 
examines the rise and decline of ancient Ghana, Mali, and Songhay. It also 
examines the Black diaspora, European penetration of West Africa, andthe 
West African response to colonialism. Prerequisite: H1 1 03 or 1 04. 

HI 444 History of the Christian Church (W) 3 hours 

A study of the formation and development of the Christian church until the 
thirteenth century, with particular emphasisonthefirstfourcenturies. Prereq- 
uisite: H1 103. 

HI 446 The Age of Reformation (W) 3 hours 

Astudy ofthe main events in European historyfrom 1450-1 650, with emphasis 
on the religious controversy. Prerequisite: H1 103. 

HI459 Recent American History (W) 3 hours 

A pluralist study of modern American society and America in the international 
community, 1930to the present. Offered alternate years. Prerequisite: HI211 
or212. 

HI 460 America in the Industrial Age (W) 3 hours 

A pluralist study of modern American society and America in the international 
community, 1877 to 1930. Offered alternate years. Prerequisite: HI 21 lor 
212. 

HI 468 The Age of Revolution (W) 3 hours 

Astudy ofthe main events in European historyfrom 1789-1 848, with emphasis 
on the French Revolution and Napoleon. Prerequisite: H1 104. 



150 



HI 469 Modern Europe (W) 3 hours 

Astudy of the main events in European history from 1 900 to the present, with 
emphasis on England, France, Germany, Russia, imperialism, and the two 
World Wars. Prerequisite: HI104. 

HI 480 Research Seminar (W) 3 hours 

A major research paper in history under the supervision of the professor 
specializing in that area. Required of all history majors in their senior year. 
Prerequisite: senior history major. 

HI 490-491 Independent Study each 1-3 hours 

A reading and study course in selected history topics. May betaken only once 
from the same professor. Prerequisite: upper division history major. 



Political Science 

PS 120 Introduction to Political Science 3 hours 

An examination of the standard essentials of political science in which are 
considered certain contemporary political doctrines, systems of government, 
political organization and behavior, and a look at various worldwide 
governmental policies. 

PS 200 Comparative Governments 3 hours 

A study of selected nation-states in relation to their location on the globe as well 
as their capacity to providet heir peoples with the economic, social, and political 
goods and services associated with human dignity. 

PS 211 American Government 3 hours 

Acourse of study concerning the organization of the United States government 
in regard to various branches at federal and state levels. 

PS 300 State and Local Government (W) 3 hours 

The study of the structure of state and local governments, including the 
historical development oflocal and regional governments in America. Prereq- 
uisite: PS 120. 

PS 351, 352 Public Policy I, II (W) 3,3 hours 

An examination ofthe economic, political, social, and institutionalfactors which 
influence the policymaking process in the United States. Case studies will be 
reviewed in the areas of economics, health, welfare, civil rights, defense, 
criminal justice, education, and environmental issues. Prerequisite: PS 120. 



151 



PS 440 International Relations (W) 3 hours 

A study of critical factors affecting the conduct of international relations. 
Emphasis is placed on nation -states, global and regional international organi- 
zations, multinational corporations, individuals in the international arena, and 
theforcestheybringtobearontheinternational political system. Prerequisite: 
PS 120. 

PS450American Diplomacy (W) 3 hours 

Astudyofthe key characteristics of U.S. foreign relations, what shapes them, 
the relationship between our nation's domestic setting-ideology, core values, 
politics, geography, social structure, and economy-and its foreign relations. 
Prerequisite: PS 120. 

PS 471, 472 United States Constitutional Law I, II (W) 3,3 hours 

Astudy in the growth and development of the American constitutional system, 
with emphasis on the policy-making role of the Supreme Court. Prerequisite: 
HI 211or212. 

PS 480 Research Seminar 3 hours 

A major research paper underthe supervision of the professorspecializing in 
thatarea. Prerequisite: senior international studies major. 

PS 490 Independent Study 3 hours 

A reading and study course in selected international studies topics. Prereq- 
uisite: senior international studies major. 



152 



Department of Mathematics and Computer Science 



Professor: Blake (Chair) 

Associate Professor: Dobbins 

Assistant Professors: Collier-Davis, Monroe, Osei, Patel 

Majors: AppliedMathematics(B.S.) 

Computer Science (B.S.) 
Mathematics (B.A.) 

Mathematics and Computer Science (B. A.) 
Mathematics Education (B.S.) 

Minors: Computer Science 

Mathematics 



Physics 



Purpose 



It is the purpose of the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science to 
providestudentswithexperienceswhichwillassistthemindefiningtheirlivesand 
career objectives. Course offerings, advisors, and day-to-day contact with faculty 
and other students contribute to this goal. The courses provide the necessary 
background which will allow students to pursue graduate work, teach secondary 
school, obtain employmentingovernmentand industry, and acquire mathematical 
tools for use in the physical, social, life, and management sciences. The depart- 
ment also provides for students' academic development, an intellectual environ- 
ment, personal development, interpersonal skills, and self-understanding. These 
goals reflectthe department's philosophy, thatthefostering of the intellectual growth 
and development of the students is our primary reason for being. 

High School Preparation 

Although many colleges provide remedial work in mathematics, potential 
mathematics majors will be at an advantage if they acquire skills in algebra, 
geometry, and trigonometry while in high school. These subjects are needed for 
traditional college calculus. 

Application for Admission 

To be admitted as a major in the Department of Mathematics and Computer 
Science, students must have completed as least 32 hours of course work, 
including EN 1 12 Freshman Composition. Students must also have completed MA 
171-172 Calculus if a mathematics major, or CM 210,220 if a computer science 
major. Applicants must have an overall minimum GPAof2.00 and a minimum GPA 
of 2.25 in mathematics or computer science. Application forms must be obtained 
from, and returned to, the department. 



153 



Exit Examination 

All majors in the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science are 
required to pass an exit examination with at least a grade of C. This examination 
will be administered during the fall semester of their senior year. 

Career Opportunities 

Careers available in mathematics are (1) in teaching: the public school 
system, the junior or community college system, and the college or university 
system; and (2) in industry: computer mathematician, operation researcher, 
statistician, classical engineering assistant, actuarial training, surveying assistant, 
research clerical accounting, and cartography. 

A degree in computer science will provide opportunities in teaching, industry, 
and government. Several firms employ persons to design and write programs for 
computer users. Computer manufacturers are major employers of well-trained 
computer scientists. A graduate degree in computer science or mathematics 
provides more opportunities in teaching and research. 

BachelorofScience in Applied Mathematics/Engineering 

This is a cooperative dual degree program in which the student spends 
approximately three years at Oakwood College and approximately two years atthe 
University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) or the University of Alabama in Birming- 
ham (UAB). Following the successful completion of all requirements, the student 
will be awarded the degree of Bachelor of Science in Applied Mathematics from 
Oakwood College. The student will also receive the degree of Bachelor of Science 
in Engineering from UAH or UAB in one of the following areas: civil engineering, 
computerengineering, electrical engineering, industrial and systems engineering, 
materials engineering, or mechanical engineering. 

Major Requirements: 

CH 141 -142 General Chemistry 8 hours 

CM 210 Computer Science with C++ 3 hours 

EC281 Macroeconomics 3 hours 

EG111 Introduction to Engineering 2 hours 

EG 112 Engineering Graphics 3 hours 

EG 211 Statics 3 hours 

MA 321 Statistics 3 hours 

MA171-172-271Calculus(may need MA121-122 first) 12 hours 

MA 308 Linear Algebra 3 hours 

MA311 Differential Equations 3 hours 

PH 121-122 General Physics (calculus based) 8 hours 

Total 51 hours 



154 



General Education Requirement variations: 

Six hours of literature in sequence and three hours of history, or 

Six hours of history in sequence and three hours in literature (UAH only) 

Omit one RE elective course 

Omit IS 1 00 (and for all other majors in the department) 



Bachelor of Science in Computer Science 

Major Requirements: 

CM 210 Computer Science I with C++ 3 hours 

CM 220 Computer Science II Data Structures with C++ 3 hours 

CM 340 Computer Logic Design 3 hours 

CM 350 Introductory Computer Architecture 3 hours 

CM 352 Operating Systems 3 hours 

CM 367 Programming Languages 3 hours 

CM 401 Discrete Structures 3 hours 

CM 402 Design and Analysis of Algorithms 3 hours 

CM 490 Research and Independent Study 3 hours 

Selectthree courses (6 hours upper division) from: 

CM 353 Operating Systems II, CM 381 Computer Networks, 

CM 480 Selected Topics, and CM 491 Research 9 hours 

MA171-172-271Calculus(mayneedMA121-122first) 12hours 

MA 308 Linear Algebra 3 hours 

MA 31 2 Numerical Analysis 3 hours 

MA321 Probability and Statistics 3 hours 

Total 57 hours 



Bachelor of Arts in Mathematics 
Major Requirements: 

MA 171 -172-271 Calculus (may need MA 121 -122 first) 12hours 

MA 308 Linear Algebra 3 hours 

MA311 Differential Equations 3 hours 

MA 321 Probability and Statistics 3 hours 

MA401 Advanced Calculus 3 hours 

MA411 Introduction to Modern Algebra 3 hours 

MA Electives (upper division) 6 hours 

CM 210 Computer Science I with C++ 3 hours 

CM 220 Computer Science II Data Structures with C++ 3 hours 

Total 39 hours 

Minor Required 18-21 hours 



155 



Bachelor of Arts in Mathematics and Computer Science 

Major Requirements: 

MA171-172-271Calculus(mayneedMA121-122first) 12 hours 

MA308 Linear Algebra 3 hours 

MA 31 2 Numerical Analysis 3 hours 

MA 311 Differential Equations or MA 321 Probability and Statistics... 3 hours 

CM 210 Computer Science I with C++ 3 hours 

CM 220 Computer Science II Data Structures with C++ 3 hours 

CM 340 Computer Logic Design 3 hours 

CM 367 Programming Languages 3 hours 

CM electives (upper division) 6 hours 

Total 39 hours 

Minor Required 18-21 hours 

Bachelor of Science in Mathematics Education 

This program qualifies a person to teach secondary school mathematics. After 
graduation, students may applyforthe Alabama Class B Certificate: Mathematics, 
grades 7-1 2; and the SDA Basic Teaching Certificate: Mathematics, grades 7-12. 

Referto the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science section in this 
bulletin for the program outline. Program advisor: J. Blake. 



Minor In Computer Science 

CM 210 Computer Science I with C++ 3 hours 

CM 220 Computer Science II Data Structure with C++ 3 hours 

CM 340 Computer Logic Design 3 hours 

CM 367 Programming Languages 3 hours 

CM electives (upper division) 6 hours 

Total 18 hours 



Minor in Mathematics 

MA 171-172-271 Calculus(may need MA 121-122 first) 12 hours 

MA308 Linear Algebra 3 hours 

MA311 Differential Equations 3 hours 

MA elective (upper division) 3 hours 

Total 21 hours 



156 



Minor in Physics 

PH 103-1 04 General Physics 8 hours 

PH301 Theoretical Mechanics 3 hours 

PH 305 Applied Mathematics 3 hours 

PH311 Electricity and Magnetism 3 hours 

EG 211 Statics 3 hours 

Total 20 hours 



Description of Courses 
ComputerScience 



CM 210 Computer Science I with C++ 3 hours 

An introduction to computers and structured programming using the C++ 
programming language. Topics will include problem-solving methods and 
algorithms, datatypes, loops, arrays, functions, structures, characterstrings, 
pointers, operations on bits, and files. Program design and program styles will 
be stressed. 

CM 220 Computer Science II Data Structures with C++ 3 hours 

A continuation of the study of data representation and algorithm design using 
C++. Principles of good programming style and stepwise refinement will be 
stressed. Topics will indicate string processing, searching and sorting, 
recursion, and dynamic data structures. Prerequisite: CM210. 

CM 340 Computer Logic Design 3 hours 

Introduction to formal methods in design of computer logic circuits and 
systems, contemporary design practices, and devices used in the synthesis 
of digital logic systems. Topics will include combinational and sequential 
systems, gates, memory elements, registers, bus structure, timing and 
control, arithmetic and logical unit, I/O units. Prerequisite: CM 220. 

CM 350 Introductory Computer Architecture 3 hours 

Organization and structuring of major hardware components of digital comput- 
ers. Information transfers and transformations which occur inside a computer. 
Architecture-instruction sets, instruction formats, addressing modes, and 
register usage. Organization computer units-ALU, CPU, memory, I/O hard- 
ware description methodologies. Taxonomy of computer architectures. A 
studyofanassemblylanguagewillbethecasestudyofthecourse. Prerequi- 
site: CM 340. 



157 



CM 352 Operating Systems I 3 hours 

Introduction to concepts and algorithms incorporated in operating systems. 
Examines interrelationships between operating systems and computer hard- 
ware. Compares batch, real-time, and time-sharing operating systems. Pro- 
cess managementtechniques, interrupt, handlers, CPU scheduling algorithm, 
interlocks, resource allocation, deadlocks, paging, and memory systems are 
studied. Prerequisite: CM 350. 

CM 353 Operating Systems II 3 hours 

Continuation of CM 352. Introduces advancedtopics in the design of operating 
systems, device management and file managementtechniques, scheduling 
algorithms, security, and queuingtheories. Comparison of existing operating 
systems for client-server, microcomputer, minis, and mainframes. Prerequi- 
site: CM 352. 

CM 367 Programming Languages 3 hours 

Organization of programming languages, especially routine behavior of pro- 
grams; formal study of programming language specification and analysis; 
study, comparison, and evaluation of commercially available programming. 
BNF and syntax diagrams, grammars, program constituents, scoping rules, 
precedence, binding, parameter passing, and compile-versus interpretation. 
Prerequisite: CM 210. 

CM 381 Computer Networks 3 hours 

This course will introduce data communication, base-band and broad-band 
local area networks, logical link control, Internet protocol, broad case protocol, 
and distributed processing. Prerequisite: CM 340. 

CM 401 Discrete Structures 3 hours 

Mathematical basisforstudentsofcomputerscience. Prepositional logic and 
proof,settheory, algebraic structures, groups and semigroups, graph theory, 
lattices and Boolean algebra, and finite fields. Prerequisite: CM 210. 

CM 402 Design and Analysis of Algorithms 3 hours 

Analysistools-TuringandMarkovalgorithms, complexity measures, computa- 
tional techniques. Bound analysis of algorithms. Algorithms for internal and 
external searching/sorting. Optimality. Prerequisite: CM 352. 

CM 480 Selected Topics in Computer Science 3 hours 

Students will study special topics of interest which are not normally included in 
their major courses. Prerequisite: approval of instructor. 

CM 490-491 Research and Independent Study [W] each 1-3 hours 

Formulation and solution of aselected problem in computerscience. Prereq- 
uisite: upper division status. 



158 



Engineering 

EG 1 1 1 Introduction to Engineering 2 hours 

Elementaryengineering design, drafting, graphics, descriptive geometry, and 
engineering problems. Familiarization with shop processes, fasteners, and 
dimensioning. Application of drawing principles to problems of descriptive 
geometry. Emphasis is placed on student participation in creative design 
processes. 

EG 112 Engineering Graphics 3 hours 

Elementary graphics design, drafting, graphics, descriptive geometry, and 
engineering problems. Familiarization with shop processes, fasteners, and 
dimensioning. Application of drawing principles to problems of descriptive 
geometry. Emphasis is placed on student participation in creative design 
processes. 

EG 211 Statics 3 hours 

Elements of statics in two and three dimensions, centroids, analysis of 
structures and machines, and friction. Prerequisites: MA 271 and PH 122. 

EG 225-226 Circuit Analysis 3-3 hours 

Afoundationofelectricalengineeringscienceofcircuittheoryandthe utilization 
of basic electrical instrumentation. Prerequisites; MA311 and PH 122. 



Mathematics 

MA 095 Introduction to College Mathematics 2 hours 

This course is required of all freshmen whose mathematics ACT score is 
below 16 or mathematics SATscore is below 440, and it must be taken before 
any other mathematics course, if needed. 

MA 100 Introduction to Elementary Mathematics 3 hours 

Astudyofthe language and structure of mathematics, including numeration, 
integers, rational and real numbers, concepts relatedto consumer mathemat- 
ics, plane and spherical geometry , elementary probability theory, and introduc- 
tion to the use of computers and simple statistics. This course is open to 
elementary education majors only and cannot be used to fulfill the general 
education requirements in mathematics. 

MA 101 Fundamental Concepts of Mathematics 3 hours 

Topics include number systems and their bases, sets, relations and their 
properties,furtherextensionsofthenumbersystems, polynomials, relations, 
functions, and their graphs, ratio, proportions, and variation. Other topics 
include basic trigonometry, logarithms, and sometopics in statistics. Does not 
count toward a mathematics major or minor. 



159 



MA 108 Introductory College Algebra 3 hours 

A beginning course in algebra solving linear equations, polynomials, factoring, 
systems of equations, graphs, and quadratic equations. Does not count 
toward a mathematics major or minor. 

MA121-122Precalculusl,ll 3-3 hours 

College algebra and trigonometry, including such topics as rational expres- 
sions, rational exponents, equations and inequalities, relations andfunctions, 
exponential and logarithmic functions, circular functions and trigonometric 
functions. Prerequisite: one year of high school algebra. 

MA 171 Calculus I 4 hours 

Limits, continuity, derivatives, differentials, chain rule, implicit differentiation, 
applications of the derivative, conies, and antidifferentiation. Prerequisite: 
MA1 22 or one year of high school precalculus. 

MA 172 Calculus II 4 hours 

Definiteintegrals,fundamentaltheoremofcalculus, exponential and logarith- 
micfunctions, inverse trigometricfunctions, hyperbolicfunctions, techniques 
ofintegration,1'Hospitarsrule, improper integrals, applications of the integral, 
sequences and series. Prerequisite: MAI 71. 

MA 21 1 Survey of Calculus 3 hours 

An introductory study of differential and integral calculus, the theory of vector 
spaces, and linear algebras as applied to chemistry. Does not apply toward a 
mathematics major or minor. Prerequisite: MA 122 or equivalent. 

MA 251 Geometry 3 hours 

An informal summary of elementary Euclidean geometry, a formal modern 
development of the basic concepts of elementary geometry, noneuclidean 
geometry, and a selection of topics in advanced Euclidean geometry. Prereq- 
uisite: MA 111 . 

MA 271 Calculus III 4 hours 

Polar coordinates, vectors and the geometry of space, partial differentiation, 
directional derivative, tangent plane, extreme values and Lagrange multipliers, 
multiple integrals, vectorfields, divergence and curl, line and surface integrals. 
Prerequisite MA 172. 

MA305 Applied Mathematics 3 hours 

This course is designed to expose the mathematics major to the working 
environment of industry and to give him/her an opportunity to apply his/her 
knowledge of mathematics to solve problems in the physical, biological and 
social sciences. Prerequisite: MA 172. Offered alternate years. 



160 



MA 308 Linear Algebra 3 hours 

Systems of linear equations, matrices, matrix operations, determinants, 
vectors and vector spaces, bases, inner product, linear transformations, 
change of basis, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, diagonalization, and applica- 
tions. Prerequisite: MA 172 or consent of instructor. 

MA 31 1 Differential Equations 3 hours 

First-order differential equations, linear differential equations with variable and 
constant coefficients, systems of linear differential equations, Laplace trans- 
form methods, series solutions, boundary value problems, and applications. 
Prerequisite: MA 1 72 or consent of instructor. 

MA312 Numerical Analysis 3 hours 

Numerical methods as they apply to computers. Topics include roots of 
equations, linearandnonlinearsimultaneousequations, polynomials, numeri- 
cal integration, ordinary differential equations, interpolation and curve-fitting. 
Prerequisite: MA 172. 

MA 321 Probability and Statistics 3 hours 

Descriptive statistics, elementary probability, sampling distributions, infer- 
ence, testing hypotheses and estimation, regression and correlation, and 
application. Prerequisite: MA 172. 

MA401-402 Advanced Calculus 3-3 hours 

Limits, continuity, differentiation and integration of functions of several vari- 
ables. Convergence and uniform convergence of infinite series and improper 
integrals. Differentials and Jacobians, transformations, line and surface inte- 
grals, and vector analysis. Prerequisite: MA 311. 

MA 41 1 1ntroduction to Modern Algebra (W) 3 hours 

Algebra of sets, equivalence relations, mappings, order relations; discussion 
of natural, rational, real, and complex number systems; study of the abstract 
systems: groups, fields, rings, and integral domain. Prerequisite: MA 172. 

MA 41 9 Introduction to Real Analysis (W) 3 hours 

Elementarysettheory, the real numbersystem, sequences, limits of functions, 
continuity, differentiation, the Riemann-Stieltes integral, and infinite series. 
Prerequisite: MA 172. 

MA 421 Number Theory (W) 3 hours 

A study of the properties of numbers, divisibility, congruencies and residue 
classes; quadratic reciprocity, Diophantine equations, and algebraic numbers. 
Offered alternate years. Prerequisite: MA411 orequivalent. 

MA 422 Introduction to Complex Analysis (W) 3 hours 

Functions of a complex variable: integration, sequences and series, the 
calculus of residues and conformal mapping. Prerequisite: MA 271. 



161 



MA 490-491 Research and Independent Study each 1 -3 hours 

An independent study by the student under the guidance of the staff of such 
topicsasGreen'sTheorem,LaplaceTransform, or Bessel Functions. Prereq- 
uisites: senior and permission of the department chair. 

Physics 

PH 101,102 The Physical Sciences 3,3 hours 

Asurvey of astronomy, meteorology, geology, chemistry, and physics forthe 
general student. Prerequisite: MA 101. 

PH 103-104 General Physics 4-4 hours 

Anintroductorytreatmentof mechanics, vibration, wave motion, sound, heat 
andthermodynamics;electricityand magnetism and optics. Prerequisite: MA 
1 22 or equivalent. Laboratory included. 

PH 121-122 General Physics with Calculus 4-4 hours 

This course is designed for science and engineering students. Topics covered 
in Physics 121 include vectors, Newtonian mechanics, heat and thermody- 
namics. Physics 122 deals with light, electricity, magnetism, and a brief 
introduction to modern physics. Laboratory included. Prerequisite: MA 171. 

PH 301 Theoretical Mechanics 3 hours 

An intermediate course covering the basic principles of vector mechanics and 
the statics and dynamics of particles and rigid bodies. Offered when required. 
Prerequisites: one year of college physics and one year of calculus. 

PH 305 Applied Mathematics 3 hours 

This course is designed to expose the mathematics majortothetype of things 
a mathematician employed in industry does, and to give him/her an opportunity 
to apply his/her knowledge of mathematics to solve problems in the physical, 
biological, and social sciences. Prerequisite: one year of calculus. 

PH 311 Electricity and Magnetism 3 hours 

In this course the theory of electric and magnetic phenomena is studied. The 
following are some ofthetopicsthatwill be included: electrostatic and magnetic 
fields, introduction and use of vector analysis, circuit elements, electromag- 
netic effects of currents, radiation and Maxwell's equation. Offered when 
required. Prerequisites: oneyearof college physicsandoneyear of calculus. 



162 



Department of Music 



Professor: Osterman 

Associate Professor: Lacy (Chair) 

Assistant Professors: Chambers, Hutson, Mallory 

Instructor: Bucknor 



Majors: Music (B. A.) 

Music Business (B.S.) 

Music Education (B.S.) 

Theory and Composition (B.M.) 

Vocal PerformanceandPedagogy(B.M.) 

Minors: Music 



Purpose 

The Music Department supports the College's mission of providing students 
with the broadest possible access to quality music instruction, opportunities, and 
services. The department shares the College's philosophy that education should 
formthefoundationforcontinuousintellectual musical development, social respon- 
sibility, and academic excellence in a Christian environmentforthe serious study 
of the music arts. The department prepares individuals for graduate school and 
employment by offering undergraduate music curricula leading to the degrees of 
Bachelor of Arts in Music, Bachelor of Science in Music Teacher Education, and 
Music Business, Bachelor of Music in Theory and Composition, and Bachelor of 
Music in Vocal Pedagogy and Performance. 

Students who are committed to developingtheirtalentto its highestforservice 
to God and to humankind are encouraged to apply. 



Application for Admission 

To be admitted as a major inthe Department of Music, studentsmust submit 
an application, three letters of recommendation, and audition for the music faculty 
either by audio/video tape or in person. If accepted, students must also take the 
Theory Replacement Examination and audition in the performing medium forthe 
music faculty. 

Deficiencies in musical background may requirethatthestudenttakeMU 111 
BasicMusicianshipand/orMUlOO Individual Instruction and/orMU 161-164 Piano 
Proficiency, which may prolong the time forfulfilling the degree requirements. 



163 



Ensembles 

Majors and minors must participate in a departmental ensemble each con- 
secutive semester (except when student teaching) until the degree requirements 
are fulfilled. Students may enroll in more than one ensemble. The last day to 
withdraw from any ensemble is the same as the last day to receive the 50 percent 
tuition refund. 

Exit Examinations 

All senior music majors are required to take the standardized music examina- 
tion prior to graduation. In addition, demonstrated performing competencies are 
required via a senior solo recital for all music majors. (A prerecital qualifying 
examination must be passed six weeks prior to the recital date.) 



Career Opportunities 

Career opportunities include architectural acoustics consultant, arts manage- 
ment, biographer, church musician, composer, conductor, historian, lyricist, music 
attorney, music industry (including radio, television, and publishing), music librar- 
ian, music therapist, performance, teaching, and more. 



Bachelor of Arts in Music 

This degree offers a broad-based study of music within a liberal arts curriculum. 
Students interested in general music as a double major are encouraged to pursue 
this degree. In addition to the core requirements, students can elect one of five areas 
of concentration: general music, piano, voice, instrument, andtheory and compo- 
sition. 

Major Requirements: 

MU 165, 166, 265, 266, 365, 366, 465, 466 Individual Instruction and 

Laboratory 8 hours 

MU211-212Theory I and Laboratory 6 hours 

MU 220 Music Repertoire 2 hours 

MU 31 1-312Theory II and Laboratory 6 hours 

MU 315 Form and Analysis 3 hours 

MU 320, 321, 322 Music History I, II, III 9 hours 

MU 328 Church Music and Worship 3 hours 

MU 361 Conducting 3 hours 

MU Ensemble 8 hours 

MU 499 Recital hours 

Concentration* 8-11 hours 

Total 56-59 hours 



164 



General Education Requirement variation: 

Omit MU 200 Music Appreciation 

Minor is not required 

^General Music concentration: 

Eight hours by advisement (Individual Instruction) 

*Piano concentration: 

In addition to core requirements, eight additional hours of piano and the course 
MU 316 Orchestration, three hours, are required. 

*Theoryand Composition concentration: 

In addition to core requirements, eight additional hours in primary instrument 
and the course MU 316 Orchestration, three hours, are required. 

*Voice concentration: 

In addition to core requirements, eight additional hours of voice are required. 

*lnstrument concentration: 

In addition to core requirements, eight additional hours of primary instrument 
and the course MU31 6 Orchestration, three hours, are required. 



Bachelor of Science in Music Business 

This program offers the study of music business in a liberal arts framework. 
Its broad coverage precludes heavy concentration on any single segment. 

Major Requirements: 

MU 1 65, 1 66, 265, 266, 365, 366, 465, 466 Individual Instruction and 

Laboratory 8 hours 

MU 21 1-21 2 Theory I and Laboratory 6 hours 

MU 220 Music Repertoire 2 hours 

MU 31 1-312Theoryll and Laboratory 6 hours 

MU 320, 321, 322 MusicHistory I, II, III 9 hours 

MU 328 Church Music and Worship 3 hours 

MU 360 Conducting 3 hours 

MU 470 Music Business Internship 2 hours 

MU Ensemble 7 hours 

MU 499 Recital hours 

AC210-211 Principles of Accounting 6 hours 

BA 105 Introduction to Business 3 hours 

BA 310 Principles of Management 3 hours 

MK301 Principles of Marketing 3 hours 

BA460 Business Ethics 3 hours 



165 



BA 475 Business Law 3 hours 

EC 281 Macroeconomics 3 hours 

EC 282 IVlicroecononnics 3 hours 

Total 73 hours 

General Education Requirement variation: 

OmitMU 200 Music Appreciation. 



Bachelor of Science in Music Education 

This program qualifies a person to teach either vocal/choral or instrumental 
music. After graduation, students may apply forthe Alabama Class B Certificate: 
Vocal/Choral or instrumental music, grades preschool-12; and the SDA Basic 
Teaching Certificate: Music, grades preschool-1 2. 

Refer to the Department of Education section in this bulletin for program 
outline. Program advisor: L. Lacy. 



Bachelor of Music in Theory and Composition 

A professional degree designed to prepare undergraduate theory and compo- 
sition music majors to meet the entrance requirements for graduate schools, 
schools of music, conservatories, and professional pursuits. 

Major Requirements: 

MU 165, 166, 265, 266 Individual Instruction and 

Laboratory 4 hours 

MU 21 1,21 2 Theory I and Laboratory 6 hours 

MU 220 Music Repertoire 2 hours 

MU240,241,242ltalian, French, German Diction 9 hours 

MU 31 1,312Theoryll and Laboratory 6 hours 

MU 31 4 Counterpoint 3 hours 

MU 315 Form and Analysis 3 hours 

MU 31 6 Orchestration 3 hours 

MU 320, 321, 322 Music History 1,11, III 9 hours 

MU 328 Church Music and Worship 3 hours 

MU 360 Conducting 3 hours 

MU 365, 366, 465, 466 Individual Instruction 

(Primary Instrument Composition) 8 hours 

MU 380 Anatomyfor Singers or biology course 3 hours 

MU 41 2 Analytical Techniques 3 hours 

MU 499 Recital hours 

MU 326 or 327 Vocal Literature or EN Literature Course 3-4 hours 

MU Elective 3 hours 

MU Ensemble 8 hours 

Total 79-80 hours 



Minor is not required. 

General Education Requirement variations: 

Omit ML) 200 Music Appreciation. 

ML) 240-242 Diction substitutes for the foreign language. 

ML) 320-322 Music History substitutes forthe history elective. 



Bachelor of Music in Vocal Performance and Pedagogy 

This is a professional degree and is designed to better prepare undergraduate 
vocal music majors to meet the entrance requirements for graduate schools, 
schools of music, and conservatories, or to teach studio voice. 

Major Requirements: 

MU 1 65, 1 66, 265, 266, 365, 366, 465, 466 Individual Instruction and 

Laboratory 16 hours 

MU 211 -21 2 Theory I and Laboratory 6 hours 

MU 220 Music Repertoire 2 hours 

MU240, 241, 242 Italian/French/German Diction 9 hours 

MU 31 1,312 Theory II and Laboratory 6 hours 

MU 315 Form and Analysis 3 hours 

MU 31 6 Orchestration 3 hours 

MU320,321,322 Music History I, II, III 9 hours 

MU 326 Vocal Literature I 2 hours 

MU 327 Vocal Literature II 2 hours 

MU 328 Church Music and Worship 3 hours 

MU351 Vocal Pedagogy and Practicum 3 hours 

MU 360 Conducting 3 hours 

MU 380 Anatomy for Singers 3 hours 

MU 499 Recital 2 hours 

MU Ensemble 8 hours 

Total 80 hours 

General Education Requirement variations: 

OmitMU 200 Music Appreciation. 

MU 240-242 Diction substitutes fortheforeign language. 

MU 320-322 Music History substitutes for the history elective. 

MU 326-327 Vocal Literature substitutes forthe literature course. 

MU 380 Anatomy for Singers substitutes for the biology course. 

Minor in Music 

MU 165, 166, 265, 266, 365, 366, 465, 466 Individual Instruction and 

Laboratory (4 hours must be upper division) 7 hours 

MU 21 1-21 2 Theory I and Laboratory 6 hours 

MU321 Music History II 3 hours 



167 



MU 360 Conducting 3 hours 

MU Ensemble 2 hours 

MU 499 Recital hours 

Total 21 hours 

NOTE: Music fees, in addition to tuition, are assessed to certain courses. 
(See Department Course Fees) 



Description of Courses 

MU 100 Individual Instruction 1-2 hours 

Notavailableforcredittoward degree requirements. Students are expected to 
practice five hours per one credit hour. Repeatable credit. Limited enrollment. 

MU 101 Class Piano 1 hour 

Introduction to thefundamentals of piano playing. Especially designedforthe 
beginner. Not available for credit toward degree requirements. Repeatable 
credit. 

MU 102 Class Voice 1 hour 

Introduction to the fundamentals of singing. Designed especially for the 
beginner. Not available for credit toward degree requirements. Repeatable 
credit. 

MU 103 Class Instrument 1 hour 

introductiontothefundamentalsofplaying an instrument. Especially designed 
forthe beginner. Notavailableforcredittoward degree requirements. Repeat- 
able credit. 

MU 104 Class Organ 1 hour 

An introduction to thefundamentals of organ playing. This course is especially 
designedforthe beginner. Notavailableforcredittoward degree requirements. 
Repeatable credit. Offered alternate years. 

MU 1 1 1 Basic Musicianship 2 hours 

This course is a study of the rudiments of music. It is designed forthe general 
college student or the music major and minor whose precollege music skills 
are deficient. Notavailableforcredittoward degree requirements. Repeatable 
credit. Music majors musttake this concurrently with MU 101 orMU 161-164. 

MU 161-164 Piano Proficiency l-IV 1,1,1,1 hour 

This class is especially designed to prepare music majors for the piano 
proficiency examination given at the end of each academic year. The piano 
proficiency exam must be successfully completed by the end of the sopho- 
more year. Audition/permission of the instructor. 



168 



MU 165-166 Individual Instruction and Laboratory 1-2 hours 

This course is designed for majors and minors in the study of primary and 
secondary areas of concentration. Students are expected to practice five 
hours per one hour credit. The laboratory consists of a weekly forum that 
provides an opportunity for performing in a low-stress situation in preparation 
for juries and recitals. Students must enroll every semester, except during 
internships, until the senior recital is passed. Limited enrollments. 

MU200 Music Appreciation 3 hours 

An introduction to the music of the Western world from the Middle Ages to the 
presenttime. Consideration is given to the various political, social, and religious 
factors that have caused changes in musical style from one art period to 
another. Representative compositions from each art period will be studied. 
Out-of-class listening, concert, and recital attendance are also a part of the 
class activities. 

MU 201 College Choir 1 hour 

A large ensemble that rehearses and performs choral literature from all art 
periods. Membership by audition. Repeatable credit. 

MU202Aeolians 1 hour 

A mid-size ensem ble of select voices that rehearses choral literature from all 
art periods. Membership by audition. Repeatable credit. 

MU 203 Chamber Singers 1 hour 

Asmall, highlyselectensemblethat rehearses and performs chamber choral 
literature. Repeatable credit Limited membership by audition. 

MU 204 Wind Ensemble 1 hour 

A large ensemble that rehearses and performs standard band repertory. 
Membership by audition. Repeatable credit. 

MU 205 Chamber Ensemble 1 hour 

A variety of small ensembles that rehearse and perform literature appropri- 
ate for the ensemble. Limited membership by audition. Repeatable credit 

MU 206 Handbells 1 hour 

The rehearsal and performance of standard handbell literature. Limited 
membership by audition. Repeatable credit 

MU 207 Orchestra 1 hour 

A large ensemble that rehearses and performs standard orchestralliterature. 
Membership by audition. Repeatable credit 



169 



ML) 211, 212 Theory I and Laboratory 3,3 hours 

A study of the structural and harmonic materials of diatonic music with 
examples drawn from standard classical literature. Written, aural, and 
keyboardworkarean integral part of this course. Prerequisites: MU 1 1 1 and MU 
101. 

MU 220 Music Repertoire 2 hours 

Guided listening to standards works of the Western Classical repertoire. The 
list ofworks is determined bythe entire music faculty and is revised periodically. 
Prerequisite: MU211 or permission of instructor. 

MU 230 Principles of Teaching Music Education 2 hours 

A basic survey course designedto give the prospective teacher an understand- 
ing of the principles of musicteaching and learning. The procedures employed 
will be theorganization, motivation, and management of preschool-12instru- 
mental, vocal/choral, and general music. Opportunities are provided by 
observing, assisting, conducting, playing, singing, and participating in labora- 
tory activities. 

MU 231 Survey of Woodwind Instruments 1 hour 

This course is designed to develop the technical knowledge necessary for 
teaching tone production and performance skills on woodwind instruments. 
Offered alternate years, pending enrollment. 

MU232 Survey of String Instruments 1 hour 

This course is designed to develop the technical knowledge necessary for 
teaching tone production and performance skills on string instruments. Of- 
fered alternate years, pending enrollment. 

MU 233 Survey of Percussion Instruments 1 hour 

This course is designed to develop the technical knowledge necessary for 
teaching tone production and performance skills on percussion instruments. 
Offered alternate years. Prerequisite: MU212. 

MU 234 Survey of Brass Instruments 1 hour 

This course is designed to develop the technical knowledge necessary for 
teachingtone production and performanceskills on brassinstruments. Offered 
alternate years, pending enrollment. 

MU 240 Italian Diction 3 hours 

Principles of pronunciation and enunciation of Italian and the use of the 
international phonetic alphabet (IPA). Emphasis is placed upon reading, 
listening, and research of materials on Italian culture. Demonstrative perfor- 
mances are required. Offered alternate years, pending enrollment. 



170 



MU 241 French Diction 3 hours 

Principles of pronunciation and enunciation of French and the use of the 
international phonetic alphabet (IPA). Emphasis is placed upon reading, 
listening, and research of materials on French culture. Demonstrated perfor- 
mances are required. Offered alternate years, pending enrollment. 

MU 242 German Diction 3 hours 

Principles of pronunciation and enunciation of German and the use of the 
international phonetic alphabet (IPA). Emphasis is placed upon reading, 
listening, and research of materials on German culture. Demonstrated 
performances are required. Offered alternate years, pending enrollment. 

MU 265, 266 Individual Instruction and Laboratory 1-2 hours 

Forcoursedescription,see MU165, 166. Prerequisites; MU165, 166. Limited 
enrollment. 

MU 300 Individual Instruction 1 -2 hours 

Not available for credit to majors and minors. Limited enrollment. Students 
are expected to practice five hours per one credit hour. Repeatable credit. 
Juniorlevel. Prerequisite: MU 100. 

MU 311, 312 Theory II and Laboratory 3,3 hours 

The study of structural and harmonic materials of chromatic music, with 
examples drawn from standard classical literature. Written, aural, and 
keyboard work are an integral part of this course. Prerequisite: MU212. 

MU 314 Counterpoint 3 hours 

A study of 16th century two-, three-, and four-voice counterpoint. Offered 
alternate years, pending enrollment. Prerequisite: MU312. 

MU 31 5 Form and Analysis 3 hours 

A detailed analysis of structure, harmonic, and contrapuntal forms in tonal 
music. Offered alternate years, Prerequisite: MU312. 

MU 316 Orchestration 3 hours 

The studyof range, techniques, timbre, and transportation of orchestral and 
band instruments. Written exercisesarean integral part of the course. Offered 
alternate years. Prerequisite: MU 312. 

MU 320 Music History and Literature I (W) 3 hours 

National styles of composition, Frottolato Fugue, 1450-1700, throughoutthe 
Renaissance and the emergence of new ideas, particularly the monodie 
revolution and its resulting newform opera. The development of the theory of 
common practice and the major changes in notational methods, as well as a 
survey ofthe evolution of musical instruments during the period. Prerequisites: 
MU212,MU220. 



171 



MU 321 Music History and Literature II (W) 3 hours 

The centrality of sonata form as the basis of chamber and orchestral literature, 
suite to symphonic poem, 1700-1900, the appearance of significant small 
forms (as the lied and the piano miniatures); the analysis of representative 
works from all major schools. Prerequisites: MU 212, MU 220. 

MU 322 Music History and Literature III (W) 3 hours 

Astudyofdiverse musical systems, 1900-present,replacingtonality, including 
algatorie and dodecaphonic to minimalistic; broadening of musical bases, 
such as the influence of folk music. Afro-American music and non-Western 
theories. Projects suitable for this semester might include studies of women 
in music. American music or minorities. Prerequisites: MU 212, MU 220. 

MU 324 Instrumental Literature 3 hours 

A comprehensive study of teaching methods and piano literature from all art 
periods. Stylistic tendencies, as well as performance practices, will also be 
studied. Offered alternate years, pending enrollment. Prerequisite: MU 265 

MU 325 Piano Literature 3 hours 

A comprehensive study of teaching methods and piano literature from all art 
periods. Stylistic tendencies, as well as performance practices, will also be 
studied. Offered alternate years, pending enrollment. Prerequisite: MU 266. 

MU 326 Vocal Literature I (W) 2 hours 

Survey of song literature from 1600 to the present day. Study of representative 
composers, poets, and works, with extensive listening required. Emphasis on 
lied, melody, early Italian song, and English/American song differentiating 
performance practices of different historical periods and style of each genre. 
Pending enrollment. Prerequisite: 265. 

MU 327 Vocal Literature II (W) 2 hours 

Survey of vocal literature from 1600 to the present day. Study of representative 
composers, poets, andworks, with extensive listening required. Emphasis will 
be placed on styles and trends of periods as well as well-known singers of each 
age. Pending enrollment. Prerequisite: MU266. 

MU 328 Church Music and Worship 3 hours 

Thestudyofthe biblical basisforthetheological implications involved in church 
music practice, with emphasis on the development of principles for guidance 
in the use and selection of available literature. Offered alternate years, pending 
enrollment. Prerequisites: MU 200 and permission of instructor. 

MU 330, 331 Methods and Materials of Teaching 2, 3 hours 

A two-part course in methods, materials, and techniques of teaching school 
music from preschool-grade 12. Emphasis is placed on the planning and 
implementation of learning activities in simulated and/or clinical settings. A 
practicum is required. Offered alternate years. Prerequisite: ED 300. 



172 



MU 332 Literature of School Music 3 hours 

Acritical study of school music literature pertainingto American multiculturalism. 
Appropriate for P-1 2 in public and private settings. Apracticum is required. 
Prerequisite: MU230. 

MU 333 Diction for School Music 1 hour 

The study ofthe International Phonetic Alphabet as it pertains to romantic and 
Germanic languages to aid in effective communication with students of diverse 
backgrounds in public and private school settings. Offered alternate years. 
Prerequisite: MU230. 

MU 350 Piano Pedagogy and Practicum 3 hours 

Acomprehensivestudyofmethods, materials, and physiological andtechnical 
problems involved in teaching piano. Students will have supervised experi- 
ences in theteaching of private lessons. Offered alternate years. Prerequisite: 
MU265. 

MU 351 Vocal Pedagogy and Practicum 3 hours 

A comprehensive study of methods, matehals, and sequence for teaching 
voice. Emphasis is placed upon proper voice development and methods of 
vocal production and maintenance. Students will have supervised experi- 
ences in theteaching of private lessons. Offered alternate years. Prerequisite: 
MU265. 

MU 352 Instrument Pedagogy and Practicum 3 hours 

Acomprehensivestudyofmethods, materials, and physiological andtechnical 
problems involved in teaching various instruments. Students will have super- 
vised experiences in the teaching of private lessons. Offered alternate years 
or as needed. Prerequisite: MU265. 

MU 360 Conducting 2-3 hours 

The study of basic conducting techniques and patterns and their application in 
solving musical problems of tempo changes, dynamics, fermatas, cuing, and 
the development ofthe left hand. Offered alternate years. Prerequisite: MU 
212. 

MU 361 Advanced Conducting 2 hours 

A continuation of applying the basic skills of conducting, with attention given to 
choral and instrumental literature, rehearsal techniques, and phrasing. Offered 
alternate years, pending enrollment. Prerequisite: MU360. 

MU 365, 366 Individual Instruction and Laboratory 1-2 hours 

Forcoursedescription,seeMU165, 166. Prerequisites: MU 265, 266. Limited 
enrollment. 

MU370 Introduction to Electronic Music 3 hours 

Astudyofthescienceof electronic music. Topics include acoustics, electronic 
sound generation, recording, operation of audio equipment, and basic prin- 



173 



ciples of composition, with some hands-on experience at the computer. 
Offered alternate years, pending enrollment. Prerequisite: MU312. 

ML) 380 Anatomy for Singers 3 hours 

A study of the anatomical structure of the human body as it relates to the art of 
singing. Attentionwillbegiventothefunctionandstructureof organs, muscles, 
cartilage, and bones involved in the respiratory and phonation process needed 
forsinging. Offered alternate years, pending enrollment. Prerequisite: MU265. 

MU 41 1 Composition and Arranging 3 hours 

Astudy of the art of composing and arranging for voice and instruments using 
conventionalandtwentieth-centurytechniques. Offered alternate years, pend- 
ing enrollment. Prerequisite: MU 31 5. 

MU 412 Analytical Technique 3 hours 

This course is a continuation of MU 31 5 Form and Analysis. It is a more detailed 
analysis of compositional techniques used in the various art periods. Students 
will analyze musical scores of different types (orchestral, keyboard, vocal, etc.) 
andwriteapaperon each piece. Offered alternate years, pending enrollment. 
Prerequisites: MU 312, 314, 315. 

MU 465, 466 Individual Instruction and Laboratory 1-2 hours 

For course description, see MU 165, 166. Prerequisite: MU 365, 366. Limited 
enrollment. 

MU 470 Music Business Internship 2-6 hours 

This course is designed to give majors hands-on experience in the various 
areas of arts management and is tailored to meet the students' individual 
career goals. It includes learning the rudiments of bookings, audience 
development, marketing, promotion and presentation, fund-raising, finance, 
andmuchmore.Repeatable credit, pending enrollment Prerequisites: BA310 
andMK301. 

MU 490-491 Research and Independent Study each 1-3 hours 

An individual investigation into the art/science of music. A major research 
project is required. Prerequisite: MU321. 

MU 499 Recital 0-2 hours 

Attendance at all departmental recitals and concerts is required of all majors 
and minors. All solo recitals are preceded by a prerecital six weeks priorto the 
recital date. Individual instruction is required. The Bachelor of Arts degree 
requires one 30-minutejunior recital and one 60-minute senior recital. Senior 
status begins afterthe completion of the junior recital. The Bachelor of Sci- 
ence degree requires one 40-minute recital. The Bachelor of Music degree 
requires two 60-minute recitals. The minor in music requires one 30-minute 
recital. All recitals must be given in the same medium and be memorized 
according to traditional protocol. Repeatable credit Prerequisites: MU 266, 
music minor recital or junior recital; MU 465, senior recital. 



174 



Department of Nursing 



Professor: Allen (Chair) 

Associate Professors: Dormer, Flood 

Assistant Professors: Anderson, Gwebu, Simons 

Lab Instructors: Medley, Patel 

Majors: Nursing (A.S. and B.S.) 



Purpose 

It is the purpose of the Department of Nursing to provide a liberal arts 
foundation to prepare nurses to apply Christian principles in meeting the 
biopsychosocial and spiritual needs of clients. Students are prepared to care for 
clients across the life cycle in a variety of health-care settings. 

Career Opportunities 

The Department of Nursing offers the associate (A.S.) degree and a non- 
generic Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree. The A.S. program will preparestudents 
to successfully complete the national licensure examination and to function as 
registered nurses in hospitals, nursing homes, physicians' offices, and other 
structured health-care agencies. 

The B.S. program prepares the registered nurse for graduate study in nursing 
and for professional nursing practice in a variety of settings such as the community, 
industry, government, hospitals, and clinics. 

The program in nursing is approved by the Alabama Board of Nursing and has 
been planned with consultation by the National Leaguefor Nursing. 



Associate of Science in Nursing 
Admission requirements forclinical courses: 

1 . High school cumulative GPA of 3.00 or above on a four point scale, or 
college cumulative GPA of 2.70 or above on a four point scale. 

2. High school chemistry (a full year) or college chemistry (one semester) 
with a passing grade (C or better). 

3. Evidenceof current CPR certification. Be prepared to submit a card 
indicating the expiration date atthe time of registration. 

4. ACTcompositescoreof 17 or above, or SAT composite score of 840 
orabove. Satisfactory completion of developmental courses, identified 
by low ACT/SAT scores, C (2.00) or above. 



175 



5. Science courses earned more than five years prior to admission will not 
beaccepted(anatomyandphysiology, microbiology, nutrition, and chem- 
istry). 

6. Studentswhose native language is otherthan English must achieve at a 
satisfactory level on the TOEFL examination. 

7. Students having two failures (C- or less) in the hard sciences (biology, 
chemistry) or two failures in previous nursing courses are not eligible for 
admission into the nursing program. 

8. Demonstrated reading level at 12th grade, as indicated through diagnostic 
testing, by the Center for Academic Achievement (CAA) or other testing 
centers. 

9. Submission of three recommendations on forms provided by the depart- 
ment. 

10. Presentverificationofphysical examination and required immunizations. 

Progression 

1 . Skills mastery of 1 00 percent is required for successful completion of 
the clinical component of each course. 

2. Students must pass both theory and clinicals to progress to the next 
nursing course. 

3. If a lapse of time (2 years or greater) occurs in a student's program of 
study, prior nursing credits will not be accepted unless an applicant can 
validate nursing knowledge through written examinations and clinical 
performance. 

4. Pass a math proficiency examination at the 90 percent level at the 
beginning of each semester as part of course requirements. Failure to 
successfullycompletethe math proficiency within oneweek of beginning 
the course will result in mandatory withdrawal from the course. Math 
proficiency exam may be repeated four times each semester. 

5. Earn a grade of C (2.00) or better in each nursing course, with a minimum 
cumulative grade point average of 2. 50. Each nursingcourseinthecur- 
riculumhasatheoryandclinicallaboratorypracticecomponent. A grade 
for a nursing course represents a combination of the theory and clinical 
laboratory grades. In order to pass a nursing course, a student must re- 
ceive a passing grade in both the theory andclinical laboratory portions 
of the course. Should a student receive a grade lowerthan C he/she must 
repeat the course. 

6. Earn a grade of C (2.00) or better in each cognate course and maintain 
a minimum cumulative cognate GPA of 2.50 on a 4.00 scale. Cognate 
courses include: Anatomy and Physiology I and II, Microbiology, Nutri- 
tion, college-level math. Psychology, Speech, and English. 

7. Complete all previous level courses (cognate and nursing) before pro- 
gression to the next level. 

8. Repeat successfully all courses in which the minimum grade C (2.00) 
was not achieved. No more than two courses may be repeated, only one 
of which may be a nursing course^ Courses may be repeated in the 
following combination: One nursing and one cognate, ortwo cognate 
courses. 



176 



9. Fulfill any remedial contracts specified by the department. 

10. Present annual verification of current CPR certification, Tuberculosis 
screening, measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella (chicken pox). 

Students who engage in misconductthatwould jeopardize their professional 
performance as nurses may be denied admission or may be removed from the 
program. The Department of Nursing reserves the right to revise, add, or delete 
courses as needed to maintain the quality of the nursing program. 

Students must graduate from the program in order to write the NCLEX-RN. The 
RN license may be denied where there is failure to show good moral character as 
it pertains to nursing; including, but not limited to: conviction of a felony, abuse of 
or addiction to alcohol or drugs, and theft of drugs. Thedecision as to whether the 
applicant is of good moral character is with the discretion of the Alabama Board of 
Nursing. (Alabama Board of Nursing Administrative Code 61 0-X-8-= 1 pp. 44 and 
45.) 

Exit Examinations 

Students must demonstrate satisfactory performance on comprehensive 
exit examinations (see departmental policy in the Student Handbook). 



Major Requirements: 

NU 100 Introduction to Nursing 3 hours 

NU101 Fundamental Nursing Concepts 7 hours 

NU 102 Adult Health I 6 hours 

NU 104 Applied Nutrition for Nurses 3 hours 

NU 105 Pharmacology 1 hour 

NU201 The Childbearing Family 5 hours 

NU 202 The Childrearing Family 5 hours 

NU 203 Mental Health Nursing 5 hours 

NU 204 Adult Health II 6 hours 

NU 205 Seminar in Nursing 1 hour 

Bill 1-1 2 Anatomy and Physiology 6 hours 

BI221 Microbiology 4 hours 

MA 101 Fundamentals of Mathematics* 3 hours 

PY101 Principles of Psychology 3 hours 

Total 58 hours 

General Education Requirement variations: 

Omit PE 21 1 Health Principles and one PE activity course 

Omit IS 1 00 Computer Application 

*lf ACT score is 21 or above, another college-level math course may be 

substituted for MA 1 01 (MA 1 08 is recommended) 

Omit HI 211 or 212 U.S. History if taken in high school 

RE elective is only two hours if RE 1 01 is not required 

Total hours required for the degree are 73-74. 
177 



Bachelor of Science in Nursing 
Admission Requirements 

1 . Associate of Science degree or diploma from a state-approved school of 
nursing. 

2. Satisfactory completion of all general education courses as required for 
the Oakwood College associate degree program or equivalents. 

3. Two recommendations — one from current supervisor in a health-care 
setting orformer instructor ifyou are a recentstudent of nursing (form to 
be provided by the department). 

4. Current nursing license or temporary permit to practice in Alabama with 
verification of licensure. 

5. Evidence of current CPR certification. 

6. Creditfor nursing courses taken at schools other than Oakwood will be 
considered on an individual basis bythe Department of Nursing. Validation 
of previous knowledge will be determined by examination and/or demon- 
stration. 

7. If a lapse of time (2 years or greater) occurs in a student's program of 
study, prior nursing credits will not be accepted unless an applicant can 
validate nursing knowledge through written examinations and clinical 
performance. 

Progression 

1 . A grade of C (2.00) or better in each course is required for the major. 

2. Coursesrequiredforthemajormayberepeatedonlyonce. Nomorethan 
two courses may be repeated, only one of which may be a nursing course. 

3. Graduation requirements include a minimum GPA of 2.25 in the major. 



Major Requirements: 

NU 330 Pathophysiology 3 hours 

NU 340 Professional Nursing 3 hours 

NU341 Health Assessment 2 hours 

NU 342 Gerontological Nursing 3 hours 

NU 41 OLeadership/Managementin Nursing 5 hours 

NU411 Community Health Nursing 5 hours 

NU 41 4 Transcultural Nursing 3 hours 

NU 41 5 Advanced Clinical Nursing 5 hours 

NU 422 Research in Nursing 3 hours 

CH 102 Introduction to Organic and Biochemistry 4 hours 

PY 307 Statistical Methods 3 hours 

Total 39 hours 



178 



General Education Requirement variations: 

Omit the History elective 

Omit PE 21 1 Health Principles and MA 101 if ACT is 21 

Total hours required for the degree are 132 



Description of Courses 

NU 100 Introduction to Nursing 3 hours 

This course provides an introduction to biblical and Seventh-day Adventist 
principles of health and to the philosophy and conceptual framework of the 
Oakwood College Department of Nursing. Taught from a critical thinking 
perspective, this v\/riting intensive course will also include nursing history and 
trends, medical terminology, and an introduction to legal and ethical issues in 
healthcare. 

NU 101 Fundamental Nursing Concepts 7 hours 

This course is designed to orient students to the nursing profession. Con- 
tents include medical terminology, the nursing process, foundations of 
nursing, pharmacology, and an introduction to med/surg nursing. Selected 
clinical experiences provide an opportunity to care for individuals and families 
with simple alterations in basic needsthroughoutthe life cycle. Prerequisite: 
admission to clinical nursing. 

NU 102 Adult Health I 6 hours 

This course provides students with theory and clinical opportunities to use the 
nursing process to care for individuals andfamilies with simple alterations in 
basic needsthroughoutthe life cycle. Prerequisites: NU101 and NU 104 or 
FS131. 

NU 104 Applied Nutrition for Nurses 3 hours 

This course examines the physiological needs of humans related to nutrition. 
The focus is on the role of nutrition in promoting and maintaining health 
throughout the life cycle. Interventions that may be required of health-care 
providers to enable clients to meettheir nutritional needs are explored. 

NU 105 Pharmacology 1 hour 

A study of the principles of pharmacology and the roles and responsibilities 
ofthe nurse in drug administration will be emphasized in this course. Asurvey 
of the major drug categories will provide a foundation for the specific 
pharmacological applications in each clinical course. 

NU 106 Non-Drug Therapeutics 3 hours 

This course is intended to teach persons in the use of simple remedies and 
treatments that can be used in the home. The principles underlying the effects 
of the treatment methods are examined, and common symptoms and 
illnesses that respond to these treatments are covered. It is not expected that 



179 



the information given in this course will take the place of the services of 
physicians or other health-care professionals. 

NU 200 Transitions for LPN/LVN 2 hours 

This course is designed for the practical vocational nurse admitted to the 
Associate Degree Program with advanced placement. The philosophy and 
conceptual framework of the department are discussed. The nursing 
process, communication skills, and pharmacology are studied. 

NU 201 The Childbearing Family 5 hours 

This course emphasizes use of the nursing process to provide care for clients 
during the prepartum, labor, and postpartum periods of the childbearing 
process. Also emphasizes nursing care ofchildren in stages of development 
from infancy through adolescence. Prerequisite: Level II status. 

NU 202 The Childrearing Family 5 hours 

This course provides the student with the theory and practice of family- 
centered child care at different points on the wellness-illness continuum. It 
teaches students how to promote health and spirituality, and to care for the 
child and his/her family in a variety of clinical settings in acute care, long-term 
care, and community settings. Content includes normal phenomena and 
complications. 

NU 203 Mental Health Nursing 5 hours 

In this course, students adaptthe nursing process to individuals with altered 
basic needs and psychiatric problems. It builds on concepts of behavior, 
interpersonal and communication skills learned in prior nursing courses. 
Prerequisites: NU 201 and 202. 

NU 204 Adult Health II 6 hours 

This course provides students with theory and clinical opportunities to apply 
medical-surgical concepts in the critical care setting wherethere are multiple 
alterations in basic needs. Principles of general client management are also 
discussed and implemented in clinical situations. Prerequisites: Level II 
status and all previous nursing courses. 

NU 205 Seminar in Nursing 1 hour 

A seminar designed to assist students in preparing to write the NCLEX-RN. 
Students must perform at a satisfactory level on a comprehensive examina- 
tion to measure readiness to pass NCLEX as a part of course requirements. 
Prerequisite: successful completion of, or current enrollment in, all general 
education courses and all major course requirements. 

NU 330 Pathophysiology for Nurses 3 hours 

This course is a study of the physiologic changes which occur as a result of 
disease processes. It provides the basic link between anatomy and physiol- 
ogy, microbiology, chemistry, andtheirapplicationto clinical nursing practice. 
Prerequisite or corequisite: CH 102. 



180 



NU 340 Professional Nursing 3 hours 

The associate degree and diploma nurse are oriented to the roles of the 
baccalaureate nursethroughtheexploration of professional issues. Students 
areintroducedtothe philosophy and conceptual frameworkofthebachelorof 
science program. Theoretical models are examined. Principles of teaching 
are emphasized. Prerequisite: completion of ASN or Diploma Program in 
Nursing. 

NU 341 Healtii Assessment 2 hours 

This course provides a comprehensive and systematic nursing approach to 
health assessment and decision-making, while incorporatingtraditional physi- 
cal examination skills. Emphasis is placed on the nursing process in assess- 
ing and evaluating the health and functional status of individuals, with consid- 
eration to multicultural and developmental variations. Campus laboratory 
experiences are provided to enhance the students' assessment skills. 
Prerequisite: seniorstandingin ASN Program. 

NU 342 Gerontology Nursing 3 hours 

This course emphasizes natural aging processes and special needs of older 
clients and families within the context of their environments. It examines 
physical, psychosocial, cultural, and spiritual adjustments associated with 
aging, and implications for nursing practice and social change. Learning 
experiences are selected to enhance the students' appreciation for the 
uniqueness of this age group. Prerequisite: completion of ASN or Diploma 
Program in Nursing. 

NU 410 Leadership/Management 5 hours 

Concepts of leadership and management are emphasized. The learners 
apply nursing knowledge as they function as leaders in a variety of settings. 
There is an opportunity to apply change theory and to explore the nurse's 
relationship to the health-care system. Prerequisites: admission to BSN 
clinical nursing courses and senior standing. 

NU 411 Community Health Nursing 5 hours 

This course analyzesthemultifaceted role ofthe community health nurse and 
thescopeofnursingpracticeinmaximizingthe health and wellness potential 
of individuals, families, groups, and communities through culturally appropri- 
ate nursing strategies that promote health and provide health-care supervi- 
sion, health education, and disease prevention. Basic principles of epidemi- 
ology and research are presented. The clinical setting promotes the synthe- 
sis of nursing skills and public health concepts through the application ofthe 
nursing process. Prerequisites: admission to BSN clinical nursing courses 
andseniorstanding. 

NU 414 Transcultural Nursing 3 hours 

Providesopportunityforstudentstolookathowvalues, beliefs, and practices 
among cultural groupsaffecttheindividual's health and illness. Prerequisites: 
admission to BSN clinical nursing courses and senior standing. 



181 



NU 41 5 Advanced Clinical Nursing 5 hours 

This course provides the student an opportunity to select an area of nursing 
interestto expand knowledge and skills and further refine management and 
leadershiptechniques, as thestudent begins preparation fortransition into the 
field of nursing practice. Students initiate, plan, and evaluate individual 
developmenttoward meeting professional and educational goals. Prerequi- 
sites: admission to BSN clinical nursing courses and senior standing. 

NU 422 Research in Nursing 3 hours 

The research process is explored. Students are introduced to their role as 
consumers of nursing research and taught how to analyze research for 
application to clinical practice. Prerequisites: admission to BSN clinical 
nursing courses, statistics, and senior standing. 



182 



Department of Physical Education 



Professor: Shaw (Interim Chair) 

Assistant Professors: Henry, Roddy, Simmons 

Instructor: Hamilton 

Majors: Fitness and Wellness (B.S.) 

Physical Education (B.A, and B.S.) 
Physical EducationTeaching(B.S.) 

Minor: Physical Education 



Purpose: 

It is the purpose of the Department of Physical Education to provide instruction 
in health education and a variety of physical activity and theory courses. These 
courses are designed to promote healthful living and physical fitness, as well as 
knowledge and skill development. 



Application for Admission: 

To be admitted as a major in the Department of Physical Education, students 
must have completed at least 32 hours of course work, including EN 11 2 Fresh man 
Composition and 4 hours of physical education. Applicants must have an overall 
minimum GPA of 2.00 and have a minimum GPA of 2.25 in physical education 
couses. Applicationformsmust beobtained from, and returnedto,thedepartment. 



Exit Examination: 

Seniors are required to take and pass at the 80th percentile an exit examination 
from the department. 



Career Opportunities: 

Graduates in this department may have careers as coaches, fitness special- 
ists, health educators, intramural directors, parks and recreation programmers, 
sports medicine personnel, teachers, and water safety instructors. 



183 



Bachelor of Science in Fitness and Wellness 

Major Requirements: 

PE101 Physical Conditioning 1 hour 

RE 155 Aerobics 1 hour 

PE205 FirstAid and CPR 1 hour 

RE 211 Health Principles 2 hours 

PE 270 Water Safety Instructor 2 hours 

PE 280 Weight Training 1 hour 

PE 285 Introduction to Physical Education 3 hours 

PE 310 Athletic Injuries 2 hours 

PE 31 5 Motor Learning 2 hours 

PE 320 Fitness Testing 2 hours 

PE 340 Organization and Administration of Physical Ed 3 hours 

PE401 Physiology of Exercise 3 hours 

PE 410 Adapted Physical Education 2 hours 

PE 41 5 Kinesiology 3 hours 

PE421 Health Promotion 3 hours 

PE 422 Fitness Management 3 hours 

PE 490 Research and Independent Study 3 hours 

PE Activity Electives 3 hours 

PE Electives 3 hours 

AR 204 Desktop Graphic Design 3 hours 

BA 105 Introduction to Business 3 hours 

Bl 111 Anatomy and Physiology 3 hours 

Bl 112 Anatomy and Physiology 3 hours 

FS131 Nutrition 3 hours 

PY 421 Counseling Skills 3 hours 

Total 61 hours 



Bachelor of Arts in Physical Education 

Major Requirements: 

PE 205 FirstAid and CPR 1 hour 

PE Health Principles 2 hours 

PE 226-227 Team Sports I and II 6 hours 

PE 285 Introduction to Physical Education 3 hours 

PE 301-302 Individual and Dual Sports I and II 6 hours 

PE 305 Officiating Athletic Contests 2 hours 

PE 308 Theory of Coaching 2 hours 

PE 310 Athletic Injuries 2 hours 

PE 330 Methods ofTeaching Physical Education 3 hours 

PE 335 Physical Education Test and Measurements 3 hours 

PE 340 Administration of Physical Education 2 hours 



184 



PE401 Physiology of Exercise 3 hours 

PE410Adapted Physical Education 2 hours 

PE 41 5 Kinesiology 3 hours 

PE Activity Electives 3 hours 

Bl 111 -11 2 Human Anatomy and Physiology 6 hours 

FS131 Nutrition 3 hours 

Total 52 hours 

Minor Required 18-21 hours 



Bachelor of Science in Physical Education 

Major Requirements: 

PE 205 First Aid and CPR 1 hour 

PE211 Health Principles 2 hours 

PE 226-227 Team Sports I and II 6 hours 

PE275 Gymnastics 1 hour 

PE 285 Introduction to Physical Education 3 hours 

PE 301-302 Individual and Dual Sports I and II 6 hours 

PE 305 Officiating Athletic Contests , 2 hours 

PE 310 Athletic Injuries 2 hours 

PE 31 5 Motor Learning 2 hours 

PE 330 Methods ofTeaching Physical Education 3 hours 

PE 335 Physical Education Test and Measurements 3 hours 

PE 340 Administration of Physical Education 3 hours 

PE401 Physiology of Exercise 3 hours 

PE 410 Adapted Physical Education 2 hours 

PE 41 5 Kinesiology 3 hours 

PE Activity Electives 3 hours 

PE Electives 6 hours 

Bl 11 1-1 12 Human Anatomy and Physiology 6 hours 

FS131 Nutrition 3 hours 

Total 60 hours 



Bachelor of Science in Teaching Physical Education 

This program qualifies a person toteach physical education. After graduation, 
students may apply for the Alabama Class B Certificate: Physical Education, 
grades P-1 2; and the SDA Basic Teaching Certificate: Physical Education, grades 
P-12. 

Refer to the Department of Education section in this bulletin for the program 
outline. Program advisor: department chair. 



185 



Minor in Pliysical Education 

PE Activities - Select one course from each of these areas: 

aquatics, fitness, individual sports, and team sports 4 hours 

PE 205 First Aid and CPR 1 hour 

PR 285 Introduction to Physical Education 3 hours 

PE 305 Officiating Athletic Contests 3 hours 

PE 310 Athletic Injuries 3 hours 

PE 340 Organization and Administration of Physical Education 3 hours 

PEEIectives 2 hours 

Total 18 hours 

Description of Courses 

PE 101 Physical Conditioning 1 hour 

Skills, methods, and exercises for attaining muscular and cardiorespiratory 
fitness. 

PE102BasicSwimming 1 hour 

This course is designed to teach the basic sv\/imming skills and to overcome 
fear of the water. 

PE107AerobicSwimming 1 hour 

A course designed for the sv\/immer that emphasizes the benefits of continu- 
ous exercise. Special emphasis will be placed on developing strength in 
different body areas and enhancing the cardiovascular fitness of the student. 
This class takes the learned aspects of the swimming strokes and applies 
them to the students' overall fitness level. Prerequisite: PE 1 02 or permission 
of the instructor. 

PE 120 Flag Football 1 hour 

An introduction to the skills and rules of flag football. 

PE 122 Basketball 1 hour 

An introduction to the skills and rules of basketball. 

PE 126 Softball 1 hour 

An introduction to the skills and rules of softball. 

PE 128 Volleyball 1 hour 

An introduction to the skills and rules of volleyball. 

PE 150 Badminton 1 hour 

An introduction to the skills and rules of badminton. 

PE 155 Aerobics 1 hour 

Exercises designed for the development of cardiopulmonary endurance and 
muscular fitness. 



186 



PE 190 -191-192 Independent Activity 1-1-1 hour 

Independentactivityclassesforthosewithdisabilitiesand others with special 
needs under the direction of a physical education advisor. Prerequisite: 
permission of department chair. 

PE 205 Standard First Aid and CPR 1 hour 

This course will prepare the student to recognize emergencies and how to 
respondtothem.ltwill also providean in-depth studyofCPR, including practice 
sessions on a manikin. Participation in all class activities is required. 

PE 207 Intermediate Swimming 1 hour 

Perfecting of the American crawl and elementary backstroke, learning and 
developing skills of the sidestroke, breaststroke, back crawl, and inverted 
breast stroke. Prerequisite: perform basic strokes well, tread water, and be 
comfortable in deep water. 

PE 210 Lifeguard Training 2 hours 

Covers the requirements for Red Cross Advanced Lifesaving certification. 
Prerequisite: PE 207 or equivalent performance ability. This course may 
receive one hour of PE activity. 

PE 211 Health Principles 2 hours 

A practical study of the principles of healthful living, including a study of the basic 
physiological processes. The health instructionsfound in thewriting of Mrs. E. 
G. White are given special emphasis. 

PE 222 Racquetball I 1 hour 

An introduction to the techniques, skills, and methods of racquetball. The 
proper attire, eye goggles and nonscuffing gym shoes, is required. 

PE 224 Soccer 1 hour 

An introduction to the basic skills and rules of soccer. 

PE 226-227 Team Sports I and II 3-3 hours 

Organization, administration, and teaching progression of selected team 
sports. Prerequisite: previous experience in playing four of the following: 
flagball, softball, soccer, basketball, volleyball, field hockey, orteam handball. 

PE 245 Tennis I 1 hour 

An introduction to the skills and rules of tennis. 

PE 247 Racquetball II 1 hour 

After beginning racquetball skill acquisition, Racquetball II provides the oppor- 
tunity to develop offensive and defensive shots to a higher skill level. Prereq- 
uisite: PE 222 or permission of instructor. 



187 



PE 249 Tennis II 1 hour 

This course is designed for the intermediate to advanced tennis player. Special 
emphasis will be placed upon skill, performance, and ability levels of each 
individual participant. Prerequisite: PE 245 or permission of the instructor. 

PE 250 Tumbling 1 hour 

The analysis and practice ofelementarystuntsandtumbling, including spotting 
and safety techniques. 

PE 260 Golf I 1hour 

Introduction to golfing. Equipmentsupplied. 

PE 261 Golf II 1hour 

The natural progression ofgolfinstructionforthestudentinterested in pursuing 
golf as a lifetime activity. This course is designed for the intermediate to 
advanced golfer. Emphasis will be placed upon skill, performance, and ability 
levels. Prerequisite: PE 260 or permission of the instructor. 

PE 270 Water Safety Instructor 2 hours 

Covers the requirements for Red Cross Water Safety Instructor certification. 
Prerequisite: PE210 

PE 275 -276 Gymnastics Team 1 -1 hour 

Culminates with public performance of skills on parallel bars, rings, unevens, 
balance beam, and mats. Prerequisite: Satisfactory performance of tryout 
requirements. 

PE 280 Weight Training 1 hour 

This is a body-building class based on the use of weight resistance experi- 
ences. 

PE 285 Introduction to Physical Education 3 hours 

A brief historical study of the physiological, psychological, and sociological 
basis of physical education and an analysis of its aims, objectives, and 
principles. 

PE 301-302 Individual and Dual Sports I and II 3-3 hours 

Organization, administration, andteaching progression of selected individual 
sports. Prerequisite: previous experience in playing four of the following: 
aquatics, badminton, golf, gymnastics, racquetball, tennis, and track andfield. 

PE 305 Officiating Athletic Contests 2 hours 

Theory and practice in officiation at team sports, interpretation of rules, 
officiating techniques, examinations, and ratings. Prerequisites: previous 
experience in playing basketball, flag football orfield hockey, and Softball and 
volleyball. All students in these classes will be assigned to officiate for 
intramural programs of the college. 



188 



PE 308 Theory of Coaching (W) 2 hours 

This course is designed to assist the student in developing the background 
and skills necessary to coach selected sports. Offered alternate years. 
Prerequisites: PE 226 and EN 103. 

PE 310 Athletic Injuries 2 hours 

The care and prevention of athletic injuries, including certification in first aid and 
cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Offered alternate years. Prerequisites: PE 
205andBI111. 

PE 31 5 Motor Learning 2 hours 

Study and analyze theselected variables which influence the learning of motor 
skills. Prerequisite: junior standing. 

PE 320 Fitness Testing 2 hours 

This course is designed to enhance the understanding of fitness and the 
scientific aspects of evaluating fitness levels, and focuses on the hands-on 
application of advanced fitness testing. Tests include, but are not limited to, 
body fat analysis (hydrostatic v\/eighing), treadmill stress testing, strength 
analysis, flexibility testing, lung capacity, nutrition analysis, stress profile, and 
varied other fitness and wellness evaluations. Requihng the student to 
understand how to administer these tests to each other is preparation for 
administering these and other tests in areas such as health clubs, hospital 
settings, and corporate fitness. This course is also preparation for academic 
environment application at the elementary, secondary, and college level. 
Prerequisite: PE 101. 

PE 330 Methods of Teaching Physical Education in 3 hours 

Elementary and Secondary Schools 

Development of physical education programs on the elementary and second- 
ary level. Methods and materials for games of low organization, team and 
individual sports, and self-testing activities. Prerequisite: junior standing. 

PE 335 Physical Education Tests and Measurements (W) 3 hours 

Tests and evaluation in physical education: emphasis on test administration 
and application of results. Offered alternate years. Prerequisite: MA 101. 

PE 340 Organization and Admin, of Physical Education (W) 2 hours 

The relationship of thefield of physical education to modern education. Theory 
and practive of the organization and administration of physical education 
activities, including intramurals. Offered alternate years. Prerequisite: PE 
285. 

PE 401 Physiology of Exercise (W) 3 hours 

A study of the response of the body to exercise. Offered alternate years. 
Prerequisite: Bl 111. 



189 



PE410Adapted Physical Education (W) 2 hours 

A study of abnormalities found in students which may be helped or corrected 
byexercise. Activities for the handicapped. Offered alternate years. Prerequi- 
site; junior standing. 

PE 41 5 Kinesiology 3 hours 

Astudyofjointand muscular mechanism action involved in movement. Also, 
the effect of gravity and other forces in motion. Offered alternate years. 
Prerequisite: Bl 111. 

PE 421 Health Promotion 3 hours 

A study of the methods and structure involved in promoting all aspects of 
health. The student will explore the different areas of health and the specific 
ways to promote those areas to different populations. Included in the course 
content will be actual promotion of on-campus health activities, including but 
not limited to, stress-reduction seminars, exercise evaluation clinics, and a 
wellness day experience. The student will also obtain the skill necessary to 
manage a group of volunteer employees and learn the concepts of health 
management. Prerequisite: PE211. 

PE 422 Fitness Management 3 hours 

This course will emphasize the employment aspects of fitness and wellness 
as they relate to health. Each studentwill be placed in a local health orwellness 
facilityforthe purpose of experiencing the workings of that facility — from the 
business aspects to the maintenance of the building. Contracts, staffing, 
promotion, and budgetingwillbethefocus areas foreach student. The grading 
of the studentwill be a combined effort between the facility manager and site 
visits from the professor in charge of the practicum. Prerequisite: PE285. 

PE 490-91 Research and Independent Study each 1-3 hours 

Individual research under the guidance of an instructor. Limited to physical 
education majors. Prerequisite: junior standing and prior approval of the 
departmentchair. 



190 



Department of Psychology 



Professors: Malcolm, Matthews 

Associate Professors: Carter (Chair), Oler 
Assistant Professors: Blanch-Payne, Carter, Webb 

Majors: Psychology (B. A. and B.S.) 

Minors: Correctional Science 

Psychology 
Sociology 



Purpose 

It is the purpose of the Department of Psychology to provide a liberal arts, 
undergraduate foundation with a basic understanding of the principles, facts, 
approaches, and methods in psychology. The goal of the department is to aid the 
student (1) in acquiring knowledge and developing skillsfor entry level professional 
service, (2) in preparing for entry into graduate programs, (3) in receiving a Christian 
perspective of psychology, and (4) in understanding self and others better in an 
appreciation of the origin, nature, and process of individual differences from the 
psychological viewpoint. 



High School Preparation 

A strong academic background will be valuable for the potential psychology 
major, with emphasis on biology, computer skills, mathematics, and social sci- 
ences. 

Exit Examination 

The Major Field Achievement Test developed by the Educational Testing 
Service or an equivalent will be administered during the spring semester to all 
seniors. A passing score is one standard deviation below the mean score of 1 46 
or the mean score for the group. The lower of the two scores will be accepted. 

Career Opportunities 

Human understanding and service constitute great needs among people 
today. Psychology graduates are entering all kinds of occupations in business, 
governmental and private human service agencies, andteaching. The bachelor's 
degreeinpsychologyisaflexibleandversatilewaytoprepareforacareerin human 
services and diverse lines of work. Psychologygraduates are upwardly mobile, but 
their advances are strongly correlated with training beyond the bachelor's degree. 



191 



Bachelor of Arts in Psychology 

The B. A. degree in Psychology offers a broad study of behavior and provides 
the academic preparation requiredfor graduate training. 

Major Requirements: 

PY101 Principles of Psychology 3 hours 

PY201 Psychology of Religion 3 hours 

PY 307 Statistical Methods 3 hours 

PY371 Biological Psychology 3 hours 

PY401 History and Systems of Psychology 3 hours 

PY411 Principles of Research 3 hours 

PY460 Experimental Psychology 3 hours 

PY460L Experimental Psychology Lab 1 hour 

PY 480 Seminar in Psychology 2 hours 

Select from: PY301 Social Psychology, 

PY 31 9 Theories of Personality, 

PY 321 Abnormal Behavior, and 

PY325 Developmental Psychology 9 hours 

PYEIectives 9 hours 

Total 42 hours 

Minor is not required 



Bachelor of Science in Psychology 

The B.S.degreewith a counseling or industrial/organizational emphasis offers 
an applied approach to the study of behavior. It also provides the student with 
opportunities to develop marketable knowledge, skills, and abilities, and serves as 
the bridge between school and work. 

Major Requirements: 

PY101 Principles of Psychology 3 hours 

PY201 Psychology of Religion 3 hours 

PY 307 Statistical Methods 3 hours 

Selectfrom: PY301 Social Psychology, 

PY 31 9 Theories of Personality, 

PY 321 Abnormal Psychology, and 

PY 325 Developmental Psychology 9 hours 

PY371 Biological Psychology 3 hours 

PY411 Principles of Research 3 hours 

PY 422-424 Counseling Practicum 4 hours 

PY460 Experimental Psychology 3 hours 

PY460L Experimental Psychology Lab 1 hour 

PY 480 Seminar in Psychology 2 hours 



192 



PY or SO electives 9 hours 

SO 101 Principles of Sociology 3 hours 

Counseling or Industrial/Organizational Emphasis* 9 hours 

Total 55 hours 

*Counseling emphasis: 

Select from: (one must be PY 421 or 423) 
PY331 Group Dynamics, 
PY421 Counseling Skills, 
PY423 Counseling Theories, and 

PY 430 Psychological Testing 6 hours 

PY 340 Behavior Disorders in Children, or 

PY431 Black Psychological Perspectives, or 

SO 361 Marriage and the Family 3 hours 

*lndustrial /Organizational emphasis: 

PY351 Industrial Psychology 3 hours 

PY421 Counseling Skills or PY 423 Counseling Theories 3 hours 

PY 430 Psychological Testing 3 hours 



Minor in Correctional Science 

PY 101 Principles of Psychology 3 hours 

PY 321 Abnormal Behavior 3 hours 

PY398 Psychology and the Law 3 hours 

PYorSO electives 6 hours 

SO 101 Principles of Sociology 3 hours 

SO 301 Sociology of Deviant Behavior or SO 398 Probation 3 hours 

Total 21 hours 



Minor in Psychology 

PY101 Principles of Psychology 3 hours 

PY201 Psychology of Religion 3 hours 

Select from: PY 301 Social Psychology, 
PY 31 9 Theories of Personality, 
PY321 Abnormal Behavior, and 

PY331 Group Dynamics 9 hours 

PY421 Counseling Skills 3 hours 

PY elective 3 hours 

Total 21 hours 



193 



Minor in Sociology 

SO 101 Principles of Sociology 3 hours 

SO 231 Social Problems 3 hours 

SO 241 Race Relations 3 hours 

SO electives (upper division) 12hours 

Total 21 hours 



Description of Courses 
Psychology 

PY 095 Scholarship Skills 2 hours 

This course is required during the first semester of all beginning freshmen on 
academic probation or with low ACT or SAT scores. Any other freshmen 
whose college GPA falls below 2.00 will also have to take this course the 
following semester, unless they have already passed it. 

PY101 Principles of Psychology 3 hours 

An overviewofthescienceofpsychologyjncludingsuch concepts as emotion, 
motivation, adjustment, perception, learning, personality, abnormal behavior, 
therapies, intelligence, measurement, and experimental methods. 

PY201 Psychology of Religion 3 hours 

A study of the psychological aspects of religion and an analysis of several 
systems in psychology from a Christian perspective, utilizing the writings of 
Ellen G. White along with other Christian authors. 

PY 221 Personal and Social Adjustment 3 hours 

This course focuses on applying basic psychological theories and concepts to 
enhance personal growth and interaction with others. Topics include gender 
roles/ identity, self-esteem, assertiveness, stress management, communica- 
tion, intimacy, and other related areas. Prerequisite: PY101. 

PY 301 Social Psychology (W) 3 hours 

Thestudyofgroupaffiliations,groupstandards, social perceptions, and other 
social factors influencing the behavior of individuals and interaction among 
groups. Prerequisite: PY 101. 

PY 307 Statistical Methods 3 hours 

An introduction to statistical procedures. Topics include preparation and use 
ofgraphsandtables,measuresofcentraltendency and dispersion, probability 
and sampling, and tests ofsignificance and association. Prerequisites: PY 
lOlandMAIOI. 



194 



PY 319 Theories of Personality (W) 3 hours 

Astudyofthemaintheoriesof personality structure, with consideration of the 
essential ingredients of healthy attitudes and behavior patterns. Prerequisite: 
PY101. 

PY 321 Abnormal Behavior 3 hours 

A study of the types, natures, and causes ofabnormal behavior; the effects of 
maladaptive behavior on individuals, families, and communities; and methods 
oftreatment. Prerequisite; PY101. 

PY 325 Developmental Psychology 3 hours 

Astudyofcurrentpsychologicaltheoriesrelatingto psychological development 
throughoutthe entire life span. Prerequisite: PY101. 

PY 331 Group Dynamics 3 hours 

A study of the dynamics of groups, with special emphasis being placed upon 
patterns of leadership, solidarity, cohesion, conflict, accommodation, and 
cooperation. Prerequisite: PY101. 

PY 340 Behavior Disorders in Children 3 hours 

This course is designed to give the student a descriptive and theoretical survey 
of the major forms of child psychopathology, with a detailed analysis of 
behaviors of children, methods of identification, and present methods of 
prevention and treatment. Prerequisite: PY101. 

PY351industrial Psychology 3 hours 

Application of psychology to the study of industrial and personnel problems, 
including such areas as human relations, selection, training, employee moti- 
vation, and morale. Prerequisite: PY101. 

PY 357 Health Psychology 3 hours 

An introductiontothesubfield of psychology which investigates the psychologi- 
cal and behavioral aspects of physical health. Mental f u nctioning as a causative 
factor in physical illness/weilness will be explored. Prerequisite: PY 1 01 . 

PY 371 Biological Psychology 3 hours 

Physiological correlates of behavior, with special emphasis on the physiology 
and anatomy of the nervous system as a basis for relating behavior to its 
physiological components. Development of competence in reading and 
interpreting scientific reports and professional journals. Prerequisite: PY 1 01 . 

PY 380 Cognitive Psychology 3 hours 

Human cognition. Attention, knowledge representation, learning and memory, 
comprehension, and problem solving. Contributions of neuroscience and 
connectionism to the development of cognitive theory, experimentation, and 
applications. Prerequisite: PY101. 



195 



PY 398 Psychology and the Law 3 hours 

This course examines the U.S. legal system through the use of psychological 
concepts, methods, and findings. It offers coverage of topics relevant to 
understanding how psychology interfacesv\/ith the law. Prerequisite: PY 101 . 

PY401 Historyand Systems of Psychology 3 hours 

Astudyofthetheoreticalsystems, experiments, and personalities involved in 
the development of psychology. Prerequisite: PY101. 

PY 41 1 Principles of Research 3 hours 

An introduction to research in the behavioral sciences. Topics include problem 
definition and hypothesis formation; observation, definition, and measurement; 
design and control of basic types of experimental and quasiexperimental 
designs; and explanation and interpretation of results. Laboratory required. 
Prerequisite: PY307. 

PY 421 Counseling Skills 3 hours 

This course acquaintsthestudentwith the practical applications of communi- 
cation, helping skills, and counseling. Prerequisite: PY101. 

PY 422-424 Counseling Practicum 2-2 hours 

Fifty-four hours each semester of supervised practical experience in a com- 
munity mental health agency. Prerequisite: Completion of, or concurrent 
enrollment in PY 421 or PY 423. 

PY 423 Counseling Theories 3 hours 

This course involves a study of the major counseling theories. Prerequisite: 
PY101. 

PY 430 Psychological Testing 3 hours 

A course designed to familiarize students with the history of the development 
of psychological testing, the theory behind it, and the various objective and 
projective instruments used to assess intellectual and personality functioning. 
Prerequisite: PY101. 

PY 431 Black Psychological Perspectives 3 hours 

This course is designed to introduce the student to the issues and concerns 
regarding psychological developmentfrom a Black perspective. Prerequisite: 
PY101. 

PY 460 Experimental Psychology 3 hours 

A survey course acquainting the student with the experimental analysis of 
behavior. The scientific method is used to investigate basic behavioral 
phenomena and principles. Students will also develop competence in reading, 
writing, and interpreting reports. Prerequisite: PY41 1 or permission of instruc- 
tor. 



196 



PY 460L Experimental Psychology Lab 1 hour 

Controlled laboratory experiences will be provided to investigate verbal learn- 
ing, individual differences, operant and classical conditioning, and other 
processes. Connputer programs will be used to facilitate some of the 
laboratory exercises. 

PY 480 Seminar in Psychology 2 hours 

In-depth examination of particular topics of current interest in the field of 
psychology. Critical evaluation of current research. The course also reviews 
the graduation admission and employmentsearching process. Prerequisite: 
juniorstanding. 

PY 490-491 Research and Independent Study each 2-3 hours 

Majors in psychology desirous of getting an independent course of research 
areencouragedtodosounderthedirection of an advisor. Prerequisites: PY 
307, junior standing, and GPA of 3.00 or consent of instructor. 



Sociology 

S0 101 Principles of Sociology 3 hours 

An introduction to thefield of sociology, termsand concepts related to human 
behavior, and the influences of social and cultural factors upon human 
behavior. 

SO 211 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology 3 hours 

An introduction to the study of man as a total being, his culture and social 
organization, his interrelationshipswith his habitat, and his biophysical nature. 

SO 231 Social Problems 3 hours 

An analysis of areas of social behavior considered to be problems in contem- 
porary American society. Prerequisite: SO 101 

SO 241 Race Relations 3 hours 

A scientific approach to the study of racial elements in the population of the 
United States, with particular emphasis on White and African-American 
groups. Prerequisite: SO 101. 

SO 291 Introduction to Urban Studies 3 hours 

An analysis of the modern urban community and its pattern of organization. 
Emphasiswill be placed on the culture ofcities and problemsfacingthe urban 
dweller. Urbanization is examined from an American perspective as well as 
from a world perspective. Prerequisite: SO 101. 

SO 301 The Sociology of Deviant Behavior 3 hours 

Examination of criminality among juvenile and adult offenders. Also, an 
analysis of law-enforcement policies and a critical examination of legal, 
judicial, and penological systems. Prerequisite: SO 101. 



197 



so 320 Social Psychology 3 hours 

Thestudyofgroupaffiliations,groupstandards, social perceptions, and other 
social factors influencing the behavior of individuals and interaction among 
groups. Prerequisite: PY101. 

SO 361 Marriage and the Family 3 hours 

The ethics of family relationships, changing trends, and functions of the 
modern family. An attemptismadetobringthestudentintocontactwith facts, 
principles, attitudes, and problems that are likely to play a part in marriage. 
Prerequisite: SO 101. 

SO 398 Probation and Parole 3 hours 

A study of the role of the probation officer in the social rehabilitation of juvenile 
and adult offenders. Theory of probation and parole in relation to actual case 
histories. Techniquesof counseling and guidingtheadultandjuvenileoffender 
in and out of the correctional institution. Prerequisite: SO 101. 

SO 421 History and Theories of Sociology 3 hours 

A survey of the historical background of sociology and its development as a 
field of behavioral science, emphasizing basic theories of sociology and their 
significance to sociological research. Prerequisite: SO 1 01 . 



198 



Department of Religion and Theology 



Professors: Baker, Samson, Warren 

Associate Professors: Allen (Chair), Burton, Doggette, Mulzac 

Assistant Professors: Humphrey, Shand 

Majors: Bible Worker Instructorship (A. A.) 

Church Leadership (Certificate) 
Ministerial Theology (B. A.) 
Publishing Ministry (Certificate) 
Religion (B.A.) 
Religious Education (B.S.) 

Minors: Biblical Interpretation 

Biblical Languages 
Religion 
Ministerial Theology 



Purpose 

The purpose of the Department of Religion and Theology is to provide a Christ- 
centered, distinctivelySeventh-dayAdventist, clinically groundedtheological edu- 
cation for students in preparation for parish ministry, evangelism, teaching, chap- 
laincy, and pastoral counseling. The department serves the general student body 
of Oakwood College through the provision of religion courses across the curricu- 
lum. The religion and theology program is designed to prepare individuals for 
effective service to the church and humanity. The department also serves as a 
resource to all college departments for the promotion of faith and learning. 

Application For Admission 

To be admitted as a major in Ministerial Theology (or the Pre-Seminary 
Program), a student must file a formal application with the department the first 
semester of his or her sophomore year, at which time a list of standards for 
admission and candidacy will be given. These standards include a battery of 
diagnostic tests; a cumulative GPA of 2.00, demonstrated proficiency in English 
communication particularly by passing EN 1 1 1-112 Freshman Composition; and 
evidence of moral, emotional, social, and physical maturity. Students are admitted 
to the Ministerial Theology program upon approval by the departmentfaculty at the 
beginning ofthejunior or third year. 

Career Opportunities 

Graduatesfromthisdepartmenthavebecomechurch pastors; evangelists; church 
administrators; Bible workers; hospital, military, and prison chaplains; literature 
ministers; and missionaries. 



199 



Exit Examination 

During the senior year, a comprehensive examination will be administered 
covering basic knowledge in Old Testament, New Testament, theology, biblical 
languages, pastoral/evangelistic ministry, and preaching. The minimum passing 
grade for this examination is C. 

Forum 

As the student organization for the Religion and Theology Department, the 
Forum meets weekly and presentsastructuredprogramtothedepartmentstudent 
bodyand campus public on a range ofbiblicalandtheologicaltopics. The programs 
taketheformofpaneldiscussions,sermons, religious musicals, and presentations 
by students, faculty, and invited guests. 



Bachelor of Arts in Ministerial Theology 

The ministerial theology major is designed to prepare the studentfor pastoral 
and evangelistic ministry. It provides the basic knowledge and skills necessary for 
pastoral employment andfor admission to graduate education atthe Seventh-day 
AdventistTheological Seminary. 

Major Requirements: 

RE 100 Introduction to Ministry 2 hours 

RE 105 Religion and Language 2 hours 

RE 200 Dynamics of Christian Living 2 hours 

RE 201, 202 Fundamentals of Christian Faith 6 hours 

RE 211 Black Liturgy 2 hours 

RE 221 Jesus and the Gospels 3 hours 

RE 301, 302 Old Testament Prophets 6 hours 

RE311 Prophetic Interpretation: Daniel 3 hours 

RE 31 2 Prophetic Interpretation: Revelation 3 hours 

RE 321-322 Homiletics and Preaching (must take at Oakwood) 6 hours 

RE 331 Gift of Prophecy 3 hours 

RE 412 Acts and Epistles 3 hours 

RE 422-423 Pastoral Ministry (must take at Oakwood) 6 hours 

RE 424 Public Evangelism 2 hours 

RE 441 Bible Manuscripts 2 hours 

RE 451 Contemporary Theology 3 hours 

Select from: RE 249 Philosophy, RE 345 World Religions, 

RE 450 Ethics, and RE 444 Hebrews 4 hours 

BL21 1-21 2 Beginning Greek 6 hours 

BL31 1-312 Intermediate Greek 6 hours 

HI444Church HistoryorHI446 Age of Reformation 3 hours 

Total 73 hours 



200 



General Education Requirement variation: 

BL21 1-212 Beginning Greeksubstitutesfortheforeign language require- 
mentfornninisterial theology majors, but notfor religion majors. 

No minor required for ministerial theology majors, but because of the large 

number of persons preparing for the pastoral/evangelistic ministry and the in- 
creasedvalueoftrainingin a nonministerial profession, it is strongly recommended 
that every theology major have a double major, which may take up to five years to 
complete. 

Bachelor of Arts in Religion 

Major Requirements: 

RE 105 Religion and Language 2 hours 

RE 111 Life and Teachings of Jesus 3 hours 

RE 200 Dynamics of Christian Living 2 hours 

RE201, 202 Fundamentals of Christian Faith 6 hours 

RE 249 Introduction to Philosophy 2 hours 

RE 301 or 302 Old Testament Prophets 3 hours 

RE311 Prophetic Interpretation: Daniel 3 hours 

RE 31 2 Prophetic Interpretation: Revelation 3 hours 

RE 323 The Work ofthe Bible Instructor 3 hours 

RE 331 Gift of Prophecy 3 hours 

RE 345 World Religions 2 hours 

RE 412 Acts and Epistles 3 hours 

RE 425 Christian Literature Salesmanship 2 hours 

RE 441 Bible Manuscripts 2 hours 

RE 451 Contemporary Theology 3 hours 

RE Electives 3 hours 

ED 130 Orientation to Teaching 2 hours 

ED 240 Principles of Teaching or 

ED 254 History, Philosophy, and Foundations of Education 3 hours 

ED 328 Introduction to Religious Education 2 hours 

HI 314 Denominational History 3hours 

HI 325African Civilization orHI 364 West African History 3 hours 

FS305 Parenting or SO 361 Marriage and the Family 3 hours 

PY201 Psychology of Religion or SO 241 Race Relations 3 hours 

PY 421 Counseling Skills 3 hours 

Total 67 hours 

Minor is not required. 



201 



Bachelor of Science in Religious Education 

This program qualifies a person to teach secondary school Bible and to begin 
graduate study in such areas as school administration, religious education, guid- 
ance, and counseling. After graduation, students may apply for the SDA Basic 
Teaching Certificate: Religion, grades 7-1 2. 

Refer to the Department of Education section in this bulletin for the program 
outline. Program advisor: M. Warren. 



Associate of Arts Degree in Bible Worker Instructorship 

This two-year curriculum prepares the graduate to assist pastors and evange- 
lists as a Bible instructor. Practical methods of soul-winning are emphasized. 

Major Requirements: 

RE 101 Introduction to the Bible or RE elective 3 hours 

RE 111 Life and Teachings of Jesus 3 hours 

RE201 and202 Fundamentals of Christian Faith 6 hours 

RE 311 Daniel or RE 312 Revelation 3 hours 

RE 321 Homileticsand Preaching 3 hours 

RE 323 The Work ofthe Bible Instructor 3 hours 

RE 331 Gift of Prophecy 3 hours 

RE 412 Acts and Epistles 3 hours 

RE 424 Public Evangelism 2 hours 

RE 451 Contemporary Theology 3 hours 

Select from: BL211 New Testament Greek, 

HI 314 Denominational History, 

PY 422 Counseling Practicum, 

PY431 Black Psychological Perspectives, 

RE 301 , 302 Old Testament Prophets, 

RE 441 Bible Manuscripts and RE 490 (1 hour), or 

SW201 Introduction to Social Welfare 3 hours 

Total 35 hours 



Certificate in Church Leadership 

This one-year program prepares the participant for effective lay leadership or 
self-supporting ministry. 

Major Requirements: 

RE 101 Intro, to the Bible or RE 323 Bible Instructorship 3 hours 

RE 111 Life and Teachings of Jesus 3hours 

RE201 and202 Fundamentals of Christian Faith 6 hours 



202 



RE 311 Daniel or RE 312 Revelation 3 hours 

RE 321 -322 Homiletics and Preaching 6 hours 

RE 331 Gift of Prophecy 3 hours 

RE 422 Pastoral Ministry 3 hours 

RE 424 Public Evangelism 2 hours 

RE 425 Literature Salesmanship 2 hours 

Total 31 hours 

Certificate in Publishing Ministry 

This one-year program focuses on the basic skills for selling Christian 
literature. On-campus and field practicum are included. 

Major Requirements: 

RE 111 Life and Teachings of Jesus 3 hours 

RE311 Prophetic Interpretation: Daniel 3hours 

RE 31 2 Prophetic Interpretation: Revelation 3 hours 

RE 321 Homiletics and Preaching 3 hours 

RE 331 Gift of Prophecy 3 hours 

RE 425 Christian Literature Salesmanship 2 hours 

BA 100 Business Math 3 hours 

BA 210 Principles of Accounting 3 hours 

BA475 Business Law 3 hours 

PY101 Introduction to Psychology 3 hours 

Free elective 2 hours 

Total 31 hours 

Minor in Biblical Interpretation (for theology majors only) 

BL 41 1-41 2 Beginnig Classical Hebrew 6 hours 

RE 325 Preaching the Hebrew Bible 3 hours 

RE421 Principles of New Testament Interpretation 3 hours 

RE431 Principles of Old Testament Interpretation 3 hours 

RE 490 Research and Independent Study (NT) 3 hours 

Total 18 hours 

Minor in Biblical Languages 

BL211 Beginning New Testament Greek 3 hours 

BL212 Beginning New Testament Greek 3 hours 

BL311 Intermediate New Testament Greek 3 hours 

BL 312 Intermediate New Testament Greek 3 hours 

BL411 Beginning Classical Hebrew 3 hours 

BL 41 2 Beginning Classical Hebrew 3 hours 

RE 325 Preaching the Hebrew Bible or 

RE 490 Research (Greek) 3 hours 

Total 21 hours 



203 



Minor in Ministerial Theology (not for religion majors) 

RE 111 Life and Teachings of Jesus 3 hours 

RE201 or202 Fundamentals of Christian Faith 3 hours 

RE 211 Black Liturgy or RE 423 Public Evangelism 2 hours 

RE 311 Daniel or RE 312 Revelation 3 hours 

RE 321 Homiletics and Preaching 3 hours 

RE 422 or 423 Pastoral Ministry 3 hours 

RE 301 or302O.T. Prophets or RE 412 Acts and Epistles 3 hours 

Total 20 hours 



Minor in Religion (not for theology majors) 

RE 111 Life and Teachings of Jesus 3 hours 

RE201 or 202 Fundamentals of Christian Faith 3 hours 

RE 211 Black Liturgy 2 hours 

RE 311 Daniel or RE 312 Revelation 3 hours 

RE 323 The Work ofthe Bible Instructor 3 hours 

RE 331 Gift of Prophecy 3 hours 

RE 451 Contemporary Theology 3 hours 

Total 20 hours 



Description of Courses 
Biblical Languages 

BL 211-212 Beginning New Testament Greek 3-3 hours 

These courses are designed to familiarize the student with the fundamentals 
of Greek grammar and sentence structure as found in the Greek New 
Testament. Vocabulary drills, simple translation, and reading exercises are 
provided in each lesson. A one-hour weekly lab is required. 

BL 311-312 Intermediate New Testament Greek 3-3 hours 

Intermediate New Testament Greek consists of a comprehensive review of 
Greek grammar and syntax, translation of selected passages in the Greek New 
Testament, Greekvocabulary building through word studies, and elementary 
Greek work classifications. This course will emphasize some advanced 
principles of exegesis. Primary emphasis in this course relates to the use of 
Greek as a research tool and as atoolfor more effective preaching. A one-hour 
weekly lab is required. Prerequisite: BL212. 



204 



BL 41 1-412 Beginning Classical Hebrew 3-3 hours 

A survey of the most prevalent language found in the Old Testament, with 
emphasisonsyntax, sentence structure, vocabulary, reading, and translation. 
Theobjectiveisnotonlyto better equipthestudentforgraduateworkin biblical 
study but also to provide him /her with a useful tool for an accu rate interpretation 
and understanding ofthe Bible during his/her college career and during his/her 
personal study. Because Hebrewis not required in thetheological curriculum, 
it is offered only upon special request to the department. 

Religion 

RE 100 Introduction to Ministry 2 hours 

An introduction to ministry designed to acquaint majors with the call and role of 
the minister, as well as, the broad spectrum of career options in ministry. 
Through the use of practicing professionals, students will be exposed to the 
many facets of ministerial service. Students will participate in a battery of 
diagnostictestsdesignedtoacquaintthem with the demands of ministry. This 
course is required of all freshman theology students and all transfer theology 
students. 

RE 101 Introduction to the Bible 3 hours 

A survey of the setting and content of biblical writings, with emphasis on 
selected biblical themes. 

RE 105 Religion and Language 2 hours 

Astudyoflanguage and its relationshipto religion and itstaskto depict reality 
in religious expressions. Emphasis is given also to linguistic accuracy 
grammatically, syntactically, and philosophically whether in spoken or written 
form. 

RE 1 1 1 Life and Teachings of Jesus 3 hours 

A review of the life of the Master Teacher and a study of the principles and 
parabolic representations of Christian life and faith as revealed in the Gospels. 
Prerequisite: Twoyearsof high school Bible or RE 101. 

RE 200 Dynamics of Christian Living 2 hours 

A study of how one receives Jesus Christ, becomes a Christian, and remains 
a Christian. The course explores the realm of a personal relationship with God, 
including the steps to Christ, prayer, spiritual grov\/th standards, and personal 
witnessing. 

RE 201, 202 Fundamentals ofthe Christian Faith 3,3 hours 

An extensive study of thefundamentals of Christian doctrines as believed and 
taught by Seventh-day Adventists. Prerequisite: Two years of high school 
Bible orRE 101. 



205 



RE 211 Black Liturgy — A Historical Analysis 2 hours 

An examination ofthe specific role ofthe Black Seventh-day Adventist Church 
in the community, also entailing a psychological analysis and description of 
Blackworship. 

RE 221 Jesus and the Gospels (W) 3 hours 

The description is the same as for RE111, but this section is intended 
specifically for religion and theology majors. The class will putspecial empha- 
sis on issues raised by modern scholarship, such asthe questforthe historical 
Jesus, the synoptic problem, form and redaction criticism, the different genres, 
as well as the Sitz im Leben of diverse passages. Prerequisite: EN 11 2. 

RE 249 Introduction to Philosophy 2 hours 

Anintroductiontothethoughtofgreatthinkers, pastand present, concerning 
the nature of reality. The course willfocus on the bestthinking on epistemology, 
metaphysics, empiricism, political philosophy, philosophy of religion, logic, and 
ethics. 

RE 301, 302 Old Testament Prophets (W) 3-3 hours 

A study ofthe major and minor prophets in their chronological sequence, 
tracing the hand of God in the history of Israel and Judah and the promises of 
redemption to all nations through the Messiah. Attention is given to the 
historicity of these books along with their literary and spiritual values. Prereq- 
uisite: RE 111 and 201 or 202. 

RE 31 1 Prophetic Interpretation: Daniel (W) 3 hours 

A study ofthe book of Daniel, in which historical backgrounds and pertinence 
to the times are stressed. Prerequisite: RE 201 or 202. 

RE 312 Prophetic Interpretation: Revelation (W) 3 hours 

A study of this book of prophecy, with special attention given to the portrayal 
ofthe controversy between the true and the apostate church forces. Prereq- 
uisite: RE 201 or 202. 

RE 321-322 Homiletics and Preaching (W) 3-3 hours 

A study ofthe preparation and delivery of sermons and gospel addresses. The 
course stresses the mechanics of sermon construction and analysis, and 
provides adequate exercisesto ensure some proficiency in both the construc- 
tion and delivery of gospel messages. Prerequisites: RE 111,201,202, 331, 
and BL 21 2. (Greek may be waived for religion majors.) 

RE 323 The Work of the Bible Instructor 3 hours 

A course designed to explore the principles and techniques of Bible teaching 
and personal evangelism. Field workis required. Prerequisites: RE 11 1,201, 
and202. 



206 



RE 325 Preaching the Hebrew Bible (W) 3 hours 

Thiscoursefocusesonpreachingfrom the Hebrew narrative. Students will be 
instructed in the variety of ways of analyzing Hebrew narrative and utilizing 
aspects of this to inform their preaching and make the Hebrew Bible more 
relevant to today. Prerequisites: EN 112, RE 312 and RE 322. 

RE 331 The Gift of Prophecy (W) 3 hours 

A course of study tracing prophetic ministry in the Bible and especially in the 
experience of Ellen G. White while noting also its contributory role in the history 
andoperationoftheSeventh-dayAdventistChurchfromthe nineteenth century 
to the present. Prerequisite: RE 201 or 202. 

RE 345 World Religions 2 hours 

An introduction to the major religions of the world and their relation to Christian- 
ity. Prerequisite: junior standing. 

RE 41 2 Acts and Epistles (W) 3 hours 

A historical and exegetical study and survey ofthe book ofActs and the Epistles 
of Paul, tracing the origin ofthe Christian church, the spread ofthe gospel from 
Jerusalem to Rome, the historical setting and purpose forthe Pauline letters, 
their relationships to doctrinal developments, and their usage in the Christian 
church. Prerequisites: RE 1 1 1 , 201 or202, 3 hoursof upperdivision religion, 
andBL212. 

RE 421 Principles of New Testament Interpretation (W) 3 hours 

An introductory course designed to cover the history, theory, and practice of 
New Testament Interpretation. Itwilltracethe history of interpretive traditions 
fromtheAlexandrian and Antiocheneschoolthatinfluenced medieval interpre- 
tation to the modern trends rooted in the Reformation era and expressed in the 
various branches of Evangelical and historical-critical theology. A step by step 
guidelinetowardthe understanding and exposition of passages representing 
the various literary genres ofthe New Testament will be developed. The class 
will pay attention to some of the newtrends in literary criticism, such as rhetoric, 
structural exegesis, social studies, narrative criticism, feminist and v^omanist 
reading ofthe Bible, etc., as they apply to the Seventh-day Adventist preacher 
and scholar. Prerequisites: EN 1 12 and BL 312 

RE 422- 423 Pastoral Ministry 3-3 hours 

A study of the work ofthe pastor and his soul-winning activities, counseling, 
church services, administrative responsibilities, community interests, and 
preaching. Prerequisites: RE 100 and 322. 

RE 424 Public Evangelism 2 hours 

Astudy ofthe duties ofthe evangelist and his/her associates in the conducting 
of evangelistic campaigns. Prerequisite: juniorstanding. 



207 



RE 425 Christian Literature Salesmanship 2 hours 

An introduction to the theory and practice of literature ministry, its goals, 
processes, mission, and rewards. Prerequisite: junior standing. 

RE 431 Principles of Old Testament Interpretation (W) 3 hours 

This is intended to introduce the student to hermeneutics, the study of the 
principles of interpretation. Attention will be given to the historical setting of the 
Hebrew Bible (OT) interpretation, its content, theformation of this corpus, the 
major literary and theological traditions of the OT, and the methodology and 
results of the grammatico-historical approach to biblical scholarship. Of 
particular interest would be the use of narrative exegesis as an interpretive tool. 
Prerequisites: EN 11 2 and BL 41 2. 

RE 441 Bible Manuscripts 2 hours 

A study of the history of the Bible, including its transmission, preservation, 
manuscript evidence, text, canon, textual criticism, versions, andthe develop- 
ment of the English Bible. Prerequisites: BL212, andSII or411. 

RE 444 Hebrews (W) 2 hours 

An exegetical analysis of the Epistle to the Hebrews, its place in the New 
Testament canon, cultural background, literary genre and structure, doctrinal 
perspectives, and theological significance for Seventh-day Adventism. Pre- 
requisite: juniorstanding. 

RE 450 Christian Ethics 2 hours 

A study of the Christian principles applicable to moral and ethical problems. 
Possible response of the Christian to such contemporary issues as race, 
poverty, and health care. Prerequisite: juniorstanding. 

RE 451 Contemporary Theology (W) 3 hours 

Astudyofthemesin biblical and systematictheology,includingthefollowing: 
doctrine of God, soteriology, ecclesiology, the ministry, baptism, andthe Lord's 
Supper. Attention will be given to the diversity of views held by different 
denominations. Prerequisites: RE 111, 201, 202, and 331. 

RE 490-91 Research and Independent Study each 1 -3 hours 

A major research project tailored to the student's area of profession or major 
interest, and does not substitute for lecture courses. Prerequisites: permis- 
sion by thedepartmentchairandacumulative3. 00 GPAof all courses taken 
in this department. 



208 



Department of Social Work 



Professor: Fraser (Chair) 

Assistant Professors: Ashley, Mitchell 

Instructor; Brade 

Major: Social Work (B.S.W.) 



Purpose 

It is the purpose of the Department of Social Work to prepare students for 
beginning practice in the social work profession. The core curriculum and field 
practicum provide the student with knowledge, skills, and values necessary to 
perform specific tasks and services at the entry level. The program is accredited 
by the Council on Social Work Education. 



High School Preparation 

High school students who anticipate entering thefield of social workshould take 
as many regular academic courses as possible. Courses in social sciences and 
those relating to marriage and family and to the problems of society will be helpful, 
as well as any computer courses. 



Application for Admission 

To be admitted as a major in the Department of Social Work, students must 
have completed at least 30 hours of course work, including EN 112 Freshman 
Composition and SW 202 Introduction to Social Work, and have an overall minimum 
GPAof2.50. Applicationformsmustbeobtainedfrom, andreturnedto.theSocial 
Work Department office. 

Application forthefield instruction class forthe fall semester must be submitted 
during the previous spring semester providing all lower division classes and 
fou ndation social work courses have been completed with a minim umGPA of 2. 50 
in major field classes. 



Exit Examination 

Social work majors who have reached senior status must pass an exit 
examination which is administered during thefall semester. Any student who does 
not receive at least 70 percent on this examination must enroll in a social work 
seminar. 



209 



Career Opportunities 

Students having a degree in social work may find employment in public and 
private agencies such as child welfare services, correctional facilities, day care, 
hospitals, mental health centers, nursing homes, public welfare, and senior 
citizens' homes. Also, employment may be found in public relations with public and 
private organizations, administrative areas where relationship skills are valuable, 
personnel areas, where a knowledge of human relations is essential, and/or 
research with various organizations. 



Bachelor of Social Work 

Social work majors are required to complete internships essential for integrat- 
ing knowledge, values and skills. In SW202 Introduction to Social Work, students 
complete 35 hours; in SW 300 Generalist Skills and Practice, students complete75 
hours; and in SW 454 and 455 Field Instruction and Seminar I and II, students are 
required to complete a total of 500 hours (250 hours in each class) in an assigned 
social service agency. Transportation isthestudent's responsibility. While engaged 
in the senior field component, the student is limited to two 3-hour courses of 
additional classwork (must have prior approval). 

Detailed information on the social work major is outlined in the Social Work 
Sfi/denf/-/anQf/30o/c, available from the departmental office. 

Major Requirements: 

SW201 Introduction to Social Welfare 3 hours 

SW 202 Introduction to Social Work 3 hours 

SW 300 Generalist Skills and Practice 2 hours 

SW320 Modern Social Work Theories and Practice 3 hours 

SW 330 Human Behavior and Social Environment 1 3 hours 

SW331 Human Behavior and Social Environmentll 3 hours 

SW 334 Understanding Diversity and Oppression 3 hours 

SW 380 Welfare Policies 3 hours 

SW 390 Christian Philosophy of Social Work 3 hours 

SW 420 Research in Social Work 3 hours 

SW451 General Methods of Micro Social Work 3 hours 

SW 452 General Methods of Mezzo Social Work 3 hours 

SW 453 General Methods of Macro Social Work 3 hours 

SW 454 Field Instruction and Seminar I 7 hours 

SW 455 Field Instruction and Seminar II 7 hours 

SW 480 Career Preparation 3 hours 

EN 304 Advanced Composition 3 hours 

PY 307 Statistical Methods 3 hours 

PY411 Principles of Research 3 hours 

Total 64 hours 



210 



Description of Courses 

SW 201 Introduction to Social Welfare 3 hours 

A study of the historical development of social welfare programs, practices, 
and policies. Open to nonmajors. 

SW 202 Introduction to Social Work 3 hours 

An introduction to the development of the social work profession, interventive 
services and values, including volunteer experience in selected agencies. 
Open to nonmajors. Prerequisite: SW201. 

SW 300 Generalist Skills and Practice 2 hours 

Examination of activities and skills used by social workers in direct practice. 
A preparation course for senior-level practice experience. Students are 
requiredtocomplete75hoursin an agency. Prerequisites: SW202and207. 

SW 307 International Social Work 3 hours 

Thiscoursefocuseson most ofthekey economic, political, and social issues 
thatshape human welfare, social development, andtherolethatsocialwork 
plays in addressing these issues in an international context. Open to 
nonmajors. 

SW312 Minority Aging 3 hours 

An introduction to aging, including minorities, cultural, social class and sexual 
differences, theirneeds,andtheavailability of related services. An examina- 
tion of the cultural aging experience of elderly minorities. Prerequisite: S0 1 01 

SW 320 Modern Social Work Theories and Practice 3 hours 

This course provides the student with opportunities to examine and assess 
theories for social work practice in relation to the client, the social worker, and 
thesettingin which they meet. Prerequisite: SW202. 

SW 330 Human Behavior and Social Environment I (W) 3 hours 

Astudy of the biological, psychological, social, cultural and spiritual founda- 
tions of development, their interrelationshipfor normal and abnormal behav- 
iorfrominfancyto the middle years, and functioning in the total environment. 
Prerequisites: BI1 01 and SW 320 or consent of instructor. 

SW 331 Human Behavior and Social Environment II (W) 3 hours 

A continuation of SW 330. A study of the biological, psychological, social, 
cultural, and spiritual foundations of development; their interrelationship for 
normal and abnormal behavior from the middle years through old age and 
functioning in the total environment. Prerequisite: SW 330 or consent of 
instructor. 



211 



SW 332 Child Welfare 3 hours 

A historical and contemporary analysis and study of social services for 
children. Open to nonmajors with special permission. Prerequisite: junior 
standing. 

SW 334 Understanding Diversity and Oppression 3 hours 

An analysis of the nature of oppression from a historical and social structural 
perspective. The social and interpersonal contexts of oppression, racism, 
discrimination, and powerlessness will be explored. Implications for social 
work practice on the micro, mezzo, and macro levels will be examined and 
analyzed for effective intervention. Prerequisites: SW330 

SW 380 Welfare Policies 3 hours 

An analysis of the formulation of federal and local policies, including social 
legislation, which influence the lives of individuals, families, groups, and 
communities. Emphasis on contemporary policies and legislation relevantto 
social welfare. Students will be required to analyze a policy. Prerequisites: 
SW201 andPS120or211. 

SW382 Human Sexuality 3 hours 

This course will study and analyze selected areas of human sexuality in order 
to equip students with a greater understanding of the personal and social 
nature of this complexand sensitive area. The course will provide knowledge 
concerning the physical, psychological, spiritual, cultural, and legal compo- 
nents of sexuality. The latitude in human sexual behavior and sexual 
dysfunctions will also be discussed. Open to nonmajors. Prerequisite: PY 
101orSO101. 

SW 390 Christian Philosophy of Social Work 3 hours 

Astudy of the underlying Christian principles utilized by the Christian social 
worker and an examination of church philosophy which corresponds to the 
socialworkcodesofethics. Open to nonmajors. Prerequisite: junior stand- 
ing. 

SW 420 Research in Social Work 3 hours 

An advanced course in research which allows an in-depth application of 
research skills utilized in social work practice. Special attention will be given 
tothedevelopmentofindividual research projects. Thestudentisrequiredto 
carry out a research project to its completion. Prerequisite: PY411. 

SW 451 General Methods of Micro Social Work 3 hours 

An introduction of the general method of social work intervention with individu- 
als, families, groups, organizations, and communities. Prerequisite: SW 
331 



212 



SW 452 General Methods of Mezzo Social Work 3 hours 

A continuation of the general method with an in-depth study of the problem- 
solving method directed toward families, groups, and communities, with an 
emphasis on utilization of GIM with families and groups. Prerequisite: SW 
451. 

SW 453 General Methods of Macro Social Work 3 hours 

This course will provide experiences designed to help students become more 
effective in working with clients in micro, mezzo, and macro systems, with 
emphasis on macro level practice. Studentswill develop entry-level skills for 
working with communities and organizations. Working in groups, students 
will develop grant writing skills and complete a community project which 
utilizes need assessment, resource development, and project implementa- 
tion. Prerequisite: SW452. 

SW 454 Field Instruction and Seminar I 7 hours 

A laboratory course designed to provide the student with supervised field 
practice in an approved agency selected by the department. Prerequisite: 
SW 451 (SW 452 may be taken concurrently). 

SW 455 Field Instruction and Seminar II 7 hours 

A continuation of SW 454 in the same agency. Students demonstrate use of 
the general problem-solving method with more depth and independence. 
Prerequisite: SW454. 

SW 480 Career Preparation 3 hours 

A lab course designed primarilytopreparefor professional employment and- 
or continued training. Opento nonmajors. Prerequisite: junior standing. 

SW 490 Research and Independent Study 3 hours 

This course will afford students the opportunity to do additional study in an 
area of interest under the direction of an advisor. Prerequisite: permission 
of the department chair. 



213 



Adult and Continuing Education 

Associate Professor: Fraser (Chair) 

Assistant Professors: McDonald 

Major: Organizational Management 

Purpose 

It is the purpose of Adult and Continuing Education to meet the needs of work- 
ing adults who are twenty-five years or older and have two or more years of college 
credits. Typically these individuals are employed full-time and are unable to meet 
their educational needs through the traditional method. 

The Adult and Continuing Education offers a degree completion program that 
allows the adult student to earn a bachelor's degree by attending class one night a 
week on a year-round basis. Classes begin at different intervals during the year, 
thus allowing students the flexibility of planning their own course completion. Stu- 
dents meeting all prerequisites can complete the program in approximately 18 
months. 

Application for Admission 

To be admitted into the Adult Degree Completion Program in organizational 
management, students must have met the following requirements: 

1 . Successful completion of a minimum of 60 semester hours from an ac- 
credited college/postsecondary institution. 

2. Minimum age of 25, with at least two years of relevant work experience. 

3. GPAof2.50 or better on a 4.00 scale on prior academic work. 

4. Completion of application form and payment of the $15 application fee. 

5. Official transcripts from all colleges and universities previously attended. 

6. Completion of credit for prior learning interview (waived if general educa- 
tion requirement has been met, and a total of 84 semester hours have 
been accepted for transfer). 

7. Successful completion of writing sample. 

Any applicant not meeting some of the above-stated requirements may be 
considered for special admission by the LEAP admission committee. If accepted, 
the applicant will be informed of any general education courses still required, ac- 
companied by a recommendation as to when and where they can be completed. 

Bachelor of Science in Organizational Management 

Major Requirements: 

OM301 Modulel Adult Development and Life Assessment 4hours 

OM302 Module2 Organizational Communication 3 hours 

OM303 Module3 Principles of Management 3 hours 

RE 221 Module 4 Jesus and the Gospel 3 hours 

Total Semester One 13 hours 

214 



OM 305 Modules Group and Organizational Dynamics 3 hours 

OM306 Modules Survey of Research Design 3 hours 

OM307 Module? Research ProjectPartI 2 hours 

OM308 Modules Marketing for Managers 4 hours 

OM309 Module 9 Human Resource Management 3 hours 

Total Semester Two 15 hours 

OM310 ModulelO Economics for Managers 4 hours 

0M411 ModuleH Accounting for Managers 4 hours 

RE451 Module12 Contemporary Theology 3 hours 

OM413 Module13 Social Issues in Business 3hours 

OM414 Module14 Research Project Part II 2hours 

Total Semester Three 16 hours 

Total 44 hours 

General Education Requirements 

Computer and Health 5 hours 

Humanities 15 hours 

Natural Science and Mathematics 9 hours 

Social and Behavioral Sciences 9 hours 

Total 38 hours 

Total Electives. 46 hours 

Total Graduation Requirements 128 hours 

For more information, consult the LEAP Program Student Handbook. 



COURSE DESCRIPTIONS 

OM 301 Adult Development and Life Assessment 4 hours 

Classical and contemporary adult development theories are examined in or- 
der to identify key themes in ones own life. Effective writing skills and the 
application of Kolb's writing model will be learned and applied in writing all 
papers that are prepared for this module. 

OM 302 Organizational Communication 3 hours 

The role of communication in creating a productive organizational environ- 
ment is investigated. Communication is strengthened by focusing on inter- 
personal and group presentation skills. Team building, conflict resolution, and 
problem solving are introduced. 

OM 303 Principles of Management 3 hours 

Management control functions, strategic planning and organizational struc- 
ture and design, motivational theory, leadership styles, negotiation concepts 
and skills, total quality management, and management by objectives are stud- 
ied and contrasted. 



215 



OM 305 Group and Organizational Dynamics 3 hours 

A study of group behavior and how group functioning affects organizational 
effectiveness. Emphasis is placed on decision-making and conflict resolu- 
tion. Strategies are developed for efficient and productive group manage- 
ment to determine which tasks are best handled by a group or by an indi- 
vidual. 

OIVI 306 Survey of Research Design 3 hours 

An introduction to research and its tools, with specific emphasis on helping 
the student to complete the research project. Ideally the project will focus on 
management and business. Content will include statistical methods, data- 
base research, and selecting a suitable topic. 

OM 307 Research Project Part I 2 hours 

The research topic is defined, suitable sources are located, and the actual 
research and writing are begun. The first presentation ofthis project is made 
to the group. The project is supervised by a research adviser and requires 
documentation of 250 clock hours of preparation time. The process is delin- 
eated in a timetable that culminates with the last class. 

OM 308 Marl<eting for Managers 4 hours 

Content provides an understanding of how the marketing system has evolved 
over time, how it presently functions, and how it is likely to develop in the 
future. Basic marketing theory and terminology are studied and applied to 
analyzing real-world cases involving domestic and international marketing op- 
portunities and problems. 

OM 309 IHuman Resource Management 3 hours 

An exploration of the values and perceptions of an organization that affect 
social and economic life through an analysis of policies and procedures relat- 
ing to recruitment, selection, training, development, and compensation of 
employees. 

OM 310 Economics for Managers 4 hours 

A focus on the use of economics in making managerial decisions both within 
an organization and in the larger market area. Issues involving scarcity and 
choice, the United States economy price, production, cost, competition, money 
income, business cycles, and international trade are explored. 

OM 411 Accounting for Managers 4 hours 

A managerial understanding of accounting and finance as reflected in finan- 
cial statements, their relationship to each other, and how data in financial 
statements is used in evaluation, planning, and control in an organization. 



216 



OM 413 Social Issues in Business 3 hours 

A study of the ethical concepts that are relevant to resolving nrioral issues in 
business, with a focus on developing reasoning and analytical skills to apply 
these concepts to business decisions. It includes history, ethics, social re- 
sponsibility, policy, economics, law, and other areas. 

OM 414 Research Project Part II 2 hours 

A continuation of the process begun in OM 307. The project documentation is 
evaluated and a final oral report of the findings is presented to the adviser and 
the group. A final hard copy of the research report based on program guide- 
lines is turned in to the adviser. 

RE 221 Jesus and the Gospels 3 hours 

This class will put special emphasis on issues raised by modern scholarship, 
such as the quest for the historical Jesus, the synoptic problem, form and 
redaction criticism, the different genres, as well as the Sitz im Lebem of di- 
verse passages. 

RE 451 Contemporary Theology 3 hours 

Astudy of themes in biblical and systematic theology, including the doctrine of 
God, soteriology, ecclesiology, the ministry, baptism, and the Lord's Supper. 
Attention will be given to the diversity of views held by different denominations. 



217 



Board of Trustees 

Alfred C. McClure, Chairman Silver Spring, MD 

Clarence E. Hodges, Sr., Vice Chairman Silver Spring, MD 

Joseph W. McCoy, Vice Chairman Nashville, TN 

William A. Murrain, Vice Chairman Stone Mountain, GA 

Delbert W. Baker, Secretary Huntsville, AL 

Mardian J. Blair Orlando, FL 

Donald F. Blake Bloomfield, CT 

Stennett H. Brooks Jamaica, NY 

G. Alex Bryant Kansas City, KS 

Malcolm D. Gordon Decatur, GA 

Doris Gothard Washington, Ml 

William Hicks Huntsville, AL 

Sheldon Holder Loma Linda, CA 

Sheila J. Lee Washington, DC 

Theodore Jones South Lancaster, MA 

Dennis C. Keith, Sr Silver Spring, MD 

Alvin M. Kibble Pine Forge, PA 

Wesley Knight Altamonte Springs, FL 

Harold L. Lee Columbia, MD 

Willie J. Lewis Columbus, OH 

Robert Lister Dallas, TX 

Connie Mayfield Columbus, OH 

Alphonso McCarthy Portland, OR 

Nevilon Meadows Maywood, IL 

Ezra Mendinghall Westlake Village, CA 

Vanard J. Mendinghall Atlanta, GA 

Norman K. Miles Chicago, IL 

Thomas J. Mostert, Jr Westlake Village, CA 

Orville Parchment Oshawa, Ontario, Canada 

Jan Paulsen Silver Spring, MD 

Lois Peters Clarksville, MD 

Eardell J. Rashford Bronx, NY 

Robert L. Rawson Silver Spring, MD 

Harrell Robinson Anaheim Hills, CA 

Willie Taylor Altamonte Springs, FL 

G. Ralph Thompson Silver Spring MD 

Edward Woods, Jr Berrien Springs, Ml 

Advisory Board 

Richard P. Center Decatur, GA 

Jere D. Patzer Portland, OR 

Charles Sandefur Lincoln, NE 

Don C. Schneide Berrien Springs, Ml 

Carlyle C. Simmons Hamilton, Bermuda 

Ron Smith Hagerstown, MD 

Ward D. Sumpter Decatur, GA 

Max Trevino Burleson, TX 

Richard Osborn, Consultant Silver Spring, MD 



218 



Administration and Staff 

DelbertW. Baker, Ph.D President 

Ella Smith Simmons, Ed.D Vice President for Academic Affairs 

Ronald Lindsey, M.B.A Vice President for Financial Affairs 

Anthony Medley, M.Div Vice President for Student Services 

Bruce Peifer, M.S Executive Director for Development 

Thomas (Tim) Allston III, M.S Executive Director for Public Relations 

Timothy McDonald, Ed.D Executive Director 

for Information Technology 

Theresa Allen, M.A.T Director of Student Activities 

John Anderson, Ph.D Director of Institutional Effectiveness 

Compton Brathwaite, B.S Director of Credit and Collections 

Sabrina Cotton, B.B.A., C.P.A Chief Accountant 

Sherman H. Cox, M.Div Associate Executive Director 

for Development 

Gino D'Andrade, B.S Director of Security 

Minneola Dixon, M.L.S Archives Librarian 

Anthony Donatto, M.A Resident Director of Peterson Hall 

Cynthia Douglas, B.S Director of Work Education 

Fred Pullins, M.Ed Director of Enrollment Management 

Margarette T. Farmer, M.S.S.W Associate Resident Director of Carter Hall 

Joseph L. Follette, M.Div Associate Resident Director of Peterson Hall 

Trevor Eraser, D.Min Director of Adult and Continuing Ed. 

Sylvia A. Germany, B.S Acting Director, Human Resources 

Theodore Gunn, M.S Asst. V.P. for Student Services 

Ephraim Gwebu Director of Research 

219 



James Hamer Director of Physical Plant 

Morris Iheanacho, M.S.L Catalog Librarian 

Shirley Iheanacho, B.S Administrative Assistant to the President 

T. Marshall Kelly, B.A Acting Chaplain 

Jannith Lewis, Ph.D Director of Library Services 

Savonia McClellan, R.N Director of Health Services 

Patti Miller-Landy, B.A Dean of Women 

Kelvin Mills, B.S Director of Food Service 

Hattie D. Mims, B.S Director of Title III Programs 

and Conference Coordinator 

Phillip Nixon, B.S Dean of Men 

Juliaette Phillips, M.S.W Assistant Vice President for Academic Affairs 

Geraldine Pullins, B.S Director of Computer Center 

Stanton Reed, M.B.A., C.P.A Associate V. P. for Finance/Comptroller 

Beverly Robinson, B.S Director of Alumni Affairs 

and Trust Services/Planned Giving 

Shirley P. Scott, B.S Director of Records 

William Smith, B.A Director of Literature Evangelism Training Center 

Fred Stennis, B.S Acting Director of Financial Aid 

Ruth Swan, Ph.D Media Librarian 

Linda Webb, M.S Director, Freshman Studies Program 

and Center for Academic Advancement 

Arlene Wimbley, B.S Coordinator of Institutional Effectiveness 

Rose M. Yates-Lashley, Ph.D Director of Grants Management 

(vacant) Director of Counseling and Testing 

(vacant) Reference Librarian 

220 



Academic Department Chairs 

Biological Sciences Anthony Paul, Ph.D. 

Business and Information Systems Evelyn Tucker, J.D. 

Chemistry Kenneth LaiHing, Ph.D. 

Education Roland McKenzie, Ed.D. 

English and Communications Leia Gooding, Ph.D. 

Family and Consumer Sciences Ruth Faye Davis, Ph.D. 

History (vacant) 

Mathematics and Computer Science John A. Blake, Ed.D. 

Music Lucile Lacy, Ph. D. 

Nursing Carol Allen, Ph.D. 

Physical Education (Interim) Howard Shaw, Ph.D. 

Psychology Luetilla Carter, Ed. S. 

Religion and Theology Gregory Allen, Ph.D. 

Social Work Edith Fraser, Ph.D. 

Professors Emeriti 

Carl D. Anderson, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus of History 

B.Th., Pacific Union College, 1934; B.A., Pacific Union College, 1936; M.A., 
Andrews University, 1957; Ph.D., American University, 1960. (1968-1975) 

Robert Buyck, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus of French 

Baccalaureat es Letters-philolophie, University of Nance, France, 1951; 
Licencees Letters, University of Toulouse, 1962; Ph.D., University of Colo- 
rado, 1971. (1959-1975) 

Emerson A. Cooper, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus of Chemistry 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1949; M.S., Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn, 
1954; Ph.D., Michigan State University, 1959. (1948-1992) 

Ernest E. Rogers, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus of Biblical Languages 

B.A., Union College, 1943; M.A., Seventh-day Adventist Theological Semi- 
nary, 1952; Ph.D., Michigan State University, 1967. (1945-1979) 

M. Irene Wakeham-Lee, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus of English 

B.A., Andrews University, 1934; M.A., University of Southern Califor- 
nia,1939; Ph.D. Stanford University, 1965. (1971-1975) 

Florence M. Winslow, M.A. Associate Professor Emeritus of English 

B.A., Knoxville College, 1934; M.A., Atlanta University, 1941. (1954-1984) 



221 



Faculty 

Claudia S. Alcock, M.S. Assistant Professor of Family 

and Consumer Sciences 
B.S., Oakwood College, 1 991 ; M.S., Andrews University, 1 993. At Oakwood 
since 1999. 

Carol Allen, Ph.D. Professor of Nursing 

B.S., Columbia Union College, 1967; A.M., New York University, 1970; 
Ph.D., New York University, 1983. At Oakwood since 1998. 

Gregory Allen, Th.D. Associate Professor of Religion 

B.S., Atlantic Union College, 1976; M.Div., Andrews University, 1981; Th.D., 
Boston University, 1995. At Oakwood since 1998. 

David K. Amponsah, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Marketing 

B.S., Andrews University, 1972; M.B.A., Andrews University, 1973; Ph.D., 
Michigan State University, 1987. At Oakwood since 1997. 

John Anderson, Ph.D. Professor of Management 

B.B.A., East Texas State University, Texarkana, 1975; M.B.A., East Texas 
State University, Texarkana, 1976; Ph.D., University of Arkansas, 1979. At 
Oakwood since 1998. 

Karen Anderson, M.S.N. Assistant Professor of Nursing 

B.S., Andrews University, 1975; M.S.N., Ohio State University, 1976. At 
Oakwood since 1998. 

O. George Ashley, M.S.W. Assistant Professor of Social Work 

B.S.W., Oakwood College, 1987; M.S.W., York University, 1994; doctoral 
studies, Walden University. At Oakwood since 1997. 

DelbertW. Baker, Ph.D. Professor of Religion 

B.S., Oakwood College, 1975; M.Div., Andrews University, 1978; Ph.D., 
Howard University, 1992. At Oakwood since 1996. 

Nigel Barham, Ph.D. Professor of History 

B.D., London University (England), 1964; Diploma in Education, Birming- 
ham University (England), 1965; M.A., Andrews University, 1968; Ph.D., 
University of Michigan, 1976. At Oakwood since 1968. 

Gatsinzi Basaninyenzi, Ph.D. Associate Professor of English 

Licence es Lettres, Universite Nationale du Zaire, 1974; Ph.D., University 
of Iowa, 1986. At Oakwood since 1996. 

Bernard W. Benn, Ed.D. Professor of English 

B.A., Atlantic Union College, 1959; M.A., Seton Hall University, 1960; 
Professional Diploma, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1963; Ed.D., 
Teachers College, Columbia University. At Oakwood since 1977. 

222 



Karen Benn-Marshall, M.S. Assistant Professor in Chemistry 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1983; M.S., Alabama A&M University, 1985. At 
Oakwood since 1991. 

Ursula T. Benn, D.A. Professor of Spanish 

B.A., University of Toronto, 1961; M.A., Teachers College, Columbia Uni- 
versity, 1964; D.A., Atlanta University, 1993. At Oakwood since 1978. 

Gregory R. Berry, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Management 

B.Ed., University of Alberta (Canada), 1971; M.B.A,, University of Alberta 
(Canada), 1991; Ph.D., University of Alberta (Canada), 1996. At Oakwood 
since 1997. 

T. Keld Biliingy, M.H.A. Assistant Professor of Health Care Administration 
B.A., Oakwood College, 1979; B.S., Oakwood College, 1981; M.H.A,. Loma 
Linda University, 1983. At Oakwood since 1999. 

John A. Blake, Ed.D. Professor of Mathematics 

B.S., Howard University, 1963; M.S., Howard University, 1964; Ed.S., 
George Peabody College of Vanderbilt University, 1974; Ed. D., University 
of Tennessee, Knoxville, 1978. At Oakwood since 1964. 

Evelyn Blanch-Payne, M.A. Assistant Professor of Psychology 

B.S., Tennessee State University, 1973; M.A., University of Dayton, 1976. 
At Oakwood since 1998. 

Frances H. Bliss, Ph.D. Professor of Education 

B, A., Oakwood College, 1948; M.S., A &T State University, 1974; Ph.D., 
Southern Illinois University, 1984. At Oakwood since 1974. 

Derek Bowe, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of English 

B.S., Oakwood College, 1986; M.A., Andrews University, 1987. Ph.D., 
University of Kentucky at Lexington, 1998. At Oakwood since 1987. 

Kesslyn Brade, M.S.W, Instructor of Social Work 

B.S.W., Oakwood College, 1995; M.S.W., Ohio State University, 1996. At 
Oakwood since 1998. 

Faye Brathwaite, M.B.A. Assistant Professor of Accounting 

B.S., Oakwood College, 1979; M.B.A., Atlanta University, 1981; C.P.A., 
1983. At Oakwood 1982 and since 1989. 

Wayne Bucknor, M.Ed. Instructor of Music 

B.A. and B.S., Oakwood College, 1994; M.Ed., Alabama A&M University, 
1998. At Oakwood since 1998. 



223 



Keith Burton, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Religion 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1987; M.T.S., Garrett Evangelical Theological 
Seminary, 1989; Ph.D., Northwestern University, 1994. At Oakwood since 
1995. 

Kermit Carter, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Psychology 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1971 ; M.S., Alabama A&M University, 1 977; Ph.D., 
University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa, 1999. At Oakwood 1971-1977 and 
since 1986. 

Luetilla Carter, Ed.S. Associate Professor of Psychology 

B.S., Hampton Institute, 1954; M.S., Alabama A&M University, 1975; Ed.S., 
Alabama A&M University, 1979. At Oakwood since 1973. 

Audley C. Chambers, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Music 

B.S., Oakwood College, 1986; M.A., Ohio State University, 1988; Ph.D., 
Northwestern University, 1997. At Oakwood since 1994. 

Sheila Collier-Davis, M.S. Assistant Professor of Math 

and Computer Science 
B.S., Alabama A&M University, 1985; M.S., Clark Atlanta University, 1990. 
At Oakwood since 1999. 

Patrice Conwell, M.A. Instructor of Communication 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1985; M.A., Rowan University, 1997. At Oakwood 
since 1997. 

Cecily Daly, Ed.D. Associate Professor of English 

B.A., West Indies College, 1972; M.A., Western Carolina University, 1979; 
Ed.D., University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa, 1994. At Oakwood since 1985. 

Oliver J. Davis, D.A. Associate Professor of English 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1953; B.A., Pacific Union College, 1957; M.A., 
Atlanta University, 1970; D.A., Middle Tennessee State University, 1988. At 
Oakwood since 1964. 

Ruth Faye Davis, Ph.D. Professor of Family and Consumer Sciences 

B.A., Emmanuel Missionary College, 1 954; M.A., Michigan State University, 
1959; Ph.D., University of North Carolina, 1978. At Oakwood since 1964. 

Minneola Dixon, M.L.S. Assistant Professor (Library) 

B.S., Oakwood College, 1951; M.L.S. , University of Alabama, 1990. At 
Oakwood since 1970. 

Kathleen H. Dobbins, M. S. Associate Professor of Mathematics 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1965; M.S., Purdue University, 1967; Doctoral 
studies, George Peabody College. At Oakwood since 1967. 



224 



James Doggette, D.Min Associate Professor of Religion 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1982; M. Div., Andrews University, 1985; D. Min., 
Claremont School of Theology, 1992. At Oakwood since 1993. 

Caryll Dormer, Ed.D. Associate Professor of Nursing 

B.S., Hunter College, 1973; M.S.N., Medical College of Georgia, 1976; 
Ed.D., Vanderbilt University, 1 988. At Oakwood 1 973-1 983 and since 1 988. 

Kelley M. Duncanson, M.B.A. Assistant Professor of Accounting 

B.S., Oakwood College, 1989; M.B.A., Alabama A&M University, 1993. At 
Oakwood since 1999. 

Rennae Elliott, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Communications 

B.S., Livingston University, 1987; M.A., Andrews University, 1989; Ph.D., 
Ohio University, 1994. At Oakwood since 1996. 

Flora Flood, M.S.N. Associate Professor of Nursing 

B.S., Columbia Union College, 1967; M.S.N., Medical College of Georgia, 
1997. At Oakwood since 1998. 

Edith Fraser, Ph.D. Professor of Social Work 

B.A., University of Louisville, 1970; M.S., Boston University, 1972; Ph.D., 
Smith College of Social Work, 1994. At Oakwood since 1984. 

Trevor Fraser, D.Min. Associate Professor of Religion 

B.A., Atlantic Union College, 1972; M.Div., Andrews University, 1975; 
D. Min., Emory University, 1996. At Oakwood since 1984. 

Ashton F. E. Gibbons, Ph.D. Professor of Biological Sciences 

B.A., Atlantic Union College, 1962; M.A., Boston University, 1967; Ph.D., 
Boston University, 1970. At Oakwood since 1978. 

Esther L. Gill, Ed.D. Associate Professor of Business Administration 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1953; M.Ed., Temple University, 1962; Ed.D., 
University of Tennessee, 1981. At Oakwood since 1962. 

Leia M. Gooding, Ph.D. Professor of English 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1967; M.A., Vanderbilt University, 1970; Post- 
graduate studies, Oxford University, 1975-1976; Ph.D., Vanderbilt Univer- 
sity, 1991. At Oakwood since 1972. 

Ruth Gunn, M.B.A. Assistant Professor of Business Administration 

B.S., Athens State College, 1983; M.B.A., Alabama A&M University, 1986. 
At Oakwood since 1986. 



225 



Ephraim Tobela Gwebu, Ph.D. Professor of Chemistry 

B.S.Ed., Njala University College (University of Sierra Leone), 1973; Ph.D., 
Ohio State University, 1978. At Oakwood 1978-1981 and since 1985. 

Keratiloe Gwebu, IVI.S.N. Assistant Professor in Nursing 

B.S.N. University of Alabama in Huntsville, 1981; M.S.N., University of 
Alabama in Huntsville, 1995. At Oakwood since 1994. 

Terry Hamilton, B.A. Instructor of Physical Education 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1984; graduate studies, Alabama A&M University. 
At Oakwood since 1988. 

Bobby R. Harrison, M.S. Assistant Professor of Art 

B.F.A., Andrews University, 1981; M.S., Alabama A&M University, 1983. At 
Oakwood since 1991. 

Larry Hasse, Ph.D. Professor of History 

B.A., Walla Walla College, 1962; M.A., Walla Walla College, 1967; Ph.D., 
Washington State University, 1974. At Oakwood since 1977. 

Earl S. Henry, M.P.H. Assistant Professor of Physical Education 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1983; M.P.H., Adventist University of the Philip- 
pines, 1986; Doctoral studies. University of the Philippines. At Oakwood 
since 1999. 

Kyna Hinson, M.A. Assistant Professor of Communications 

B.A., Columbia Union College, 1977; M.A., University of Georgia, 1979. At 
Oakwood since 1986. 

Auldwin Humphrey, M.Div. Assistant Professor of Religion 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1966; M.Div., Andrews University, 1968. At Oak- 
wood since 1997. 

Leslie D. Hutson, D.M.A. Assistant Professor of Music 

B.A., University of Alabama-Huntsville, 1982 M.Mus., University of Mem- 
phis, 1988; D.M.A., University of Alabama-Tuscaloosa, 1994. At Oakwood 
since 1999. 

Ramona Hyman, M.A. Assistant Professor of English 

B.A., Temple University, 1979; Certificate, Howard University, 1982; M.A., 
Andrews University, 1986. At Oakwood 1985-1988 and since 1989. 

Morris A. Iheanacho, M.S.L. Assistant Professor (Library) 

B.S., Columbia Union College, 1965; M.S.L., Western Michigan University, 
1970. At Oakwood since 1980. 



226 



Lucile Lacy, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Music 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1968; M.M.Ed., George Peabody College, 1970; 
Ph.D., Ohio State University, 1985. At Oakwood since 1971. 

Kenneth LaiHing, Ph.D. Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., Richmond College, City University of New York, 1972; M.S., Long 
Island University, 1981; Ph.D., University of Georgia, 1988. At Oakwood 
since 1982. 

Laura Lee-Guey, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., National Taiwan University, 1963; M.S., Oregon State University, 
1969; Ph.D., Universityof Illinois in Chicago, 1975. At Oakwood since 1996. 

Jannith L. Lewis, Ph.D. Professor (Library) 

B.S., University of Kansas, 1953; M.A. in L.S., Indiana University, 1955; 
Ph.D., Indiana University, 1982. At Oakwood since 1953. 

Seth G. Lubega, Ph.D. Professor of Biological Sciences 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1967; M.S., Howard University, 1969; Ph.D. 
Howard University, 1975. At Oakwood 1971-1972 and since 1976. 

Roy E. Malcolm, Ph.D. Professor of Psychology 

B.Th., Canadian Union College, 1962; M.A., Andrews University, 1963; 
Ph.D., Ohio State University, 1974. At Oakwood since 1968. 

Lloyd Mallory, M.A. Assistant Professor of Music 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1990; M.A., Morgan State University, 1994. At 
Oakwood since 1996. 

Belvia Matthews, Ph.D. Professor of Psychology 

B.S., Columbia Union College, 1966; M.A., Alabama A&M University, 1970; 
Ph.D., Michigan State University, 1977. At Oakwood since 1977. 

Nellie Burke Maulsby, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Biological Sciences 

B.S., Jacksonville State University, 1972; M.S., Auburn University, 1976; 
Ph.D., Purdue University, 1982. At Oakwood since 1994. 

James B. Mbyirukira, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Education 

B.A., Universityof Lubumbashi, 1980; M.A., Universityof Iowa, 1986; Ph.D., 
University of Iowa, 1992. At Oakwood since 1999. 

Beverly McDonald, M.Ed. Assistant Professor of Adult Education 

B.A., Columbia Union College, 1962; M.Ed., University of Miami, 1972. At 
Oakwood 1972-1978 and since 1995. 

Timothy McDonald, Ed.D. Professor of Education 

B.S., Oakwood College, 1963; M.S., Atlanta University, 1968; Ed.D., 
University of Miami, 1972. At Oakwood 1972-1978 and since 1995. 



227 



Roland McKenzie, Ed.D. Professor of Education 

B.A., Columbia Union College, 1967; M.A., Pepperdine University, 1971; 
Ed.D., University of Southern California, 1979. At Oakwood since 1991. 

Artie Melancon, Ed.D. Associate Professor of Education 

B.A., Pacific Union College, 1951; M.Ed., University of Nebraska, 1972; 
Ed.D., University of Nebraska, 1982. At Oakwood since 1976. 

India M. Medley, B.S. Instructor of Nursing 

B.S., Loma Linda University, 1983; Graduate studies at University of 
Alabama in Huntsville. At Oakv\/ood since 1997. 

Annette Mohan, M.S. Assistant Professor of Family and Consumer Science 
B.A., University of Bombay (India), 1972; M.A., Andrews University, 1980; 
M.A., Norfolk State University, 1991. At Oakwood since 1998. 

Tungesh N. Mohan, M.A. Assistant Professor of Communication 

B.A., Allahabad University, 1969; Diploma, Film and TV Institute of India, 
1972; M.A., Andrews University, 1980. At Oakwood since 1998. 

Mavis B. Mitchell, M.S.W. Assistant Professor of Social Work 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1984; M.S.W., San Diego State University, 1986. 
At Oakwood since 1999. 

Grade F. Monroe, M.Ed. Assistant Professor of Mathematics 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1968; M.Ed., Alabama A&M University, 1979. At 
Oakwood since 1983. 

Kenneth Mulzac, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Religion 

B.A., Columbia Union College, 1985; M. Div., Andrews University, 1988; 
Ph.D., Andrews University, 1995. At Oakwood since 1995. 

Carlton Oler, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Psychology 

B.A., San Francisco State University, 1979; M.S., California State Univer- 
sity, Hayward, 1984; Ph.D., University of Cincinnati, 1995. At Oakwood 
since 1994. 

Ben Onwukaeme, M.B.A. Assistant Professor of Finance 

B.S., Alabama A&M University, 1984; M.B.A., Alabama A&M University, 
1985. At Oakwood since 1997. 

Albert John Osei, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Physics 

B.S., University of Science and Technology, Ghana, 1979; M.S., Queen's 
University (Canada), 1985; Ph.D., Alabama A&M University, 1997. At 
Oakwood since 1994. 



228 



Eurydice Osterman, D.M.A. Professor of Music 

B.A., Andrews University, 1972; M.IVIus., Andrews University, 1975; D.M.A., 
University of Alabama, 1988. At Oakwood since 1978. 

Darayas N. Patel, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Piiysics 

B.Sc, University of Bombay (India), 1979; M.S., University of Bombay 
(India), 1983, M.S., University of Alabama in Huntsville, 1988; Ph.D., 
Alabama A&M University, 1999. At Oakwood since 1993-1995 and 1999. 

Dorothy J. Patterson, M.S. Assistant Professor of English 

B.A., California State University, Long Beach, 1969; Teaching Diploma, 
California State University, Long Beach, 1970; M.S., Alabama A&M Univer- 
sity, 1979; doctoral studies, Alabama A&M University. At Oakwood since 
1995. 

Anthony Paul, Ph.D. Professor of Biological Sciences 

B.S., Alabama A&M University, 1976; M.S., Alabama A&M University, 
1981; Ph.D., Alabama A&M University, 1992. At Oakwood since 1979. 

Bruce Peifer, M.S.. Assistant Professor of Physical Education 

B.S., Loma Linda University, 1979; M.S., Loma Linda University, 1986; 
doctoral studies, California Coastal University. At Oakwood since 1996. 

Juliaette W. Phillips, M.S.W. Associate Professor of Social Work 

B.S., Alabama State College, 1952; M.S.W. , University of Pennsylvania, 
1971. At Oakwood since 1974. 

Sandra Price, Ed.D. Professor of Management 

B.S., Athens College, 1969; M.S., Alabama A&M University, 1973; Ed.D., 
University of Tennessee, 1982. At Oakwood 1967-1991 and since 1992. 

Don Rufus Ranatunga, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, 1979; M.S., Bowling Green State 
University, 1989; Ph.D., Purdue University, 1995. At Oakwood since 1998. 

Alexandrine Randriamahefa, Ph.D. Associate Prof, of Biological Sciences 
B.S., Madagascar University, 1975; M.S., Madagascar University, 1980; 
Ph.D., Loma Linda University, 1994. At Oakwood since 1999. 

James A. Roddy, M.Ed. Assistant Professor of Physical Education 

B.A., University of Southern Mississippi, 1965; M.Ed., University of South- 
ern Mississippi, 1970. At Oakwood since 1965. 

Everett K. Roper, M.S. Assistant Professor of Computer Information Sys. 

B.S., Universityof Alabama in Huntsville, 1993; M.S., University of Alabama 
in Huntsville, 1997. Doctoral candidate, University of Alabama in Huntsville. 
At Oakwood since 1999. 



229 



Agniel Samson, Th.D. Professor of Religion 

B.A., River Plate Adventist University (Argentina); M.S., University of 
Strasburg (France), 1975; Th.D., University of Strasburg, 1977. At Oak- 
wood since 1985. 

Londa L. Schmidt, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Biological Sciences 

B.A., Andrews University, 1961; M.S., Loma Linda University, 1968; Ph.D., 
Edinburgh University (Scotland), 1982. At Oakwood since 1994. 

Moges Selassie, M.B.A. Assistant Professor of Finance 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1977; M.B.A., Alabama A&M University, 1979. At 
Oakwood since 1979. 

Lance Shand, M.P.S. Assistant Professor of Religion 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1960; M.P.S., New York Theological Seminary, 
1977. At Oakwood since 1977. 

Howard Shaw, Ph.D. Professor of Physical Education 

B.S., North Carolina Central University, 1976; M.S., North Carolina Central 
University, 1977; Ed. S., George Peabody College, 1978; Ph.D., Vanderbilt 
University, 1985. At Oakwood since 1982. 

Earlene Simmons, M.Ed. Assistant Professor of Physical Education 

B.S., Andrews University, 1975; M.Ed., Alabama A&M University, 1994. At 
Oakwood since 1997. 

Ella S. Simmons Ed.D. Professor of Education 

B.S., Indiana University Southeast, 1978; M. A., Andrews University, 1981; 
Ed.D., University of Louisville, 1987. At Oakwood since 1996. 

Selena Payton Simons, Ed.S. Assistant Professor of Nursing 

B.S.N., Andrews University, 1973; M.S.N., Wayne State University, 1977; 
Ed.S., Andrews University, 1993. At Oakwood 1977-1981 and since 1993. 

Donna A. Smith, M.P.H. Assistant Professor of Dietetics 

B.S., University of Maryland, 1978; M.P.H., Loma Linda University, 1985; 
R.D., 1986. At Oakwood since 1990. 

Anne Smith-Winbush, J.D. Assistant Professor of Political Science 

B.A., University of Illinois, 1973; J.D., Miles Law School, 1985; M.A., 
University of Alabama in Huntsville, 1994. At Oakwood since 1977. 

Yeodono Sovyanhadi, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Biology 

M.S., University of Philippines, 1985; Ph.D., Loma Linda University, 1995. 
At Oakwood since 1999. 



230 



Ruth M. Swan, Ph.D. Associate Professor (Library) 

B.S., Columbia Union College, 1969; M.S.L.S., Drexel University, 1975; 
M.A.T., Andrews University, 1983; Ph.D., Florida State University at Talla- 
hassee, 1998. At Oakwood since 1979. 

Evelyn Tucker, J.D. Associate Professor of Business Law 

B.S., Oakwood College, 1975; M.S., Alabama A&M University, 1977; J.D., 
Miles Law School, 1982. At Oakwood since 1977. 

Karen Mosby Tucker, M.Ed., M.S. Assistant Professor of English 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1975; M.Ed., Alabama A&M University, 1981; M.S., 
Alabama A&M University, 1987. At Oakwood since 1976. 

Padma T. Uppala, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Biology 

B.S., Andhra University (India), 1976; M.S., Kakatitya University (India), 
1978; Ph.D., Loma Linda University, 1991. At Oakwood since 1995. 

Alexander Volkov, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., Moscow State University, 1972; M.S., Moscow State University, 1973; 
Ph.D., U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences, 1982. At Oakwood since 1998. 

Robert Walker, Ed.D. Associate Professor of Education 

B.A., Tougaloo College, 1980; M.S., Webster University, 1983; M.S., 
Jackson State University, 1 987; Ed.D., Jackson State University, 1 990. At 
Oakwood since 1992. 

Barbara J. Warren, M.Ed. Associate Prof, of Family and Consumer Sciences 
B.S., Columbia Union College, 1959; M.Ed., Alabama A&M University, 
1 981 . At Oakwood since 1 977. 

Mervyn A. Warren, Ph.D. Professor of Religion 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1957; M.A., Seventh-day Adventist Theological 
Seminary, 1959; B.D., Andrews University, 1961; Ph.D., Michigan State 
University, 1966; D. Min., Vanderbilt Divinity School, 1975. At Oakwood 
since 1961. 

Linda L. Webb, M.S. Assistant Professor of Psychology 

B.A., Oakwood College, 1969; M.S., Alabama A&M University, 1973. At 
Oakwood since 1973. 

Alan R. Williams, M.S. Assistant Professor of Computer Information Systems 
B.S., West Indies College, 1976; Certificate in Personal Management and 
Industrial Relations, Barbados Institute of Management and Productivity, 
1984; M.S., Andrews University, 1989. At Oakwood since 1989. 



231 



Adjunct Faculty 

Lee Alan Forsythe, M.S., M.T. (ASCP) S.C Hinsdale Hospital 

William Hicks, M.D Huntsville Hospital 

Rodney Holcomb, M.D Florida Hospital 

Marcia A. Kilsby, M.S., M. (ASCP), C.L.S. (NCA) ...Andrews University 

Fred Murphy, M.S.H., M.P.I. A Morehouse School of Medicine 

Reuben A. Ramkissoon, M.D Hinsdale Hospital 

Patricia L. Rodgers, M.T. (ASCP)S.B.B Florida Hospital 



Major Committees 

Administration 

Academic Policies 

Administrative Council 

Admission 

Adult and Continuing Education 

Citizenship 

Commencement 

Dean's Council 

Enrollment Management 

Financial Aid 

Institutional Effectiveness 

Labor 

Monitoring Student Academic Progress 

Faculty 

Arts and Lectures 

Budget and Efficiency 

Citation and Recognition 

Curriculum 

Faculty Affairs 

Faculty Senate 

Library Services 

Rank and Continuous Appointment 

Research and Publication 

Student Honors 

Teacher Education Council 



232 



Index 



Absences 54 

Academic Advisement and Program Plarming 50 

Academic Department Chairs 220, 22 1 

Academic Grievance 54 

Academic Policies 36 

Academic Probation, Suspension, and Dismissal 47 

Academic Scholarship Program 16 

Academic Year 38 

Accounting 69, 73 

Adjunct Faculty 232 

Administration and Staff 219 

Administrative Systems Management 70 

Admission Standards 12 

Adult and Continuing Education 214 

Advanced Placement Program 15 

Adventist Colleges Abroad 52 

Advisory Board 218 

Allied Health Program 91 

Applied Mathematics/Engineering 154 

Art 119 

Auditing Courses 46 

B 

Bachelor of Social Work 210 

Bible Worker Instmctorship 202 

Biochemistry 88 

Biological Sciences 61 

Biology 62 

Biology Education 62, 102 

Board of Trustees 218 

Buildings, Campus 10 

Bulletin Selection 55 

Business Administration 70 

Business and Information Systems 68 

Business Core Curriculum: 69 

Business Education 72, 103 



233 



Calendar 4 

Center for Academic Advancement 48 

Chemistry 87, 89 

Chemistry Education 90, 103 

Chemistry/Chemical Engineering 90 

Chm-ch Leadership 202 

Class Standing 40 

Classification of Students 39 

College Level Examination Program (CLEP) 43 

Commercial Art 119 

Committees 232 

Communications 117 

Computer Information Systems 72, 74 

Computer Science 155 

Cooperative Programs 52 

Correspondence Courses 46 

Counseling 193 

Counseling Center 33 

Course Numbers and Symbols 38 

Credit 38 

Cytotechnology 91 

D 

Dean's List 47 

Deferred Grades 45 

Degree Candidacy 60 

Department Curriculum Laboratories 52 

Department Course Fees 20 

Diagnostic Testing 50 

Dietetics 136 

Double Major 56 

E 

Education 98 

Elementary Education 98, 104 

Ellen G. White Estate Oakwood Branch Office 52 

Engineering 154 

Enghsh 118 

English and Communications 115 

English Language Arts Education 105, 1 18 

English Proficiency Examination 42 

Errors and Corrections 47 

234 



Exit Examination 42 

F 

Faculty 222 

Adjunct 232 
Family and Consumer Science Education 105, 138 
Family and Consumer Sciences 135, 137 
Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act 41 
Final Examinations 42 
Finance 73 
Financial Aid 23 
Financial Aid Policies 24 
Financial Policies 17 
Fitness and Wellness 184 
French 118 

Freshman Orientation Seminar 49 
Freshman Studies 49 



General Education Requirements 58 

Geography 148 

Grade Point Average 45 

Grade Reports 46 

Grading System 44 

Graduation in Absentia 60 

Graduation Diplomas 60 

Graduation With Distinction 47 

H 

Health Care Administration 70 

History 145, 146 

Home Economics 1 3 7 

Honor Roll 47 

Honors Convocation 47 

Human Development and Family Studies 138 

Human Environmental Sciences 135 



I 



Incomplete Work 45 
Information Technology Center 5 1 
Interdisciplinary Studies 57 
International Students, Admission 14 
International Studies 146 

235 



Late Registration 41 

Library 51 

Life Experience Policy 42 

M 

Management 71 

Marketing 71 

Master of Arts in Teaching 101 

Master of Arts Teaching 101 

Mathematics 155 

Mathematics and Computer Science 153, 156 

Mathematics Education 106, 156 

MBRS Program 63 

Medical School Early Selection Program 56 

Medical Technology 92 

Medicine 56 

Message From the Presiden 3 

Ministerial Theology 200 

Minors 

Accounting 74 

African American Studies 147 

Art 120 

Biblical Languages 203 

Chemistry 94 

Child Development 139 

Communications 120 

Computer Information Systems 74 

Computer Science 156 

Correctional Science 193 

English 121 

English (Writing Emphasis) 121 

Food and Nutrition 139 

French and Spanish 121 

History 148 

Home Economics 139 

Management 74 

Mathematics 156 

Ministerial Theology 204 

Music 167 

Physics 157 

Psychology 193 

Religion 204 



236 



Sociology 194 
Mission 8 

Monitoring Students' Academic Progress (MSAP) 49 
Music 163, 164 
Music Business 165 
Music Education 166 
Music-Instrumental Education 107 
Music- Vocal/Choral Education 107 

N 

Natural Science 63 
Nursing 175, 178 

o 

Organizational Management 73, 214 
Orientation 49 



Pass/Unsatisfactory Procedures 45 
Photography 120 
Physical Education 183, 184, 185 
Physical Education Teaching 108, 185 
Physical Therapist Assisting Program 92 
Physical Therapy 93 
Pre-Occupational Therapy 93 
Pre-Physical Therapy 93 
Pre-Physician Assistant 93 
Pre-Speech Pathology 94 
Professors Emeriti 221 
Psychology 191, 192 
Publishing Ministry 203 

R 

Refund and Repayment Policy 19 

Registration 41 

ReUgion 201 

Religion and Theology 199 

Religious Education 109, 202 

Remedial Courses 50 

Remittance 18 

Repeated Courses 46 

Requirements for Associate Degrees 59 

Requirements for Baccalaureate Degrees 56 

237 



Residence Halls 33 

Retention and Disposal of Student Records 40 



Schedule of Classes 38 
Second Bachelor's Degree 57 
Secondary Education 98 
Social Science 147 
Social Science Education 147 
Social Science Education 109 
Social Work 209, 210 
Sociology 194 
Spanish 119 
Special Services 50 
Special Students 39 
Student Citizenship 30 
Student Handbook 30 
Student Life and Services 29 
Student Missionary Program 53 
Student Records 40 
Study Load 39 
Summer School 53 



Table of Contents 2 

Theory and Composition 166 

Transcripts 54 

Transfer Students/Credits 16 

Transient Letters 53 



Verification of EmoUment 26 

Veterans, Admission 15 

Vocal Performance 167 

Vocal Performance and Pedagogy 167 

W 

Withdrawal 41 

Work Education/Career Services 34 



238 





Oakwood College 

7000 Adventist Boulevard, NW 

Huntsville, Alabama 35896 

256-726-7030 

www.oakwood.edu 






J. L. Moran Hall